1. What are some of your beliefs? 2. What are some of your values? 3. Why do you have the values and beliefs that you have? Foundations of Citizenship Upon completion of the unit, TSWBAT: 1. Describe the basic values that unite our nation 2. Describe the roles of government. 3. Explain the rights that are guaranteed to American citizens. 4. Discuss the roles and duties Americans have as citizens. Section 3: The Values That Unite Us America is a very diverse nation. America is composed of many different people from all ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. Beliefs are certain ideas that we trust to be true. Values are our standard of behavior. The American belief is that all people deserve equal respect and is based on 3 principles: equality, freedom, and justice. Freedom is the ability to make choices. Justice means fairness. Energy, ability, and interest can limit our opportunities. Section 4: Government: Meeting Society’s Needs Without government, life would be chaos. The government makes and enforces laws that protect rights and ensure that all people’s lives can proceed in a peaceful and orderly manner. The government provides services, law and order, and security. The government provides us with services that cannot be offered by private companies such as roads, sewers, and schools A monarchy is a form of government in which all or most of the power is in the hands of the individual monarch. Example: The kingdom of Saudi Arabia Great Britain has a constitutional monarchy. A dictatorship is a government controlled by on person. Example: Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler A democracy is a system in which all the power is shared by all the people. Example: The United States of America Laws influence everything we do from driving a car to getting a fishing license. In a democracy, people have the right to change the law by writing their Congressman, protesting, petitioning the government, etc. Patriotism is the demonstration of love and devotion for one’s country. The Meaning of Citizenship What it Means to be a Citizen A citizen is a person with certain rights and duties under a government. In order to be a citizen, you must: 1. Have been born in the US or in one of its territories 2. At least one of your parents was a US citizen when you were born 3. You have been naturalized (you have gone through the process of becoming a citizen)( 4. You were less than 18 years old when your parents were naturalized. Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities Our rights as American citizens are based on our values and beliefs. Rights include: 1. The right to vote and hold elected office. 2. The right to practice your own religion 3. The right to have a fair trial 4. The right to a fair trial Our rights are guaranteed by the Constitution and protected by laws. Duties of citizens include: 1. Obeying the laws 2. Defending the nation 3. Serving on a jury or as a witness in court 4. Attending school You may enroll in the military when you are 18. Males must register for the selected services at 18. All citizens have the right to a trial by jury. This means that a group of citizens, called a jury of peers, will listen to your case and decide whether you are guilty or innocent. All Americans pay taxes. Responsibilities of citizens include: 1. Working toward a common good 2. Voting 3. Holding government office 4. Participating in election campaigns 5. Influence the government 6. Serve the community Citizenship and Other Roles in Our Society All citizens play a social role in life. Social roles include: mother, father, friend, husband, wife, workers, etc. A person may change roles several times per day. Justice means being treated fairly. The Constitution contains our nation’s basic laws. In a democracy, people’s opinions are important to officials. “Consent of the governed” gives power to citizens. An alien has some of the rights of citizens.
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