“In warfare, patrolling is the basis of
   success. It not only gives eyes to
 the side that excels at it, and blinds
   its opponents, but through it the
  soldier learns to move confidently
  in the element in which he works”

  Field Marshall Viscount Slim KG GCB GCME
             GCVO CBE DSO MC
• The Aims of Patrolling
• Types of Patrol
• Co-Ordination and Planning of
• Rehearsals
• Weapons and Equipment
• Conduct of Patrols
• Debriefing and Patrol Reports
      The Aims of Patrolling
1. To obtain information
2. To disrupt or destroy enemy forces
3. To dominate “No Man’s Land”
     1. To Obtain Information
• Plan needs accurate info
• Patrols reliable means of acquiring it
2. To Disrupt Or Destroy Enemy Forces
 •   Day and night
 •   All phases of war
 •   Good on own morale
 •   Bad on enemy morale
 •   Often used in counter-revolutionary
     warfare - like Northern Ireland
 3. To dominate “No Man’s Land”
• Key to aggression in defence
          Types of Patrol
• Recce patrols
• Standing Patrols
• Fighting Patrols
          Recce Patrols
• Use observation and stealth
• Minimum equipment
• Fight only in self-defence
      Tasks of Recce Patrols
• Collection of topographical info
• Location of enemy positions
• Details of known enemy positions,
  minefields and obstacles
• Obtaining info on enemy habits,
  equipment,movements and routes
     Tasks of Recce Patrols
• Checking our own minefields and
• Conducting RADIAC
           Standing Patrols
•   Normally used in defence
•   Early warning
•   Small, easily concealed
•   Good comms
•   Indirect fire support
    Tasks of a Standing Patrol
• Watch and listen on likely enemy
• Cover dead ground
• Cover minefields and obstacles
  which cannot be covered by main
• During mobile defence, prevent
  infiltration into unoccupied hides or
  battle positions
         Standing Patrols
• In work phase of Defence, position
  past limit of hearing
• Equipped with LAW
• Remote Ground Sensors (RGS) can
  assist, not replace
• Observation Posts (OPs)
          Standby Patrols
• Ready to fight as per a fighting
• Provide assistance to other patrols
  after contact
• Take on tasking from patrol in
• Follow up contacts
• Follow up on info
         Fighting Patrols
• Specific tasks
• Manned and equipped to fight
• Minimum platoon strength
     Tasks of Fighting Patrols
• Denying enemy patrols freedom of
• Destroying/disrupting enemy
  protective patrols - standing patrols,
  listening posts
• Harassing enemy working parties
     Tasks of Fighting Patrols
• Distract enemy as part of deception
• Raids
• Protect recce and work parties of
  other arms
• Ambushes
    Co-Ordination and Planning of
•   Must be responsibility of one officer
•   Responsibilities:
•   Keeping patrol reports for reference
•   Patrol situation map
•   Passing info to patrol comds
•   Deconfliction
•   Warn friendly units of times and
 Co-Ordination and Planning of
• Full battle procedure
• Study maps, aerial photos, int and
  patrol reports
•   Help to understand orders
•   Noisy Rehearsals
•   Silent Rehearsals
•   Realistic as possible
•   Thoroughness vital
        Rehearsals Must Cover
•   Order of march
•   Changing formation or direction
•   Obstacle crossings
•   Action on enemy
•   Action on halts and RVs
•   Action on objective
•   Special Signals
      Rehearsals Must Cover
• Action on lights
• CASEVAC and PW escort
• Action on lost or separated
• Action on re-entry to own lines or
• Different routes in and out
• ASK if in doubt
       Weapons and Equipment
•   Dictated by task / type of patrol
•   Single /automatic fire
•   Bayonets
•   Flares - pre-prepared
•   Webbing - proper fit, noiseless
•   Smooth surfaces camouflaged
•   Waterproofs
    Weapons and Equipment
• Normal issue boots should be worn
• NB method of recording info -
  dictaphone, pencil and paper
• Maps unmarked in case of capture
• CWS - carry SUSAT as well
• Navigation - shaded torch, pacing
        Conduct of Patrols
• Final inspection
• Don’t take info on you
• Noise at night - ears better than
  eyes, yours and the enemy’s
• Formations and drills simple
• Check on man following
• Close up on halts for passage of info
• Comd close to, not at, the front
         Conduct of Patrols
• Radio Op - next to comd; know
  codewords, report lines etc
• Route in different from route out
• Routes broken into legs
• RVs between legs (!) - listening halts
• ERVs - rallying points on dispersal
• Avoid obvious routes / cover
          Conduct of Patrols
•   Last RV is FRV - Final RV
•   Must be recced and secured
•   Final kit adjustments in FRV
•   Reorg back in FRV after action on
  Debriefing and Patrol Reports
• Debriefing and reports vital to full
  value of patrol
• Earliest possible
• Written report
• Sketches very useful
• Debrief by officer who briefed patrol

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