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Academic grading in India

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					Academic grading in India
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There are several universities and recognized school boards in India which makes an objective comparison of percentage
grades awarded by one examination difficult with those for another, even for an examination at the same level. At the school
level percentages of 80-90 are considered excellent while above 90 is exceptional and uncommon. At the university level
however percentages between 70-80 are considered excellent and are quite difficult to obtain. The percentage of marks at
university vary from one to another which makes direct comparison of percentages obtained at different universities difficult.
Indeed, the differential between universities in terms of marking scale can be as much as 20%, with some of them requiring a
85% plus for the award of distinction while yet others would award distinction at anything above of 70%. In instances like the
latter, a score close to 90% can be very rare or virtually impossible. Much of this can be reconciled in the backdrop of the
minimum pass score. In a university with a 90% plus for distinction, 60% may be the minimum passing mark. The university
awarding distinction at 70% may have a passing mark of 40 or 45%. This makes the comparison of GPA quite difficult for
Indian students elsewhere. A student with 95% will be close to 3.9 on the GPA scale. So should a student with a 75% from a
70% cut-off-for-distinction institution, Delhi College of Engineering, University of Delhi is example of this type marking which
gives distinction above 75%. The best yardstick seems to be, apart from the base passing mark, the very classification of the
awarding university as to where a given range would fall (distinction, first class, second class, or fail).
That being said, attempts to move to a GPA system have been made by most modern universities, but older ones tend to
continue to rely on percentage marks. Some of these institutions have an obvious disinclination to marking generously at the
90s and continue to keep the threshold for distinction quite difficult at the early 70s. Especially, universities like these tend to
narrow the gap between the minimum passing mark and distinction so as to make it difficult for every student to pass a
course in the first place, and making distinction all the tougher.

GPA and Indian Grading (Alternated version 2011 School year)
In India, many universities and institute rank their students in percentage of mark they get from the examinations and
credits.[1] Many universities have their ranking based on point system.[2] Though there are exceptions to standard system
such as MBA Courses, [3] the following table will summarize the grading system and conversions for normal graduation and
post graduation in universities and institutes, unless otherwise declared by the institute.The new American education has been
modified so there is some alternation of grades.:

        Percentage              Eq                         U                                          Classification
60 to 100                     4.0      A or (A+ for >90%)                          Distinction / First class**
50 to 59                      3.5      B+                                          Second Class
40 to 49                      3.0      B                                           Pass Class
< 39                          2.0      C                                           Fail

      ** Some institutes with difficult curriculum and tough scoring give 70% scoring[4] as Distinction / Honors.

References
   1.    ^   "Ranking in University" . Ashland.edu. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
   2.    ^   "Role of GPA in Indian System" . Achieverspoint.com. Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
   3.    ^   "ashland.edu" . ashland.edu. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
   4.    ^   "Academic Grading in India" . Scribd.com. 2009-11-13. Retrieved 2010-09-01.

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