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									BEEF
INDUSTRY

           NEXT
What is natural beef?

 A    USDA Prime
   B. USDA choice
    B
   C. Yield Grade 1
    C

   D. Antibiotic free beef
    D




                              NEXT
Kentucky produces the most
feeder cattle of any state this side
of the Mississippi river.
 A.
  A    True
   B. False
    B




                                 NEXT
Yield grade is determined by
evaluating ______ and ______.
 A.
  A    Feet and legs
   B. Head and Shoulders
    B
   C. Muscle and Fat
    C

   D. Growth and Performance
    D




                                NEXT
A feeder steer grading USDA
medium frame will finish
between _____.
  A
 A.   900 - 1000 pounds
   B. 1000 - 1100 pounds
    B

   C. 1100 - 1250 pounds
    C

   D. 1250 - 1400 pounds
    D




                              NEXT
What is the highest possible
quality grade?
 A.
  A    Prime
   B. Choice
    B
   C. Select
    C

   D. Standard
    D




                               NEXT
How is Quality grade
determined?
 A.
  A    Degree of external fat
   B. Degree of intra-muscular fat
    B
   C. Ribeye area
    C

   D. Carcass size
    D




                                      NEXT
A fat cull cow is classified as a
_____.
 A.
  A    Boner
   B. Breaker
    B
   C. Lean
    C

   D
    D. Canner




                                    NEXT
A USDA small framed feeder
steer will finish at a weight less
than ____.
 A.
  A    1100 pounds
   B. 1200 pounds
    B

   C
    C. 1300 pounds
   D. 1000 pounds
    D




                                 NEXT
A Yield Grade 1 steer is
extremely ______.
 A.
  A    Fat
   B. Sound
    B
   C. Heavy
    C

   D. Lean
    D




                           NEXT
How many upper front teeth are
baby calves born with?
 A.
  A    6
   B. 8
    B
   C. 10
    C

   D. 0
    D




                             NEXT
Cattle are ruminants which
means ...
 A.
  A    They have a single stomach
   B. Stomach has 4 compartments
    B
   C. They are meat eaters
    C

   D. They can eat grass and grain
    D




                                      NEXT
The loin is broken between which
2 ribs to measure ribeye area?
 A.
  A    9th and 10th
   B. 10th and 11th
    B
   C. 11th and 12th
    C

   D. 12th and 13th
    D




                             NEXT
A USDA muscle grade of #1
means the feeder calf is ______.
 A.
  A    Light muscled
   B. Average muscled
    B
   C. Thick muscled
    C

   D. Double muscled
    D




                              NEXT
Who is the largest buyer of
feeder cattle in the eastern United
States?
 A.
  A    Trapp enterprises
   B. Background cattle Co.
    B
   C. Eastern livestock
    C

   D. Feeder supply
    D




                                NEXT
A feeder heifer grading USDA
small framed means she will
finish under ______.
  A
 A.   700 pounds
   B. 900 pounds
    B

   C. 1000 pounds
    C

   D
    D. 1250 pounds




                               NEXT
Animal rights activists believe ...

 A
  A   Animals should have no rights
   B Animals should have same rights as
    B
    people
   C Animals are delicious
    C
   D Animals are best raised in large
    D
    confinement facilities.


                                      NEXT
Animal welfarists believe ...

 A.
  A    Animals should not be raised in the
    USA
   B. Animals should not be sold for
    B
    human consumption
   C. Animals should have special rights
    C

   D. Animals should be fairly treated
    D




                                        NEXT
How many pounds of cattle make
a load lot?
 A.
  A    100,000 pounds
   B. 50,000 pounds
    B
   C. 20,000 pounds
    C

   D. 5,000 pounds
    D




                           NEXT
CAB is an abbreviation for ...

 A.
  A    Cow and Bull
   B. Certified Angus Beef
    B
   C. Contact animal breeders
    C

   D
    D. Blackleg




                                 NEXT
How many acres are used for
grazing in the USA?
 A.
  A    1,000,000
   B. 10,000,000
    B

   C. 800,000
    C

   D
    D. 550,000




                              NEXT
What % of the world’s beef
supply is produced by the US.
 A.
  A    10
 B.
  B    25
 C.
  C    35
  D
 D.   50




                                NEXT
BQA refers to ...

 A.
  A    High quality beef
   B. Prime beef
    B
   C. Beef Quality Assurance
    C

   D. Beef Quality Alliance
    D




                                NEXT
A severely thin cull cow is
classified as a ________ cow.
 A.
  A    Lean
   B. Boner
    B

   C. Bone rack
    C

   D. Breaker
    D




                                NEXT
Cattle cannot be infected by Foot
and Mouth disease.
 A.
  A    True
   B. False
    B




                              NEXT
A feeder steer classified as large
framed will finish over ______.
 A.
  A    1050 pounds
   B. 1150 pounds
    B
   C. 1250 pounds
    C

   D. 1350 pounds
    D




                                NEXT
KCA represents what
organization?
 A.
  A    Katie Cattle Association
   B. Kentucky Cattleman's Association
    B
   C. Keep Cattle Alive
    C

   D. Kentucky Beef Producers
    D




                                      NEXT
Beef is consumed at a rate of
______ pounds per person per
year in the USA.
 A.
  A    67
   B. 51
    B

   C
    C. 20
   D. 97
    D




                                NEXT
There are _________ beef cattle
in the USA.
 A.
  A    51 million
   B. 73 million
    B
   C. 84 million
    C

   D. 96 million
    D




                             NEXT
There are approximately ______
beef cattle in Kentucky.
 A.
  A    2 million
   B. 800,000
    B
   C. 1 million
    C

   D. 4 million
    D




                            NEXT
The Standard Quality grade
requires _______ degrees of
marbling.
  A
 A.   Small
   B. Moderate
    B

   C. Practically devoid
    C

   D. Modest
    D




                              NEXT
What is the age limit for a steer
being quality graded?
 A.
  A    30 months
   B. 36 months
    B
   C. 42 months
    C

   D. 48 months
    D




                                NEXT
What is KPH?

 A.
  A    A nervous disorder
   B. A bone disease
    B
   C. Kidney, Pelvic and Heart Fat
    C

   D. Connective tissue
    D




                                      NEXT
The value of beef cattle in
Kentucky is over ______.
 A.
  A    $100 million
   B. $500 million
    B
   C. $1 billion
    C

   D. $3 billion
    D




                              NEXT
There are over 100 medications
used for humans from cattle or
cattle by-products.

 A.
  A    True
   B. False
    B




                             NEXT
KBN represents what group?

 A.
  A    Kentucky Beef Network
   B. Kentucky Beef News
    B
   C. Kroger Beef Net
    C

   D. Keep Beef Natural
    D




                               NEXT
Which of these breeds is not a
Continental breed of cattle?

A
   Simmental

B   Charolais
C
   Chianina
D
   Angus




                                 NEXT
Which of these breeds is not a British
breed of cattle?

A
   Angus

B   Hereford
C
   Brangus
D
   Shorthorn




                                         NEXT
Which of these is not a Zebu breed of
cattle?

A
   Brahman
B
   Simmental
C
   Brangus
D
   Beefmaster




                                    NEXT
Which of these is an “eared” breed of
cattle?

A
   Angus
B
   Brahman
C
   Charolais
D
   Shorthorn




                                        NEXT
Which of these breeds was developed in
the United States?

A
   Santa Gertrudis

B   Angus
C
   Hereford
D
   Brahman




                                   NEXT
Which of these is a “horned” breed of
cattle?

A
   Brangus
B
   Shorthorn
C
   Charolais
D
   Chianina




                                    NEXT
Which of these is a polled breed of
cattle?

A
   Angus

B   Shorthorn
C
   Maine Anjou
D
   Horned Hereford




                                      NEXT
Which of these breeds is a dual-purpose
breed of cattle?

A
   Angus

B   Hereford
C
   Brahman
D
   Simmental




                                    NEXT
Where do you measure back fat
thickness on a steer?


A 1st and 2nd rib
 7th and 8th rib
B
C 13th and 14th rib


 12th and 13th rib
D




                                NEXT
How are quality grades determined on
beef carcasses?

A
   Yield Grade and Backfat
B
   Marbling and Maturity
C
   Ribeye Area and Framesize
D
   Muscle Volume and Weight




                                   NEXT
All of these are marbling scores used to
determine quality grades on beef
carcasses except _____________.


A   Practically Devoid

B   Modest
C
   Slightly Abundant

D   Elite




                                     NEXT
What is a dark cutter?

A A stress related situation where meat

  is darker than the normal color.
B A situation where the meat gets

  bruised by bad handling methods.
C Meat that comes from a dark colored

  animal.
D A cutter blade for shears that is used

  to cut dark hair fibers.
                                     NEXT
Which of these factors does not play a
part in determining beef yield grades?

A
   Carcass Weight

B   REA
C
   Marbling
D
   KPH




                                     NEXT
How is the age on a beef carcass
determined?

A
   Ask the producer
B
   Bone ossification
C
   Darkness of the meat
D
   Weight of the carcass




                                   NEXT
Is there a difference between the term
dressing percentage and yield?

A Yes


B No





                                     NEXT
What does the term monkey mouthed
mean?

A The bottom jaw is longer than the top

  jaw
B The top jaw is longer than the bottom

  jaw
C The steer likes to eat bananas


D The steer has big lips to eat more feed

  with

                                     NEXT
What does the term “staggy” mean?

A The steer has developed horns


B The steer has developed secondary

  characteristics like a bull
C The calf has only one testicle that has

  descended into scrotum.
D The steer was not castrated properly.





                                      NEXT
What factors are used to evaluate feeder
calf grades?


A   Frame size and weight

B   Finish and muscle thickness

C   Frame size and finish

D   Frame size and muscle thickness




                                      NEXT
All of these are designations for frame
size when feeder calf grading except
___________.


A   Large

B   Medium
C
   Small

D   Average




                                      NEXT
The four designations for muscle
thickness when feeder calf grading are
___________.

A 1,2,3,4


B Heavy muscled, average muscle, light

  muscle, no muscle
C Prime, Choice, Select, Standard


D Heavy muscled, moderately muscled,

  modestly muscled, slightly muscled

                                     NEXT
What is the first milk produced by a cow
called?

A
   Good milk
B
   Colostrum
C
   Sour milk
D
   Lactose Intolerant




                                    NEXT
What does the term dystocia mean?

A
   Difficulty calving

B   Easy calving
C
   A dead calf birth
D
   A term for a calf that has eaten toxic
    feed




                                        NEXT
What does the term parturition mean?

A The act of being pregnant and carrying

  a calf for nine months
B The act of giving birth to a calf

C The act of weaning a calf from its

  mother
D The act of feeding pregnant cows at

  night

                                    NEXT
What is meant by the term lactation?

A The period of time when the calf is

  being removed from it’s mother
B The period of time when the animal is

  carrying the calf
C The period of time that the calf begins

  eating a grain diet
D The period of time that the cow is

  producing milk for her calf
                                       NEXT
What is undulant fever?

A
   Brucellosis infection in humans

B   Black-leg infection in humans
C
   Mad-cow disease infection in humans
D
   Milk fever in cattle




                                    NEXT
What do the letters BSE refer to in
regard to human health?

A
   Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

B   Breeding Soundness Exam
C
   Breeding Soundness Evaluation
D
   Big, Stupid, Energetic




                                      NEXT
What do the letters BSE stand for in
regard to herd breeding management?

A
   Breeding Soundness Evaluation
B
   Breeding Soundness Exam
C
   Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy
D
   Breeding Season Ending




                                   NEXT
What is an anthelmintic?

A
   A Pneumonia vaccination

B   A Reproductive disease vaccination

C   A dewormer

D   A fungal treatment




                                     NEXT
In regards to cattle, what does BCS stand for?


A
   Bowl Championship Series
B
   Body Condition Score
C
   Bovine Catalytic Syndrome
D
   Bovine Championship Series




                                          NEXT
What is the top beef cattle producing
state?

A
   Texas

B   Kentucky
C
   Illinois
D
   Montana




                                        NEXT
All of these feeds are examples of
roughages except ________.

A
   Corn Silage

B   Alfalfa Hay
C
   Orchard Grass Hay
D
   Oats




                                     NEXT
What does the term terminal sire mean?

A This sire needs to be slaughtered for

  meat.
B All offspring from this bull will be sold

  for slaughter.
C Some offspring will be kept as

  replacements and the rest will be
  slaughtered.
D All offspring will be kept as

  replacements.
                                        NEXT
Which of these is not a maternal breed of
cattle?

A
   Angus

B   Shorthorn
C
   Hereford
D
   Charolais




                                     NEXT
What is the largest framed breed of
cattle?

A
   Shorthorn

B   Limousin
C
   Chianina
D
   Red Angus




                                      NEXT
Which of these breeds can never be
black in color?

A
   Angus

B   Brangus
C
   Shorthorn
D
   Limousin




                                     NEXT
Which of these breeds is not red in
color?

A
   Hereford
B
   Brangus
C
   Tarentaise
D
   Red Angus




                                      NEXT
Which of these breeds is not white or
gray in color?

A
   Charolais
B
   Santa Gertrudis
C
   Chianina
D
   Murray Grey




                                        NEXT
Which of these is considered the heaviest
muscled breed of beef cattle?

A
   Belgian Blue

B   Texas Longhorn
C
   Angus
D
   Hereford




                                     NEXT
Which of these is considered the lightest
muscled breed of beef cattle?

A
   Limousin

B   Chianina
C
   Texas Longhorn
D
   Angus




                                      NEXT
What breeds can be crossed to make a
blue roan?

A
   Angus and Shorthorn

B   Charolais and Limousin
C
   Angus and Hereford
D
   Shorthorn and Hereford




                                   NEXT
What percentage of Brahman blood are
the Brangus, Simbrah, and Santa
Gertrudis breeds of cattle?
A
   1/8

B   5/8
C
   3/8
D
   7/8




                                  NEXT
What breeds are crossed to make a
Beefmaster?
A Brahman, Shorthorn, and Hereford


B Santa Gertrudis, Shorthorn and

  Braford
C Chianina, Hereford, and Angus


D Texas Longhorn, Simmental, and

  Maine Anjou



                                     NEXT
What breed of cattle is known for
producing the lightest calves at birth?

A
   Angus
B
   Texas Longhorn
C
   Chianina
D
   Gelbvieh




                                          NEXT
What does MPPA stand for?

A
   Most Probable Producing Ability

B   More People Produce Angus
C
   Most Phenotypic Production Ability
D
   Muscle, Performance, Production,
    Accuracy




                                         NEXT
All of these are factors to consider when
adjusting 205 day weights except
________.


A   Birth Weight

B   Age at Weaning
C
   Age of Dam

D   Amount of Feed/Day




                                      NEXT
Which of these traits is not evaluated
with EPD’s?

A
   Birth Weight

B   Weaning Weight
C
   Frame Size
D
   Yearling Weight




                                         NEXT
Horn tissue that never attaches to the
scull is called _________.

A
   Longhorns
B
   Scurs
C
   Buds
D
   Horn Cartilage
If a scurred cow has a bull calf sired by a
homozygous polled bull, what will be the
horn status of the calf?

A Horned


B Polled


C Scurred





                                       NEXT
A genetic abnormality that causes
muscle hypertrophy is called
__________.
A
   Light muscled

B   Muscular atrophy
C
   Double muscled
D
   Super muscled




                                    NEXT
As your calf gets fatter, will dressing
percentage increase or decrease?

A Increase


B Decrease





                                          NEXT
The 2 top beef producing
countries are ______ and
_______.
 A.
  A    China and Mexico
   B. USA and Australia
    B
   C. USA and Germany
    C

   D. Iran and Iraq
    D




                           NEXT
Cattle will use over _____ jaw
movements a day grazing and
chewing.
  A
 A.   7,500
   B. 15,000
    B

   C. 25,000
    C

   D. 40,000
    D




                                 NEXT
Sheep are ovine, pigs are porcine,
goats are caprine and horses are
equine. What are cattle?
  A
 A.   Catnip
   B. Bovine
    B

   C. Moo-vine
    C

   D
    D. Devin




                               NEXT
Kentucky sold 30,000 feeder
cattle through CPH graded sales
in 2003. What is CPH?
  A
 A.   Clean pure herd
   B. Certified purebred heifers
    B

   C
    C. Certified precondition health
   D
    D. Checked performance herd




                                       NEXT
The largest Livestock market east
of the Mississippi river is ...
 A.
  A    Mutola Stockyards, Fla
   B. Columbus Stockyards, IN
    B
   C. Bluegrass Stockyards, KY
    C

   D. Tifton Stockyards, GA
    D
What year did Angus cattle come
to the US?
 A.
  A    1873
   B. 1779
    B
   C. 1902
    C

   D. 1492
    D




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