Role of Media in Democracy Essay writing Speech topics Paragraph writing by 7G13Xd36

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Role of Media in Democracy
 Democracy is at the same time a form of government and a way of life.
Abraham Lincoln defined Democracy as the government of the people, for
the people and by the people. It is a system in which the sovereignty lies in
the hands of the people as their elected representatives rule and run the
country.

  Articles 19-22 of our constitution give to the citizens the Right to Freedom
as one of the Fundamental Rights. The right to freedom of expression
enshrined therein gives the media not only a primary role but also a
paramount responsibility of expressing public opinion in an through a written
word. The media has been made the essential instrument for ensuring
openness in society in an attempt to polish, develop and civilize it by the
process of analysis, discussion and synthesis. The role of media in a
democracy assumes even greater significance when we recognize the fact
that in society where an overwhelming majority of people are silent
listeners, or spectators access to forum that constantly reaches others has to
be viewed as a trust on their behalf for their progress and prosperity.

  The power of the media has been recognized for many centuries. This is
evident from the fact that there have been attempts to control it from the
time of the British rule over India.

 The first Indian newspaper – Hickey’s Bengal Gazette of 1781 was banned
by Warren Hastings. Fearing that the press may present his intrigues to the
public, the Governor- General imposed government censorship on Indian
papers which continued strictly till 1835 when Lord Metcalf brought in some


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liberation. In the year 1788, Warren Hastings was impeached by the British
Parliament under the advocacy of famous political scientist and writer
Edmund Burke. Hastings was acquitted in the impeachment because the
judges were British and the sufferers at the hand of Hastings were Indians.
The fact that Hastings was morally deprived and against the freedom of the
press highlights the fact that the media has power to challenge and expose
the mightiest. History tells us that State interference with the press did not
disappear at any stage of the British rule. During the period of the partition
of Bengal and Boycott and Swadeshi Movement there were severe
restrictions on the media.

  The oppression of the popular opinion and the restrictions on the media, in
fact, go together. This is why the worst form of control of media was found
in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.




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