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					     Computer Society of India

            28 Feb 2007

    The Science of Stress
    The Art of Managing it

            Vishu Hegde

            Vice President, Quality,
            MindTree Consulting


         Background about the speaker

       Electronics & Communication, Computer Science Engineer
       20 years experience in the IT industry
       Visited 18 different countries – some global experience
       Professional roles:
         System Engineering & Project Management on LCA Avionics at ADA
         Quality Professional at Motorola covering India, Singapore, Japan, Korea,
         Quality professional and senior leadership role at MindTree
     Interests outside the profession:
           Homeopathic practitioner, Physiology (neuroscience, endocrine system,
            respiratory & circulatory mechanisms)
           Ancient Indian Wisdom: Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation, Vedantha
           Modern Physics, Quantum Physics, Electro Magnetism
           Trekking, Mountaineering, Nature study, Photography
           Classical music, playing Tabala, singing

       What is Stress?

     Stress is a state of Mind

     Stress is a mind-body reaction/response to a situation
          To flight from/fight the situation

       Why Stress Happens?

     When a situation/condition is not Acceptable to us
     When we want to do/get something but are unable
     When ego is hurt (feedback, comments, criticism…)
     When we loose something which we feel as important
     …
     Stress is mostly due to
        Fear (of Future)
        Worry (about Past)
        And not so much due to Present Moment

     It is always due to the perception of Mind
          Different people ‘feel’ different stress levels for the same situations

        What Happens when Stressed?

     Psychology of Stress: Emotional impact
          Anxiety
          Fear
          Depression
          Anger
          Sadness
          …

     Physiology of Stress
          Acidity
          Ulcers
          Heart ailments
          Blood Pressure
          Kidney problems
          Diabetes
          …

         Chain Reaction of Stress: The Negative Spiral

                                 Triggers animal instinct          Adrenalin increases
    Mind perceives threat
                                 of fight or flight                to prepare the body

                                                                            Heart beat increases to
                   Breathing becomes              Blood pressure
                                                                          supply more food & oxygen
                   fast & shallow                     increases
                                                                                 to body parts
                                         Stomach readies for
                    Metabolism                                           Overloaded Excretory Systems
                                         processing more food
                     increases                                           to clear the toxin
                                         Acidity* increases

                                                                  Imbalanced Endocrine Systems
        Imbalanced Emotions
                                                                  the chemical factories of
        Fear, Anxiety, Anger, Depression*…
                                                                  hormones, enzymes
        Some Impacts of Sustained and Unmanaged Stress

     Brain
          Continues to operate in higher Beta state (15 to 26 cycles per second of
           electrical impulses (EEG))
          Continues to trigger the rest of the body mechanism and create stress
     Blood Pressure remains high
          High blood pressures can lead to Heart failure, paralysis (due to
           breakdown of blood vessels in brain)…
     Acidity, Ulcer and other digestive problems
     Diabetes
     Kidney problems due to overload on removing toxins from the body
     Reduces immunity and makes body susceptible to diseases
     ….

       Some More Impacts

     Human body & mind are a highly complex and integrated
          Each system impacts the other: either positively or negatively
     Stress and Mind induced effects on the body are far more
      harmful than the external pollution
        Internal Toxins are far more harmful than external
         chemical/industrial pollution
        ISO 14000 needs significant change in the globalized knowledge

       Why Allopathic Medicines and Stimulants are not good for
       managing Stress

     Allopathic medicines directly add chemical to the body and
      interfere with the internal chemical factories
        E.g. Taking Antacids for Acidity neutralizes the acid in the
         stomach. Then body thinks that the acid is not sufficient and starts
         producing more.
        E.g. Anti-depressants suppress the ability of brain cells to generate
         electric impulses
             People   taking such drugs for prolonged time become dull

     Stimulants like Tobacco, Coffee, Tea, Coco etc.
      temporarily trigger higher activities
          Subsequently body craves for more & more stimulants

        Then how to manage stress?

      Turn it into a Positive Spiral
           Break the negative cycle at each point

      Some amount of Stress is healthy – it triggers and
       energizes the system

         Managing Stress

      Root Cause: Manage Mind
          Positive Thinking and Attitude
          Larger view of life
          Meditation

      Build capability to face stressful situations and reduce the impact of
        stress at physiological level
          Yoga
          Pranayama

      Healthy lifestyle and food habits

      Have multiple positive energy sources
            Hobbies, interests

      …

       What does Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation do at Physiological

      Yogasanas
        Exercise different parts of the body
        Combine with breathing
        Postures: Stretch & hold, Compress & hold
        Creates flexibility and hollowness, lightness
             Helpsin flow of water, food, oxygen, electrical signals and flow of
              energy in the body
          Isometric exercises
             As against Isotonic exercises of aerobics, gym exercises which help to
              build muscles which reduce the flexibility & become blockers over a

       What does Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation do at Physiological

      Pranayama
        E.g. Ujjai breath: Increases absorption of oxygen into the
         hemoglobin by creating inhale pressure in lungs for osmosis
        E.g. Bastrika pranayama: Increases the removal of carbon dioxide
         from the blood plasma by creating exhale pressure in lungs for
        Increases oxidation and liberation of energy in every cell of the
             Air   filter analogy in automobiles
          Stimulates nerve tips in lungs which have connection to the brain
           area where Pituitary Gland is situated
             PituitaryGland is the master gland in the endocrine system and has a
              strong influence on rest of the endocrine glands

        What does Yoga, Pranayama, Meditation do at Physiological

      Meditation
         Takes the brain to Alpha state: electrical impulses of 8 to 14 cycles
          per second
         At deep meditation level (Samadhi state) brain goes to Theta
          state: electrical impulses of 4 to 7 cycles per second
         Leads to deep relaxation

      Sudarshana Kriya of Art of Living
         Takes the brain to higher beta state
         Then takes the brain to deep relaxation
         Thus exercises and expands the brain/mind capacity

      Mind rules the body
           Mind  Nervous system  Endocrine system  rest of the body
            Importance of Endocrine System

     Master gland
     Controls all other glands                                     Body rhythm

                                                                   Immune system

     Adrenalin: heart rate,                                    Insulin: blood sugar,
        blood pressure                                             energy

       Enzymes produced by Endocrine glands influence every cell, organ and
        function of the body
       They regulate mood, growth, metabolism, tissue function, sexual &
        reproductive processes
          Chain Reaction of Managing Stress: The Positive Spiral

                               Triggers hope, optimism,           Adrenalin normal
     Mind peaceful, joyful
                               Positive feelings                 to prepare the body

                                                                           Heart beat normal to
                    Breathing becomes           Blood pressure
                                                                      supply normal food & oxygen
                    slow & deep                     normal
                                                                               to body parts
     Confident                          Stomach readies for
                     Metabolism                                       Normal Excretory Systems
     Composed                           processing normal food
                      normal                                           to clear the toxin
                                        Acidity normal

                                                              Balanced Endocrine Systems
         Balanced Emotions
                                                              the chemical factories of
         Energetic, Enthusiastic, Positive…….
                                                              hormones, enzymes
           Clinical Research Results…

Increased alertness and deeper relaxation              Reduced tension and stress
of mind

     Ref: Art Of Living Research with AIIMS, NIMHANS

     Clinical Research Results

                             Improved immunity
                             Increase in good cholesterol and
                              decrease in bad cholesterol
                             Decreased depression

     Beyond Physiology… The Energy System

        Human Body as the Energy System

      Modern Science & Medicine consider human body as
       merely electro-chemical, electro-mechanical and physical
      Ancient Indian & Eastern Spiritual Sciences consider it as
       an Energy System
         Universal Cosmic Energy (everything is common at atomic level)
         Yoga – union of body, mind and spirit
         Raja Yoga – Chakras
         Reiki (which means life force in Japanese; Started by Dr. Mikao
          Usui a doctor and Buddhist monk during 1860s)
         Thai Chi, Acupressure, Acupuncture (originated in China)
         Homeopathy (Started by Dr. Hahnemann a doctor in Germany
          during 1800s)

          Chakras: Energy Centers

        Chakras are situated near the key endocrine glands and nerve groups (plexus)
        Wireless connection to brain; Connection to Cosmic universal energy

         Chakras and Naadis: Wireless Connection to Brain

      World seen through the 5 sensors (wired connection) is narrow band:
       gross, inert, matter world

      World seen through Chakras & Nadis (wireless connection) is broad
       band: subtle, dynamic, energy world
         Science of Homeopathy: Medicine of Energy System

      Basic principle: what causes disease cures the disease also when
       given in the potenticized form
      Homeopathic medicine preparation
         Potencization through the process of tritration
         Transfer of atomic vibrations to the base substance. Not even a single
          molecule of medicinal material will be present according to Avogadro
      Curing principle
         Right medicine creates energy vibrations in the human system (resonance
         This increase the energy level to improve the health conditions
         Typically causes initial aggravation and subsequently cures with
         Cures inside-out: Mind  Emotional level  Physical level
               Mind & Emotional symptoms are the key for diagnosis

     So, to be “Successful”….

        What is “Success”?

      The definition I liked most:
           “The measure of Success is the number of joyful smiles per day
            every day” – Shri Shri Ravishankar

      Life is full of choices; The choices one makes determine
       one’s life – they are like cross-roads
           IQ < EQ < AQ < SQ : determine what choices one makes

      Manage Mind
         Healthy mind FOR a healthy body
         It is mind, and not body, that differentiates the leader from the
              Positive   Energy is most fundamental to any Leader

           The Vicious Cycle

        Priority                     Loose health      Loose joy        Less creative
        1) Pursue money
        2) Pursue fame
                                                                             Less Accomplishment

     More stress on the priorities        Less Money               Less Recognition

      People spend half of their life in making money and loose health in
       that process.
      In the remaining half they spend that money trying to regain the
           Make it a Virtuous Cycle

        Priority                           More joy    More creative
        1) Pursue health
        2) Pursue knowledge
                                                            More Accomplishment

     Continue stress on the priorities   More Money   More Recognition

       Pursue health (mind+body) and knowledge (universal
          knowledge) then money & fame will follow as a byproduct

          Don’t believe me…

     … But do not wait for proof



     Modern Science (“Matter” Science) : Proof first, then belief/trust

     Spiritual Science (“Energy” Science): Believe/trust first, then proof comes

        Conclusion: The Simple Prescription

      Practice Yoga & Pranayama (and Meditation) everyday*
         Life will change at the most fundamental level
         Art Of Living workshop is one of the best
             Combines    Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga (Service: Jesus), Bhakti Yoga
              (Devotion: Narada, Chaitanya…), Jnana Yoga
             Practical for family & social life, professional life and spiritual life

      Use Homeopathy for chronic or hereditary health problems
       to strengthen the positive spiral

      Become better individuals and better leaders

        Some references…

      On Homeopathy and Physiology
         The Science of Homeopathy – by Dr. John Vikolthas
         Homeopathy Materia Medica – by Dr. Boericke
         Dr Padmanabhan
         Human Anatomy & Physiology – by Dr. David Le Vay

      On Reiki
           Healing through Reiki – by MK Gupta

      On Modern Science
         Scientific American – Mind
         Modern Physics – by Arthur Beiser

        Some more references

      On Ancient Indian Wisdom
         Art Of Living
         Vedantha literature from Ramakrishna Mission
         Celebrating Silence – by Shri Shri Ravishankar
         Efficacy of Raja Yoga – Shri Ramachandra Mission
         Raja Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Karma Yoga – Swami
         Patanjali Yoga Sutra

      At Behavioral level
         Stop Worrying and Start Living – by Dale Carneige
         Emotional Intelligence – by Daniel Goleman
         Power of Postive Thinking…… and so on

     Imagination   Action   Joy


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