Modern/ Contemporary Music

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					  Modern/
Contemporary
   Music
John Phillip Sousa
   “The March King”

   Emphasized brass
    instruments

   Stars and Stripes
    Forever
Aaron Copland
          Used American forms of music
           (jazz, folk) in his work

          Worked as a film scorer in
           Hollywood and won a Pulitzer Prize
           for his work on ballets

          Appalachian Song
Igor Stravinsky
                     Seen as the musical
                      counterpoint to
                      Picasso

                     Changed his style
                      many times

                     Firebird Suite
Duke Ellington
   Jazz musician

   Focused on Big
    Band sound

   Take the A Train
George Gershwin
                 American composer
                  known for his clever lyrics
                  and jazz-style
                  compositions

                 Porgy and Bess, first
                  American, English-
                  speaking opera

                 Rhapsody in Blue
Folk Music
WC Handy
   “Father of the Blues”

   Introduced a new style of
    music to the world

   Did not invent the blues
    but brought them to a
    worldwide audience

   1st blues song– Memphis
    Blues

   Beale Street
Robert Johnson
                    “King of the Delta
                     Blues”
                    Used voice and guitar
                     only
                    Dubbed father of rock
                     and roll
                    Crossroads
Jimmie Rogers
   “Father of Country
    Music”

   Guitar, voice

   Yodel

   In the Jailhouse Now
Bill Monroe
                 The Father of Bluegrass
                  Music

                 High lonesome sound

                 Mandolin with bass, guitar,
                  and fiddle

                 Blue Moon of Kentucky
Woody Guthrie
   Noted for his
    identification with
     the common man
     the poor
     the downtrodden


   Hated fascism and
    exploitation

   This Land Is Your Land
Pete Seeger
   Banjo player

   Worked with Guthrie early
    in career

   Red Scare– blackballed
    from music industry

   Knee Deep in the Big
    Muddy
   We Shall Overcome
Bob Dylan
   Influenced heavily by
    Woody Guthrie

   Became most popular
    folk musician since
    Guthrie, but lost folk
    audience for going
    electric

   Blowin’ in the Wind
Popular Music
Frank Sinatra/ The Rat Pack
                   Big Band Sound

                   One lead singer with
                    full orchestral
                    arrangement

                   Strangers in the Night
Hank Williams, Sr.
                   “The Hillbilly
                    Shakespeare”

                   Honky Tonk Style

                   I’m So Lonesome I
                    Could Cry
Early Rock and Roll
   Electric guitar,
    stand-up bass,
    drums, piano,
    saxophone

   Bill Haley and the
    Comets– Rock
    Around the Clock
Buddy Holly
   Rock and roll chords
    (C, G, E)

   15 #1 hits on the
    Billboard Top 40 in
    one year

   Peggy Sue
Elvis Presley
   King of Rock
    and Roll
   Huge teen idol
    and heart throb
   Performed
    older African-
    American blues
    songs
   Jailhouse Rock
The Beatles
                 The British Invasion

                 I Want to Hold Your
                  Hand

                 Experimentation
                  with musical
                  instruments

                 Hey, Jude
Beach Boys
                The California Surf
                 Sound

                Experimentation with
                 musical time
                 signatures, music

                Good Vibrations
James Brown
                 “The Godfather of
                  Soul”

                 Soul music

                 Funk music

                 I’m Black and I’m
                  Proud
Motown
            Berry Gordy

            Black sound

            Back-up singers and
             doo-wop groups

            I Heard it Through the
             Grapevine
Johnny Cash
   “The Man in
    Black”

   Boom-chick-a-
    boom sound

   Folsom Prison
    Blues
Ray Charles
                 Rhythm and blues

                 Added gospel sound to
                  rock and roll

                 Piano and boogie-woogie
                  sound

                 In the Nighttime
Led Zepplin
   Hard rock/ heavy
    metal

   Volume to 11

   Kashmir
Reggae
   Bob Marley

   Jimmy Cliff

   Kettle drums with
    basic electric guitar

   Redemption Song
Singer/ Songwriters
                   Blended different
                    genres with intelligent
                    songwriting

                   Willie Nelson
                   Paul Simon
                   Bruce Springsteen
George Jones
              “The Possum”

              Songs of everyday people
               and tragic loss

              Experimented with voice
               and phrasing

              He Stopped Loving Her
               Today
Disco
           Infusion of funk, soul and
            salsa music

           Rhythm guitar with a
            “chicken scratch” style

           Theme from Shaft, by
            Isaac Hayes
Michael Jackson
                     Changed pop music
                      into upbeat numbers
                      with synthesized
                      beats

                     “The King of Pop”

                     Thriller
Rap
         MC– Master of
          Ceremonies

         A mix of spoken word,
          sampled melodies, and
          “scratching” records

         Sugar Hill Gang

         Rapper’s Delight
Jazz
Louis Armstrong
   “Satchmo”

   Trumpet player and
    singer

   Reinvented himself as
    both Big Band performer,
    pop singer, and jazz
    trumpeter

   Summertime
Charlie Parker
                    “The Yardbird” or “Bird”

                    Considered among
                     greatest saxophonists of
                     all time

                    Helped create bebop
Thelonius Monk
                    Pianist who used “stride”
                     piano techniques along
                     with more “avant garde”
                     approach

                    Used the entire keyboard,
                     not just those notes “in
                     tune”

                    ‘Round Midnight
Ella Fitzgerald
   “The First Lady of Song”

   Three octave range

   Great American
    Songbook

   Summertime
Billie Holliday
                     “Lady Day”

                     Along with Fitzgerald,
                      considered one of
                      greatest jazz voices
                      of all time

                     Strange Fruit
Miles Davis
                 Bebop– Throttled notes
                 Cool jazz—Improvisation
                 Modal jazz– No keys, just
                  notes.
                 Jazz fusion—Soul, R&B,
                  and jazz added with
                  electric instrumentation

                 Tempus Fugit
Herbie Hancock
                    Redefined the rhythm
                     section of jazz bands

                    Synthesizer innovator

                    Watermelon Man

				
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posted:9/14/2012
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