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									PLEASANT VALLEY
Cyber Academy




PROGRAM OF STUDIES

            2008-2009

 Excellence in Education: a Community Commitment
                                 TABLE OF CONTENTS
Principal’s Message ..................................................................................... page 4
General Information .................................................................................... page 5
Curriculum Review ..................................................................................... page 7
Glossary ....................................................................................................... page 8




                                                Course Descriptions
Reading ........................................................................................................................... page 9
English ............................................................................................................................ page 10
Social Studies ................................................................................................................. page 11
Mathematics ................................................................................................................... page 12
Science ........................................................................................................................... page 13
Health and Physical Education ...................................................................................... page 14
Graduation Project ......................................................................................................... page 14
World Languages ........................................................................................................... page 14
Art .................................................................................................................................. page 15
Music .............................................................................................................................. page 15
Business Education/Computer Science .......................................................................... page 16
NCAA Regulations ………………………… ................................................................ page 17




                                                                      -2-
  PLEASANT VALLEY SCHOOL DISTRICT
                 BRODHEADSVILLE, PA 18322

               DISTRICT Administration
                              (570) 402-1000

                  Dr. Douglas C. Arnold, Superintendent

            Mr. Anthony A. Fadule, Assistant Superintendent
                       General Administration

         Mrs. Carole Geary-Rissmiller, Assistant Superintendent
                      Curriculum and Instruction

         Mr. Christopher J. Fisher, Assistant to the Superintendent
                   Professional and Support Personnel


         Cyber Academy ADMINISTRATION
                              (570) 402-1000
                             www.pvbears.org

                  Mr. Robert Hines, Associate Principal
           Mr. Douglas Palmieri, Cyber Academy Coordinator


HIGH SCHOOL & Middle School GUIDANCE DEPARTMENT
                           Ms. Donna Yozwiak
                           Ms. Patricia Kupstas
                            Ms. Sheri Fallon
                           Ms. Melissa Lambert
                            Ms. Denise Lenox
                            Ms. Nicole Layton
                            Mr. Brian Morgan
                            Ms. Susan Scully




                                   -3-
                                  PrinciPal’s Message
       To PV Academy Students:
       Each year you will be asked to make important decisions involving the selection of a program of studies.
       These decisions will have a profound impact on your future interests and career aspirations. The selection
       of courses should be made with considerable thought and with the input and assistance of your parents,
       teachers, guidance counselors and administrative staff. While we hold ourselves ready to help guide and
       direct you in this process, we realize that it is you, the student, who must weigh all of the options to make
       the most beneficial selections.
       This booklet was designed by faculty, guidance and administration to provide you with the basic
       information pertaining to the various programs and courses offered through the academy. Certainly, this
       publication cannot answer all your questions, but by reviewing its contents you will become more familiar
       with the services available. Your counselor will be the most important person in providing the advice,
       direction and explanations necessary to enable you to use the information contained herein to the fullest
       personal benefit.
       As you begin the selection process, we encourage you to make decisions based not only on the factors
       previously mentioned, but also on your own past performance. It is you who must invest the time and
       energy needed to achieve success within the requirements of each curriculum area.

       To Parents:
       Your input and guidance in assisting your son/daughter in the course selection process is greatly
       appreciated. The information contained in this booklet is designed to assist you in making prudent
       choices. We realize the decision process is sometimes difficult and confusing. Your best guides are to
       evaluate your son’s/daughter’s past performance and to ask a high school guidance counselor for
       information. Please feel free to call the guidance office or to make an appointment to discuss your
       son’s/daughter’s future. If for any reason your son/daughter feels that they are being denied entry to a
       particular program, please contact the academy administration and reference district policy 219.
       We believe all students can learn in preparation for adult life.



                                                  Robert J. Hines
                                                    Associate Principal


                                   EQUAL RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES POLICY
                Pleasant Valley School District is an equal opportunity education institution and will not
       discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin/ethnicity, gender, age, disability, sexual
       orientation or religion in its admissions, educational programs, activities, or employment policies.
       Publication of this policy is in accordance with state and federal laws including the Americans with
       Disabilities Act, Title VI, Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972 and Section 504 of the
       Rehabilitation Act of l973. Requests for information regarding services, activities and facilities that are
       accessible to and usable by persons with disabilities, in addition to all other inquiries, should be directed
       to the Assistant Superintendent for Personnel and General Administration. This individual serves as Title
       IX and Section 504 Coordinator and is located in the Pleasant Valley School District Administration
       Building, Route 115, Brodheadsville, Pennsylvania, 18322. (570) 402-1000, ext. 1209.


REMINDER: The deadline for making changes in your schedule is the last day of the current school year.

                                                            -4-
                         GENERAL INFORMATION

                            GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
Each student in the Academy, in grades 9 – 11, must be registered for at least 8.0 credits per
year. Seniors are required a minimum of 6.0 credits. Promotion from one grade to the next, and
ultimately, graduation, will be based on the satisfactory completion of individual courses. The
chart below shows eligibility for graduation. Students must earn credits in grades 9-12. The
basic graduation requirements, which all students must successfully pass, include the following:

                               English                       4.0
                               Social Studies                4.0
                               Math                          4.0
                               Science                       4.0
                               Phys. Ed.                     2.0
                               Health 9/10                   1.0
                               Driver Ed.                    .50
                               Arts/Hum                      2.0
                               Computer Literacy             .50
                               Graduation Project            .50
                               Electives                     6.0
                               TOTAL                        28.5

*PSSA Enhancement: (Grades 9, 10, 11, 12) This course(s) is a requirement for graduation
for those students who have scored at the basic or below basic level on the 8th and/or 11th
grade reading and/or math PSSA assessment. Students must enroll in a 9 week, ½ credit
enhancement course and demonstrate proficiency in reading and/or math. The course is
designed to reinforce and enhance student basic reading and math skills in preparation for
the 11th grade PSSA and/or 12th grade proficiency verification.




                                Graduation Requirements
To graduate from Pleasant Valley High School, students must demonstrate proficiency in
reading, writing and mathematics. As per Title 22, Education, Chapter 4, Academic Standards
and Assessment § 4.24, High School Graduation Requirements, students must “demonstrate
proficiency in reading, writing and mathematics on either the State assessments administered in
grade 11 or 12 or local assessment aligned with academic standards and State assessments under
§ 4.52 (relating to local assessment system) at the proficient level or better to graduate.” The
Pleasant Valley School District recognizes that students must be given the opportunities to
demonstrate proficiency in reading, writing and mathematics during their senior year in order to
meet part of their graduation requirement.




                                              -5-
                              GENERAL INFORMATION

**Arts and Humanities courses include any                    Students who have failed courses are advised to
visual arts, industrial technology, music,                   contact the guidance office. The counselors will
foreign language, family/consumer science, or                advise them on the options available for their
history course.                                              specific situation.

                                                             Students may also repeat any elective course
            COLLEGE CREDIT                                   they fail the following year, with the exception
Please note that college credit grades accepted              of Graduation Project.
for graduation requirements (prior approval of
principal is required) will not be calculated into           Note: Students may not advance to the next
cumulative averages.                                         level course unless the previous required course
                                                             was successfully completed or an approved
                                                             waiver is submitted.
 FALL/WINTER/SPRING/SUMMER
          SCHOOL
                                                                           SCHEDULING
       AND TUTORING                                          Students must be accurate and thorough in their
 Students who fail a required course must take               selection of courses. All students are expected
 action to remediate their situation. There are              to complete the courses selected. Adequate
 three options available:                                    schedule planning for students, teachers and
1. Students may attend an approved                           classroom space can be completed only when
    fall/winter/spring/summer school for 30 or               school officials can consider student scheduling
    15 hours of instruction in the failed subject            requests to be final and binding. When this
    area prior to the opening of the next school             happens, a conference with a guidance
    year. (30 hrs. for a 1 credit course, 15 hrs.            counselor is required.        Parents/Guardians
    for a ½ credit course)                                   should be involved in this conference to assist
2. Students may secure 30 or 15 hours,                       the student and counselor in arriving at a
    depending upon the number of credits [i.e.               reasonable decision. Students, with parental
    30 hrs. for a one (1) credit course or 15 hrs.           permission, may request (in writing) a schedule
    for a ½ credit course], of pre-approved                  change after a conference is held with a
    private tutoring in the failed subject area by           counselor. Schedule changes will not be made
    a certified teacher in the subject, prior to the         after the last day of the present school year.
    opening of the next school year.                         Special Note: Students who withdraw from a
3. Students may repeat the course during the                 class after the first progress report for a
    next regular school year.                                semester class and after two weeks for a nine
                                                             (9)-week class, do so with a withdraw/failure
                                                             (“WF”) as a grade.




                                                       -6-
                           CURRICULUM REVIEW
Successful completion of specified courses in grades 9 through 12 are required in order for a student
to qualify for the Pleasant Valley High School diploma. Required courses must be supplemented
with elective courses in order to achieve the minimum credits needed for graduation. Listed are
suggested courses of study and electives available to supplement the student program. In addition to
the required courses listed above, 10th and 11th grade students must select a sufficient number of
electives to equal 8.0 credits.
Grade 9 – Required Courses                          Grade 10 – Required Courses
English              Physical Education             English               Physical Education
Social Studies       Health & Wellness              Social Studies        Health & Wellness
Mathematics          Science                        Mathematics           Science
Computer Literacy                                   Driver Education

Grade 11 – Required Courses                         Grade 12 – Required Courses
English               Physical Education            English               Physical Education
Social Studies        Science                       Mathematics           Science
Mathematics          Graduation Project*            Social Studies




                                      ELECTIVES
FOREIGN LANGUAGE                                    BUSINESS EDUCATION /
Spanish I, II                                                 COMPUTER SCIENCE
                                                    Computer Literacy
ART                                                 Introduction to Business
Foundations of Art                                  Word Processing

MUSIC
Introduction to Music




                                              -7-
                                                 Glossary
Applied/Career Comprehensive (CC) – a program of                  Honors/Advanced Placement – this program of studies
studies designed to prepare students for entry into the           is available to students who have met course grade
job market, trade school, community college or junior             requirements and have been recommended by a teacher,
college, and (in the case of highly academically                  successfully passed an entrance examination, and have
motivated students) four year colleges. Applied courses           met all additional course entrance requirements.
fit this category.                                                Students may not enroll in the class by completing a
                                                                  guidance course waiver. It is designed for the highly
Credit – one credit is assigned to all courses that meet          motivated, independent working student who has
everyday. The credit may be halved according to the               demonstrated a superior level of achievement in previous
number of weeks assigned.                                         course work. Honors/AP courses will carry a weighted
                                                                  grade. Students who succeed in these courses will have
Curriculum Track – refers to a grouping of courses                a distinct advantage in high school class ranking and
designed to accommodate various student’s needs and               college placement.
abilities.  The courses in a curriculum track are
sequentially programmed to provide a logical program              Level I, II, III and IV Courses – several courses have
of studies. Curriculum tracks available in the high               more than one level of difficulty. The higher the
school include: Preparations for Higher Learning/                 number, the more challenging the course. Students do
College     Prep,   Career    Comprehensive/Applied               not have to take levels beyond I, nor must they take
Academics and Vocational/Technical.                               more than one level per year. They may if they wish.

Cycle Course – a course that meets on alternate days of           Pass/Fail – P/F does not affect cumulative grade point
the cycle for a semester or an entire school year. There          average.
are six days in a cycle.
                                                                  Marking Period – one-half of a semester or
Educational Program – all the educational offerings of            approximately 45 school days. There are two marking
a school district, including extra-curricular activities.         periods in a semester.

Elective Courses – courses that students choose to                Planned Course – all courses taught at the high school
complete their annual program of studies. Electives               are called planned courses. Each course includes student
should be chosen based on student ability, interest and           performance outcomes and standards, content, expected
career aspirations.                                               levels of achievement, and procedures for evaluation.

ESOL – (English for Speakers of Other Languages) is a             Recommendations – a course that a student must
core program of study designed to help the student                successfully complete in order to qualify for entry into
whose native language is other than English acquire the           another course.
skills to develop proficiency in the English language.
                                                                  Required Courses – courses which students must
Full Schedule – a full schedule consists of 8.0 credits           schedule based on the program of studies they have
per year. All students must schedule at least 20 periods          chosen. Required courses include both graduation
of class.                                                         course requirements and specific required courses within
                                                                  a curriculum for preparation for higher learning.
Higher Learning (HL) – designed for students who
seek four-year college preparatory programming or entry           Semester – one-half of the school year or approximately
level in the work force.        A significant level of            90 school days. There are two semesters in a school
achievement in previous course work is a guide to                 year.
success on this level.
                                                                  Semester Course – a course that meets every day of the
                                                                  cycle.



                                                            -8-
                                           GLOSSARY                 continued



Sequential Course – one course in a series of courses. Each course must be taken in its proper sequence. In sequential
courses, it is necessary to learn the knowledge and skills of the first course before going on to the next course. A passing
grade is required. Sequential courses are found in many areas – mathematics, foreign language, science, art, industrial
arts, business, etc. Sequential courses do not have to be taken in the same school year.

Career and Tech Ed Studies – The Business Career Prep Studies is a program that allows students to obtain college
credits while still in high school. The program allows students to receive academic and advanced technical skills leading
to post-secondary education. Following this program is a cost-effective way to get a head start on a college career.

Term – refers to the school year.

Vocational Technical School – (MCTI) the Monroe Career & Technical Institute is located in Bartonsville off Route
611. Students spend two periods of the school day at MCTI.

Weighted Grades – used in Honors/AP courses to give additional value to the grade earned. Sample format:

                                       Regular Grade                   Honors/AP
                                 A=4.0          92-100            A=+9 added point value
                                 B=3.0          83-91             B=+9 added point value
                                 C=2.0          74-82             C=+9 added point value
                                 D=1.0          65-73             D=+9 added point value
                                 F=0.0          00-64             F=+9 added point value




                              COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
                                                   READING
Reading - Grade 8 – CA519

The eighth grade Reading program challenges students to interact successfully with different types of reading
materials. The course provides for the reinforcement and expansion of comprehension, vocabulary, and life and
study skills. Students will experience many genres of Literature, including the opportunity to explore literature
of their own choosing. The course consists of objectives to promote the development of reading, writing,
speaking, and listening skills. Students will learn to apply and to extend reading strategies to ensure success in
reading and other academic subjects. Reading self-selected literature is a part of this program to encourage
reading as a lifelong activity.
                                                           -9-
                                                         ENGLISh
   ENGLISH - Grade 8
   CA118
   The major goal of the eighth grade Language Arts program is to help students develop a better understanding and command
   of the English language in both oral and written formats. This course provides practice in grammar and usage through an
   integration of all language processes: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Students will have the opportunity to
   experience various forms of writing for multiple purposes: to describe, to narrate, to inform, and to persuade. Additionally,
   vocabulary and spelling lessons will enhance students’ control over their language.
   The literature strand of the eighth grade Language Arts program concentrates on multicultural selections and/or historical
   fiction that correlates to the Social Studies curriculum dealing with the Revolutionary Period. A poetry unit, which consists
   of studying figurative language and writing poetry, is also incorporated into the literature strand.

                ENGLISH – Grade 9                                                       ENGLISH – Grade 10
          Contemporary Literature/Composition                                         World Literature/Composition
            CA119 - 1 Semester – 1.0 credit                                          CA110 - 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course is recommended for those students who seek                  This course focuses on world authors and their works as the
academic challenge and understand the need for intensive and            basis for interpretive, critical, and analytical reading and
extensive study and research. Students are introduced to                writing. This course is recommended for those students who
works by American, British, and World authors through the               seek academic challenge and understand the need for
analytical, critical, and independent reading of short stories,         intensive and extensive study and research. The course is
non-fiction, poetry, novels, and drama. It provides a general           designed to prepare students to discuss and evaluate a variety
overview of writing skills, literature, vocabulary, public              of literary genres. Heavy emphasis will be placed on critical
speaking, and research. Heavy emphasis will be placed on                thinking, writing, speaking, and listening activities.
the development of narrative, persuasive, and informational             Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of
essay writing. Vocabulary skill development evolves from                literature and the functions and characteristics of the English
the study of Literature, with a strong focus on context clues,          language. Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired
usage, and word-part analysis. A public speaking unit is also           throughout the semester emphasizing the selection, location,
included.      Students will research a topic of choice                 and organization of a variety of resource materials to produce
emphasizing the selection, location, and organization of a              a MLA research paper. A minimum of four novels, plays, or
variety of resource materials. The MLA project will                     major works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the
culminate in a short written paper and a 10-minute oral                 semester.
presentation. A minimum of two novels, plays, or major
works will be analyzed and discussed throughout the
semester.

               ENGLISH – Grade 11                                                         ENGLISH – Grade 12
            American Literature/Composition                                     British and World Literature/Composition
            CA111 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit                                          CA112 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course focuses on American novels as the basis for                 This course focuses on British and World authors and their
interpretive, critical, and analytical reading and writing. This        works as the basis for interpretive, critical, and analytical
course is recommended for those students who seek academic              reading and writing. This course is recommended for those
challenge and understand the need for intensive and extensive           students who seek academic challenge and understand the
study and research. The course is designed to prepare                   need for intensive and extensive study and research. The
students to discuss and evaluate a variety of literary genres.          course is designed to prepare students to discuss and evaluate
Heavy emphasis will be placed on critical thinking, writing,            a variety of literary genres. Heavy emphasis will be placed on
speaking, and listening activities.           Vocabulary skill          critical thinking, writing, speaking, and listening activities.
development evolves from the study of literature and the                Vocabulary skill development evolves from the study of
functions and characteristics of the English language.                  literature and the functions and characteristics of the English
Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired throughout           language. Purposeful and quality writing skills are acquired
the semester emphasizing the selection, location, and                   throughout the semester emphasizing the selection, location,
organization of a variety of resource materials to produce a            and organization of a variety of resource materials to produce
MLA Literary Analysis paper. Furthermore, students will be              a MLA Literary Analysis paper. A minimum of five novels,
exposed to SAT prep and college search strategies. A                    plays, or major works will be analyzed and discussed
minimum of six novels, plays, or major works will be                    throughout the semester.
analyzed and discussed throughout the semester



                                                                   - 10 -
                                   SOCIAL STUDIES

                                     U.S. HISTORY I - GRADE 8
                                              CA218
In the eighth grade, one of the major goals of the Social Studies curriculum is to awaken students to their
American heritage and to have them envision themselves as an integral part of “history” being made today.
Students will examine the Age of Exploration, the Colonization of the New World, Rivalry for New World
Supremacy, Emergence of the United States, the Constitution and System of Government and the
Administration of the first five presidents. Throughout the course, analytical problem solving and decision-
making skills will be practiced.

                                     U.S. HISTORY II – Grade 9
                                    CA227 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course will be a writing intensive in-depth analysis of American History from the Jacksonian Era of
the 1820’s to the 1870’s. Areas of concentration include: Sectionalism, the Origin of the Civil War,
Reconstruction, Western Expansion, and the Social, Political and Economic changes in America. Students
will be expected to conduct research and demonstrate critical and analytical skills.

                                   WORLD HISTORY – Grade 10
                                   CA210 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course is a comprehensive chronological/topical study of world history from early civilizations to the
16th century. The students will be required to analyze and evaluate historical events such as, the first
civilizations, classical civilizations, feudalism, middle ages, Renaissance and Reformation, the emergence
of the nation states, and the beginnings of modern Europe. In-depth homework and research study is
expected.

                               20TH CENTURY HISTORY – Grade 11
                                   CA211 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
20th Century History will be an in-depth analysis of world history from the turn of the century to the present
using a national and global perspective. The students will be expected to investigate 20 th century events in
terms of their social, economic and political impact on the present world order. Topics will include
Nationalism, World War I and World War II, the Russian Revolution, the Depression, the Cold War Era,
the Vietnam Conflict, and the changing economic and political relationships between nations. Students are
expected to do independent home research and study.


                      AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND LAW – Grade 12
                              CA212 – 9 weeks – .50 credit
This course will examine the state and its origins, the purposes served by government, forms of
government, basic political principles of democracy, the formal organizational structure of our government,
and the role of politics in government. The law component will examine basic civil liberties and
corresponding responsibilities.


                                       ECONOMICS – Grade 12
                                      CA232 – 9 weeks – .50 credit
This course is designed to introduce the students to the basic economic principles and theories. Emphasis
will be placed on American capitalism and how it functions. Some of the selected topics will be: cost
analysis, supply and demand in price setting, business organizations and their structures, and an in-depth
analysis of competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition, and oligopoly. Students will be expected to
interpret and construct graphs, charts, and tables and to analyze statistical information to formulate a
conclusion.



                                                   - 11 -
                                     MATHEMATICS

                                               PRE-ALGEBRA
                                               CA318 – Grade 8
Pre-Algebra begins with a review of basic skills and progresses through basic equation solving,
operations with integers and multi-step equation solving. Advanced Pre-Algebra is a more rigorous course
that spends very little time on basic skills review. Students in this course will study higher level complex
equations and inequalities, linear equations, statistical and geometric applications. In both courses,
problem solving in real-life situations is stressed


                                          ALGEBRA I – Grade 9
                                      CA339 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
Algebra I consists of a study of the real number system, sets, variables, open sentences, factoring, rational
and irrational numbers and problem-solving using variables. The emphasis is on the structure of real
numbers, algebraic concepts, deductive reasoning, and precision of language.


                                       GEOMETRY – Grade 10
                                     CA331 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
Geometry is a course that emphasizes logical reasoning, spatial visualization skills, and their application
to problem solving. Students are expected to write two column deductive formal proofs, paragraph type
proofs, and use algebraic skills to set up and solve problems based on geometric representation.
Additionally, students will solve problems related to plane, solid and coordinate geometry. Geometry is
the natural progression for students who have successfully completed Algebra I.

                                       ALGEBRA II – Grade 11
                                    CA330 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
Algebra II is primarily an extension of Algebra I. However, a more rigorous approach is taken in the
study of the real number system. The first part of the course involves real number concepts and skills, the
solution of linear equations and inequalities, solving verbal problems, properties of polynomials, and
rational expressions. The second part of the course deals with relations and functions, irrational numbers
and quadratic relations. Students must have successfully completed Algebra I.


                                     TRIGONOMETRY – Grade 12
                                     CA351 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course includes such topics as circular functions, vectors, polar coordinates, fundamental identities,
trigonometric equations, solution of triangles, complex numbers and transcendental functions. The
student of Trigonometry must have successfully completed Algebra II and Geometry.




                                                   - 12 -
                                               SCIENCE
                                          PHYSICAL SCIENCE
                                            CA418 - Grade 8
The major goal of the eighth grade Physical Science program is to provide basic knowledge of chemistry and
physics as it relates to everyday experiences. Students will learn to discover and to interpret scientific
knowledge by completing projects, reports, demonstrations and lab activities. An additional goal of the course
is to apply basic math principles to science concepts. The eighth grade Physical Science curriculum
encompasses six major topics focusing on the chemical and physical nature of matter. These topics are: (1)
scientific method, (2) physical and chemical nature of matter, (3) nuclear energy and radioactivity, (4) forms of
energy (5) work and power (6) force and motion.

                                     EARTH SCIENCE – Grade 9
                                     CA419 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This course is designed to place responsibility on the student to master basic concepts in the natural sciences.
This course stresses individual thinking, especially the ability to solve new problems through the applications
of learning concepts. Classroom techniques and materials include lectures, discussions, labs and video.
Emphasis is placed on metrics, graphing, and simple physics formulas. Students taking this course should
have above average math and reasoning skills and be comfortable with verbal math problems.

                                         BIOLOGY I - Grade 10
                                      CA401 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This introductory course is designed for students who intend to pursue a college degree. The student learning
outcomes include: basic principles of taxonomy, chemistry, cell structure, regulation and energy flow, cell
reproduction and molecular and Mendelian genetics and basic principles of organic evolution. An overview of
the plant and animal kingdoms is covered.

                                        CHEMISTRY – Grade 11
                                      CA430 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
This is a college preparatory course designed to prepare students to meet the challenges of college-level
chemistry successfully. Candidates for this course should have completed Algebra I and Biology I with an
average of 92% or greater. Students may select either Chemistry Honors or Chemistry. Students planning to
major in science in college should choose both Chemistry I and II Honors. Chemistry I must be successfully
completed before a student may continue with Chemistry II. Either Chemistry Honors or Chemistry I can be
taken to meet the requirements as one (1) of four (4) science credits for graduation.

                                          PHYSICS I – Grade 12
                                       CA432 – 1 Semester – 1.0 credit
The Physics elective is a college preparatory course consisting of an introductory consideration of mechanics.
Since emphasis is placed upon the quantitative aspects of the subject matter, candidates for the course should
have completed Algebra I, II and Trigonometry.




                                                     - 13 -
                   HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION




                                               HEALTH/WELLNESS
                                                 CA015 - Grade 8
Students will become involved in decision-making activities in order to apply their health-related knowledge to real life
situations. Units of study include: first aid, stress management, AIDS education, and drug and alcohol education.


                                            HEALTH/WELLNESS
                                     CA015 - Grades 9, 10, 11, 12 – .50 credit
This course is designed, through a conceptual approach, to provide a wide scope of health related issues to be examined,
analyzed, and evaluated: Drug Education II, Nutrition II, First Aid and Personal Safety, Communicable/Non-communicable
Diseases, Consumer and Community Health and Concepts of Health II.




                               GRADUATION PROJECT
                                     GRADUATION PROJECT – Grade 11
                                                CA022 – .50 credit
 All Pleasant Valley Cyber Academy students must complete the graduation project by the end of their junior
 (11th grade) year. Students begin to receive information and documentation regarding the project during the 2 nd
 semester of their sophomore (10th grade) year. The project is graded on a PASS/FAIL basis. The graduation
 project is state-mandated and a requirement for graduation. The successful completion of the project
 verifies the meeting of state writing standards.




                                   WORLD LANGUAGES
       SPANISH I – Grades 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
       CA509 –– 1 semester – 1.0 credit

       SPANISH II - Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
       CA510 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit

       FRENCH 1 – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
       CA549 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit




                                                         - 14 -
                        FOUNDATIONS OF ART




Art Perspectives - Grade 9, 10, 11, 12             Art Explorations - Grade 9,10,11,12
CA733 - 9 weeks - .50 credit                       CA733 –-9 weeks - .50 credit
Students will learn how to apply the               Students will research, evaluate and
design elements and principles to create           respond to art periods and styles
realistic artworks. The course will teach          throughout the Western World. A
hands-on drawing techniques using                  thorough investigation of civilizations
compasses and rulers through mathematical          will provide a link to current trends.
constructions to illustrate objects                Students will learn to appreciate the
realistically. A thorough exploration of           aesthetic value in artworks found
perspective teaches students how to create         throughout history, which will provide
the illusion of depth, or objects in space.        the springboard for creating hands-on
Students will learn how to draw utilizing          student projects.
the mechanical approach.




    INTRODUCTION
      TO MUSIC
          Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
       CA767 – 9 weeks - .50 credit

Students will trace the evolution of music
from Gregorian chant to modernism to late
20th century music. Students will recognize
what constitutes music as opposed to mere
sound and identify the principal instruments
for making music. Students will interpret the
characteristics of the leading styles in the
history of western music, in which the major
musical forms have developed. Students will
relate historical events with musical events
and their effect upon composers and their
compositions.




                                          - 15 -
                       Business education &
                        computer science

Computer Literacy – Grade 9
CA090 – 9 weeks - .50 credit

The increasing role of technology in society makes the Computer Literacy course a necessary segment
of the curriculum. This course is designed to familiarize students with computer functions,
capabilities, and roles in society. Through a hands-on approach students will work with Windows and
the MS Office suite to complete assignments. An emphasis is placed on developing skills to enable
the student to become an independent learner and computer user. NOTE: A passing grade is
required for graduation.

Introduction to Business – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA621 – 1 semester – 1.0 credit

A basic knowledge of business is essential in today’s society. Regardless of future plans, students
need to know how to write out checks and balance a checkbook, manage money, be a smart consumer,
and understand basic concepts such as credit, insurance, and the stock market. Students will explore
the role of business in our society, and even create a basic business plan. The importance of career
planning is discussed. Introduction to business emphasizes practical information vital to the future
of any student.


Word Processing – Grades 9, 10, 11, 12
CA634 –– 1 semester – 1.0 credit

Students will create, design and produce documents using word processing software. Students
will reinforce keyboarding skills as they apply language art skills. Students will compose and
edit information, format with special features, enhance documents using graphics, create letters,
forms, reports and indexes and merge data from other applications. Students will learn all the
CORE features of using the Microsoft WORD program.




                                             - 16 -
                        NCAA FRESHMAN-ELIGIBILITY STANDARDS
                              QUICK REFERENCE SHEET


KNOW THE RULES:

Core Courses

       Starting August 1, 2008, 16 core courses will be required for NCAA Division I only. This rule applies to any student first
        entering any Division I college or university on or after August 1, 2008. See the chart below for the breakdown of this 16 core-
        course requirement.
       14 core courses are required in NCAA Division II. See the breakdown of core-course requirements below.

Test Scores

       Division I has a sliding scale for test score and grade-point average. The sliding scale for those requirements
         is shown on page two of this sheet.
       Division II has a minimum SAT score requirement of 820 or an ACT sum score of 68.
       The SAT score used for NCAA purposes includes only the critical reading and math sections. The writing
          section of the SAT is not used.
       The ACT score used for NCAA purposes is a sum of the four sections on the ACT: English, math, reading and
          science.
       All SAT and ACT scores must be reported directly to the NCAA Initial-Eligibility Clearinghouse by the
         testing agency. Test scores that appear on transcripts will no longer be used. When registering for the
         SAT or ACT, use the clearinghouse code of 9999 to make sure the score is reported to the
         clearinghouse.

Grade-Point Average

       Only core courses are used in the calculation of the grade-point average.
       Be sure to look at your high school’s list of NCAA-approved core courses on the clearinghouse Web site to
       make certain that the courses being taken have been approved as core courses. The Web site is:
        www.ncaaclearinghouse.net.
       Division I grade-point-average requirements are listed on page two of this sheet.
       The Division II grade-point-average requirement is a minimum 2.000.


                              DIVISION I                                                     DIVISION II
                         16 Core-Course Rule                                             14 Core-Course Rule
            16 Core Courses:                                                 14 Core Courses:

            4    years of English.                                           3   years of English.
            3    years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher).                 2   years of mathematics (Algebra I or higher).
            2    years of natural/physical science (1 year of lab            2   years of natural/physical science (1 year of lab
                 if offered by high school).                                     if offered by high school).
            1    year of additional English, mathematics or                  2   years of additional English, mathematics or
                 natural/physical science.                                       natural/physical science.
            2    years of social science.                                    2   years of social science.
            4    years of additional courses (from any area                  3   years of additional courses (from any area
                 above, foreign language or nondoctrinal                         above, foreign language or nondoctrinal
                 religion/philosophy).                                           religion/philosophy).



PLEASE NOTE: For students first entering any NCAA college or university on or after August 1, 2005, computer
science courses may only be used for initial-eligibility purposes if the course receives graduation credit in
mathematics or natural/physical science and is listed as such on the high school’s list of NCAA-approved core courses.




                                                                    - 17 -
OTHER IMPORTANT INFORMATION                                       NCAA DIVISION I SLIDING SCALE
                                                                  CORE GRADE-POINT AVERAGE/
                                                                          TEST-SCORE
Division II has no sliding scale. The                            New Core GPA / Test Score Index
minimum core grade-point average is 2.000.                 Core GPA            SAT                ACT
                                                                            Verbal and Math ONLY
The minimum SAT score is 820 (verbal and                   3.550 & above           400             37
math sections only) and the minimum ACT                        3.525               410             38
sum score is 68.                                               3.500               420             39
                                                               3.475               430             40
                                                               3.450               440             41
14 Core courses are required for Division II.
                                                               3.425               450             41
                                                               3.400               460             42
16 Core courses are required for Division I.                 3.375               470             42
                                                               3.350               480             43
The SAT combined score is based on the                       3.325               490             44
                                                               3.330               500             44
verbal and math sections only. The writing                     3.275               510             45
section will not be used.                                      3.250               520             46
                                                               3.225               530             46
SAT and ACT scores must be reported                          3.200               540             47
directly to the clearinghouse from the                         3.175               550             47
                                                               3.150               560             48
testing agency. Scores on transcripts will                     3.125               570             49
not be used.                                                   3.100               580             49
                                                               3.075               590             50
For more information regarding the rules,                      3.050               600             50
please go to www.ncaa.org. Click on                            3.025               610             51
                                                               3.000               620             52
“Academics and Athletes” then “Eligibility                     2.975               630             52
and Recruiting.” Or visit the clearinghouse                    2.950               640             53
Web site at www.ncaaclearinghouse.net.                         2.925               650             53
                                                               2.900               660             54
                                                               2.875               670             55
Please call the NCAA Eligibility Center if you                 2.850               680             56
have questions:                                                2.825               690             56
                                                               2.800               700             57
Toll-free number: 877/622-2321                                 2.775               710             58
                                                               2.750               720             59
                                                               2.725               730             59
                                                               2.700               730             60
                                                               2.675             740-750           61
                                                               2.650               760             62
                                                               2.625               770             63
                                                               2.600               780             64
                                                               2.575               790             65
                                                               2.550               800             66
                                                               2.525               810             67
                                                               2.500               820             68
                                                               2.475               830             69
                                                               2.450             840-850           70
                                                               2.425               860             70
                                                               2.400               860             71
                                                               2.375               870             72
                                                               2.350               880             73
                                                               2.325               890             74
                                                               2.300               900             75
                                                               2.275               910             76
                                                               2.250               920             77
                                                               2.225               930             78
                                                               2.200               940             79
                                                               2.175               950             80
                                                               2.150               960             80
                                                               2.125               960             81
                                                               2.100               970             82
                                                               2.075               980             83
                                                               2.050               990             84
                                                               2.025              1000             85
                                                               2.000              1010             86


                                                  - 18 -
www.pvbears.org

PH: 570-402-1000




      - 19 -

								
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