Quality Management Plans (QMPs)
Quality Assurance Project Plans (QAPPs)
Danny France and Greg Noah
EPA Region 4, SESD
December 6, 2006
The Quality System
A quality system is the sum total of the policies
and procedures that are developed and
implemented to ensure that quality is built into
programs and work products. Thus a quality
system covers both policy and process.
This includes the Quality Management Plan and
the Quality Assurance Project Plan.
What is a Quality Management Plan?
“A quality management plan (QMP) documents
how an organization structures its quality system
and describes its quality policies and procedures,
criteria for and areas of application, and roles,
responsibilities, and authorities. It also describes
an organization’s policies and procedures for
implementing and assessing the effectiveness of
the quality system”.
What is a Quality Assurance Project Plan?
A QAPP is a planning document for
environmental data collection that describes the
necessary quality assurance and quality control
activities that must be implemented to ensure
that the results of the study or investigation will
be adequate to meet the established
What’s the Difference Between a QMP
A QMP documents the organizations structure and
overall quality system as it relates to their
A QAPP is a project-specific document that details
the project management, data acquisition,
assessment/oversight and data
verification/validation/review activities for an
environmental project only.
In Other Words…
“The QMP may be viewed as the ‘umbrella’
document under which individual projects are
conducted. The QMP is then supported by
project-specific QAPPs. The QAPP is the
‘blueprint’ by which individual projects involving
environmental data collection are implemented
and assessed and how specific quality assurance
(QA) and quality control (QC) activities will be
applied during a particular project”.
Are QMPs and QAPPs Good Forever??
Yes and No…
An EPA approved QMP is good for 5 years.
When the five years are up, the grantee or consultant must
resubmit a QMP for a new round of review and approval
An EPA approved QAPP is good forever!! Unless…
If the project changes, (DQOs, design, data validation process, etc)
a revision reflecting the changes must be submitted to EPA for
QAPPs and QMPs Are Required
EPA Requirements for Quality Management Plans –
EPA QA/R-2 (March 2001).
Requirement Document: USEPA Requirements for
Quality Assurance Project Plans for Environmental
Data Operations EPA QA/R-5 (EPA/250/B-01/003 –
Guidance Document: USEPA Guidance on Quality
Assurance Project Plans, EPA QA/G-5 (EPA/240/R-
02/009 – December 2002)
Guidance Document: USEPA Guidance on the
Systematic Planning Process using the Data Quality
Objectives Process EPA QA/G-4 (EPA/240/B-06/001
– February 2006)
Executive Order 5360.1 A2, May 5, 2000
Agency policy requires participation in an Agency-
wide Quality System
It is EPA policy that all environmental programs
performed by EPA or directly for EPA through
EPA-funded extramural agreements shall be
supported by individual quality systems that
comply fully with the American National Standard
ANSI/ASQC E4-1994, Specifications and
Guidelines for Quality Systems for Environmental
Data Collection and Environmental Technology
The OAQPS Stance
In 2000, the Region was under the impression that the
gaseous pollutants (O3, SO2, CO, NO) would be
grandfathered into the Quality System, and no new
QAPPs covering these activities would be required.
OAQPS was audited by headquarters, and was told
that agencies (state, local and tribal) that receive
funding directly from EPA to operate gaseous
pollutant monitoring programs DO REQUIRE
What Does This Mean?
Agencies receiving EPA grants for monitoring
programs must have Quality Assurance Project
Plans for each type of monitoring that they
QAPP Status in Region 4
SESD informed the agencies in spring of last year of
SESD has assisted in this effort and sent out a
template for the gaseous pollutants QAPP
Contact Jerry Burger for the template.
We presently have 7 out of 24 back
Agencies that have not submitted a QAPP for
approval are overdue and need to be submitted by
February 1, 2007.
QA Section Chief QAPPs
Marilyn Maycock Jerry Burger
Region 4, SESD Region 4, SESD
Region 4, APTMD