Georgetown County Stormwater Utility

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					  Georgetown County
   Stormwater Utility
      Chris Laude – County Engineer
      Zollie Green – Senior Engineer
           Chris Allen – Inspector
Shelly Jordan – Quality/Billing Coordinator
        What is Stormwater?

• Rain or snow that falls on streets, parking
  areas, rooftops and other developed land
  and either flows directly into nearby
  streams or travels through drainage
• The flows are then discharged, untreated,
  into Georgetown County’s streams and
  What is a Stormwater Utility?

• It is a County created, separate entity and
 fund that has been established to fund
 operations and maintenance functions on
 existing stormwater infrastructure,
 administration of the County’s federally
 mandated municipal permit, engineering
 and technical review staff, and the design
 and construction of capital improvements.
     Why do we have a stormwater
             utility fee?
• After studying the issue of Georgetown County’s
    stormwater needs, County Council passed an
    ordinance establishing the stormwater enterprise
    fund after three readings on June 12th, 2007.
•   State and Federal mandates to ensure clean
    water are un-funded mandates. A stormwater
    fee is the most equitable revenue source to
    solve the County’s stormwater needs.
• The stormwater program will enable the
  County to comply with federal regulations
  as well as protect our community through
  improved drainage and protection of local
• As the County grows in population, the
  stormwater issues increase.
• Increased development means more land
• Increased water usage means more
  potential for water pollution problems.
• Aging, deterioration and undersized
  stormwater systems currently in place
  need to be repaired, replaced and in some
  cases, established. This costs money.
• If Georgetown County does not meet the
  standards, then we risk being fined
  thousands of dollars per day, which the
  County can ill afford to pay.
• The enterprise fund is a necessary
  revenue source to offset the competition
  for dollars with other County needs.
  Other sources of revenue funds.

• The County charges permitting fees for
 stormwater, which pay a portion of the
 cost for reviewing new development.

• In the future, additional state and federal
 program monies, such as grants, may be
 obtained for certain types of projects.
Who benefits from a stormwater
management program? Everyone.
• Residents, business and industry owners,
 students, visitors and developers all
 benefit. It protects roadways, property
 and receiving streams and other waters. It
 addresses both flooding and water quality
         Who pays the fee?

• Every parcel in Georgetown County with
  400 square feet of impervious surface or
  more will pay a stormwater user fee.
• Single family residential, multi-family
  residential and non-residential properties
  will pay the fee, including the County
• Single Family Residential parcels will pay
  $52.00 per year or one ERU.
• An Equivalent Runoff Unit (ERU) is used
  as the base unit for the stormwater utility
• One ERU is equal to 3,770 square feet of
  impervious surface.
• Impervious surfaces are surfaces that can
  not effectively infiltrate rainfall (building
  rooftops, pavements, sidewalks,
  driveways, etc.), and that is not
  constructed using pervious pavement
    Who is exempt from paying the
• No public or private parcel shall be exempt from
    Stormwater Management Utility service charges
    and fees.
•   Exemptions are public road rights-of-way used
    for general public transportation purposes.
•   Public road rights-of-way conveyed and
    accepted for maintenance by County Stormwater
    Management Utility service charges.
•   Railroad rights-of-way with a stone base and
    used only for trackage.
     Stormwater affects us all
• Stormwater run-off carries contaminants and
  sediments back into our water table, which we
  use for bathing, drinking, and recreation.

• Water Pollution issues stem from stormwater
  run-off, and the stormwater utility was created
  to deal with these potential pollution issues
  within Georgetown County.
    Stormwater pollution issues.
• Pet Waste – Improperly disposed of animal waste
  contaminates our water table.
• Pet waste contains contaminants such as pathogens and
  nutrients. Pathogens can cause illness.
• Pet wastes enter our water resources when they are left
  on the land. When rain or snowfall occurs, a portion of
  the precipitation infiltrates into the ground. This process
  can result in the infiltration of the contaminants as well.
  In certain circumstances, this process can result in the
  contamination of groundwater, which may be providing
  drinking water to domestic wells.
Contaminating our Waters

• Water, which does not infiltrate the soil, runs
    across the land surface. During this process,
    pollutants on the land are picked up and
    ultimately transported to our waters.
•   Motor oil dumped on the ground and poured
    down a storm drain contaminates the water
•   Fertilizers and pesticides improperly
    administered in your lawn and surrounding lands
    also can potentially contaminate our water
   Stormwater run-off carries
everything loose in it’s path back
      into the water table.
Water Quality Affects More Than
            Just Us!
    Stormwater issues are a
    community concern and
Georgetown County Stormwater
  is working hard to assist in
  protecting our clean water
Questions and Answers Session
What is NPDES?
• “National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System”

• The Clean Water Act prohibits anybody from discharging
  "pollutants" through a "point source" into a "water of the
  United States" unless they have an NPDES permit. The
  permit will contain limits on what you can discharge,
  monitoring and reporting requirements, and other
  provisions to ensure that the discharge does not hurt
  water quality or people's health. In essence, the permit
  translates general requirements of the Clean Water Act
  into specific provisions tailored to the operations of each
  person discharging pollutants.
NPDES Background
• 1972 Clean Water Act
  – Administered by the US Environmental
    Protection Agency (EPA)
  – Created NPDES permitting process
  – Multiple amendments
• 1987
  – An amendment to CWA called Water Quality
    Act required EPA to develop phased program
    to regulate storm water discharges under
    NPDES program.
NPDES Storm Water Program
• Point Source Pollution
    – Discharges from readily
      identifiable sources such as
      wastewater treatment plants or
      industrial facilities
•   Non-point Source Pollution
    – Discharges that are less easily
      identifiable such as runoff from
      urbanized or agricultural areas
NPDES in South Carolina

• South Carolina is an NPDES delegated
• NPDES regulations are administered by
  South Carolina Department of Health and
  Environmental Control (DHEC).
• Construction General Permit (CGP) is a
  component of NPDES.
NPDES Phase II Construction
General Permit
• Issued February of 2005; appealed
• Appealed settled in late 2005
• New Phase II CGP became effective on
  September 1, 2006
• Existing or ongoing permitted projects will
  be grandfathered under old regulations
  and not have to meet Phase II CGP
Who must obtain NPDES permit
• All land disturbing activities greater than
  or equal to 1 acre.
• Any disturbance within ½ mile of a
  receiving water body in the S.C. Coastal
  Zone (except individual single family
  homes not part of a subdivision
Requirements of CGP
• Develop and implement Storm Water
 Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP)
  – Identification of operators to be working
  – Sequence of construction
  – Locations of all BMPs necessary to minimize
    pollutants in stormwater discharges to meet
    applicable water quality standards.
  – Locations of Surface Waters of the State
  – Must be in compliance with all other
    applicable permits or CGP is invalid.
Requirements of CGP

• Must comply with Federal reporting
  requirements related to spills or releases
  or oils or other hazardous substances.
• File Notice of Termination (NOT) when
  construction is complete
• Retain all documentation required by
  permit for three years from time permit is
      What’s Coming
 Small Municipal Separated Storm Sewer
                System (MS4)
-Unfunded Mandate from EPA to DHEC to
             Local Government
        -Six Elements of Program
             --Public Education
           --Public Involvement
              --Illicit Discharge
         --Construction Activities
            --Post Construction
            Municipal Activities
Public Education
  – Increases Support for Program
  – Increases Compliance with Program
• How
  –   Newsletters
  –   Website Information
  –   Training Programs
  –   Brochures
  –   Public Services Announcements
Public Participation & Involvement

• Why
  – Educate Citizens
  – Forum for Reporting Problems
• How
  – Public Notice Compliance Program
  – Citizen Panel Involvement
  – Community Clean-ups
Illicit Discharges, Detection &
• Why
  – Improve Water Quality
• How
  – Detection and Elimination Program
  – Outfall Map Preparation
  – Outfall Inspections
  – Used Oil Recycling Program
Construction Site Runoff
• Why
  – It’s the Law of the Land
  – Site Runoff Carries Sediment and Pollution
  – Increasing Volume of Runoff Increases Flooding

• How
  – Best Management Practices Requirements
Post-Construction Runoff Control

• Why
  – Untreated Runoff Contains Oil/Greases, Heavy
    Metals, Pesticides, Fertilizers and Pet Waste
• How
  – Maintaining BMPs from Construction Phase
  – Retrofitting BMPs that are not Working
  – Non-Structural BMPs (Education, Pet Waste
    Pickup, Proper Use of Fertilizer and Pesticides)
Municipal Activities-Pollution
Prevention & Good Housekeeping
• Why
  – County Maintains Roads, Ditches, Parks Landfill ect
• How
  –   Operations and Maintenance Pollution Prevention Plan
  –   Employee Training Programs
  –   Information Management System
  –   Park and Open Space Maintenance Procedures

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