Media Selection - PowerPoint by SGOVhy96

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									              WHAT IS
           MEDIA SELECTION
• Determining most appropriate medium
  considering:
   – instructional content & objectives
   – learner needs & characteristics
   – environment/context
   – teacher
   – pedagogical issues
   – strengths & limitations of medium
Contoh :
   Content - argument in mathematical reasoning form 4 Mathematics

   Objectives     - student can define 3 form of argument
                  - student can make a conclusion based on
                    two given premises
                  - student can complete an argument given
                    a premise and the conclusion

   Learner needs & characteristic
           - student cannot understand well this subtopic
             especially in english
           - need many examples to understand

   Environment    - 35 above students in class

   Teacher – have gsp skill

   Pedagogical issue – kaedah pengajaran “chalk-n-talk” tidak dapat
                       memberi kefahaman yang lebih kepada pelajar
                       kerana guru perlu menulis contoh dengan ayat
                       yang panjang di papantulis dan ini memakan masa

   Strength of medium – gsp can hide/show something
Analyze Learners

State Objecties

SELECT METHOD, MEDIA AND MATERIALS

Once you have identified your audience and stated your
objectives, you have established the beginning points
(audience’s present knowledge, skills and attitudes) and
ending points (objectives) of instruction. Your task now is to
build a bridge between these two points by choosing
appropriate method, technology and media formats, then
deciding on materials to implement these choices.

Utilize Media and Materials

Require Learner Participation

Evaluate and Revise
                      choosing appropriate
                     method, technology and
                         media formats,




audience’s present                        objectives
knowledge, skills and
                                          End point of instruction
attitudes
Beginning point of instruction
                                   Edgar Dale’s Cone –
                                     Classification of
Absract                              media levels for
                                   educational settings
               Verbal Symbols

              Visual Symbols

             Radio Recordings

                Still pictures

              Motion Pictures

               Educational TV
Concrete
                 Exhibits
                Study Trips

              Demonstrations

           Dramatized Experience

           Contrived Experience

             Direct Experience
          PRINTED
                                          AUDIO
          MATERIALS
                                          RECORDING



INTERACTIVE,REACTIVE
AND MULTIMEDIA                                SLIDE
LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES                         SERIES




      OVERHEAD                         VIDEO RECORDINGS
      TRANSPARENCIES                   AND VIDEODISC
                        MULTI-IMAGE
                        PRESENTATION
        MEDIA SELECTION
          PROCEDURES
Identify media attributes required by
 objectives and planned activities.
Identify student characteristics that
 support or preclude certain media.
Identify characteristics of the learning
 environment that favor or preclude certain
 media.
Identify economic or organizational
 factors that may affect the feasibility of
 certain media.
                           presentation

 Teaching-learning
                           Self-paced learning
 pattern

                           Small-group interaction


                         Realistic experiences
Category of learning
experiences               Verbal or printed
                          word abstraction

                   Sensory media              Which attributes
                   experience                 of media are
                                              nescessary
Consider audience
                       Utilize media
                       and materials
Establish objectives   in teaching and
                       learning
                       process.
                       Assess and
  Organize content     evaluate the
                       outcomes

Select specific
instructional media
          MEDIA SELECTION
            GUIDELINES
• Should be driven by pedagogical &
  learner considerations not technology.
• No single medium will address all
  learning requirements.
• Make choices in light of functions the
  medium will perform in the learning
  situation.
• Effectiveness has more to do with how
  the medium is used than what is used.
        MEDIA SELECTION
          GUIDELINES

• A mix of media allows for differences in
  student learning.
• Build in redundancy and flexibility.
Based on instructional objectives
   and subject content, what
  attributes are required in the
           resources?
                                                                      Only verbal
  Presentation to regular size class or large size group              abstractions?

                                      Media
                                      Required?                                 Lecture


            Visual form                  Audio form     Audiovisual
            only?                        only?          Technique necessary?
                                                        (photo/graphic)

 Print    Photographic    Graphic          Tape
                                           CD      Still     Motion          Multi-image
 Only?    Only?           Only?                    Only?     Necessary?      Preferable?

                                    Grafic &
      Still    Motion               Photographic
      Only?    Necessary?           Combination?   Slides       Video
                                                   tape         Film
                    Large chart
                    OH trans
                                                        Multimedia      Slides/slides
Book                                                    Interactive     Slides/OH
Handout                       Still       Motion
                                                        Desirable?      Slides/motion pic
                              Only?       Necessary?
   Slides
   Photo CD      Videotape
   OH trans      Videodisc                                  Computer/
   Computer/     Film                                       video
   LCD panel                  Slides        Videotape
                              Photo CD      Videodisc
                              OH trans      Film

								
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