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									GIEFA: Inter-American Group for the
   Eradication of Foot-and- Mouth
              Disease
    Presentation for the 18th OIE America’s Conference
           Florianopolis, Brazil Nov 30th, 2006
                 Sebastião Costa Guedes
                    GIEFA Chairman
 Hemispheric Conference for the      Eradication of Foot-
    and-Mouth Disease, Houston, TX., March 2004 with
    sponsorship of the PAHO and USDA.
   FAO,IDB,IICA,OIE,OIRSA,WB,WHO,WTO participants .
   “Houston Declaration”.
   GIEFA Group (12 members/6 COHEFA’s regions +4
    members Par, Bol, Equa and Venez. from public and
    private sectors).
   Plan of Action for 5 years: 2006-2010.
                     Plan GIEFA

 US$48.323.000 for five year project, it means US$ 9.665.000
    /year (original budget);
   These resources should be complementary to nationals FMD
    eradication projects;
   Resources come from donors or sponsors as well from
    solicited loans;
   Donors or sponsors can choice theirs partners to receive and
    to manage the funds;
   Possible resources public or private from FMD free areas(PL
    480 USA).
                   Plan GIEFA

 GIEFA will be responsible   to analyze the regional plans,
  the schedule of activities and the chronogram of
  investments to give his approval to the donors.
 The follow-up of the investments and tasks can be made
  by GIEFA too, if desirable by the donors.
    Objective and Final Goal
           Of PHEFA.

 Eradication of the FMD, untill the year 2010;
 Preventing the disease from entering free areas in the
    Continent;
   Strenghtening the zoosanitary infraestructure of the
    countries in the region;
   Integration Public and Private.
        GIEFA ACTIONS PLAN
 Harmonize control/eradication actions, by:
   – Strengthening local level structures;
   – Integrating livestock owners, industry and public sector;
   – Creating Joint multinational programs on risk border areas
   – Strengthening of regional institutions;
   – Laboratory Improvement – High security lab at PANAFTOSA-
     PAHO/WHO;
   – Prevention and Epidemiological Surveillance.
     GIEFA’s Priority Zones
      Venezuela           River
                          Amazonas
                          banks

     Ecuador              +unknown
                          risk zones
                          northern
 Border Brasil-           Brasil
 Bolivia

Chaco:ARG-BOL-
PAR
                  Border Brasil-Paraguai
     THE BEST MOMENT FOR THE
    ERADICATION OF FMD IS NOW !


 The outbreaks had drastic reduction;
 Problem persists in very delimited critical areas;
 There is strong motivation for the private sector to
  cooperate due the great losses with the last
  outbreaks.
FMD EVOLUTION IN THE SOUTH
    AMERICA (1976-2005)

      year   outbreaks
      1976        16087
      1980        11460
      1985         4917
      1995         1846
      2001         4367
      2003           78
      2004           96
      2005           86
     FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE
 OUTBREAKS in SOUTH AMERICA 2002-
               2006*

                                   Venezuela: 9 - 52 - 34 - 13 - 7
                                       Guyanas: Free
Colombia: 8- 0 - 2 - 1- 0
                                           Brasil: 0 - 0 - 0 - 39 -1
Ecuador: 108 - 6 - 42 - 23 - 7

  Peru: 0 - 0 - 0 - 26 - 0

                                         Paraguay: 0 - 1 - 1 - 0 - 0
    Bolívia: 88 - 9 - 19 - 0 - 0
                                       Uruguay: 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0

                     Chile:Free      Argentina: 1 - 1 - 0 - 0 - 2

                                               * Untill October 2006
    FMD OUTBREAKS
SOUTH AMERICA, 2005-2006




             2006 FMD OUTBREAKS,
                    PER ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT
                               Focos de Fiebre Aftosa Sud América
                                 por Unidad Adminisrativa. 2005
                                           9 to 15   (2)
                                           3 to 9    (2)
                                           2         (6)
                                           1         (4)
                                           0       (228)
     PUBLIC AND PRIVATE FUNDS
            FMD Programs
    South America, 1990-2005 (US$)

350,000,000.00
300,000,000.00
250,000,000.00
200,000,000.00
150,000,000.00
100,000,000.00
 50,000,000.00
          0.00
                 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005


                                    Public                        Private
FMD Regionalization,
South America, March,
2006
After May 06,OIE gave
aproval for south of Pará




     Free without vaccination
     Free with vaccination
     No libre
     Status temporally          *Brazil: PR,SP,MG,GO,BA,
                                RJ,ES,SE,MS,MT,TO,DF
     suspended*
                                Argentina: North of
                                Paralel 42
      GIEFA : Last Actions 2006


 March- meeting in S.Paulo with meat exporters
  and cattlemen’s leadership of Mercosul.


 Proposal- US$ 5 /Ton exported bovine meat to
  support the 5years plan(US$ 48,323 tsd).
Reactions to the Proposal

 Argentina and Brazil in principle were in
  favour, but they asked for more details about
  the plans for each region.

 Argentina had legal restrictions to export at
  that moment. Now the situation is better, but
  not normal.
   GIEFA: NEW BUDGET TOTAL FOR THE
         5 YEARS OF THE PLAN

Region                                                     Budget (thousands)

Chaco – Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay (International           US$ 2,992
funds only for Bolivia and Paraguay)

Amazon River– Brazil (only Brazilians                            US$ 3,953
 funds)
Brazil/Bolivia Border area (International funds only for          US$ 7,534
Bolivia)
Brazil/ Paraguay Border area                                     US$ 10,380
(International funds only for Paraguay)
Ecuador (International funds)                                     US$ 9,661
Venezuela – not budgeted so far...
(only Venezuelan funds)
Total                                                       US$ 34,520
  GIEFA: FOLLOWING ACTIONS

The new budget will be discussed with the private
sector of the region.

(International resources will be received only to assist
the regions or countries in need of our continent:
Bolivia, Equador and Paraguay).

Venezuela will be visited and invited   to integrate
the plan.
 GIEFA: SOME CONCLUSIONS AFTER
   MEETINGS WITH THE PRIVATE
             SECTOR.

 They prefer to have freedom to choice theirs   partners
  for the donation or sponsorship;
 They are not in accordance with the management of the
  resources only by the governments or international
  institutions;
 They agree that the institutions should be payed by
  theirs services but with a previous negociation.
    GIEFA
 Building alliances
for an America free
 of Foot and Mouth
      Disease
       (FMD)

								
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