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					Lecture 3.4: Myers-Briggs



               Dr. John MacCarthy
               UMBC CMSC 615
               Fall, 2006

                                    1
Agenda
   Background
   Type Descriptions
   Conclusions/Uses



      Note: many of these charts are from lecture
      by Drs. P. Brouse and P. Barry of GMU


                                                    2
    Myers-Briggs Purpose
   Tells you which aspects of your
    personality are the most developed and
    refined and which aspects are your most
    natural tendencies
   Suggested careers are based on these
    strengths



                                          3
        Myers-Briggs Background
   The Personality Type Test is based on the work of C. G.
    Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist
   In essence, Jung stated that every personality must have
    three things
       A way of perceiving the world (either through sensation or
        intuition)
       A way of making decisions (judgments) based on those
        perceptions (either through thinking or feeling)
       An attitude with which to approach the world (either introverted or
        extraverted)
   All of the classical 16 types are based on those three
    things and which aspects are predominant in any
    personality
                                                                        4
        Myers-Briggs Four Scales
        and Sixteen Types
   Four Scales:                                     Sixteen Types:
       extraversion vs. introversion (E or I),          ENTJ, ENTP
       intuition vs. sensation (N or S),                ENFJ, ENFP
       thinking vs. feeling (T or F),                   ESTJ, ESTP
       perception vs. judgment (P or J)                 ESFJ, ESFP
                                                         INTJ, INTP
                                                         INFJ, INFP
                                                         ISTJ, ISTP
                                                         ISFJ, ISFP




                                                                       5
         Extraversion/Introversion
   Extraversion:                              Introversion:
       Extraversion is an attitude (a             Introversion is an attitude (a
        habitual and typical orientation)           habitual and typical
        in which interest, value and                orientation) in which
        meaning are attached primarily              interest, value and meaning
        to external objects                         are attached primarily to
       Inner matters are habitually                internal objects
        not valued or difficult for the            External matters are
        extravert                                   habitually not valued or
                                                    difficult for the introvert




                                                                              6
        Intuition/Sensation
   Intuition:                            Sensation:
       In this system, "Intuition"           In this system, "Sensation"
        means strictly that the                means strictly that the internal
        internal and external world            and external world are
        are perceived through the              perceived through the five
        unconscious                            senses
       Intuitive types focus on the          Sensory types focus on the
        future, with a view toward             present and on concrete
        patterns & possibilities               information gained from senses
                                              The Sensory function perceives
                                               and adapts to external reality
                                               via the physical senses


                                                                             7
          Thinking/Feeling
   Thinking:                                Feeling:
        In this system, "Thinking"               In this system, Feeling means strictly the
         means strictly the logical and            discrimination between values, internal and
                                                   external
         rational thought-processes
                                                  It is the ability to make evaluations and
        It is the ability to make                 judgments based on values
         evaluations and judgments
                                                  Jung said the Feeling function is essential for
         based on logical categories               determining whether something is agreeable
         and ideas                                 or not agreeable, likeable or not likeable,
        The Thinking function is the              important or not important
         opposite of the Feeling                  In this case Feeling is not to be confused
         function, which is the ability            with emotions or affects, which cut across all
         to make evaluations and                   the four functions
         judgments based on values                The Feeling function is the opposite of the
                                                   Thinking function, which is the ability to
                                                   make evaluations and judgments based on
                                                   logical categories and ideas


                                                                                              8
           Perception/Judgment
   Perception:                                              Judgment:
        The way in which raw data or information                Technically, Judging is an attitude
         about the outer or inner world is made                   in the personality, a way of
         known through consciousness                              making decisions based on
        Jung called it an "irrational" function in the           various facts
         sense that perception is unfiltered                     Jung called it a "rational" function
        People who have stronger Perception than                 in the sense that it compares and
         Judgment are people for whom "the                        contrasts various options
         journey is more important than the                      In the case of a Thinking-based
         destination”                                             Judgment, decisions are based
        Perception is open-ended, a never-ending                 upon the logic of a situation
         stream of insights, experiences, and                    In the case of a Feeling-based
         possibilities                                            Judgment, decisions are based on
        Perceptions come through the five senses                 the relative values in a situation
         (Sensation), and yet also through the                   People with strong Judging
         unconscious itself (Intuition)                           tendencies tend to like for things
        Both are ways of taking in experiences                   to be planned and organized
         about the outer and inner world

                                                                                                  9
        Myers-Briggs Percentages
   In terms of percentages of the American population it
    is generally thought that
       Extraverts outnumber Introverts 75% to 25%.
       Sensation Types (75%) are thought to be more common than
        Intuitive Types (25%).
       Thinking Types and Feeling Types are thought to be evenly
        distributed (50-50)
       People favoring Perception or Judgment are about even (50-
        50)
   Evenly distributed, each of the 16 types would be a
    little better than 6% of the population


                                                                     10
        Our Class [1]
   ESTJ:                                      ESTP:
       “Administrator" 13% of the                 “Promoter" 13% of the
        population                                  population
       Much in touch with the                     When present, things begin
        external environment. Very                  to happen.
        responsible.                               Fiercely competitive,
       Pillar of strength.                         entrepreneur
       Occupation                                 Good negotiator, often uses
            Leadership positions in law,           shock value to get attention
             medicine, education and               Occupation:
             engineering
                                                        Independent consultants
                                                        Good team players for high
                                                         pressure projects


                                                                                11
        Our Class [2]
   ESFJ:                                          ESFP:
       “Everyone’s trusted friend" 13%                “Entertainer" 13% of the
        of the population                               population
       Most sociable of all types.                    Radiates attractive warmth and
       Nurturer of harmony.                            optimism.
       Outstanding host or hostess.                   Smooth, witty, charming, clever.
       Occupation                                     Fun to be with and very
            Public health and social welfare           generous.
             agencies                                  Occupation:
            Real estate                                    Trainers
            School administration                          Salespeople
            Clergy                                         Athletes and coaches
                                                            Educators, especially elementary




                                                                                        12
        Our Class [3]
   ENTJ:                                               ENTP
       “Field Marshall" 13% of the                         “Inventor" 5% of the population
        population                                          Enthusiastic interest in everything and
       Natural tendency to marshal and                      always sensitive to possibilities.
        direct - decisive                                   Non-conformist and innovative.
       Requires little encouragement to make               “If at first you don’t succeed, drop it
        a plan                                               and try something else..”
       TRADEMARK: -- "I'm really sorry you                 Occupation
        have to die."                                              Positions where creations of ideas are
       Occupation                                                  rewarded
            Superb administrators in any field --                        Follow-through often questionable
             medicine, law, business, education,                   Architects vice builders
             government, the military




                                                                                                          13
         Our Class [4]
   ENFJ                                   ENFP
       “Smooth talking persuaders"            “Journalist" 5% of the
        5% of the population                    population
       Outstanding leader of                  Uncanny sense of the
        groups.                                 motivations of others.
       Can be aggressive at “helping          Life is an exciting drama.
        others to be the best that             Emotionally warm
        they can be”                           Excels at almost anything
       Occupation                              entrepreneurial
            Psychology                        Occupation
            Theology                               Independent sales
            Recruiters                             Public relations
                                                    Pediatrics and general family
                                                     medicine


                                                                              14
         Our Class [5]
   ISTJ:                                          ISTP:
       "The Trustee" 6% of the                        “Just Do It" 5% of the
        population                                      population
       Decisiveness in practical                      Impulsive action. Life should
        affairs                                         be of impulse rather than
       Guardian of time-honored                        purpose.
        institutions                                   Action is an end to itself.
       Dependable                                     Fearless, craves excitement,
       Occupations:                                    master of tools.
            CPAs, pilots, surgeons,                   Occupation
             police and detectives                          Seebees
                  Singular focus – “just the               Computer Programmer
                   facts”, stay objective
                                                            Mechanic
                                                            Craftsman


                                                                                   15
         Our Class [6]
   ISFJ:                                        ISFP:
        "The Conservator" 6% of the                 “Artist" 5% of the population
         population                                  Interested in fine arts.
        Desires to be of service and                 Expression primarily through
         minister to individual needs.                action or art form.
        Occupation                                  Low need to complete to
               NURSE                                 closure.
               HUMAN SERVICES                       Easygoing, low-key types.
               MINISTER OR PRIEST                   Occupation
               VOLUNTEER                                 Nursing
               TEACHER: Trade, Industrial,               Paramedics
                Technical, Administration                 Butchers, bakers, candlestick
                                                           makers….hands on crafts




                                                                                      16
         Our Class [7]
   INTJ:                                      INTP
       “Life’s Independent Thinkers"              “Architect" 1% of the population
        1% of the population                       Greatest precision in thought and
       Decisions come very easily.                 language.
       Most confident and pragmatic of            Can readily discern
        all types.                                  contradictions and
       Builder of systems and applier of           inconsistencies.
        theoretical models.                        The world exists primarily to be
       Occupations                                 understood.
            Writers                               Occupation
            Researchers                                  Scientists
            Lawyers                                      Editors
            Administrators                               Architects
                                                          Computer Programmers



                                                                                  17
        Our Class [8]
   INFJ:                                  INFP:
       "The Author" 1% of the                  TBD
        population
       Motivated and fulfilled by
        helping others.
       Complex personality.
            Gentle
            Caring and concerned for
             others
       Occupations
            Teachers
            Clergy
            Psychology


                                                       18
Questions
   Is it accurate?
   Is there any benefit to this test?
   Are there any pitfalls to this test?
   How can you make use of it?




                                           19
     Conclusions/Uses
   Use this to understand that:
       People pick up on different things in given situations (thinking vs.
        feeling)
       People process information in different ways (sensation vs.
        intuition)
       People have different purposes for information (perception vs.
        judgment)
   Use the knowledge to:
       Facilitate communications and understanding
       Become aware of information/perspectives you would miss
       Reduce tension
   Do not use this to pigeon-hole people

                                                                        20

				
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