Table 5g. Maternity leave benefits Last Update: June 2012 Percentage of Length of maternity Country or area wages paid in Provider of benefit leave covered period Period Note % Note Afghanistan 90 days 100 Employer Albania 365 calendar days 80, 50 a Social insurance system Algeria 14 weeks 100 Social security Andora 16 weeks 100 Social insurance system Angola 12 weeks 100 Social security and Employer Antigua and Barbuda 13 weeks 100, 60 b Social insurance and Employer Family allowance funds (financed through Argentina 90 days 100 c state and employer contributions) Armenia 140 days 100 Social insurance Social assistance system financed by the Australia 18 weeks … d State Statutory health insurance, family burden Austria 16 weeks 100 equalization fund, or employer Azerbaijan 126 calendar days 100 Social insurance National Insurance Board (2/3) and Bahamas 12 weeks 100 Employer (1/3) Bahrain 45 days 100 Social security Bangladesh 16 weeks 100 Employer Barbados 12 weeks 100 National insurance system Belarus 126 calendar days 100 State social insurance Belgium 15 weeks 82, 75 e Social security Social security or Employer (for women Belize 14 weeks 100 who are not entitled to receive benefits from social security) Benin 14 weeks 100 Social security (1/2) and Employer (1/2) Bermuda 12 weeks 100 Employer Bolivia 12 weeks f 75 Social insurance Bosnia & Herzegovina 1 year 50-100 g … Botswana 12 weeks 50 Employer Brazil 120 days 100 Social insurance British Virgin Islands 13 weeks 67 h Social security Brunei Darussalam 9 weeks i 100 j Employer Public social insurance (the General Bulgaria 135 days 90 Sickness and Maternity Fund) Social security (if necessary, the employer Burkina Faso 14 weeks 100 adds up to the full wage) Burundi 12 weeks 100 Employer (50%) and Social security (50%) Cambodia 90 days 50 Employer Cameroon 14 weeks 100 National Social Insurance Fund Canada 17 weeks k,l 55 m, n Federal and State Employment Insurance Cape Verde 60 days 90 o Social security Central African Republic 14 weeks 50 Social security Chad 14 weeks 50 Social security Channel Islands, Guernsey 18 weeks … p, q Social insurance and social assistance Channel Islands, Jersey 18 weeks … p, q Social insurance Chile 18 weeks 100 Social security China 90 days 100 r Social insurance China, Hong Kong SAR 10 weeks 80 Employer Colombia 14 weeks 100 Social security Comoros 14 weeks 100 Employer Congo 15 weeks 100 50% Social security, 50% Employer Costa Rica 4 months 100 s 50% Social security, 50% Employer Cote d'Ivoire 14 weeks 100 Social insurance Health Insurance Fund (until the child Croatia 1+ year t 100 u reaches the age of 6 months), and the rest is paid from the State Budget Cuba 18 weeks 100 Social security Cyprus 18 weeks 75 v Social security Czech Republic 28 weeks 60 Social security Democratic Republic of the 14 weeks 67 Employer Congo Denmark 18 weeks … Employer Djibouti 14 weeks 100 50% Social Protection Body, 50% Employer Dominica 12 weeks 60 h Social security Dominican Republic 12 weeks 100 w 50% Social security, 50% Employer Ecuador 12 weeks 100 75% Social security, 25% Employer Social insurance (75%) and Employer Egypt 90 days 100 (25%) El Salvador 12 weeks 75 Employer Equatorial Guinea 12 weeks 75 Social security Eritrea 60 days … x Employer Estonia 140 calendar days 100 Social security Ethiopia 90 days 100 Employer (for up to 45 days) Fiji 84 days 100 y Employer Finland 105 working days 70 z Social insurance system France 16 weeks 100 m Social security Gabon 14 weeks 100 National Social Security Fund Gambia 12 weeks 100 Employer Statutory health insurance scheme, state, Germany 14 weeks 100 m employer Ghana 12 weeks 100 Employer Greece 17 weeks 50+ a1, b1 Social security/State 60% for 12 weeks by Social security, 40% Grenada 3 months 100, 60 c1 for 2 months by Employer Guatemala 84 days 100 w Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3) Guinea 14 weeks 100 Social security (1/2), Employer (1/2) Employer (if women receive subsidy from Guinea-Bissau 60 days 100 social security, employer pays the difference between subsidy and full salary) Guyana 13 weeks 70 h Social security Office of Workers' Compensation Insurance, Haiti 12 weeks 100 Maternity and Sickness Honduras 12 weeks 100 w Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3) Hungary 24 weeks 70 Social insurance Iceland 3 months d1 80 Social security India 12 weeks 100 Employer Indonesia 3 months 100 Employer Iran (Islamic Republic of) 90 days 67 Social security Iraq 62 days 100 Employer Ireland 26 weeks 80 e1 Social insurance Isle of Man 26 weeks 90 f1 Social security and social assistance system Israel 14 weeks 100 m Social security Italy 5 months 80 Social insurance Employer or social security for domestic Jamaica 8 weeks 100 g1 worker 1/8 National Treasury, 7/8 Employment Japan 14 weeks 30% h1 Insurance Fund Jordan 10 weeks 100 Social Security Kazakhstan 126 calendar days 100 Employer Kenya 3 months 100 Employer Kiribati 12 weeks 25 Employer Kuwait 70 days 100 Employer Social security (Employer covers the first Kyrgyzstan 126 calendar days 100 i1 10 working days) Lao People's Democratic 90 days 100 j1 Social security or employer Republic Latvia 112 calendar days 100 State Social Insurance Agency Lebanon 7 weeks 100 Employer Lesotho 12 weeks … k1 Employer Employer, Social security for self-employed Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 14 weeks 50, 100 l1 women Liechtenstein 20 weeks 80 Social insurance Lithuania 126 calendar days 100 State Social Insurance Fund Luxembourg 16 weeks 100 Social security Madagascar 14 weeks 100 50% Social insurance, 50% Employer Malawi 8 weeks m1 100 Employer Malaysia 60 days 100 Employer Mali 14 weeks 100 Social security Malta 14 weeks 100 n1 Employer/Social security Mauritania 14 weeks 100 National Social Security Fund Mauritius 12 weeks 100 Employer Mexico 12 weeks 100 Social security Monaco 16 weeks 90 m Social insurance Mongolia 120 days 70 Social Insurance Fund Morocco 14 weeks 100 Social security Mozambique 60 days 100 Social security Myanmar 12 weeks 66 Social security Namibia 12 weeks 100 Employer and Social security Nepal 52 days 100 Employer Netherlands 16 weeks 100 m Social insurance State funds (Universal and social assistance New Zealand 14 weeks 100 m system) Nicaragua 12 weeks 100 w 60% by Social security, 40% by employer Niger 14 weeks 100 50% Social insurance, 50% Employer Nigeria 12 weeks 50 Employer Norway 52 weeks 80, 100 o1 Social insurance Pakistan 12 weeks 100 Employer Panama 14 weeks 100 w Social Insurance Fund Papua New Guinea 6+ weeks p1 … q1 … Paraguay 12 weeks 50 r1 Social security Peru 90 days 100 Social security system Philippines 6 weeks s1 100 Social security or employer Poland 16 weeks 100 Social Insurance Fund Portugal 120-150 days 100-80 t1 Social insurance Qatar 50 days 100 Employer Republic of Korea 90 days 100 u1 Employment Insurance Fund Republic of Moldova 126 calendar days 100 Social insurance Romania 126 calendar days 85 State Health Insurance Fund Russian Federation 140 calendar days 100 m, b1 Social Insurance Fund Employer (if women not covered by social Rwanda 12 weeks 100, 20 v1 security) Saint Kitts and Nevis 13 weeks 65 h Social security Saint Lucia 3 months 65 h National Insurance Corporation Saint Vincent and the 13 weeks 65 h Social insurance Grenadines San Marino 5 months 100 Social security Social security (Employer if women not Sao Tome and Principe 60 days 100 covered by social security) Saudi Arabia 10 weeks 50, 100 w1 Employer Senegal 14 weeks 100 Social security Serbia 365 days 100 x1 Social insurance Seychelles 14 weeks … y1 Social Security Fund Singapore 16 weeks 100 z1 Employer and Government Slovakia 28 weeks 55 Social Insurance Fund Slovenia 105 calendar days 100 State Solomon Islands 12 weeks 25 Employer Somalia 14 weeks 50 Employer South Africa 4 months 60 a2 Unemployment Insurance Fund Spain 16 weeks 100 Social security Sri Lanka 12 weeks 86, 100 b2 Employer Sudan 8 weeks 100 Employer Swaziland 12 weeks … c2 … Sweden 480 days d2 80 m, e2 Social insurance Switzerland 14 weeks f2 80 m, g2 Social insurance Syrian Arab Republic 120, 90, 75 days h2 100 Employer Tajikistan 140 calendar days … x Social security TFYR of Macedonia 9 months … x Health Insurance Fund Thailand 90 days 100 i2 Employer and Social insurance system Togo 14 weeks 100 50% Employer, 50% Social security Trinidad and Tobago 13 weeks 100, 50 j2 Employer and National Insurance Board 67, 50, Tunisia 1, 2 month(s) k2 l2 National Social Security Fund 100 Turkey 16 weeks 67 m2 Social security Turkmenistan 112 days 100 b1 Social security Uganda 60 working days 100 Employer Ukraine 126 days 100 Social security United Arab Emirates 45 days 100, 50 n2 Employer United Kingdom 52 weeks o2 90 p2 Employer (92% refunded by public funds) United Republic of Tanzania 12 weeks 100 Employer United States of America 12 weeks … q2 … Uruguay 12 weeks 100 r2 Social security system Uzbekistan 126 calendar days 100 Social insurance Vanuatu 12 weeks 66 Employer Venezuela 18 weeks 100 Social security Viet Nam 4-6 months s2 100 Social insurance fund Yemen 60 days 100 Employer Zambia 12 weeks 100 Employer Zimbabwe 98 days 100 Employer … Not available. a 80% for the period prior to birth and for 150 days after birth, and 50% for the rest of the leave period. b Social Insurance (60 per cent for 13 weeks) and Employer (40 per cent for the first 6 weeks). c In addition, a means-tested birth grant is paid in lump sum. d A lump sum payment is paid for each child. e 82% for the first 30 days and 75% for the remaining period (up to a ceiling). f Domestic workers are entitled to 90 days. g The level of benefits received during maternity leave varies from 50% to 100% depending upon the various cantonal regulations. h In addition, a maternity grant is paid in lump sum. i The maternity leave benefits only cover 8 weeks. j The duration of maternity leave benefits is 8 weeks. k Duration of maternity leave depends on the province. In Quebec and Saskatchewan, maternity leave is 18 weeks, while in Alberta it is 15. l In addition, up to 37 weeks of parental leave may be shared between the two parents within the 52 weeks following birth. m up to ceiling n Benefits paid vary by province and jurisdiction. In most provices and the federal jurisdiction, 55% paid for 15 weeks of maternity leave and another 35 weeks of paternal leave which may be shared between both parents. Three provinces (Newfoundland, Prince Edward's Island and Saskatchewan) pay maternity benefits for the full 17 weeks leave (in the case of Saskatchewan 18 weeks). In Quebec, maternity benefits are paid at 70% for 18 weeks or at 75% for 15 weeks; paternity benefits are paid at 70% for 5 weeks or at 75% for 3 weeks; parental benefits (shared by both parents) are paid at 70% for 7 weeks plus 55% for 25 weeks or at 75% for 25 weeks. o If necessay, the emplyer adds up to 90% of salary. p Flat rate for the normal duration of maternity leave. q In addition, a lump sum maternity grant is paid. r The social insurance program applies to urban areas and the maternity insurance program covers all employees in urban enterprises, including all state-owned enterprises, regardless of their location. s The amount of maternity benefits is paid as follows; 50% of the salary from 3 to 6 months of contribution to the Social Security Fund, 75% from 6 to 9 months, and 100% for 9 months or more. t 45 days before delivery and 1 year after. u 100% until the child reaches the age of six months, then at a flat rate determined by the Act on the Execution of the State Budget for the remaining period. v The rate is increased to 80% if claimant has one dependant, to 90% if she has two dependants and to 100% if she has three dependants. w If the worker is not entitled to social security benefits, the employer shall cover the full cost of benefit. x Paid amount not specified. y From the fourth birth, the woman will be entitled to only half the normal remuneration. z 70 per cent, up to a ceiling, plus 40% of the additional amount up to a ceiling, plus 25% of additional amount. a1 50% plus a dependent's supplement (10% for each dependent, up to a maximum of 40%). b1 In addition, a birth grant is paid in lump sum. c1 100% for 2 months and 60% for the last month. d1 The 3-month leave period may be freely split between both parents. e1 Subject to a minimum and maximum amount. f1 Maternity allowance is paid for a period of up to 39 weeks at 90% of earnings, up to a ceiling. g1 Domestic workers are paid the national minimum weekly wage for 8 weeks Upon return to work after child care leave, the mother will receive a further 10% of her pre-leave wage, for the duration of the leave taken, h1 as a re-engagement benefit for workers returning from child care leave. 100 per cent for the first 10 working days covered by employer. For the rest of the maternity leave, 10 times the benchmark amount is paid i1 from social security fund. Benefits are adjusted periodically according to changes in the cost of living. Under the Social Security Decree, a woman is entitled to childbirth benefits equal to 70% of the insured earning for a maximum period of 3 j1 months. There is no legal obligation for employers to pay wages during maternity leave, although the contract of employment may provide for paid k1 maternity leave. l1 50% of wages for employees, and 100% of presumptive income for self-employed women for a period of three months. m1 Every three years. An employee on maternity leave is entitled to full wages during the first thirteen weeks of leave, with the fourteenth week unpaid. Social security pays maternity benefit at a flat rate for a maximum of 13 weeks for those not covered under the Employment and Industrial n1 Relations Act. o1 The beneficiary may decide whether to receive 100 percent of benefits for a shorter period or 80 percent of benefits for a longer period. A female employee is entitled to take maternity leave for a period necessary for hospitalization before confinement and six weeks after p1 confinement. q1 Maternity leave is unpaid. However, annual leave or sick leave credits, paid by the employer, may be used for maternity leave. r1 9 weeks coverage. s1 60 days for government employees. 100 per cent of the average daily wages (if the parents opted for a leave of 120 days) or 80 % (if the parents opted for a 150-day leave t1 period) u1 The employer pays the first 60 days of leave, for enterprises which do not meet certain criteria. v1 100 per cent of salary during the first six weeks of maternity leave; during the last six weeks of maternity leave, 20 per cent of salary. w1 50% if working for one to three years or 100% if working for three or more years x1 100% of earnings are paid for the first 6 months; 60% from the 6th to the 9th month; and 30% for the last 3 months. y1 A flat monthly rate is paid. The first 8 weeks paid by employer, the second 8 weeks funded by the Government up to a ceiling. For the third and subsequent births, the z1 full 16 weeks will be funded by the Government up to a ceiling. a2 Up to a maximum amount of 60% depending on the level of income. Six-seventh (86%) of wages for workers paid at a time-rate or piece-rate. Employees covered by the Shop and Offices Employees Act b2 receive 100 per cent of the remuneration. c2 No statutory benefits are provided. 480 days shared between both parents. 60 of these days are reserved for each parent while the rest are freely transferable between both d2 parents. In case of sole custody, all 480 days accrue to the custodial parent. e2 480 calendar days paid parental leave: 80% for 390 days; flat rate for remaining 90 days. Some cantons provide longer leaves. In the Canton of Geneva paid leave is 16 weeks. Employees of the Swiss Confederation are entitled to f2 98 at least four months if the woman has completed a year of service. g2 Employees of the Confederation are entitled to 4 month paid maternity at 100%. h2 120 days for the first childbirth, 90 days for the second childbirth and 75 days for the third childbirth. i2 Under the Labor Protection Act, an employer is required to pay an employee for up to 45 days of maternity leave. The Maternity Protection Act entitles an employee to 100% pay for 1 month and 50% for 2 months by Employer; social insurance system pays a sum depending on earnings. When the sum of the amount paid under the Maternity Protection Act and social insurance is less than j2 full pay, the employer shall pay the difference to the employee. k2 Civil servants entitled to 2 months of maternity leave. For women covered by the Labour Code the amount is two-thirds (66.7%) of the average daily wage. For women working in agriculture, it amounts to 50 per cent of the flat-rate daily wage calculated on the basis of the guaranteed minimum wage in agriculture. For civil servants, l2 the full salary is paid during maternity leave. m2 12 weeks coverage. n2 100 per cent after one continuous year of employment, 50 per cent for employment less than one year. o2 Consisting of 26 weeks of ordinary maternity leave and 26 weeks of additional maternity leave. Statutory maternity leave is paid for a continuous period of up to 39 weeks. 90% for the first 6 weeks and a flat rate for the remaining p2 weeks. From April 2010, paid maternity leave will increases to 52 weeks. q2 There is no national program. Cash benefits may be provided at the state level. r2 For private sector employees. Special system for civil servants. s2 The duration of the maternity leave entitlement varies from 4 to 6 months, depending on the nature and conditions of the employee’s work. Sources: International Labour Office, Maternity protection database available from the ILO Conditions of Work and Employment Programme’s website, http://www.ilo.org/dyn/travail/travmain.sectionChoice?p_structure=, supplemented by data compiled by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA) and published in: Social Security Programs Throughout the World: The Americas, 2009; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Africa, 2009; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2010; and Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Europe, 2010 , available from the SSA website, http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/index.html. f Work and Employment supplemented by data ty Programs Throughout Social Security Programs he World: Europe, 2010 , Technical notes: Data on maternity leave benefits currently available to women in countries around the world were compiled by the International Labour Office and the United States Social Security Administration from a variety of legislative and non-legislative sources. The main legislative sources include national laws regarding maternity protection, labour, social security, equality and opportunity of treatment, occupational safety and health and sometimes conditions of work. These sources apply to the private sector. Separate legislations for the public sector have not been included, nor have collective agreements. In systems where there may be no single national standard, such as federal states, the more general provision applicable has been included. Non-legislative sources include replies to the Social Security Programs Throughout the World survey conducted by the International Social Security Association (ISSA) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA); websites of Ministries of Employment, Labour, Health and Family of countries and of Social security offices, funds or boards; as well as other ILO databases and publications. The data presented in this table refers to laws and regulations in force at the time of the compilation of the information.
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