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									                                      Advanced Unedited Version




Report of the International Expert Workshop on Indigenous Peoples
               and Protection of the Environment
          Held in Khabarovsk krai, Russian Federation
                       27 – 29 August 2007
Contents
                                                                                                  Paragraphs          Page
         Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …….
I.       Organization of work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A.       Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         B.         Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         C.         Opening of the meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         D.         Election of officers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
         E.         Adoption of the conclusions and recommendations. . . . . . .
         F.         Closure of the Workshop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


II.       Highlights of the discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


III.     Conclusions and recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Annexes
I        Agenda for the International Expert Workshop
         on Indigenous Peoples and Protection of the Environment. . . . . . . . . . . .


II.    Documentation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


III.     Attendance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




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Introduction
1. The International Workshop on Indigenous Peoples and the Protection of the
Environment was held in Khabarovsk, Khabarovsk krai, Russian Federation, on 27 – 29
August 2007.


2. The International Workshop was co-organized by the Government of the Khabarovsk
krai, the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East
(RAIPON) and the Secretariat of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous
Issues (UNPFII), with support from the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation and
the cooperation of the Government of the Russian Federation.


3. Since its second session, the UNPFII has made recommendations on environmental
pollution. Therefore, this international workshop was timely considering the fact that in
many areas of the world, indigenous peoples and their territories are vulnerable to man-
made disasters. These include nuclear testing, nuclear disasters, chemical spillage,
transboundary pollution, hydroelectric dams, forestry and mining industries, toxic
dumping as well as global warming and contamination of waters and food supplies
through waste and toxic chemicals. The effects of natural disasters such as tsunamis,
earthquakes and cyclones also contribute to the pollution of indigenous peoples’
traditional food sources.


4. The location of the international workshop in Kharbarovsk krai, in the Russian
Federation was also an important factor because of the transborder contamination of the
Amur River over the past fifteen years. The contamination not only jeopardizes the
security of the population settled in the area of the river basin, but also has a major
impact on the indigenous peoples’ livelihoods. The traditional lifestyle of indigenous
peoples living in the region is tightly connected to the Amur River because fish is the
main ingredient of their national dishes and the fish skin is used in making their
traditional crafts. The contamination of the water bioresources by toxic substances
endangers the culture and traditional lifestyles of indigenous peoples and also has a major
impact on their health. For example, the growth of oncological diseases over the past ten



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years has claimed the lives of hundreds of indigenous peoples and there are still many
affected by other serious diseases. The average life expectancy of indigenous peoples is
40 to 45 years, which is significantly less than the rest of the Russian population.
Consequently, the contamination of the Amur River results in deterioration and
irreversible consequences for indigenous peoples.


5. The UNPFII members, experts and participants expressed their appreciation to the
Government of Khabarovsk krai, for sponsoring and hosting the international workshop.
The co-organizers namely, the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North,
Siberia and the Far East (RAIPON) and the Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on
Indigenous Issues, the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation and the Government of
the Russian Federation were acknowledged for their generous support and cooperation.


6. The UNPFII members, experts and participants paid tribute to the indigenous peoples
of the region for their traditional welcome which was warmly received by all the people
who attended the Workshop.




I. Organization of work
A. Attendance
7. Some 80 persons participated in the workshop, including 2 Members of the UNPFIIs;
indigenous experts from the Pacific, Central and South America, Africa, Asia, the Arctic,
North America, and the Russian Federation; representatives of the Federal, Regional and
Local Self-Government Authorities of the Russian Federation; representatives of UN
Agencies; international financial institutions, funds and programmes; and national and
international non-governmental organizations. The list of participants appears in Annex
II of this report.


B. Documentation
8. The participants had before them a draft agenda and documents prepared by
participating experts (see Annex I) . The papers that were presented are available on the


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United     Nations      Permanent       Forum       on     Indigenous       Issues     website:
http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/workshopIPPE.html


C. Opening of the meeting
9. An agenda was provided (see Annex 1) for the meeting. Mr Pavel Sulyanziga chaired
the workshop and Mr Michael Dodson was elected as the Rapporteur for the workshop.


10. Welcome speeches were made by:
Mr Vladimir Ivanovitch Syrkin, Vice-Governor of Kharbarovsk krai
Mr Yuri Ivanovitch Onoprienko, Chairman of the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsky
krai
Mr Andrei Pozdnyakov, Russian Federation Government
Mr Alexander Sichenko, Russian Federation Ministry of the Regional Development
Mr Vladimir Skoropupov, Representatives of the Russian Federation State Duma, Vice-
Chair Mr Arthur Chilingarov.


E. Adoption of the conclusions and recommendations
11. On 29 August 2007, the Workshop adopted, by consensus, the conclusions and
recommendations contained in section III below.




F. Closure of the Workshop
12. The meeting was closed after the conclusions and recommendations were adopted in
the final plenary held on 29 August 2007.


II. Highlights of the Discussion
13. Indigenous peoples share a spiritual connection with their environment which is
enjoyed collectively and preserved for future generations. The lands and territories are
integral to indigenous peoples’ spiritual practices, identity, and cultural heritage, political,
social and economic livelihood. Therefore, it is no coincidence that many of the world’s




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biological diversity and genetic resources are found on lands occupied by indigenous
peoples.


14. In many instances, due to colonization, occupation, mega projects, conflict and other
reasons, indigenous peoples have been dispossessed of and/or forcibly removed from
their traditional lands and sacred sites. The relationship between indigenous peoples and
their environment has been further eroded over the years, due to development projects,
mining and forestry activities, as well as agriculture programmes. As a result,
environmental damage has been substantial: flora and fauna species have become extinct
or endangered, unique ecosystems have been destroyed, and rivers and other water
catchments have been heavily polluted.


15. The workshop was held in Khabarovsk, in the Russian Federation, a city situated on
the banks of the Amur River which in some areas, forms the international border with
the Peoples’ Republic of China. The workshop focus on pollution is integral to
Khabarovsk krai because of the transborder contamination of the Amur River over the
past fifteen years. Various experts gave extensive presentations on the transborder
pollution and outlined how the contamination of the river has jeopardized the security of
the population settled in the river basin; in particular, its impact on the indigenous
peoples’ livelihoods as their economy is heavily based on fishing. Transborder
contamination from toxic substances released from major development projects as well as
oil spills pollutes the fish and other aquatic foods in the river.


16. A medical expert highlighted the fact that people’s health is one of the key
constituents of the economic, social, and ecological well-being of a society and that he
had observed that the adverse medical and demographic indicators of the health status of
people in the region correlates with low incomes, chronic stress, and deteriorating natural
settings. He also pointed out that the key factor determining the development of diseases
among the low-numbered indigenous people of the North is the destruction of their
traditional lifestyle as a result of environmental deterioration. There are two components
to be considered: (i) socioeconomic realities which include the destruction of traditional


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lifestyles; loss of social guidelines; low life expectancy; breaking family bonds; and the
failure to fulfill one’s potential; (ii) biomedical causes which include genetic
(predetermined) features of organism functioning such as metabolic processes, absence of
alcohol tolerance; low adaptive resources of the organism; and inaccessibility of adequate
health care services.


17. It was pointed out that partnerships had been formed between regional, local
government and authorized representatives of the low-numbered indigenous peoples of
the North, (RAIPON) to improve the wellbeing of people in indigenous settlements. This
has been particularly positive for indigenous youth who are increasingly participating in
environmental protection programs such as summer ecological programs based on
indigenous traditions.


18. It was stated that within the Russian Federation there is no single facility to oversee
the state environmental protection policies and mechanisms for assessing the water
quality, especially drinking water was outdated. Further, there are outdated mechanisms
for setting the maximum allowable concentration of hazardous substances, including
toxins. There is also no methodology for undertaking a comprehensive assessment of the
damage from pollution on the ecosystem. In particular, there is no assessment of the
impact of low-concentration toxic pollutants in drinking water and no assessment
following emergency spills of high concentration pollutants on the affected indigenous
and non-indigenous populations.


19. An expert pointed out that the Navajo reservation is abundant in gas, coal, water, and
uranium and there are currently 12 extractive industries operating within Navajo
territories and 7 of these industries are coal-fired power plants. These industries have had
an enormous affect on the economy, the people, the culture, and the rights to resources
and lands. Over half of the Navajo population lives below the USA poverty line despite
the rich mining operations on their lands. This creates a difficult situation for the Navajo
peoples because of the environmental impact of the extractive resources, and the urgent
need for employment. This situation renders indigenous peoples as economic hostages.



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In most cases, tribal governments are in favor of mining development. Hence, this
creates a dilemma because it divides the people and their government.


20. The same expert noted the pollution issues within the Navajo reservation raises
concerns because the world's largest private-sector coal company is located on the
reservation. Water extraction for mining purposes in the N-aquifer has lowered the water
level. There are other detrimental impacts due to government failure to enforce
environmental regulations. The presence of the mine and the use of the water source
were destroying the Navajo and Hopi cultures. Both the aquifer and the land are sacred
to the Hopi and Navajo tribes.


21. Environmental concerns continue to be an area of major conflict, as one expert
pointed out that resource owners have, on a number of occasions taken the law into their
own hands in response to their concerns over environmental destruction and lack of
adequate compensation from multi-national corporations, foreign or local companies in
mining, logging, hydro-electric dams or tourist development projects. A contributing
factor has been corrupt politicians and governments. This problem has contributed to an
increasing incidence of armed conflicts in many parts of the world including Africa and
the Pacific.


22. Experts stated that the destruction of the environment has led to the unsustainability
of land for traditional economic livelihood patterns that once thrived in many areas. As a
result, indigenous peoples are migrating into cities where they have become
environmental refugees and because of their poor economic status, are living in shanties,
slums and waterfronts with its attendant risks especially in terms of human rights
protection. Further, these slums continually face demolition by government.


23. Experts stated that despite the existence of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, many Latin American countries continue
prioritizing their economic development in the region instead of implementing their
obligations to protect the environmental for future generations.



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24. According to the USAID’s analysis of Brazil “the four principle threats to the
biodiversity and tropical forest resources of Brazil include unsustainable logging
practices, habitat conversion driven by agricultural expansion, urban and industrial
development, and poaching and animal trading. Other threats include increased
flammability of forests, domestic and industrial energy demands and the introduction of
exotic species”.1 These threats without doubt apply to many regions of the world.


25. Experts noted that legal measures and frameworks recognizing indigenous peoples’
customary law and its implementation is required in order to allow control by indigenous
peoples over their biodiversity, lands, territories, biological and genetic resources.


26. Experts pointed out that the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent is imperative to
protecting indigenous people’s lands, territories and their resources in order to maintain
and protect their environment for future generations.


III. Conclusions and recommendations
Conclusion
27. Experts concluded that past experience has shown that neither monetary
compensation nor livelihood projects could replace or surpass the destroyed ancestral
land and traditional livelihoods of affected indigenous peoples. The solution to restoring
a high living quality and ending the permanent destruction of the environment is to stop
destructive large-scale corporate mining, and decommission unviable tailings dams and
mega dams. Alternatives such as chemical-free traditional small-scale mining methods
and community-based microhydros need to be promoted and supported.


28. Experts concluded that economic market oriented development has contributed
greatly to the degradation of indigenous people’s lands, territories and biological and
genetic resources. This is further outlined in the Millennium Development Goals which

1
  USAID/Brazil Country Strategic Plan (FY 2003-2008) Environmental Analysis. USAID website. Available on
http://www.usaid.gov/locations/latin_america_caribbean/environment/docs/br2002.pdf


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state that although many countries have adopted principles of sustainable development
and agreed to international accords for protecting the environment, land is still being
degraded, forests are being lost and fisheries over-used, plant and animal species are
becoming extinct, and carbon emission is leading to climate change.


29. Experts concluded that transborder contamination is a major catastrophe which is not
widely known. This situation is further complicated because there are often a number of
countries involved, many of whom favour development over the environment. There is a
real need to bring these serious issues to the attention of the public as well as to the
relevant officials. It is critical to find out what mechanisms are available to change this
situation.


30. Participants suggested there is a need to explore whether opportunities exist to form a
joint body consisting of relevant peoples and officials of neighbouring countries. This
was of particular interest to the experts from Khabarovsk krai who spoke about the need
for better efforts by the governments of the Russian Federation and the Peoples’ Republic
of China. Further, there is also a need to attract United Nations agencies such as the
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) as well as nature conservation and
environmental organizations, due to the urgent and critical situation of the Amur River.


31. Pollution of food sources has a serious impact on most indigenous peoples and their
communities. For example, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are found in mother’s milk
and the placenta of new born babies. Other serious illnesses such as cancer, liver and
heart disease are very high among family members of all ages. Experts also pointed out
that the results of scientific studies that have already been undertaken in some of the
regions affected by pollution are not widely known by the public or Health Care
Departments. Experts also stated monitoring the health of indigenous peoples should be
an on-going issue.




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32. Experts pointed out that although there are some legal frameworks and multilateral
environmental agreements in Latin America indigenous peoples still face a lack of
implementation of these instruments and a lack of remedies. Most of the time, indigenous
communities have to mobilize and address the international community to be heard by
their respective countries. Latin American governments must act to promote the
environmental benefit for humanity and to ensure that indigenous peoples enjoy the
protection and rights they are entitled to enjoy under international law.


33. It was concluded that the findings of the Special procedures’ mandate holders, in
particular the Special Rapporteur on toxic wastes2 and the special Rapporteur on the
situation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, reveal that
national policies, laws, regulations and programmes concerning environmental related
pollutions do exist in many countries. However, despite the work of a range of actors,
including ministries of agriculture, lands, water resources, environment, rural
development and health, difficulties remain, and shortcomings to address the issue
primarily lie in the lack of implementation of existing laws, regulations and policies.


34. It appears that even when cultural and environmental impact studies together with
drastic label requirements3 are put in place to protect the health and well-being of
indigenous peoples, and to preserve their environment and means of subsistence,
communities who are directly or indirectly exposed to pollution are not aware nor
informed whether they comply with any such laws and regulations. This lack of
dissemination of information on remedies available for effective redress, combined with
the absence of free, prior and informed consent with the indigenous peoples concerned,
regarding the planned activities and the related regulations protecting their rights, pave
the way for systematic and disproportionate violation of their collective and individual
human rights.




2
    E/CN.4/2006/42/Add.1, para. 36.
3
    E/CN.4/2006/42/Add.1, Case 2004/76, para. 22; Case 20, para.27.


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35. It was concluded that the review of the human rights machinery jurisprudence
underlined that the administrative and judicial remedies that indigenous peoples have
utilized to address the environmental degradation of their lands and natural resources and
recover their rights, had proved ineffective. The apparent failure by States to comply with
international environmental instruments is often explained by the argument that the
pollution, evictions and other related human rights issues do not breach human rights
obligations because they are carried out in a manner consistent with domestic legislation.
Government also often claimed that legal recourse was available to those individuals who
wished to challenge the evictions or any development-based activities.


Recommendations


This Workshop:


36. Calls upon the Governments of the Russian Federation and the Peoples’ Republic of
China to accelerate the drafting and signing of the Inter-Governmental Agreement
between the two states on the cooperation, protection and sustainable use of the
transborder water facilities including liability for pollution, measures to decrease the
discharge of pollutants, mechanisms of mutual monitoring and timely information release
in case of disasters or accidents;


37. Recommends that the national governments of the Russian Federation, Peoples’
Republic of China and Mongolia draft measures for legislative regulations on the
sustainable nature use and development of the Amur River basin and form an inter-
parliamentary group on this issue.


38. Recommends that the Russian Federation, the Peoples’ Republic of China and
Mongolia ratify the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary
Watercourses and International Lakes (signed in 1992, in force since 6 October 1996)3;
and the Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context
(signed 1991, in force since September 1997).



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39. Recommends the Russian Federation State Duma adopt the Draft Federal Law on
rational nature use in the Amur River basin and on sustainable use in the development of
the Priamurye Region (the Amur River basin).


40. Recommends that the Government of the Russian Federation in cooperation with
indigenous peoples concerned, develop a Federal Target Program on ecological
improvement of the Amur River basin and include a Sub-Program on indigenous issues.


41. Recommends the Government of the Russian Federation increase funding to the
Federal State Program of Economic and Social Development of the Far East and
Zabaikalye regarding the construction of facilities for drinking water for the population
from underground sources as well as the construction, maintenance and repair of water
treatment and sewerage facilities.


42. Recommends that the Government of the Russian Federation adopt complementary
support for the Priamurye Region in order to shape the conditions for sustainable social
and economic development and enhance the investment and economic potential,
reproduction of natural resources and improve the situation of migrants in order to
stabilize the resident population.


43. Recommends the United Nations agencies including United Nations Environment
Program (UNEP), World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF, in cooperation with
the Russian Federation, support the monitoring of hazardous substances and their impact
on the health of indigenous peoples in the Armur region, and other regions should be
included in this effort .


44. Recommends the Khabarovsk krai government, the Arctic Monitoring and
Assessment Program and the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North,
Siberia and Far East (RAIPON) create a joint working group to prepare a draft
“Memorandum for Mutual Understanding”. Also, further recommends that RAIPON and



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the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program work with the Khabarovsk krai
government and consider research and project proposals for the joint working group,
prior to signing a “Memorandum for Mutual Understanding”.


45. That the joint working group prepare proposals to the Government of the Russian
Federation on “Pollution of the World’s Great Rivers and Prevention of Transboundary
Pollution” for inclusion in the agenda of the next summit of government leaders (G-8).


46. Recommends that all draconian laws concerning oil, gas and land-use that exclude
indigenous peoples from participation in the control and use of their resources be
repealed or amended. African states exploiting oil and gas reserves should take urgent
steps to restore the rights of communities to control over their resources. A multi-
stakeholder approach to oil exploration and exploitation should be put in place involving
the triad of government, oil companies and host communities. The multi-stakeholder
mechanism should address issues of biodiversity conservation and regeneration. The
workshop notes that the Committee on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial
Discrimination (CERD) had recommended the immediate repeal of the 1978 Land Use
Act and the 1969 Petroleum Act in Nigeria.


47. Recommends that African States promoting the exploitation of their oil and gas
reserves should adopt inclusive legislative approaches which enhance partnership and
collaborative decision-making involving the oil companies, government and host
communities, in order to provide more choices for the people. These approaches will
engender respect for environmental laws and regulations and judicial decisions by oil
companies and can establish a penalty plan that requires oil companies whose activities
cause excessive pollution or are ill–equipped, to forfeit their licenses. Governments
should ensure that relevant judicial decisions are enforced


48. Recommends that relevant insurance funds to cover the costs of the socio-economic
impact of oil pollution be established by governments and the oil companies.




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49. Recommends that in case of rapid oil spill, response mechanisms be put in place by
government and oil companies in order to effectively respond to communities in distress
due to oil spills


50. Recommends that relevant States require oil companies to provide all the necessary
social infrastructures before the commencement of oil exploitation so that their
operations will not impact negatively on the local population.


51. Recommends that the existing compensation regimes be reviewed in order to
adequately and fairly meet the emergency needs and concerns of those affected by
pollution.


52. Recommends multilateral donors and other development actors design operational
policy guidelines which could provide the basis for assisting Nigeria and other states, to
integrate environmental concerns and indigenous rights in their national development
policies.


53. Calls upon the United Nations system to develop minimum standards for the
protection of the environment and human rights that are binding on all countries and
development companies, based on the highest existing best practice, and with effective
monitoring and further, that sanctions be imposed on offending parties, be they national
government, funding institutions, or companies.


54. Calls for states that are home to transnational companies to enact legislation that will
require those companies to operate using the same standards wherever they operate in the
world. Home countries should impose deadlines on their nationals and corporate entities
that inflict damage in developing countries, particularly on indigenous peoples.


55. Calls on the United Nations system        to create an international system to allow
complaints to be filed by affected indigenous communities against companies,
governments and financial institutions whose development programs and interventions



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violate the rights of ownership and control by indigenous peoples over their ancestral
land, territories and resources and cause serious destruction to the environment.


56. In some cases in Asia indigenous people have already suffered and will continue to
suffer enormous damage to their lands and environment due to the long-term impacts of
mining and dams and it is therefore recommended that proper and immediate
compensation and reparation be provided by the relevant Governments and companies
concerned to all affected people. It should include adequate monetary compensation,
sustainable livelihood, alternative land, employment and other sources of regular income.
A program for the restoration and rehabilitation of lands and waters destroyed by mines
and dams should also be implemented.


57. The Workshop calls for a review and revision of national legislation and policy on the
liberalization of mining and the energy industry in states where these have proven
detrimental to indigenous peoples.     Government mining policies should support the
people’s efforts towards national industrialization and ensure the creation of jobs, food
security, a stable economy, mitigation of environmental degradation, and environmental
rehabilitation.


58. Under the principle of free, prior and informed consent, the Workshop recommends
that all persons who intend to use or apply pesticides or other chemicals to their crops
must submit their plans and the products they intend to use, including their common and
scientific names, their chemical contents, their known harm, their legal status (prohibited,
restricted or allowed in the relevant State and/or in other countries), and the
recommended requirements for their use, to the authorities and to the members of the
community. Only after the effective dissemination of this information to relevant
indigenous populations should the State authorities permit their use under whatever
conditions are deemed necessary.




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Annex I
Agenda


Monday 27 August 2007


9:30-10:00        Registration


10:00-10:30       Item 1: Opening ceremony and welcome speeches


                  Vladimir Ivanovitch Syrkin, Vice-Governor of the Khabarovsk krai


                  Yuri Ivanovitch Onoprienko, Chairman of the Legislative Duma of
                  the Khabarovsk krai


                  Mr Pavel Sulyandziga, UNPFII Member, RAIPON First Vice-
                  President, Russian Federation Public Chamber Member


10:30             Item 2: Effect of Pollution on the Traditional Lifestyle and
                  Health of the Indigenous Peoples.


                  Mr Pavel Sulyandziga, UNPFII Member, RAIPON First Vice-
                  President, Russian Federation Public Chamber Member


                  Mr Carl Olsen, (ICC-Greenland) Expert from the Arctic


                  Mr Aleksei Limanzo, Chairman of the Regional Council of
                  Authorized Representatives of low-number indigenous peoples of the
                  Sakhalinskaya oblast. “Impact of industrial policies on the indigenous
                  peoples”.




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11:30-11:50     Coffee break


11.50-12:30     Item 1: continued




12.30 – 16.10   Item 3: Transborder Pollution of the Amur-River and Pollution
                Effects on the Traditional Lifestyle and Health of Indigenous
                Peoples.


                Ms Galina Volkova, Deputy Vice-Governor of Khabarovsk krai for
                Indigenous Peoples and Environmental Issues. Expert from the Russian
                Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia


                Mr Sergei Andriyenko, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of
                Khabarovsk krai.


                Mr Salavat Suleimanov, Rector of Khabarovsk krai Public Health
                Care Ministry “Advanced Training Institute for Public Health Care
                Specialists”




13:30-15:30     Lunch




15:30-16.40     Item 2: Continued


                Ms Lubov Passar, President of Khabarovsk krai Association of the
                Indigenous Peoples of the North.


                Ms Polina Khodzher, Chairperson of Association of the Indigenous
                Peoples of the North, Amur Municipal District.


                                                                                 18
                   Mr Ivan Rosugbu, Chairperson of Association of the Indigenous
                   Peoples of the North, Ulchi Municipal District.


                   Ms Irina Tynvina, Specialist on Indigenous Peoples of Nikolaevsk
                   Municipal District.


16:10-16:30        Coffee break


17:00-17:40        Item 3: Ecological Global Changes and Measures to Prevent
                   them.


                   Ms Ema G. Tagicakibau, Pacific Concerns Resource Center, Fiji
                   Expert from the Pacific


                   Mr Lars-Otto Raiersen, Executive Secretary, Arctic Monitoring and
                   Assessment Program (AMAP). The Arctic as sentinel for global
                   environmental processes and effects.


                   Mr Aleksandr Kulikov, Chairman, of the Board, Public organization
                   Khabarovsk Wild Life Foundation




                Discussion


                Summary of First Day of the Workshop




Tuesday 28 August 2007




                                                                                 19
09:30-12:00   Item 5: Adverse Effect of Hydroelectric Dams Construction,
              Forestry and Mining Industries on the Traditional Way of Life
              of Indigenous Peoples.


              Mr Legborsi Saro Pyagbara, Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni
              People. Nigeria Expert from Africa


              Mr Mick Dodson, UNPFII Member, Director of National Centre for
              Indigenous Studies, Australia


              Ms Jill Carino, Cordillera Peoples' Alliance, Philippines Expert from
              Asia




11:00-11:20   Coffee break


              Item 5 continued
              Mr     Berezhkov,    Dmitry     Vladimirovitch,    President   of   the
              Kamchatskaya oblast Association of the indigenous low-number
              peoples of the North, Vice-President of the Association of the
              indigenous low-number peoples of the North, Siberia and the
              Russian Federation Far East. “Impact of mining industry on the
              traditional way of life of indigenous peoples”.


12:00-13:30   Item 6: International Legal Standards on the Rights of
              Indigenous Peoples to Favorable Environment


              Mr Estebancio Castro Diaz, International Indian Treaty Council
              Expert from Central and South America and the Caribbean


              Mr Pashuram Tamang, UNPFII Member, Nepal


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                  Ms Samia Slimane, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner
                  for Human Rights.




14:00-15:00       Lunch


15.30-17.00       Item 7: Environmental damages inflicted by economic
                  activities and their consequences for indigenous peoples.


                  Ms Kimberley Smith, Black Mesa Water Coalition Expert from North
                  America




16:10-16:30       Coffee break


16.30             Statement and Discussions Continued


17.00-19:00       Item 8: Adoption of Conclusions and recommendations.




Wednesday 29 August 2007


9.00-11.30        Transfer to Sinda settlement of the Nanaisky Rayon


11.30-13.30       Meeting Leaders of the Nanaisky municipal rayon and the Amur
                  indigenous community.


13.30-14.30       Lunch


14.30-15.30       Transfer to Sikachi-Alyan village of the Khabarovsk Rayon




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15.30-16.30   Visit to the Sikachi-Alyan Social and Ethnographic Centre and
              Sikachi-Alyan petroglyphs


16.30-18.00   Transfer to Khabarovsk




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         Annex II
         List of Participants


               Name                                            Position, organization


Federal Authorities
Mr Stanislav Nikolaevitch ACHAKOV    Deputy Head of the Amur Basin Water management Administration, Federal
                                     Agency of Water Resources
Mr Vladimir Andreevitch              Deputy Head of the Department of Rosprirodnadzor (Russian Environment
ANDRONOV                             Inspectorate) for the Far Eastern Federal Okrug
Ms Olga Aleksandraovna BELJDY        Chief Expert of the Administration of the Ministry for Economic Development
                                     of Russia for the Far East Region
Mr Vicktor Petrovitch BLINNIKOV      Head of the Administration of Rosprirodnadzor (Russian Environment
                                     Inspectorate) for the Khabarovsky Krai
Mr Igor Aleksandrovitch FISYUK       Deputy Representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian
                                     Federation in Khabarovsk
Mr Aleksandr Vasilyevitch GAVRILOV   Head, Far Eastern inter-regional territorial Administration of Hydrometeorology
                                     and Environmental Monitoring
Mr Aleksandr Ivanovitch              Head of the Department for provisioning of constitutional rights of citizens of
PLOTNIKOV                            the Apparatus of the Representative Plenipotentiary for the far Eastern Federal
                                     Okrug
Mr Andei Viktorovitch                Advisor to the Department for Mass Communications of the Russian Federation
POZDNYAKOV                           Government
Mr Vasily Ivanovitch PROKOPTSOV      Deputy Head, Administration of Rosselkhoznadzor (Russian Agricultural
                                     Inspectorate) for the Khabarovsky Krai and the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Mr Aleksandr Aleksandrovitch         Deputy Director of Department for Domestic national Policies of the Russian
SIRCHNEKO                            Federation Ministry for Regional Development
Mr Vladimir Ivanovitch               Assistant to Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Chilingarov Artur Nikolaevitch
SKOROPUPOV
Ms Veronika Nikolaevna               Consultant of the Apparatus of the Committee for Issues of the North and Far
ROMANISHINA                          East
Ms Tatiana Anatolyevna Zaitseva      Deputy Head, Territorial Administration of the Federal Service for Inspectorate
                                     over the protection of Consumer Rights and Men’s Wellbeing for Khabarovsky
                                     krai

Regional Authorities
Mr Sergei ANDRIYENKO                 Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of Khabarovsk Krai.
Mr Alekandr Borisovitch LEVINTAL     Deputy Chairman of the Khabarovsk Krai Government and Minister of
                                     Economic Development and External Affairs
Mr Vladimir Ivanovitch               Chair of the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsky krai
ONOPREINKO
Mr Gennady Egorovitch                Deputy Chairman of the Khabarovsky krai Government and Minister of Natural



                                                                                                    23
POCHEREVIN                           Resources
Mr Dmitry Nikolaevitch SOLYANOV      Deputy Minister of Culture of the Khabarovsk Krai Government
Mr Vladimir Ivanovitch SYRKIN        Vice Governor of the Khabarovsky krai
Mr Aleksandr Valentinovitch VITJKO   Minister of Health of the Khabarovsk Krai Government
Local Self-Government
Authorities
Mr Vladimir Aleksandrovitch          Head of the Khabarovsky municipal rayon of the Khabarovsky krai
ALESHKO
Mr Yury Alekseevitch DEGTYARYOV      Head of the municipal rayon of Polina Osipenko
Mr Valery Pavlovitch DOLMATOV        Head of the Nikolaevsky municipal rayon of the Khabarovsk Krai
Ms Nina Ignatyevna DRUZHININA        Head of the rural settlement of Sikachi-Alyan of the Khabarovsk rayon
Mr MikhailVasilyevitch KHMARA        Deputy of the Legislative Duma of the Khabarovsky krai
Ms Polina Pavlovna KHODZHER          Chair of the Regional Council of Authorized Representatives of low-Number of
                                     Indigenous Peoples of the North with the Khabarovsky krai Governor.
Mr Nikolai Sergevitch LANDIK         Deputy Head of the Solnechny municipal rayon
Ms Lubov Aleksandriovna ODZYAL       Specialist of the Ulchsky municipal rayon Administration
Ms Marina Andusovna ODZYAL           Leading Specialist for peoples of the North in the Ulchsky municipal rayon
                                     Administration
Mr Anatoly Alfonovitch SHEVTCHUK     Head of the Amursky municipal rayon of the Khabarovsk Krai
Ms Irina TYNVINA                     Specialist on Indigenous Peoples of Nikolaevsk Municipal Rayon
UNPFII Invited Experts
Ms Jill CARINO                       Vice-Chairperson for External Affairs, Cordillera Peoples' Alliance, Philippines
Mr Estebancio Castro DIAZ            Human Rights and Biodiversity Consultant, International Indian Treaty Council
Michael DODSON                       Member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (Pacific
                                     Region), Australia
Mr. Carl Christian Olsen             Executive Council Member of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference - Greenland
Mr Legborsi Saro PYAGBARA            International Advocacy Officer, Human Rights Program, Movement for the
                                     Survival of the Ogoni People. Nigeria
Ms Samia SLIMANE                     Human Rights Officer, Indigenous and Minority Unit, Research and Right to
                                     Development Branch, UN Office of the High Commisioner for Human Rights,
                                     Geneva
Ms Sonia SMALLACOMBE                 Social Affairs Officer, Secretariat of the United Nations Permanent Forum on
                                     Indigenous Issues, New York
Ms Kimberley SMITH                   Program Coordinator, Black Mesa Water Coalition, Arizona, USA
Mr Pavel Vasilyevitch SULYANDZIGA    Member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues; Member
                                     of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation; First Vice-President of
                                     RAIPON
Ms Ema G. TAGICAKIBAU                Assistant Director, Peace & Disarmament/Demilitarization Desk,
                                     Pacific Concerns Resource Center, Fiji
Mr Parshuram TAMANG                  Member of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Nepal




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Ms Galina Mikhailovna VOLKOVA       Assistant to Vice-Governor of the Khabarovsk Krai for the Low-Number
                                    Indigenous Peoples of the North and Environmental Issues
Diplomatic corps, international
and Russian Organizations and
Academics
Ms Mikaela Bergman                  Senior Consultant, Department of Environment Protection (EBRD)
Mr Valery Petrovitch CHASHCHIN      Director of Federal State Research Enterprise North-Western Research Centre of
                                    Hygiene and Public Health, St Petersburg
Mr Yuri Nikolaevitch BEREZUTSKY     Secretary of the Regional Political Council of the All Russian Party of United
                                    Russia
Ms Daria Mukhanaevna                Dean, Faculty of Peoples of the North, Far Eastern State Humanitarian
BERELTUEVA
                                    University
Ms Irina Borisovna BOGDAN           Chair of the Board, Inter-regional Public Ecological Organization, ECODAL
Mr Yuri Aleksandrovitch DARMAN      Director of the Far Eastern Branch of the World Wildlife Foundation, Russian
                                    Federation
Ms Nina Ivanona DANILYUK            Program Coordinator, Winrock International
Ms Alena EFIMENKO                   Indigenous Peoples’ Secretariat
Ms Nima Ivanovna EVSYUKHINA         Consultant to the municipal education facility secondary school of Nizhniye
                                    Khalby village
Mr Rune FJELLHEIM                   Executive Secretary, Indigenous Peoples’ Secretariat
Mr Evgeny Pavlovitch GUDAN          Editor-in-Chief of the newspaper Amur Beacon of the Ulchsky rayon
Mr Noguchi ICHIRO                   Director of the Program for the Far East of Russia, Branch of the international
                                    organization Friends of the Earth
Mr Michael JONES                    Pacific Environment Protection Centre
Ms Antonina Segeevna KILE           Assistant Professor of the Far Eastern State Humanitarian University
Mr Aleksei Vladimirovitch KOZLOV    Institute of Mother and Child
Mr Viktor Glebovitch KRYUKOV        Executive Secretary of Coordinating Committee for sustainable Amur River
                                    Basin development, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation
Mr Aleksandr Nikolaevitch KULIKOV   Chairman of the Board, Public Oranization Khabarovsk Wild Life Foundation

Ms Lidia Veniamonovna               Director of Nikolaevsk-na-Amure Medical School
NETREBENKO
Mr Nain K RAI                       Lead Social Development Specialist, Qulaity Assurance and Compliance Unit,
                                    Sustainable Development, World Bank
Mr Lars-Otto RAIERSEN               Executive Secretary, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP)

Mr Vasily Afanasyevitch ROBBEK      Director, Institute of Low-Number of Indigenous People of the North, SB RAS

Ms Valda Aleksandrovna RYABOVA      Chair, Khabarovsk public organization centre of Medical and Ecological
                                    Problems

Ms Tatiana Ivanovna RYABOVA         Head of the Endocrinology Department of the krai hospital

Mr Salavat SULEIMANOV               Rector of Khabarovsk krai Public Health Care Ministry “Advanced Training
                                    Institute for Public Health Care Specialists”


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Representatives of the
organization of low-number
indigenous peoples of the North,
Siberia and the Far East of the
Russian Federation (RAIPON)
Mr Dmity Vladimirovitch             President of the Kamchatskaya Oblast Association of the Low-Number
BEREZHKOV                           indigenous peoples of the North, Vice-President of the Association of the Low-
                                    Number indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Russian Federation Far
                                    East
Mr Aleksei Gennadyevitch LIMANZO    Chair, of the Regional Council of Authorized Representatives of Low-Number
                                    Indigenous Peoples of the North. of the Sakhalinskaya Oblast
Mr Anatoly Alekseevitch MIKHAILOV   Adviser to the Association Low-Number Indigenous Peoples of the North,
                                    Siberia and the Russian Federation far East
Ms Anna Pavlovna NAIKANCHINA        President, Buryatia Republic Association of Low-Number Indigenous Peoples of
                                    the North
Ms Lubov PASSAR                     President of the Association of the Low-Number Indigenous Peoples of the
                                    North. of the Khabarovsk krai
Mr Ivan ROSUGBU                     Chair of the Ulchsky municipal rayon regional public organization of Association
                                    of the Low-Number of Indigenous Peoples of the North.
Ms Nadezhda Nikitichna SAMAR        Chair of the Board of the Komsomolsky rayon division of the Khabarovsk krai
                                    Association of the Low-Number Indigenous Peoples of the North.
Mr Rodion Vasilyevitch              RAIPON Executive Committee Member, Director of the Centre for assistance to
SULYANDZIGA                         the Low-Number Indigenous Peoples of the North.
Mr Mikhail Petrovitch VALIN         Vice-President of the Board of Priamurye Centre




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