Proposal for quality standards and reports: Progress report by i7Xox0

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									            International Technical Meeting on Measuring
                                             Remittances


  Survey of the data sources and compilation
  practices of EU Member States
  Item 4.1




11-12 June 2009
                       Eurostat survey on data sources

    Issues related to remittances are regularly discussed by
     the Eurostat BOP Working Group.

    In April 2009, a questionnaire was sent to all participants
     of the Working Group.

    Several questions concerning data sources, compilation
     practices and future plans for measuring remittances and
     compensation of employees were asked.

    26 Member States and 5 other European countries replied.

    A report summarising the responses is not yet available.



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                                                  Responding countries

   EU Member States:
   Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
   Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Finland,
   Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta,
   Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovakia,
   Slovenia, United Kingdom


   Other European Countries:
   Switzerland, Norway, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
   Montenegro



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                                                                   Questions

   Question 1:
   What data sources is your country using for compiling data
   on remittances? Please give a detailed description of the
   data sources and of the methods used for estimating
   remittances?




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                                                                   Data sources (1)

    No data on remittances:
    Latvia, Slovakia and Slovenia (since 2008).

    ITRS (banks report for MTOs):
    Montenegro (no threshold)
    Bulgaria (threshold)

    ITRS + direct reporting from MTOs:
    Portugal (most banks report transactions below threshold)
    Luxembourg (information from banks below threshold)

    ITRS based:
    Sweden (basis for estimation ITRS from 2002)
    Malta (bank tapes available on a monthly basis)
    Belgium (updated by voluntary reports by postal system)

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                                                                   Data sources (2)

    ITRS + other information
    Greece (MTOs included, travel frontier survey to Albania).
    Serbia (MTOs included, net inflow of foreign exchange, new
     foreign currency savings covering informal channel)
    Romania (MTOs and Post Offices, government agencies, mirror
     data)
    Cyprus (direct reporting by MTOs, migration data, wages paid to
     foreign employees)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina (direct reporting by MTOs, for informal
     channel - panel survey, judgements by IMF)
    Germany (no of foreigners, assumption on average remittances)


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                                                                   Data sources (3)

    Direct reports from MTOs
    Italy
    Lithuania (direct reporting from Post offices, specialised
     commercial banks)
    Spain (outflows: MTOs account for 80%, remaining 20%
     econometric model, ITRS for geo allocation; inflows: ITRS +
     estimation below threshold).




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                                                                   Data sources (4)

    Migration statistics
    Switzerland (no of immigrants, income, propensity)
    Czech Republic (based on labour force survey, average wage,
     saving rates)
    Finland (stock of migrants, employment rate, propensity)
    Netherlands (no of immigrants with country of origin, GDP
     growth)
    Ireland (12 new MS: household survey, wage, propensity to
     remit; other countries: no of work permit)
    Estonia (assumptions – 50%of emigrants are employed, 50% of
     them remit 15% of heir income)
    Poland (migration + specialised survey in UK and IE)

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                                                                   Data sources (5)

    Income tax records
    Austria (outflows: country specific remittance rate + estimation
     for illegal immigrants; inflows: stock living abroad +
     assumptions on income and remittance rate)
    Hungary (savings = remittances)

    Estimations
    United Kingdom (based on historic, counterpart's and IMF data)
    Denmark (based on a study, remittance levels in neighbouring
     countries, price index)
    Norway (benchmark estimate of 2004, growth in households'
     primary income)


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                                                                   Questions

   Question 7:
   Do you have any future plans for improving the collection of
   data on remittances? If yes, please describe them.




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                                                                   Future plans (1)

    No plans
    Denmark, Hungary, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, Greece,
     Montenegro, Switzerland

    Household surveys
       Italy (improved coverage of informal channel)
       Cyprus (extend existing survey)
       Slovenia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Belgium, Portugal, Sweden
       Poland (specialised survey in NL and DE)

    Mirror exercise
    Austria, Ireland, Spain


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                                                                   Future plans (2)

    Migration statistics
    Estonia (Eurostat data, household survey not successful)
    Slovakia (estimations based on migration data)
    Luxembourg, United Kingdom, Portugal (econometric
     model)
    Bulgaria (demographic model)
    Romania (Eurostat labour force survey)
    More direct reporters
    Norway (new register of banks, MTOs, post offices)
    Portugal
    Serbia (more commercial banks)

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                                                                   Future plans (3)

    Other sources
    Czech Republic (verify assumptions)
    Sweden (ongoing project to use data from MTOs, banks)
    Netherlands (MTOs for countries of destination and origin,
     population statistics for countries of origin, GDP for grossing
     up)
    Germany (4 steps method recommended by Luxembourg Group)




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                           Thank you for your attention



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