Lecture 3.4: Myers-Briggs
Dr. John MacCarthy
UMBC CMSC 615
Note: many of these charts are from lecture
by Drs. P. Brouse and P. Barry of GMU
Tells you which aspects of your
personality are the most developed and
refined and which aspects are your most
Suggested careers are based on these
The Personality Type Test is based on the work of C. G.
Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist
In essence, Jung stated that every personality must have
A way of perceiving the world (either through sensation or
A way of making decisions (judgments) based on those
perceptions (either through thinking or feeling)
An attitude with which to approach the world (either introverted or
All of the classical 16 types are based on those three
things and which aspects are predominant in any
Myers-Briggs Four Scales
and Sixteen Types
Four Scales: Sixteen Types:
extraversion vs. introversion (E or I), ENTJ, ENTP
intuition vs. sensation (N or S), ENFJ, ENFP
thinking vs. feeling (T or F), ESTJ, ESTP
perception vs. judgment (P or J) ESFJ, ESFP
Extraversion is an attitude (a Introversion is an attitude (a
habitual and typical orientation) habitual and typical
in which interest, value and orientation) in which
meaning are attached primarily interest, value and meaning
to external objects are attached primarily to
Inner matters are habitually internal objects
not valued or difficult for the External matters are
extravert habitually not valued or
difficult for the introvert
In this system, "Intuition" In this system, "Sensation"
means strictly that the means strictly that the internal
internal and external world and external world are
are perceived through the perceived through the five
Intuitive types focus on the Sensory types focus on the
future, with a view toward present and on concrete
patterns & possibilities information gained from senses
The Sensory function perceives
and adapts to external reality
via the physical senses
In this system, "Thinking" In this system, Feeling means strictly the
means strictly the logical and discrimination between values, internal and
It is the ability to make evaluations and
It is the ability to make judgments based on values
evaluations and judgments
Jung said the Feeling function is essential for
based on logical categories determining whether something is agreeable
and ideas or not agreeable, likeable or not likeable,
The Thinking function is the important or not important
opposite of the Feeling In this case Feeling is not to be confused
function, which is the ability with emotions or affects, which cut across all
to make evaluations and the four functions
judgments based on values The Feeling function is the opposite of the
Thinking function, which is the ability to
make evaluations and judgments based on
logical categories and ideas
The way in which raw data or information Technically, Judging is an attitude
about the outer or inner world is made in the personality, a way of
known through consciousness making decisions based on
Jung called it an "irrational" function in the various facts
sense that perception is unfiltered Jung called it a "rational" function
People who have stronger Perception than in the sense that it compares and
Judgment are people for whom "the contrasts various options
journey is more important than the In the case of a Thinking-based
destination” Judgment, decisions are based
Perception is open-ended, a never-ending upon the logic of a situation
stream of insights, experiences, and In the case of a Feeling-based
possibilities Judgment, decisions are based on
Perceptions come through the five senses the relative values in a situation
(Sensation), and yet also through the People with strong Judging
unconscious itself (Intuition) tendencies tend to like for things
Both are ways of taking in experiences to be planned and organized
about the outer and inner world
In terms of percentages of the American population it
is generally thought that
Extraverts outnumber Introverts 75% to 25%.
Sensation Types (75%) are thought to be more common than
Intuitive Types (25%).
Thinking Types and Feeling Types are thought to be evenly
People favoring Perception or Judgment are about even (50-
Evenly distributed, each of the 16 types would be a
little better than 6% of the population
Our Class 
“Administrator" 13% of the “Promoter" 13% of the
Much in touch with the When present, things begin
external environment. Very to happen.
responsible. Fiercely competitive,
Pillar of strength. entrepreneur
Occupation Good negotiator, often uses
Leadership positions in law, shock value to get attention
medicine, education and Occupation:
Good team players for high
Our Class 
“Everyone’s trusted friend" 13% “Entertainer" 13% of the
of the population population
Most sociable of all types. Radiates attractive warmth and
Nurturer of harmony. optimism.
Outstanding host or hostess. Smooth, witty, charming, clever.
Occupation Fun to be with and very
Public health and social welfare generous.
Real estate Trainers
School administration Salespeople
Clergy Athletes and coaches
Educators, especially elementary
Our Class 
“Field Marshall" 13% of the “Inventor" 5% of the population
population Enthusiastic interest in everything and
Natural tendency to marshal and always sensitive to possibilities.
direct - decisive Non-conformist and innovative.
Requires little encouragement to make “If at first you don’t succeed, drop it
a plan and try something else..”
TRADEMARK: -- "I'm really sorry you Occupation
have to die." Positions where creations of ideas are
Superb administrators in any field -- Follow-through often questionable
medicine, law, business, education, Architects vice builders
government, the military
Our Class 
“Smooth talking persuaders" “Journalist" 5% of the
5% of the population population
Outstanding leader of Uncanny sense of the
groups. motivations of others.
Can be aggressive at “helping Life is an exciting drama.
others to be the best that Emotionally warm
they can be” Excels at almost anything
Theology Independent sales
Recruiters Public relations
Pediatrics and general family
Our Class 
"The Trustee" 6% of the “Just Do It" 5% of the
Decisiveness in practical Impulsive action. Life should
affairs be of impulse rather than
Guardian of time-honored purpose.
institutions Action is an end to itself.
Dependable Fearless, craves excitement,
Occupations: master of tools.
CPAs, pilots, surgeons, Occupation
police and detectives Seebees
Singular focus – “just the Computer Programmer
facts”, stay objective
Our Class 
"The Conservator" 6% of the “Artist" 5% of the population
population Interested in fine arts.
Desires to be of service and Expression primarily through
minister to individual needs. action or art form.
Occupation Low need to complete to
HUMAN SERVICES Easygoing, low-key types.
MINISTER OR PRIEST Occupation
TEACHER: Trade, Industrial, Paramedics
Technical, Administration Butchers, bakers, candlestick
makers….hands on crafts
Our Class 
“Life’s Independent Thinkers" “Architect" 1% of the population
1% of the population Greatest precision in thought and
Decisions come very easily. language.
Most confident and pragmatic of Can readily discern
all types. contradictions and
Builder of systems and applier of inconsistencies.
theoretical models. The world exists primarily to be
Our Class 
"The Author" 1% of the TBD
Motivated and fulfilled by
Caring and concerned for
Is it accurate?
Is there any benefit to this test?
Are there any pitfalls to this test?
How can you make use of it?
Use this to understand that:
People pick up on different things in given situations (thinking vs.
People process information in different ways (sensation vs.
People have different purposes for information (perception vs.
Use the knowledge to:
Facilitate communications and understanding
Become aware of information/perspectives you would miss
Do not use this to pigeon-hole people