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									            United Nations                                                                                                 DP/DCPD/MWI/1
            Executive Board of the                                                                   Distr.: General
            United Nations Development                                                               23xx March 2007
            Programme and of the                                                                     Original: English
            United Nations Population Fund

Annual Annual session 2007
11 to 22 June 2007, New York,
Item 7 of the provisional agenda
Country programmes and related matters

Country programme document for Malawi (2008-2011)

                                                                                                                                Paragraphs Page

            Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ………           1          2
            I. Situation analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     2-7         2
            II. Past cooperation and lessons learned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . … …              8          3
            III. Proposed programme. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    9-20         3
            IV. Programme management, monitoring and evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        21-25         5

            Results and resources framework (2008-2011). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             6


            1. This draft country programme document (CPD) represents UNDP’s intended
            contribution to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)
            goals    for    2008-2011      (http://www.unvh.mw/undafmalawi/index.html).      The
            Government led the UNDAF preparations and appraisal with participation from
            representatives of civil society and bilateral donors, as well as from United Nations
            organizations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

       I.   Situation analysis

            2. Malawi is a young democracy. Systems of democratic accountability and access
            to justice, information and social services at the national and district levels remain
            fragile. The capacity and independence of constitutional bodies are not well
            established. Many Malawians, especially women, do not have recourse to justice,
            because they are either unaware of their rights or have no access to recourse, or due
            to weak institutional capacity.
            3. As a landlocked, resource-poor, rain-dependant, primarily rural country with
            high population growth and limited arable land, Malawi faces many disadvantages
            relative to other countries. More than 44 per cent of children under five are
            chronically malnourished and almost every family is affected by disease, notably
            malaria and HIV/AIDS. Over 52 per cent (2005) of the population lives below the
            poverty line ($0.50 per person per day) and more than 22 per cent live in extreme
            poverty, unable to meet their minimum food requirements. The majority of the latter
            are women (less than $0.31 per person per day).
            4. Most Malawians, particularly the poor, are vulnerable to environmental hazards
            including natural disasters such as droughts (one every three to five years), floods
            (every year), storms (every year), and man-made hazards such as air and water
            pollution, climate change, economic shocks and disease. Failure to integrate
            environmental sustainability will constrain the best laid plans for economic growth
            and may undermine attainment of the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy
            (MGDS) and the Millennium Development Goals.
            5. Malawi reached the heavily indebted poor country completion point in
            September 2006. This signals Government success in restoring fiscal discipline and
            improving economic management. The President has taken a hard stance against
            corruption and committed himself to a more enabling environment for investor s in
            the private sector and for donors.
            6. The challenge now facing Malawi is whether it can leverage improved fi scal
            discipline and the promise of the MGDS to promote economic growth, attract
            investment, reduce poverty and insecurity, and strengthen democracy and the
            enjoyment of basic rights by all citizens. Success in realizing the goals of the MGDS
            will depend not only on the existence of an entrepreneurial environment and the
            stronger capacity at both the national and local levels, but also on ensuring that
            women, youth and the poor have opportunities to contribute to and benefit from
            economic growth, basic social services and social protection.
            7. A top priority is to strengthen capacity to implement the MGDS. Following the
            Paris Declaration, Malawi needs to benefit from the rapidly changing aid


    environment, characterized by a shift to budget support, donor determination to align
    with and use national systems, and the prospect of absolute increases in global aid

II. Past cooperation and lessons learned
    8. The key message from the mid-term review of the second country cooperation
    framework (2002 – 2006, extended to 2007) was that UNDP was appropriately
    addressing poverty reduction, good governance and HIV/AIDS management. The
    review criticized UNDP in terms of efforts to foster broad-based participation,
    particularly to effect ownership of development processes and reforms. Finally, key
    partners suggested that UNDP support to its main stakeholders should be quicker and
    more flexible in view of the changing aid environment.

III. Proposed programme
    9. The Malawi UNDAF has five priority outcomes: (a) equitable economic growth
    and the achievement of food and nutrition security while minimizing or reversing
    environmental degradation; (b) care and protection for the ultra poor and reduction
    in the impact of economic shocks and disasters on the most vulnerable; (c) increased
    equitable access and use of basic social services; (d) scale up in the national response
    to HIV/AIDS to achieve universal access to prevention, treatment, care, and support;
    and (e) good governance.
    10. Common to all five UNDAF priorities are four cross cutting challenges:
    (a) gender equality; (b) human rights; (c) disaster management; and (d) capacity
    development. Each provides a focus for UNDP policy advice and advocacy.
    11. UNDP will support UNDAF outcomes (a), (b), (d) and (e) focusing on capacity
    development, particularly in terms of pro-poor growth and democratic governance. Under
    outcome (a), UNDP will focus on environment and energy for sustainable economic
    development. Under outcome (b), UNDP will build capacity for caring for the ultra-poor
    and protecting the vulnerable to economic shocks and disasters. Under outcome (d), UNDP
    will improve national and district-level capacity to coordinate, manage and monitor
    HIV/AIDS in line with the ‘Three Ones’ principles. In outcome (e), UNDP will
    strengthen accountability systems, both economic and political, including elections,
    human rights and access to justice.
    A. Environment and energy for sustainable economic development
    12. UNDP will assist Malawi in dealing with climate change and balancing
    economic growth with utilization of environmental assets, particularly where the
    rural population relies on natural resources (such as land, forests and water) for their
    livelihood. Strengthening environmental governance and promoting sustainable
    utilization of natural resources are major cross-sector challenges.
    13. UNDP, in collaboration with the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the
    United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), will focus on developing national
    capacity to mainstream environmental sustainability concerns and sustainable use of
    natural resources into socio-economic sectors and the overall development strategy.
    This work involves promoting sustainable and affordable energy services, enhanced
    application of new and renewable technologies, and assistance with multilateral
    environmental reporting requirements.


            B. Disaster risk reduction and emergency management
            14. To strengthen government disaster mitigation efforts, UNDP will provide
            technical support in assessing disaster risks and disaster preparedness, assessing
            vulnerabilities and coping capacities, and compiling and maintaining information on
            disaster losses. Recognizing that disaster risks can be minimized but not entirely
            eliminated, UNDP will continue to build the capacity of national and district level
            authorities to improve emergency management and response systems and ensure
            effective humanitarian response.
            C. Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in the national and sub-national
            development agenda
            15. UNDP will focus on developing national, district and community level capacity
            to address the socio-economic dimensions of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The support
            will include mainstreaming HIV/AIDS responses into public sector policies, plans
            and strategies across various sectors.
            D. Responsive governance, human rights and the rule of law
            16. UNDP will support national efforts and systems to foster responsive governance,
            advancement of gender equity, human rights and the rule of law. The focus will be on
            capacity development for pro-poor growth and accountability, promoting wide
            access to decent basic services and creating income earning opportunities. There is a
            need to develop an effective system of accountability both within and beyond the
            Government. UNDP support will have two components: accountability and
            management, and delivery of development results.
            17. The programme on capacity development for accountability will focus on both
            political and economic governance to ensure integrity and astuteness of government
            decision-making and focus on institutions and groups inside and outside government.
            18. Under the capacity development for political governance component, UNDP will
            support the legislature and constitutional bodies to enable them to fulfil their
            mandates, protect and promote human rights, and meet international obligations.
            UNDP will support increased access to justice, the rule of law and human rights , and
            more meaningful participation and involvement in development and decision-
            making, especially by civil society organizations, women and other disadvantaged
            19. The second component of the programme will focus on developing economic
            governance for managing and delivering development results. The government is
            committed to human development and participation in growth by the poor, as
            measured by health, education, and a macro-economic framework conducive to pro-
            poor growth.
            20. UNDP, in collaboration with partners, will support a transparent economic
            planning and prioritization process, including results-based and gender-sensitive
            processes, improved private sector regulation, and public finance management in
            terms of procurement, information technology and communications, human resource
            management and decentralization in specific sectors outlined in the UNDAF.


IV. Programme management, monitoring and evaluation
   A. Execution and implementation
   21. Malawi has over 20 years of experience in national execution (NEX) of UNDP
   assistance. UNDP will continue delivering most of its development assistance to
   Malawi using the NEX modality, with monitorable programme benchmarks derived
   from the MGDS. In certain areas – notably the rule of law, human rights, civil
   society development and downstream development activities in governance,
   decentralization, and micro-finance – components of the programme will be
   executed by non-governmental organizations (NGO) and/or community-based
   organizations, in order to draw on their local experience and effective outreach to
   marginalized groups. For maximum flexibility, and to enhance the speed of UNDP
   interventions, part of the programme will be directly executed.
   22. In the area of policy and advocacy, UNDP will pursue partnerships with
   coordinating institutions in the public, private, academic and civil society sectors to
   draw on their knowledge and increase relevance to the national policy context.
   UNDP will continue to sponsor the preparation of national human development
   reports on policy topics of interest.
   23. The Government and the UNDP country office have agreed to undertake
   programme management capacity assessments. To build internal capacity, the
   United Nations in Malawi will undertake a skills competence assessment prior to the
   start of the UNDAF and the country programme in 2008. Similarly, the Government
   and UNDP will jointly undertake a capacity assessment during the first half of 2007
   to build NEX and NGO execution capacity interventions in the country programme
   action plan.
   B. Monitoring, review and reporting
   24. Due to the strategic nature of some interventions, UNDP will explore joint
   programme arrangements for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation
   with other UN agencies, funds and programmes and development partners. Wherever
   possible, monitoring and evaluation will be conducted together with all development
   stakeholders within the framework of the MGDS and the national Development
   Assistance Strategy.
   C. Resource mobilization
   25. Estimated resources for the CPD period are $47.395 million (excluding up to
   66.7 per cent of TRAC 1.1.1 to be allocated regionally for subsequent country
   application as TRAC 1.1.2). A total of $15.745 million (TRAC 1.1.1) will come from
   UNDP regular resources, $11.65 million from UNDP Trust Funds and the balance
   ($20.0 million) will be mobilized from third-party donors (World Bank, African
   Development Bank, private foundations and bilateral donors). UNDP will support
   the Government in developing a resource mobilization strategy to raise the
   $20 million of third-party cost sharing funds, as well as other resources for financing
   the UNDAF.

   *Target for resource assignment from the core

DP/DCP/MWI/1                                                                                                                                                           Formatted Table

Annex: Results and resources framework for Malawi (2008-2011)
UNDP                                                                                   Output indicators, baselines                Partners              Indicative
programme        Country programme outcome           Country programme outputs                   and targets                                             resources
Intended UNDAF outcome 1: By 2011 government policies and local and national institutions effectively support equitable economic growth and the
achievement of food and nutrition security while minimizing or reversing environmental degradation.
Energy and       Enhanced conservation of the      Land under community-based         Hectares of land planted with   Ministry of Agriculture and Food Regular
environment      natural resource base by 2011     natural resources management,      trees by communities            Security                          $2,000,000
for                                                improved integrated water          Hectares of conservation areas German Agency for Technical
sustainable                                        resources management and           under community                 Cooperation                       Other
development                                        improved land use practices        management                      Mines and Natural Resources       $4,000,000
                                                   increased by 25%                   Proportion of arable land       Ministry of Irrigation
                                                                                      under soil management           USAID, World Bank, African
                                                                                      practices                       Development Bank
                                                   Increased access to alternative    Access to national electricity  Ministry of Energy                Regular
                                                   energy sources                     grid                            University of Mzuzu               $1,000,000
                                                                                      Renewable energy
                                                                                      installations                                                     Other
                                                                                      Reduction in biomass as                                           $3,650,000
                                                                                      source of energy
                                                                                                                      Subtotal                          $10,650,000
Intended UNDAF outcome 2: Twenty per cent of population comprising of the ultra poor and vulnerable who can be negatively affected by economic shocks
and disasters are sufficiently cared for and protected through access to social protection and disaster risk reduction programmes.
Crisis           Government will have disaster     Draft disaster risk reduction      Draft DRR policy &              Department of disaster              Regular
prevention       risk reduction and emergency      policy, emergency and              institutional setup in place by management                          $1,000,000
and recovery     management systems and            preparedness plans and             December 2008                   Line ministries
                 practices for efficient response  institutional framework including                                  NGOs and CSOs                       Other
                 at national and subnational       planning mechanisms,               28 District contingency plans   Donors and United Nations           $2,000,000
                 levels                            regulations and new or amended     developed and finalized by      organizations
                 .                                 legislation ready by December      2011.
                                                                                                                                              Subtotal    $3,000,000
Intended UNDAF outcome 4: National response to HIV/AIDS scaled up by 2011, to achieve universal access to prevention, treatment, care, and support
Responding to Improved national and district A comprehensive HIV/AIDS                 Draft national policy reviewed Department of Nutrition, HIV and    Regular
HIV/AIDS         level capacity to coordinate policy framework, including             by 2008                         AIDS                               $3,000,000
                 manage and monitor HIV workplace policy and condom                                                   Department of Human Resources
                 responses in line with Three Ones distribution, developed by 2011                                    National AIDS Commission           Other
                 principles by 2011                                                                                   Ministry of Local Government       $6,000,000
                                                                                                                      and district assemblies
                                                                                                                                               Subtotal  $9,000,000

                                                                                                                                                            DP/DCP/MWI/1   Formatted Table

Intended UNDAF outcome 5: Good governance, gender equality, and a rights based approach to development enhanced by 2011
UNDP         Country programme             Country programme outputs          Output indicators, baselines and         Partners                              Indicative
programme    outcome                                                                      targets                                                            resources
Fostering      An informed public actively     Number of change agents                  Number of change agents actively      CSOs                          Regular
democratic     claiming good governance        (disaggregated by type, e.g.,            helping people realize their rights   National media                $6,000,000
governance     and human rights by 2011        community child protection               and duties                            Gov’t extension workers
                                               workers, community-based                 2011                                  Parliament and local          Other
                                               paralegals) trained in helping people                                          assemblies                    $10,000,000
                                               realize their rights and duties          Percentage of state party reporting   Malawi Electoral
                                                                                        submitted on time                     Commission
                                                                                                                              Employers, unions
                                                                                                                              Ministry of Labor
               Improved national capacity to   32 Local assembly development plans      Number of districts with district     Ministry of Economic          Regular
               formulate policy, manage,       reflecting the needs of the vulnerable   development plans reflecting the      Planning & Development        $1,745,000
               monitor and deliver services                                             needs of the vulnerable.              Line ministries and
               to protect the rights of        National ‘road map’ for the                                                    district assemblies           Other
               vulnerable groups               collection, analysis and utilization     Number of ministries and local        Donors                        $3,000,000
                                               of disaggregated data for policy-        assemblies with fully operational
                                               making, planning, programming and        M&E systems.
                                               integrated monitoring and
                                               evaluation (M&E) by 2011                                                                         Subtotal     $20,745,000
               Gender equality and             Draft legislative framework for          Draft gender legislation.             Ministry of Women and         Regular
               women’s empowerment             strengthening gender equality and                                              Children; Ministry of         $1,000,000
               enhanced                        equity by 2009.                          Proportion of M&E systems             Justice; Ministry of
                                                                                        generating gender disaggregated       Economic Planning and         Other
                                               Number of people trained in gender       data                                  Development; Department       $3,000,000
                                               analysis and gender mainstreaming                                              for International Develop-
                                                                                        Number of women owned and             ment, European Union;
                                               Strengthened women’s access to           controlled businesses.                Norway; United Nations
                                               financial services and markets                                                 Capital Development
                                                                                                                                                 Subtotal     $4,000,000
                                                                                                                                             Grand total     $47,395,000


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