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					                             ENERGY SAVING TOP TIPS

High energy use comes from heating and cooling around the home. So any activity that
reduces heat loss in cold weather or keeps the temperature down in a heat wave is worth
attention. Included in these tips - heating or cooling using electricity or gas/other fuels.

Insulation requires a relatively small investment for the energy saved year on year.

       Start with the loft – 27 cm depth of insulation material is now recommended
       Flat roofs can usually be insulated depending on the type of construction
       Walls - Cavity are easier to insulate than solid walls but both are important for long term
       Floors – under floor insulation and heating is easier to do on extensions or areas requiring
        major structural work.
       Double glazing of windows and external doors.
       Blocking up draughts from cat flaps and letterboxes etc i.e. that are not for room
       Lag any tanks and pipe work in the loft
       Ensure a good layer of insulation around the hot water tank and pipe work

Drawing curtains at night across windows and external doors also reduces heat loss.

Try turning your heat controlling thermostat down a bit (settings of 18 – 21 degree centigrade are
considered ideal).

Fit radiator reflectors to reduce heat loss through external walls where the walls are not yet

Boil only the amount of water you need in your kettle, so fill to heat only one, two or more
cups/mugs as required.

Use of microwave is generally more fuel efficient than a cooker.

Fill dishwashers and washing machines full before using them as the high energy part is in heating
up the water. Use the minimum temperature consistent with an effective wash – many clothes can
be washed on the 30 degree C setting.
Buy new appliances with the Energy Saving Recommended logo but only when needed as the energy
it takes to produce the product is surprisingly high.

Dry clothes out of doors or on a clothes horse rather than using a tumble dryer whenever

Iron as little as possible and work from cool to hot and back to cool. Often a short, low heat
tumble dry can save the need for ironing.

Site heat producing equipment like cookers and washing machines away from fridges and freezers.

Defrost frozen food overnight in the fridge – defrosting will cool the air in your fridge.

Showers use less water and therefore require less heat energy than baths. A short shower at the
lowest comfortable setting is ideal.

Fit energy saving bulbs – they come in a range of fittings and brightness and last a long time as
well as being more economical to run.

Turn off lights and electrical equipment – TVS, videos, computers etc when not in use /you leave
the room.

Get an energy monitoring meter to check what energy each item of equipment uses and think of
ways to economise.

An old boiler is less efficient than the newer condensing type.

Avoid using the car for short journeys (1 – 1.5 miles). Walk or cycle instead and get fit at the
same time.

Consider a car with a smaller engine – aim to save on vehicle excise duty and newer cars have
improved fuel consumption. However, don’t rush to buy a new car as the energy taken to
manufacture any car or van is extremely high.

Staying cool in a heat wave. This also requires good planning to reduce use of fans or to
avoid using air conditioning.

Loft and wall insulation acts to keep the building cooler in the hot weather.

Fit an awning above south and west facing windows to use during hot weather.

Draw curtains during the day to help keep the sun out of the room.

Tall shrubs growing up south facing walls act as an external screen in summer while evergreens
provide a layer of summer and winter insulation.
Avoid placing a conservatory on a south facing wall as it will become an inferno in summer sunshine;
north and east facing are more comfortable.

External coverings for the roof of a conservatory are more effective than internal blinds.

Open windows at night to encourage a cooling though draft.

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