What is Persuasive Writing? by tX3sBy


									What is Persuasive
What is a Persuasive Essay?
 • A persuasive essay is a brief work that presents
   the case for or against a particular position.
 • An effective persuasive essay includes:
 • 1. An issue with two sides
 • 2. A clear statement of the writer’s position.
 • 3. Evidence supporting the writer’s position.
 • 4. A clear organization, including an introduction,
   a body, and a strong conclusion.
 • 5. Powerful images and language.
Types of Persuasive Writing
 • 1. Persuasive Speeches, such as one
   persuading students to elect you to the
   student council.
 • 2. Public Service Announcements, such as
   a television commercial persuading people
   not to abandon their pets
 • 3. Letters to The Editor, such as a letter
   you submit to your local paper asking
   people to attend more school games.
• Show examples of Persuasive
  paragraphs and essays.
• A. Choosing Your Topic:
• Your first step in persuasive writing is
  choosing an appropriate topic.
• Remember, the issue on which you write
  must have more than one side.
• Strategies for Generating a Topic:
• 1. Media - Flip Through
• 2. Round - Table Discussion
• B. Narrowing Your Topic: Looping
• 1. Write your topic at the top of a sheet of paper.
• 2. Set a timer for five minutes, and begin writing
  everything you can think about your topic.
• 3. At the end of five minutes, review what you have
  written. Circle the most interesting idea you find.
• 4. Draw an arrow from the circle to a new blank line.
• 5. Write for another couple of minutes on your circled idea.
• 6. Review your new work. Circle the most interesting idea.
  If this idea is narrow enough to focus on in your essay, use
  it as your topic. If not, continue looping until you find a
  narrow topic.
• C. Considering Your Audience and Purpose:
• 1. Are my readers older or younger than I am, or are they
  the same age?
• 2. How much does my reader know about the topic?
• 3. About what aspect of my topic are my readers most
• D. Gathering Support:
• 1. Logical Arguments
• 2. Facts
• 3. Expert Opinions
• 4. Personal Observations
• Show a T-Chart
• Fold a piece of paper in two. Jot down
  support for one side of your issue in one
  column and support for the other side in
  the other column. If you don’t have an
  opinion yet, review your T-Chart and
  choose a side.
• A. Shaping Your Writing:
• 1. Develop a position statement: is a sentence
  naming the issue on which you are writing and
  expressing your position.
• Example: Position Statement
• School should keep a three-month summer
  vacation. (position / issue)
• Example : Directional Statement
• Shortening the break will hurt students without
  helping their education. ( main reason)
• 2. Organize for Clarity:
• A. Introduction: Your introduction should tell your readers
  what to expect in the rest of the essay. Include your
  position and directional statements in your introduction.
• B. Body: In the paragraphs following your introduction,
  explain each of your main points in turn. For each, provide
  evidence-facts, statistics, arguments, or expert opinions.
  Often, a main point and its support will make up one topical
• C. Conclusion: Finally, write a strong conclusion that
  summarizes your arguments and restates your viewpoint in a
  memorable way.
• B. Providing Elaboration:
• Support Each Point:
• 1. Compare or contrast your topic with
  something else.
• 2. Find an example
• 3. Make a s specific observation
• 4. Use facts or statistics from books,
  magazines, or other media.
•   A. Revising Your Overall Structure:
•   1. Analyze Organization: Sometimes, it is difficult to see problems
    with structure until your draft is completed.
•   2. Check Your Support: Now that your overall organization makes
    sense, take a look at the support you provide for each main point.
•   B. Revising Your Paragraphs:
•   Check Coherence: Every sentence in a paragraph should connect
    with the others in one of these ways.
•   1. It should tell more about something in a previous sentence.
•   2. It should contain a transition spelling out its connection with a
    previous sentence. Transitions include first, however, next, then,
    for this reason, and by contrast.
• C. Revising Your Sentences:
• 1. Eliminate Fragment Sentences
• 2. Eliminate Run-on Sentences
• D. Revising Your Word Choice:
• Use precise, persuasive language: use words that
  point in a clear direction
• E. Peer Review: “Say Back”
• 1. What details do I find persuasive?
• 2. What do I want to know more about?
Editing and Proofreading
• Correct any errors in spelling,
  punctuation, grammar, and usage.
• Focusing on End Marks:
• 1. Make statements
• 2. Ask questions
• 3. Exclaim, expressing excitement
Publishing and Presenting
• 1. To Be Graded
• 2. To Be Shared
• 3. Memory Folder
• Persuasive Writing Pages 124-140

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