TUDOR CHILDREN by ert554898

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									 TUDOR
CHILDREN
  Emma Wenndt
Timeline




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                                                   Katherine of Aragon
http://tudors.crispen.org/6wives/katherineofaragonportrait.gif

                                                                 – Mother of Mary
                                                                 – 5 other children died
                                                                 – Henry tried to get marriage annulled
                                                                     •    No son lived
                                                                     •    Had been married to Henry’s brother, Arthur
                                                                     •    Marriage to a brother’s wife is prohibited by Holy
                                                                          Scripture
                                                                 – Katherine banished from court 1531
                                                                     •    Kept in confinement
                                                                     •    Mary never again saw Katherine
                                                                     •    Always defends mother’s title as the REAL queen
                                                                 – Mary declared as a bastard child
                                                                     •    1533
                                                                     •    Unfit to inherit crown
                                                                     •    Must wait upon Elizabeth
                                                                 – 1536 Katherine died of cancer

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                                                                         Timeline
                                         http://www.digischool.nl/kleioscoop/mary%20tudor.jpg




                         Mary I
• born February 18, 1516
• Well educated
• NOT eminent humanist
    – Associated them with Anne Boleyn
•   Music
•   Staunch loyalty
•   Religion- devote Catholic
•   Not well fit to be queen
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                            Timeline
                          Anne Boleyn
• Anne Boleyn
• Cruel to Mary
• Elizabeth is her daughter
   – Heir before Mary
        • Passed an act of succession saying so
• Mary doesn’t acknowledge Anne as queen
• Elizabeth considered a disappointment to parents
   – Not a son                                    http://jgraywhbp.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/3187_boleyn-anne1.jpg
        • Not a good heir to the throne
• 1536 beheaded
   –   Adultery
   –   Plotting the death of the king
   –   Elizabeth declared bastard
   –   Elizabeth struck from succession

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                       Timeline
http://z.about.com/d/womenshistory/1/0/-/R/2/elizabeth_i_002a.jpg




                                                                          Elizabeth I
                                                                      • Born September 7, 1533
                                                                         – Kat Ashley
                                                                             • Governess
                                                                             • Considerable influence upon Elizabeth
                                                                             • Elizabeth was secluded from public life
                                                                         – Multilingual
http://media-2.web.britannica.com/eb-media/43/8243-004-A45C42CA.jpg      – Many reformist tutors
                                                                             • Elizabeth held Katherine Parr’s views
                                                                             • Protestant
                                                                         – Strict curriculum
                                                                         – Education fit for her to be queen
                                                                         – Good with relations with people
                                                                      • Good to be queen/ would make a good queen

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                                                                              Timeline
                                     Jane Seymour
http://www.uvm.edu/~hag/sca/tudor/redjane.jpg

                                                – Begs Mary back to court
                                                   • Tries to reconcile with her
                                                   • Henry doesn’t agree
                                                   • Eventually allows it
                                                – Welcomed back to court
                                                   • Lives as a rightful princess
                                                   • Still declared as a bastard child
                                                – Edward born
                                                   • Ultimate heir to throne
                                                   • More important than either sister
                                                – Dies 1537
                                                – Mary becomes first lady of England



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                                                      http://www.eriding.net/media/photos/history/tudor/children/080
                                                      612_rfoster_mp_his_tudors_children_prince_edward.jpg




                       Edward
• Edward (October 12, 1537)
  – Education
     • Age 6
         – Began king education
         – Very harshly/ quickly educated
     • VERY intelligent, more so than sisters
     • Multilingual
     • School
         – With privileged group of boys his age
         – grow up with other boys
     • All his tutors were protestant
  – Very reserved
  – Protestant
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                                                   http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/images/EdwardVI08.jpg
              Anne of Cleaves
• Anne of Cleaves
  – Marriage annulled after 6 months
     • Unconsummated
     • Henry grew bored
  – No influence or importance in children’s lives




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  Katherine Howard
• Little in common with children
• Beheaded 1542 for infidelity
           http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_DPqtpeYNTGc/SLXM6p
           WgwkI/AAAAAAAAABg/c36q0EcqajY/s320/Kather
           ine+Howard.jpg




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                     Timeline
        http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/i                    http://openlettersmonthly.com/
        mages/Parr,Catherine03.jpg                        images/parr.jpg




                                         Katherine Parr
•   Secret protestant
•   Ideal stepmother to the three children
•   Befriended Mary
•   Reinstated princesses
    – Mary AND Elizabeth
    – Act of Parliament 1543
    – Still not legitimate as Henry’s children
• Greatly influenced Elizabeth
    – Picked all her tutors
    – Adored by Elizabeth
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                                                                  Henry VIII
                                                 • Not close to any of the children
http://www.juliendesign.com/school/photoshop/images/Henry
                                                            – Banished Elizabeth and Mary
                                                               • Refused to see them
VIII.jpg




                                                               • Only inquired about education and health
                                                               • Rarely called children to court
                                                            – Edward was overly protected but not loved
                                                               • Only because son
                                                               • Heir to the throne
                                                               • Stringent precautions to his health
                                                            – Visited all children infrequently
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             Mary and Elizabeth
• Not easy relationship
• Mother rivalry
• Played as mom to Elizabeth while Elizabeth was
  an infant
• Good relationship in early childhood
• Slowly faded into a bad, rival relationship
   – Elizabeth began to resemble Anne Boleyn in all ways
   – Mary didn’t believe Henry was Elizabeth’s legitimate
     father
• Differ on religion
           Elizabeth and Edward
• Edward                                http://www.learnhistory.org.uk/cpp/TUDOR.gif




  – Educated together
     • 1539 on
     • Ashridge house
     • Without Mary
  – 1550
     • Enfield Palace
     • With Mary
  – Very close
     • Intimate brother sister relationship
     • Closer in age than Mary
            Edward and Mary
• Like each other
  – She viewed him as Henry’s only other legitimate
    child
  – He was infant while she was late teen/ adult
• Religion differed
  – Mary strict catholic
  – Edward was protestant
• Often spent time together
                                  Conclusion
• Mary and Elizabeth don’t get along well
   –   childhoods
   –   differences/ rivalries in mothers
   –   Difference in religions
   –   successor of Edward
• Edward had good relationships with both sisters
   – Closer to Elizabeth than Mary due to their ages.
• None of them close to Henry
                     http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3a/Family_of_Henry_VIII_c_1545.jpg

								
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