Ethical Relativism

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					STUDY GUIDE – EXAM 1

Know the following ethical concepts/theories

   Ethical Relativism (defined in text, pp. 5-7)

   Utilitarianism
    Rule v. act utilitarianism

   Hedonism
    Quantitative v. Qualitative hedonism
        Mill (qualitative hedonist)
        Bentham (quantitative)

   Consequentialism v. non-consequentialism

   Kantian ethics
    Two formulations of the categorical imperative
         Respect for persons
         Universal law

   Paternalism (defined in text, pp. 19-21)

   Care ethics (Carol Gilligan), know definition of theory
         Connected Knowing v. Separate Knowing

   Ethics study of _____ (morality)

   Descriptive Ethics

   Virtue ethics –character ethics
    Aristotle’s view on moral virtue
          Moral virtues, what are they?
        innate or acquired? (=As a result of practice leading to
        habits)
        Clever person v. prudent person (practical wisdom)
        Aristotle’s golden mean
        The purpose of human beings is to ________ (=live
        rationally)

 Differences between Kant v. Aristotle

 Ethical egoism—what does this theory say.

 How might a Kantian critique a utilitarian?

				
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posted:9/14/2012
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