kibale association for rural development by 8963qQe


									Kibale Association for Rural Development (KAFRED)

Uganda, Africa

Language: English

Email Address:           
Website (must include http://):
Language:                          English

Street Address:                    Parliament Avenue
Street Address::                   P.O.Box 7103
City:                              Kampala
Province or State:                 Kampala
Postal Code:                       7103
Country:                           Uganda

Contact 1 Name:                    George Owoyesigire
Contact 1 Email Address: 
Contact 1 Telephone:               256-773226841

Contact 2 Name:                    Tinka John
Contact 2 Email Address: 
Contact 2 Telephone:               +256-772468113

Contact 3 Name:                    Kato Innocent
Contact 3 Email Address: 
Contact 3 Telephone:               +256-772518714

Nominee is best decribed as (choose one or more):
Community-based organisation
Indigenous group
Non-governmental organisation
Initiative associated with a community-conserved area or other biological reserve

Initiative Description and Innovations (200 words or less):
The name of the organization being nominated is Kibale Association for Rural and Environmental Developmental
(KAFRED). The nominee is best described as Community-Based Organization or Community-Based Entrepreneurial
Initiative or Indigenous Group. Initiative description and innovations: KAFRED was founded in 1992, in order to
conserve areas of rich biodiversity out side nationally protected areas, wetlands in particular; and to benefit
communities from the tourism businesses in the area, mainly Kibale National Park (KNP). An American Peace Corps
Volunteer (PCV) together with 6 community members (founder) steered the formation of the Community Based
Organization (CBO). Membership has now grown and includes other groups e.g. Bigodi Woman’s Group (BWG),
with 40 members. KAFRED members overwhelmingly agreed on the need to conserve Magombe Swamp today
referred to as Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary. The wetland is home to 8 species of primates and several important
plant/tree families dominate the swamp . Nicknamed ‘Home of Great Blue Turacos’, it is one of the hot spots for
birding/twitching, with over 130 species listed. , the swamp has attracted several keen birders from allover the
world. The rich biodiversity also includes species of butterflies and other insects, 3 species fish, 10 of amphibians
and ground mammals e.g. statungas, bush pigs, bush barks and mongooses. The wetland is a stretch of about 8
kilometers long and 1/3 Km wide, attached to KNP at either ends. It acts as a corridor for animals from the
southern to the northern parts of the KNP. A big trench that runs through the middle of the wetland is an old hippo
trail created in the 60’s. Because of the rich biodiversity, it was thus resolved that the use of tourism would bring
benefits to the community and hence encourage conservation of the important wetland. KAFRED’s main objectives
are: conservation of natural and cultural resources; promote conservation education; and to support community
development projects through tourism promotion. The outputs can be summarized as follows: 1) Increased
household income & standard of living 2) Less soil and water contamination 3) Employment and Poverty alliviation
4) Improved conservation awareness in the community 5) Developed community projects 6) Reduced swamp
encroachment 7) Increased number of tourists and income 8) Reduced human-animal conflict 9) Enhanced
international relations

Poverty Reduction (200 words or less):
KAFRED is entirely managed/run by the community. The Annual General Meeting (AGM) elects a committee to
represent the community. Revenues from tourism are ploughed into community projects such as Education,
Health and Sanitation. Most employees are from the community apart from where there is need for special skills.
KAFRED’s net income is spent on community development projects and therefore there has been direct
investment. Also because of employing the local community and buying local materials, there has been general
development in the area. However, the general development is complimented by other income generating
activates in the area such as agriculture and employment opportunities in the neighboring Kibale National Park.
Bellow is a an outline of how tourism has changed the Bigodi community: i) Employment to 18 teachers, 6 guides,
2 Receptionists, 1 Cashier, 2 cooks, 2 security guards and 3 cleaners. ii)Teachers and guides receive training and
capacity building through KAFRED. iii) The BWG and Bigodi Peanut Butter Groups (with 8 members mainly women)
are provided with space to sell peanut butter and handicrafts products at the visitor’s center. iv) There is market
for local foodstuffs that can be consumed by tourists e.g. bananas, tomatoes, onions, eggs and chicken. Prices in
Bigodi are 30% higher than in the neighboring villages, where there’s no tourist market, indicating a high turnover.
v) Local people have now adapted to eating the above foodstuffs, thus improved nutrition. vi) The number of
permanent houses increased from 2 in 1992 to 7 in 1995 and to 20 in 2002. vii) KAFRED received an average of
1000 visitors with an income of 5.8 million Uganda Shillings per year between 1999 and 2001. The revenue for the
financial 2002/3 was 26.1 million. viii) About 40% of the above income (Net profit) is spent on community projects.
KAFRED has sponsored the construction and management of a secondary school since 1993. The school with an
enrollment of about 150 children passes about 20 and enrolls 40 every year. Because of the tourism revenue,
Parents pay about 50% less for fees compared to other private schools. ix) 95% of the visitors are Non-Ugandans.
This has called for other business opportunities such as hotels and lodges, which are in turn run by the local people
and employ local staff.

Partnerships (200 words or less):
Enter textPartnerships: Name of Partner & contact person Nature of partnership & contributions to the success of
KAFRED Makerere University Biological Field Station (MUBFS) Kato Innocent, Supervisor, PO Box 699 Fort Portal,
Tel: (256)-77-725080 E-mail:
Trustee and is always available to advise in environmental issues.
                                                                            cilities and library at the center; the
center will assist to further develop M&E indicators for KAFRED. IUCN Country Office & National programs Note:
KSCDP phased out n 2003t!!
guidance: National wetland policy sensitization done by NWP & KSCDP.
strong cash box, printing of 10,000 brochures, filling cabinet and office-stationery. Uganda Wildlife Authority
(UWA) Ezerah Mugote, Community Conservation OfficerUWA, Plot 3 Kintu Rd, PO Box 3530 Kampala Tel: (256)-41-
346287 E- mail:
                                                                            ning: The KNP management authorized
KAFRED guides to train from the park by joining guided tours.
about the community walk and advising those on ‘standby’ to visit KAFRED. A few KNP employees are
community/KAFRED members. Ministry of Tourism, Trade and Industry (MTTI) George Owoyesigire, Tourism
Officer, Parliament Avenue PO Box 4241Kampala E-mail:
(2008) and policy are pro community tourism developme
KAFRED as a case study on community’s participation in tourism and conservation and the use of

Biodiversity Impacts (200 words or less):
KAFRED’s main aim reads in part: “……. and the conservation of natural resources wetlands in particular”.
Community development projects have been funded with income from tourism. The best examples are: the
secondary school, boardwalk and a visitor’s center . This helped to increase awareness and appreciation within the
community, of the importance of conservation. Music, Dance & Drama by the local groups such as ‘Enyange
Dramactors’ and Study Tours are used to increase the understanding and interpretation of natural and cultural
values to the community particularly schools. Enyange Dramactors received training from Kibale and Semliki
Conservation and Development Program (KSCDP) of IUCN in the 1990’s. On the other hand, Interpretation signs,
write-ups, guided walks and presentations are used for conservation awareness building to both domestic and
foreign visitors. Walks around and across the swamp are guided, visitors are encouraged to keep on the trail and
all the garbage is carried back to the visitor’s center and properly binned. KAFRED does not provide catering
services and this limits the levels of pollution. In the mid ninety’s, IUCN, Uganda Country Office, together with it’s
two other programs; the KSCDP and the National Wetlands Program (NWP) carried out a capacity building program
for KAFRED. This included among others trainings, an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of KAFRED’s
projects. A participatory planning exercise was conducted for about 40 participants including members and
representatives of homesteads neighboring the swamp to draw up byelaws for the management of the swamp,
which included a list of dos and don’ts. The BWG, also a member of UCOTA, is involved in the making and selling of
handicrafts. Most of the materials and dyes used are natural and this was an environmental issue. KAFRED has
through UCOTA organized training workshops in sustainable harvesting methods. There is a proposed project to
start up herbal gardens for handicraft materials.

Leadership and Community Empowerment (200 words or less):
KAFRED has used tourism as a tool to reduce poverty and promote conservation. It is one of the most successful
members of UCOTA in achieving this overall objective. There is an increase in the number of permanent houses in
Bigodi from 2 in 1992 to about 40 today, an indicator of positive development. Many employees of the
organisation can now afford essential commodities and pay their medical bills and school fees. There is increased
undersatanding of conservation and the attitude has changed positively in past years.The people of Bigodi have
appreciated conservation, which earns them ‘free’ money. In addition, the swamp has attracted donors,
conservation organs, tourist market for crafts, jobs, foods etc. At the AGM, participatory planning sessions are
conducted for the community to decide on which projects to implement and how the wetland should be managed.

Sustainability (200 words or less):
Founded in 1992 with technical assistance from an American PCV, membership has grown from 6 to 85 member
today. A committee of 7 including a women’s representative is elected by the General Assembly every after two
years. Funding community projects by the income from tourism made the community appreciate the values of
conservation and in response, supported the activities of KAFRED. KAFRED buys materials e.g. for building locally
and most employees are from the community apart from where there is need for special skills. The BWG and
Peanut Butter Groups are provided with space to sell their produce at the visitor’s center. In 1998, a student from
UK, Alison White, during her University thesis carried out a survey in Bigodi, on local people’s perceptions about
tourism. KAFRED strives to achieve financial sustainability. Its main source of income is the revenue from visitors
received an average annual income of Sh5.8 million between1994 – 2001, and income for the financial year
2002/3, Sh26.1 million, noting a raise of 350% due to the increase in prices and visitor numbers. During low tourist
seasons, members are encouraged to concentrate on other income generating activities such as agriculture.
Although in 1998 – 2001, the number of international tourists dropped considerably due to insurgencies in
Western and S.W. Uganda, the number has now increased with corresponding revenue of about 100,000,000
Uganda Shillings ($50,000) per year. This has helped to reduce on over-reliance on international donors The Bigodi
community has lived adjacent to the swamp and its habitats for.There.Ther

Gender and Social inclusion (200 words or less):
Women play critical role today in conservation. They carry out sensitization sessions, sell crafts to enhance their
incomes and operate a nursery school on their own. The tradition of husbands stopping wives from joining groups
that include men has not died in Uganda. A few men continue to play their protective role. However, ¼ of the
membership is women and are given a special sit on the executive. KAFRED also decided to register groups that
contain mainly women. The groups are trained and provided with space to sell their produce in the visitor’s center.
The drama group is paid to produce sensitization songs and plays for the community and it also performs for the
tourists for a fee. The BWG started a Nursery School for pre-primary children. KAFRED has provided financial and
material assistance in the construction and management of the school. A random survey done at the KAFRED
School indicated that 33% of the children were girls but more efforts are put in to increase the number of female
students and members.

To Be Considered for the Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Knowledge Category (200 words or less):
KAFRED is a model organisation in the region, purely run and managed by local people. The groupd has also scored
highly in the area of conservation and specifically protection of wetland resources and wildlife species. unique
cultura. The protected wetlands are home to rich biologically diversity and an important resource for local people.
So KAFEEM'S mission of promoting conservation of biodiversity and healthy ecosystems for sustainable
improvements in quality of life of the community has indeed been achieved. It is the therefore important that
KAFRED be considered for the Best Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Knowledge Category

To Be Considered for the Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change Category (200 words or less):
KAFRED is incoved in the promotion of tree planting, which are impotant in arbosibing carbondioxide, a mojor
polluting egent and contributor to global warming and climate change. Poverty has been identified as one of the
primary causes of environmental degradation and KAFRED has played a key role in creating jobs, market for local
products and enhancing rural incomes through tourism development. The protection of the wetland and related
resources is in its self a very importnat initiative that helps to mitigate and contribute to current efforts aimed at
addressing the climate change problem. Environmental education has been conducted and this has positively
impacted on attitudes of the people locally and internationally. It is the therefore against this background that
KAFRED be considered for the Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Climate Change Category too.

Other Information (200 words or less):
                                                                                    publication: “Sustainable
Development of Ecotourism: A Compilation of Good Practices in SMEs”. KAFRED is one of the 64 initiatives
mentioned in the publication, for more information, visit; or E-mail              n Conservation Center (ACC) considered KAFRED as one of the E. African

Organizations involved in community conservation and tourism conduct study trips to KAFRED. Examples are
Heritage Trails Uganda (HTU), Care International and UWA.

Reference 1
Organization:          Tinka John
Telephone:             +256772468113
Email Address:
Website (must include hppt://):
Language:              English
Street Address:        Fort Portal
Street Address:        P.O.Box 700
City:                  Kampala
Province or State:     Kabarole
Postal Code:           700 Fortportal
Country:               Uganda
First Name:            George
Last Name:             OWOYESIGIRE
Position or Title:     Senior Wildlife Officer

 Reference 2
Organization:          Bwindi-Mgahinga Conservation Trust
Telephone:             +256782807394
Email Address:
Website (must include http://):
Street Address:        Kanungu
Street Address:        P.O.Box 40 Kabale
City:                  Kampala
Province or State:     Kampala
Postal Code:           401
Country:               Uganda
First Name:            Moses
Last Name:             Turyamureba
Position or Title:     Senior Field Officer

TAC1 (Gladman Chibememe)
Last modified: 2010-04-23 08:06:45
Score: 4
Tac status: Complete
Other: Not set
Comments: 1 Impact:-reduced poverty through the conservation biodiversity- 3
2       Partnerships: -linking ngos, cbos, prv sec, govt, resc &/ acad inst,& fondts- 4
3       Sustainability:-demonstrate at least three positive impacts on biodiversity –4
4       Innovation and Transferability:-demonstrating new and adaptable – 4
5       Leadership and Community Empowerment:-demonstrate leadrshp inspired action - 3
6       Gender Equality and Social Inclusion: socio-cultural diversity & gender equality-3

Total score- 4

Whilst the impact on poverty reduction is clearer the biodiversity impact is not clear. The project seem
to have forged a lot of partnership with donors, NGOs , government and private sector. It has also grown
from 2 permanent houses in 1992 to 40 in 2010. Community has been empowered to understand the
value of conserving their local resources.

TAC2 (Michael Hooper)
Last modified: 2010-04-15 20:11:23
Score: 5
Tac status: Complete
Other: Not set
Comments: Impact - This is a very strong nomination that appear to do a much better job than many
others that I've read in combining poverty reduction with biodiversity conservation. The two are clearly
connected in this nomination and the financial resources gained from conservation activities directly
serves to raise the incomes of community members. The project has had a strong impact on both
conservation and income generation activities and, given its very strong community leadership, appears
very sustainable.

Partnership - KAFRED has a number of partnerships with both government ministries and international
organizations (IUCN). The ability of this very community-led initiative to forge these partnerships speaks
highly to their commitment and ability to bridge the local, national and international levels.

Sustainability - Given the strong community leadership and the direct connection between conservation
and income generation, this project seems especially sustainable.

Innovation and transferability - This is an innovative project, not so much in the work that is being
carried out, but that it appears to do so without a great deal of assistance from outside agencies. I have
read several other relatively similar nominations, but in those cases there were large external inputs of
money and resources. This raised questions about the sustainability of those projects.
Leadership and community empowerment - This is an area where this project scores very highly.
KAFRED appears, at least, highly community oriented and very much community led.

Gender equality and social inclusion - The initiative takes gender issues seriously and, while it recognizes
it can do more and that men participate in greater numbers, has built in explicit methods for ensuring
women's representation (for example, through a special seat for women on the organizing committee.)

KAFRED should be considered for both the special indigenous prize and the special climate change prize.
Again, its not so much that this is the project with the greatest impact, but it has had a very large impact
by drawing primarily on community resources.

TAC3 (Steve Edwards)
Last modified: 2010-04-11 18:28:32
Score: 4
Tac status: Complete
Other: Not set
Comments: Overall, I feel this proposal could be a poster-child for the Equator Initiative: Community led,
governed and administered tourism with revenues going to promote development within the
community. However, the data provided are from 2002 and 2003. If the data were current and
reflected sustained growth and involvement in the community I would have given the proposal a score
of 5. All of the key criteria have been met. Further, there is a strong argument for consideration for
special recognition in relation under the "Indigenous Peoples and Traditional Knowledge" category. But
- as noted - the data cited in relation to poverty reduction and sustainability are 7 to 9 years old!

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