Hazards and risk assessment by b3JZgfan


									               Hazards and risk assessment
•   Hazards are potential sources or situations of harm
•   Risks are the chance or probability of occurrence
•   Health and safety measures are precautions taken
•   Risk assessment
     Judgements about risks and their potential threat to people
     Using information to decide how risks should be managed

Health and safety legislation in the UK and EU is based on
the principle of risk assessment. Employers should assess
health, safety and security hazards and risks and take
adequate measures to eliminate or control them.

                            Safe Working Practices                  1
            The five steps to risk assessment
•   List potential hazards you can identify
•   List the people who are at risk from these hazards
•   Assess the adequacy of exiting measures and action needed
•   Put forward measures to reduce risks to an acceptable level
•   Review the assessment and monitor implementation

Procedures for risk assessment should be kept in the
facility’s health and safety manual or other policy documents

                         Safe Working Practices               2
       Evaluating risks arising from hazards

• Evaluation is a two-step process
    Assess the likelihood – PROBABILITY of occurring
    Assess potential harm – SEVERITY of consequences

• Each facility has its own particular hazards and risks
      Scale and size of operation involved
      Indoor or outdoor based
      Location and activities involved
      Numbers, ages and experience of participants
      Equipment, weather etc

                           Safe Working Practices          3
• Probability of a hazard occurring depends upon
    If it is a current hazard (already existing and likely to occur)
    If it is a potential hazard (may not occur)
• Measuring probability or likelihood
    How many times has the hazard occurred in the past ?
    Statistical or quantitative evidence needed for assessment
• Information for assessment can be gained from
      Other facilities or centres
      Local authority records
      Department of environmental health
      Library research
      Governing bodies
      Fire, rescue, police or other emergency services

                            Safe Working Practices                      4
• The severity of harm or injury the hazard could cause
    Use a scale of severity to quantify severity
    Minor, Medium and Major
• Minor
    Cuts, grazes or bruises (treatable by first aid)
• Medium
    Sprain or minor fracture
• Major
    Severe injuries which could lead to fatality

   A medium severity situation can of course escalate to
   a major category

                            Safe Working Practices         5
                     Risk reduction
• Risk reduction is a systematic process
• Risks are evaluated in a planned fashion
• Action taken is determined by:
    Probability of hazard occurring
    Severity of consequence should it occur
• Other factors and variables to be considered:
    Number of customers / participants
    Skills and knowledge of facility staff
    Resources available
    Financial budget constraints
    Quality / state of repair of equipment

                        Safe Working Practices    6

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