Settler Colonies in North America by OHjTmM1

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									Settler Colonies in
 North America
  By: Brandon Hatfield
          and
   Jacob Rutherford
 The French, British, and Dutch in North
                America
 By mid-sixteenth century, the French, British,
  and Dutch sailed for a northwestern passage to
  Asia. By the seventeenth century they began
  permanent colonies on North American
  mainland.
 French: Port Royal(1604), Quebec(1608)
 British: Jamestown(1607) and Massachusetts
  colony(1630)
 Dutch: New Amsterdam(1623). English fleet
  seized it in 1664, renamed New York.
 During the 17th and 18th centuries, the French
  settled in Canada, the English established
  colonies on the east coast of America.
                Life in the Colonies

   Settlers didn’t expect to cultivate crops, but
    rather hoped to sustain their communities by
    producing valuable products such as, fur, lumber,
    pitch, tar, silver, or gold.
   They relied upon supplies from Europe, and when
    ships did not arrive indigenous people supplied
    them with food.
   In Jamestown, food shortages and disease
    became so severe that 60 of the 500 people
    survived the winter of 1609-1610.
   Some settlers were so desperate for food that
    they even resorted to cannibalism.
                 Colonial Government

   The French and English colonies in North America
    differed in several ways from their Iberian counterparts.
   Iberian explorations had royal backing, while private
    investors played larger roles in the colonial efforts.
   Individuals who put up the money for French and
    English colonization efforts retained more control then
    their Iberian counterparts. However, they were still
    subject to royal authority.
        Relations with Indigenous Peoples

   French and English did not find large centralized states. Nor
    did they encounter agricultural peoples living in densely
    settled societies.
   People of Eastern North America had formed dozens of
    distinct societies.
   European settlers saw forested lands not bearing crops, they
    staked out farms and excluded the indigenous peoples.
                       Conflict

   The French and English settlers frequently
    clashed with native peoples. However, these
    conflicts differed from the campaigns of conquest
    carried out by the conquistadores.
   Native people resented the fine points of English
    law and frequently raided farms and villages.
    During an assault in 1622, they massacred
    approximately one-third of the English settlers.
    Attacks on their communities resulted in
    retaliation by the English settlers who ruthlessly
    destroyed the fields and villages of native
    peoples.
   Epidemic disease and violent conflicts reduced
    the indigenous population. Mid-sixteenth century,
    smallpox and other diseases began spreading
English, French, German, Dutch, Irish, and Scottish
migrants who crossed the Atlantic sought to displace
native peoples as they pursued economic opportunities.
By 1800s indigenous peoples numbered only 600,000
compared to the 5million settlers and 1million slaves.

								
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