The art of entrepreneurship

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					The art of entrepreneurship
                 Part I – Europe Policy
Why a Youth Policy by the
European Union?

Having a job, being self-employed or run
one΄s own business is of great
importance to many young people to
achieve independence.

  Today more than 20% of young people
       in Europe are unemployed.
     European Union had to tackle youth
 In the Council Resolution of 27 November
     2009, Member States agreed to make
 employment the overall thematic priority for
   the next 18 months (January 2010 - June
                   2011) .
Support to young people in
the field of employment
This means that
• tools such as events, knowledge, common learning, will
  be geared towards finding solutions to unemployment.
• Youth employment is also discussed between public
  governments and agencies and youth organisations at
  EU level and within the Member States.
• Furthermore, a youth dimension in EU policy-making
  overall will be given as regards employment issues.
The EU Member States and the European Commission will
  take action to:
• Integrate concerns of young people in employment
• Invest in the provision of skills for those jobs in demand
  on the labour market.
• Develop career guidance and counselling services.
• Promote possibilities for young people to work and to
  follow training abroad, including by lowering barriers to
  free movement across the EU
• Promote quality traineeships to increase young people's
  chances on the labour market.
• Improve childcare and promote sharing of responsibilities
  between partners in reconciliation between professional
  and private life.
• Support young people’s entrepreneurship e.g. via
  targeted education, access to funds, mentoring and
  support networks and structures in favour of youth
Startup Resources
         There are a number
      of available programs
         to assist startups,
         micro businesses,
        and underserved or
      disadvantaged groups.
•   Environmentally-Friendly "Green" Business
•   Home-Based Business
•   Online Business
•   Self Employment
•   Minority Owned Business
•   Woman Owned Business
An initiative to promote Entrepreneurship in Europe:
Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs Program

Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs is a project initiated by
the European Union (EU). It aims at helping new
entrepreneurs to acquire relevant skills for managing a
small or medium-sized enterprise (SME) by spending time
in a business in another EU country. It contributes to
improving their know-how and fosters cross-border
transfers of knowledge and experience between
The specific objectives of the program are:
- On-the-job-training for new entrepreneurs in SMEs
elsewhere in the EU;
- Exchanges of experience and information between
entrepreneurs on obstacles and challenges;
- To enhance market access and identification of potential
- Networking by building on knowledge and experience from
other European countries between entrepreneurs.
Erasmus for Young Entrepreneurs operates with the help of
intermediary organizations competent in business support
such as Chambers of Commerce, start-up centres,
incubators etc.
Find out more on
European SME Week 2011
European SME Week 2011 - 3 to 9 October - aims to:
• provide information on what the EU and national, regional and local
   authorities are offering as support to micro, small and medium-sized
• promote entrepreneurship so that more people, and in particular
   younger ones, seriously consider becoming an entrepreneur as a
   career option;
• give recognition to entrepreneurs for their contribution to Europe's
   welfare, jobs, innovation and competitiveness.
The G20 YES is a forum where young entrepreneurs
  from the G20 countries can meet with their peers,
learn best practices in growing dynamic companies,
            and celebrate entrepreneurship
   as the leading source of job and wealth creation,
     innovation and the well-being of all nations.
The goals of the summit include:
• 1. Promote the vital role entrepreneurs play in the
  growth, job creation, innovation and
  competitiveness of nations.
• 2. Identify actions likely to promote
  entrepreneurship amongst young people, and
  provide input for governments by recommending
  and assembling the best proposals within a
  communiqué to be endorsed by the G20 political
  leaders at their annual summits.
• 3.
• 3.Bring together entrepreneurs from around the world to
  exchange and share their experiences with the leaders of
  the entrepreneurial ecosystem
• 4. Launch results of the first G20 Entrepreneurship
  Competitiveness Barometer that will measure the
  entrepreneurship competitiveness amongst the G20
  countries; identify entrepreneur success stories across
  countries; be a tool to help governments prioritize
  measures and incentives by identifying gaps and best
  practices; trigger dialog between entrepreneurs and
  government leaders; and measure the impact of the G20
  YEA recommendations over the long-term.
• 5. Give inspiration to current and future generations of
GEF Forum on Green
•   [Entrepreneur]: An entrepreneur is willing to venture into connecting or creating
    alternatives and pursuing innovation to address the needs in her or his environment.
•   [Green]: For a truly sustainable future, not only our natural environment must be
    considered: economic, social and personal needs must also be addressed.
•   Our Forum on Green Entrepreneurship [= GreEn] is designed to empower young
    people and prepare them for the massive task of shifting our world from a state of
    crisis to prosperity and sufficiency. We are bringing together young people,
    entrepreneurs, policymakers, and stakeholders from the private sector and academia
    to define the needs of young people and find innovative and relevant solutions.
EU-China Forum on Youth
•   On 19 May 2011, a one-day forum was organised in Brussels with a focus on
    youth entrepreneurship. The Forum on Youth Entrepreneurship was intended to
    offer a space to youth representatives from the EU and China to explore and
    share concrete practices, experiences and challenges around the following
    topics: entrepreneurship education, promoting the development of
    entrepreneurial skills and mindsets, facilitating youth entrepreneurship, social
    entrepreneurship. By sharing practices in these areas, the event aimed at
    comparing situations, identifying inspiring practices from both sides and
    encouraging the development of a better understanding of respective realities and
    challenges for young people in the EU and China
• The Interregional Cooperation Programme INTERREG IVC,
  financed by the European Union’s Regional Development Fund, helps
  Regions of Europe work together to share experience and good
  practice in the areas of innovation, the knowledge economy, the
  enviroment and risk prevention. EUR 302 million is available for
  project funding but, more than that, a wealth of knowledge and
  potential solutions are also on hand for regional policy-makers.
• For more info about the programme:
 MINI EUROPE shares and develop regional policy
      instruments to get more people involved in
    entrepreneurship. In this context MINI EUROPE
address in particular the issues of increasing involvement
  of under-represented groups (like minorities, disabled
  people, women) in entrepreneurship and developing
   regional financial infrastructures (e.g. seed capital,
 participation funds) to support regional entrepreneurs.
The regions
The MINIEUROPE partnership combines
the experience of 8 European regions :
the Province of Flevoland, (the
North West of England (UK),
Észak-Alföld Regional Development
Agency (Hungary),
Maramureş (Romania),
Almi Företagspartner Mitt AB
(Sweden), (Sweden)
Institute for SME Industrial Firms of the
Valencian Govt. (Spain),
Patras Science Park S.A (Greece),
Veneto Region and Veneto
Innovazione (Italy).
PSP Patras Science Park (PSP) has the strategic target of
 establishing an Innovative Business Area in the Region of
  West Greece, which will be a development and guidance
      tool for this Region towards the “rising innovative
 economic-productive frame” by facilitating – additively and
   alternatively- new economic, productive and business
    activities in the region. Thus, it aims at contributing
       essentially to the “innovative area” prominence.
                          ENSPIRE EU Paris Conference

                          ENSPIRE EU Conference in Paris: Programmes
                          that inspire entrepreneurship - what makes them
                          All the partners in the ENSPIRE EU project have
                          recently been identifying programmes in their
                          regions    that   inspire   people   to   become
                          entrepreneurs. This conference at Advancia in Paris
                          on April 27th and 28th 2011 brought together this
                          research and began to identify the indicators that
                          help make programmes successful in creating an
                          entrepreneurial spirit.
               Comenius: Europe in the classroom

The Comenius Programme focuses on all levels of school education,
         from pre-school and primary to secondary schools.
      It is relevant for everyone involved in school education:
        mainly pupils and teachers but also local authorities,
                representatives of parents’ associations,
                    non-government organisations,
              teacher training institutes and universities.
• Improve and increase the mobility of pupils and
  educational staff across the EU;
• Enhance and increase partnerships between schools in
  different EU Member States, with at least 3 million pupils
  taking part in joint educational activities by 2010;
• Encourage language learning, innovative ICT-based
  content, services and better teaching techniques and
• Enhance the quality and European dimension of teacher
• Improve pedagogical approaches and school
In “The Youngest Entrepreneurs of Europe” Project;
   partner schools from Turkey, Romania , Poland,
  Hungary ,Bulgaria and Portugal will combine their
 efforts in order to give their pupils general information
about entrepreneurship, finding business ideas, making
  money out of their ideas, general information about
  commerce and trade, to protect their ideas by using
 patents & trademarks, understanding different cultures
        and developing business ideas around it.
The best inventor of Polish School
             Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

             The European Network
             Of Female Entrepreneurship

             The aim of the Ambassadors Network is to have successful entrepreneurs campaigning on the ground
             to inspire women of all ages to become entrepreneurs and to set up their own businesses. The
             Ambassadors help to raise confidence necessary for setting up and creating successful businesses.
             They are also role models to inspire other women to become entrepreneurs by "telling their own
             The Ambassadors promote entrepreneurship among women by engaging and speaking to groups in schools,
             colleges, universities, community groups and the media, as well as addressing conferences, business
             networks and employment initiatives.
             The Network is made up of around 270 entrepreneurs who act as ambassadors of female entrepreneurship
             across Europe.
             The ambassadors come from the following countries:
             Albania, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
             Luxembourg, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Sweden and United Kingdom.
                                      Leonardo da Vinci programme

The Leonardo da Vinci Programme funds practical projects in the field of
vocational education and training. Initiatives range from those giving individuals
work-related training abroad to large-scale co-operation efforts.
Leonardo da Vinci enables organisations in the vocational education sector to work
with partners from across Europe, exchange best practices, and increase their staff’s
expertise. It should make vocational education more attractive to young people and, by
helping people to gain new skills, knowledge and qualifications, the programme also
boosts the overall competitiveness of the European labour market.

Innovation projects are key to the programme. They aim to improve the quality of
training systems by developing and transferring innovative policies, courses, teaching
methods, materials and procedures.
                                 European Enterprise Institute
                                  The European Enterprise Institute (EEI) is a non-
                                 profit, non-party affiliated organization, registered
                                 in Belgium.

                                 It aims to promote entrepreneurship in the EU
                                 policy community and to provide a platform for
                                 the ideas and philosophy of entrepreneurship
                                 throughout Europe.

                                 The EEI works to facilitate research, debate and
                                 positive political action in all areas of policy with
                                 impact on the conditions for entrepreneurship,
                                 incentives for innovation, competitiveness and
                                 economic prosperity.
 What can EURES do for you?
  The purpose of EURES is to provide information, advice and recruitment/placement (job-
  matching) services for the benefit of workers and employers as well as any citizen wishing
  to benefit from the principle of the free movement of persons.

  EURES has a human network of more than 850 EURES advisers that are in daily contact
  with jobseeker and employers across Europe.

  Set up in 1993, EURES is a co-operation network between the European Commission
  and the Public Employment Services of the EEA Member States (The EU countries plus
  Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and other partner organisations. Switzerland also
  takes part in EURES co-operation. The joint resources of the EURES member and partner
  organisations provide a solid basis for the EURES network to offer high quality services
  for both workers and employers.

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