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					Calzone
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

   Not to be confused with canzone.                                                                              Calzone
A calzone (     /kælˈzoʊni/, US /kælˈzoʊneɪ/, or /kælˈzoʊn/, UK /kælˈtsoʊni/;
Italian: [kalˈtsoːne] , "stocking" or "trouser") [1] is a turnover or folded pizza. It is
shaped like a half-moon and made of bread dough. The calzone is folded over
and filled with ingredients [2] common to pizza. The typical calzone is stuffed
with tomato and mozzarella, and may include other ingredients that are
normally associated with pizza toppings.

                Contents
 1 Regional variations
     1.1 Calzone in the United States
 2 See also                                                                                        Apulian fried calzone, filled with tomato,
 3 References                                                                                          mozzarella, bacon and an olive

                                                                                                                    Origin
Regional variations                                                                         Place of origin             Italy

Sandwich-sized calzones are often sold at Italian lunch counters or by street                                       Details

vendors because they are easy to eat while standing or walking.[3] Fried                    Type                        Turnover
versions typically filled with tomato and mozzarella, are made in Puglia and                Main ingredient(s)          Tomato, mozzarella
are called Panzerotti.[4]
                                                                                                                part of a series on
Somewhat related is the Sicilian cuddiruni or cudduruni pizza. This is stuffed with
                                                                                                                     Pizza
onions (or sometimes other vegetables such as potatoes or broccoli), anchovies,
olives, cheese, mortadella: the rolled pizza dough is folded in two over the
stuffing and the edge is braided, prior to frying.

Calzone in the United States
In the United States, calzones are characteristically made from pizza dough and                Main articles

stuffed with meats, cheeses, and vegetables. Traditional calzone dough consists                    History of pizza · Pizza delivery · Pizzeria ·

of flour, yeast, olive oil, water, and salt. Calzones are similar to stromboli, but            Pizza varieties
traditionally the two are distinct dishes.                                                         California-style pizza · Chicago-style pizza ·
                                                                                                         Detroit-style pizza · Greek pizza ·
As a rule, calzones are usually stuffed with cheeses such as ricotta, mozzarella,                        Hawaiian pizza · Mexican pizza ·
Parmesan, Provolone or a type of regional cheese. The dough is folded into a                                 New Haven-style pizza ·
half-moon shape then sealed with an egg wash mixture, or formed into a                               New York-style pizza · Pizza al taglio ·
spherical shape and baked or fried. After cooking, calzones are typically served                     Quad City-style pizza · Sicilian pizza ·
                                                                                                        Tomato pie · St. Louis-style pizza ·
smothered in marinara sauce or topped with a combination of garlic, olive oil, and
parsley. [5]                                                                                   Similar dishes
                                                                                                 Deep-fried pizza · Pizza bagel · Calzone ·
Scacciata is similar to a calzone but is filled with either broccoli, spinach, potatoes              Coca · Cong you bing · Farinata ·
or onions, and sometimes sausage.                                                                Flammkuchen · Focaccia · Garlic fingers ·
                                                                                                Lahmacun · Manakish · Panzarotti · Paratha ·
See also                                                                                          Pastrmajlija · Pissaladière · Quesadilla ·
                                                                                                  Sardenara · Sausage bread · Stromboli ·
   Bridie - Scottish savory turnover                                                           Pizza tools
   Empanada - similar dish from Iberia and Latin America                                       Pizza cutter · Pizza saver · Pizza stone · Peel ·
   Fleischkuekle - German-Russian meat pie                                                              Masonry oven · Mezzaluna ·
   Paste - a similar Mexican dish                                                              Events
  Pasty - a similar UK dish                                                              Long Island Pizza Festival & Bake-Off ·
  Stromboli (food) - a similar Italian savory pastry, often rolled                            World Pizza Championship ·

  Turnover (food) - a sweet or savory filled pastry                                                                        V   · T· E·
  List of pastries




                                                                                         Calzone topped with tomato sauce, cheese,
                                                                                          pine nuts and pesto, as served at PIizza-
                                                                                                  Braises in Theix, France



                                                                                                                        Food portal



References
  1. ^ dictionary.com
  2. ^ http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/vegetarian-recipes/calzone
  3. ^ MacKenzie, Shea (1995). The Pizza Gourmet. Garden City Park, N.Y.: Avery Pub. Group. pp. Preface iv. ISBN 089529656X.
  4. ^ Puglia panzarotti
  5. ^ [1]



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