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					Temporary Migrant Workers and Social Justice Workshop



         Temporary Labour Migration:
         A Government perspective

         Peter Job,
         Director, Temporary Migration Strategy and Analysis Section

         7 April 2010
The late 1990s saw a shift from permanent to
              temporary entry
          Net Overseas Migration
                                   Permanent Program
                                   Balance NZ/Aus arrival/dept
                                   Temporary entry
                    The shift to temporary migration

                Net Overseas Migration by major components

300 000


250 000       NZ and Aus Citz   Permanent   Temporary


200 000


150 000


100 000


 50 000



    2004/05              2005/06            2006/07     2007/08   2008/09
    Net Overseas Migration and Visa Grant Trends
                                      Historic NOM and Visa Grants

350000


300000


250000


200000


150000


100000


 50000


     0
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                                                                                                                       08
                                                               Year

                    PR Skilled        WH and W&H               Students             457            Ref&Hum            NOM


                                                                           Source: DIAC, Principal Advisor Migration Strategies
                    Settlement services
• Settlement services (DIAC funded ) enables
  access the services need, develop self-
  sufficiency and participate economically and
  socially in the Australian community.
• The target group is based on three key criteria –
  permanent residence, migration stream and
  English proficiency
• Prioritises new arrivals most in need of
  assistance
• Not directed towards temporary entrants
• programs promoting cultural diversity and
  social cohesion are broadly targeted eg Diverse
  Australia Program
                 Subclass 457 visa program
• Allows employers to sponsor skilled workers needed in
  Australia.
- need for labour market responsiveness
- prevent exploitation of overseas workers
- protect Australian jobs and working conditions
- meet our international obligations.
• Solution: incentives (price signal) for sponsors and
  employees and avoid blunt regulatory/compliance
  intervention that may breach our international
  obligations, with robust legislation for non compliance
                                            Trend for Subclass 457 Visa Grants
                   120 000


                   100 000
Number of Grants




                    80 000


                    60 000


                    40 000


                    20 000


                        0
                             1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
                               (2)                                                                                                      to
                                                                           Financial Year of Visa Grant                              28/02/10

                                                                             Primary Secondary
               Subclass 457 visa program reforms
• Migration Legislation Amendment (Worker Protection) Act 2008
   – greater protection for Subclass 457 visa holders

• Market salary rates – equivalent pay and conditions for equivalent
  work
• Increased sanctions for sponsors who breach their obligations
• Information sharing with other workplace enforcement agencies
• Greater scrutiny for the high risk caseload of Subclass 457 -
 English language and skills assessment for trade occupations
 and chefs
• Improved mobility for Subclass 457 visa holders
• Supported by education and information campaign
          Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme

• Three year pilot
• Benefits horticulture sector and Australian economy
• Contributes to economic development in the Pacific
     – remittances and skills training
• 2500 visa places over three years - Kiribati, Papua New Guinea,
    Tonga and Vanuatu
•   Stay up to seven months, revolving program
•   Robust pastoral care by employers
•   Labour market testing
•   Close monitoring
     evaluation in July 2010 and August 2011
         Student visa program and pathways to permanent
                            residence
• Strong growth in NOM
       –surge in long term temporary arrivals.
       – Incentive of onshore permanent residence pathway, particularly
       international students.
       – Lower threshold VET courses for students to get onshore PR
       – Poor labour market outcome - lack of experience and English
       language skills.
• Policy reforms to:
       • link migration flows to economic conditions in Australia and
       • decouple expectations that a particular course will guarantee
       student visa holders an “entitlement” for permanent residence.
              Skilled Migration Program reforms
• Introduction of the Critical Skills List (CSL)
• Priority for employer sponsored migration, state and territory
  sponsored applicants
• Job-ready program for trades occupations (1 Jan 2010)
• Increased English language requirements
• Revoked the Migration Occupations in Demand List (MODL)
• New Skilled Occupation list mid 2010
• Review of points test
• Review of the selection arrangements

				
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