EV4012 AND EV4022: EQUINE ANATOMY AND
PHYSIOLOGY. SPRING 2000
Sean Arkins (Schrodinger 2-022; Tel: 213101; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
LECTURES: MONDAYS 2-3 PM (SG15) AND TUESDAYS 9-10 AM (A1053)
I. SCOPE: This module consists of two components of focus:
1. Anatomy of the Horse
2. Basic Physiology, in particular how function relates to form.
A sound knowledge of basic anatomy is essential to many aspects of Equine Science.
For instance, it is difficult to progress in your understanding of the physiology,
locomotion, health and diseases of the horse without a sound underpinning in
structural anatomy. The course emphasises the elements of anatomy that are important
to performance and thus particular emphasis will be placed on systems such as
musculo-skeletal and respiratory.
The study of anatomy can be considered as primarily the study of structural form.
Physiology is then the study of function. This course will provide an overview of
some of the important functional attributes of the major body systems. These are
presented at a level intended to provide a firm basis for those of you who will go on to
study Equine Physiology in greater depth but also at a level sufficient to provide
stand-alone competence for Certificate students who may not take additional modules
II. TEXT: Equine Anatomy and Physiology by Arkins, Sharp and Keating, Published
by the University of Limerick is a required text for this course. All students should
purchase this immediately. This text will be on sale from the International Equine
Institute for £20.00.
This text addresses many of the basic concepts in Equine Anatomy and Physiology
and will provide a good background for those students who do not have a strong
background in Physiology. However, some aspects of the Anatomy of the horse is not
covered in the required depth. Consequently, the instructional material for the first
part of the course will also be supplemented by hand outs and by required readings
from library texts and by materials from some of the Equine Anatomy and Physiology
Web sites around the world.
The text is available for sale only between 9.30 and 10.30 AM at the International
Equine Institute in Block 2 of the International Business Centre (Next door to the
Schuman Building). Texts will be sold only during the first week of the semester
(February 14-18th). A limited number of photocopied versions of the text are available
for sale at £10 each on a first-come, first-served basis.
III. COURSE PRE-REQUISITES: There are no specific pre-requisites for this
course. However, students who have weaker backgrounds in biology may find it
necessary to identify and read additional background material to come to terms with
basic concepts and keep up with the delivery of course materials. The following texts,
available in the library, might prove useful in coming to grips with some basic
FRANDSON, R. D.. - ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FARM ANIMALS /
R.D. FRANDSON, T.L. SPURGEON.. - 5TH ED. - PHILADELPHIA : LEA &
FEBIGER, 1992. -
Evans, J.W., Borton, A., Hintz, H. And Van Vleck, J.D. The Horse. 2nd Edition 1990.
W. H. Freeman And Company
HAYES, M. HORACE (MATTHEW HORACE). - VETERINARY NOTES FOR
HORSE OWNERS / M. HORACE HAYES. - 17TH ED.. - LONDON : STANLEY
PAUL, 1987. -
IV. LECTURE ATTENDANCE: Regular lecture attendance is absolutely essential
for success in this course. Lectures highlight important concepts of equine anatomy
and physiology. Where possible, the concepts will be drawn from materials presented
in the text and required readings. However, much of the material will be drawn from
other sources or may receive different emphasis than the text. From time to time,
additional material may be placed on reserve in the library and these materials are
Since regular lecture attendance and review of the reading materials is necessary for
success in this course, the assessment of this course will include a Continuous
Assessment component, based on the student’s familiarity with the lecture materials.
This assessment will consist of 5-7 brief in class examinations, delivered without
advanced notice and based on the material presented in the preceding 1-3 lectures.
These examinations will represent 20% of the total marks available in this course.
There will be no make-up examinations. However, students who miss the Continuous
Assessment examinations for valid reasons may, in exceptional circumstances, be
allowed to use an average grade from previous examinations.
V. LABORATORY SESSIONS: Thursdays SR1020 (1-3 and 4-6 PM).
Laboratory sessions will serve to illustrate and amplify important concepts presented
in the lecture material. The laboratory sessions will also serve to demonstrate and
teach important basic skills that are routinely used in equine laboratories around the
Prompt and Complete attendance at the laboratory sessions is mandatory.
Attendance and performance in the laboratory assignment represent 20% of the Final
Grade, with half of the marks going for attendance and the other half going for the
laboratory examination. (Note: Students who attempt to enrol for the laboratory on
behalf of a class mate will lose the entire grade for that particular laboratory session.)
Absences will only be excused in exceptional circumstances, such as personal
illness. Students seeking to be excused most furnish valid documentation within 72 h
of return to campus.
Students who absent themselves from more than 4 laboratory sessions may not
be allowed to sit the final examination.
The laboratory examoination will be presented towards the end of the semester. This
examination will test the students ability to recognize important anatomical and
physiological details in the horse. The material presented will closely reflect the
material presented in the laboratory sessions during the course of the semester.
VI. FINAL EXAMINATION: The final examination will represent 60% of the Final
Grade. The final Examination will be based on information presented in the lecture, in
laboratory sessions, in handouts distributed in class, in the text and in required
readings described during the semester. Students are strongly cautioned that reliance
on lecture notes alone is unlikely to provide the amount of knowledge necessary to
succeed, either in this module or in the Equine Science class. Thus students are
strongly advised to acquire, read and be familiar with all of the recommended reading
VII. COURSE GRADING
Assessment Type Percent of overall grade
Lecture Assessment* 20%
Laboratory Sessions 20%
Final Examination 60%
*A total of 5-7 examinations will be offered randomly in class during the course of the
semester. There will be no opportunity to re-sit missed lecture examinations unless
students present documented evidence of illness or emergency within 72 hours of the
class. In that case, the average grade from other examinations may be accepted.
Marks for the laboratory portion of the course represent 20% of the total marks for
the course. Of these half (10%) are available for prompt and complete attendance and
the remaining 10% will be awarded for a laboratory-based examination that will be
based primarily on materials presented in the laboratory. This examination will be
presented towards the end of the semester.
The final examination will be a comprehensive examination based on material
presented in lectures, laboratories and assigned readings.