Table 5g Maternity leave benefits

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Table 5g Maternity leave benefits Powered By Docstoc
					Table 5g. Maternity leave benefits
                                                                                                          Last Update: June 2012
                                                                   Percentage of
                                     Length of maternity
          Country or area                                          wages paid in    Provider of benefit
                                            leave
                                                                  covered period
                                      Period               Note        %     Note
Afghanistan                     90      days                          100           Employer
Albania                        365      calendar days              80, 50     a     Social insurance system
Algeria                         14      weeks                         100           Social security
Andora                          16      weeks                         100           Social insurance system
Angola                          12      weeks                         100           Social security and Employer

Antigua and Barbuda             13      weeks                     100, 60     b     Social insurance and Employer

                                                                                    Family allowance funds (financed through
Argentina                       90      days                          100     c
                                                                                    state and employer contributions)

Armenia                        140      days                          100           Social insurance
                                                                                    Social assistance system financed by the
Australia                       18      weeks                           …     d
                                                                                    State
                                                                                    Statutory health insurance, family burden
Austria                         16      weeks                         100
                                                                                    equalization fund, or employer

Azerbaijan                     126      calendar days                 100           Social insurance
                                                                                    National Insurance Board (2/3) and
Bahamas                         12      weeks                         100
                                                                                    Employer (1/3)
Bahrain                         45      days                          100           Social security

Bangladesh                      16      weeks                         100           Employer

Barbados                        12      weeks                         100           National insurance system

Belarus                        126      calendar days                 100           State social insurance
Belgium                         15      weeks                      82, 75     e     Social security
                                                                                    Social security or Employer (for women
Belize                          14      weeks                         100           who are not entitled to receive benefits
                                                                                    from social security)
Benin                           14      weeks                         100           Social security (1/2) and Employer (1/2)

Bermuda                         12      weeks                         100           Employer
Bolivia                         12      weeks                f         75           Social insurance
Bosnia & Herzegovina            1       year                      50-100      g     …
Botswana                        12      weeks                          50           Employer
Brazil                         120      days                          100           Social insurance
British Virgin Islands          13      weeks                          67     h     Social security
Brunei Darussalam               9       weeks                i        100     j     Employer
                                                                                    Public social insurance (the General
Bulgaria                       135      days                           90
                                                                                    Sickness and Maternity Fund)
                                                                                    Social security (if necessary, the employer
Burkina Faso                    14      weeks                         100
                                                                                    adds up to the full wage)

Burundi                         12      weeks                         100           Employer (50%) and Social security (50%)

Cambodia                        90      days                           50           Employer
Cameroon                        14      weeks                         100           National Social Insurance Fund

Canada                          17      weeks               k,l        55   m, n    Federal and State Employment Insurance

Cape Verde                      60      days                           90     o     Social security

Central African Republic        14      weeks                          50           Social security

Chad                            14      weeks                          50           Social security

Channel Islands, Guernsey       18      weeks                           …   p, q    Social insurance and social assistance

Channel Islands, Jersey         18      weeks                           …   p, q    Social insurance

Chile                           18      weeks                         100           Social security
China                           90      days                          100     r     Social insurance

China, Hong Kong SAR            10      weeks                          80           Employer

Colombia                        14      weeks                         100           Social security
Comoros                         14      weeks                         100           Employer
Congo                        15    weeks                   100             50% Social security, 50% Employer
Costa Rica                    4    months                  100      s      50% Social security, 50% Employer
Cote d'Ivoire                14    weeks                   100             Social insurance
                                                                           Health Insurance Fund (until the child
Croatia                      1+    year            t       100      u      reaches the age of 6 months), and the rest
                                                                           is paid from the State Budget
Cuba                         18    weeks                   100             Social security
Cyprus                       18    weeks                    75      v      Social security
Czech Republic               28    weeks                    60             Social security
Democratic Republic of the
                             14    weeks                    67             Employer
Congo
Denmark                      18    weeks                     …             Employer

Djibouti                     14    weeks                   100             50% Social Protection Body, 50% Employer

Dominica                     12    weeks                    60      h      Social security
Dominican Republic           12    weeks                   100      w      50% Social security, 50% Employer
Ecuador                      12    weeks                   100             75% Social security, 25% Employer
                                                                           Social insurance (75%) and Employer
Egypt                        90    days                    100
                                                                           (25%)

El Salvador                  12    weeks                    75             Employer

Equatorial Guinea            12    weeks                    75             Social security
Eritrea                      60    days                      …      x      Employer
Estonia                      140   calendar days           100             Social security
Ethiopia                     90    days                    100             Employer (for up to 45 days)
Fiji                         84    days                     100     y      Employer
Finland                      105   working days             70      z      Social insurance system
France                       16    weeks                   100      m      Social security
Gabon                        14    weeks                   100             National Social Security Fund
Gambia                       12    weeks                   100             Employer
                                                                           Statutory health insurance scheme, state,
Germany                      14    weeks                   100      m
                                                                           employer
Ghana                        12    weeks                   100             Employer

Greece                       17    weeks                   50+    a1, b1   Social security/State

                                                                           60% for 12 weeks by Social security, 40%
Grenada                       3    months               100, 60    c1
                                                                           for 2 months by Employer
Guatemala                    84    days                    100      w      Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)

Guinea                       14    weeks                   100             Social security (1/2), Employer (1/2)

                                                                           Employer (if women receive subsidy from
Guinea-Bissau                60    days                    100             social security, employer pays the
                                                                           difference between subsidy and full salary)
Guyana                       13    weeks                    70      h      Social security
                                                                           Office of Workers' Compensation Insurance,
Haiti                        12    weeks                   100
                                                                           Maternity and Sickness
Honduras                     12    weeks                   100      w      Social security (2/3), Employer (1/3)
Hungary                      24    weeks                    70             Social insurance
Iceland                       3    months          d1       80             Social security

India                        12    weeks                   100             Employer

Indonesia                     3    months                  100             Employer

Iran (Islamic Republic of)   90    days                     67             Social security

Iraq                         62    days                    100             Employer
Ireland                      26    weeks                    80     e1      Social insurance

Isle of Man                  26    weeks                    90      f1     Social security and social assistance system

Israel                       14    weeks                   100      m      Social security
Italy                         5    months                   80             Social insurance
                                                                           Employer or social security for domestic
Jamaica                       8    weeks                   100     g1
                                                                           worker
                                                                           1/8 National Treasury, 7/8 Employment
Japan                        14    weeks                  30%      h1
                                                                           Insurance Fund
Jordan                       10    weeks                   100             Social Security
Kazakhstan                 126      calendar days           100            Employer
Kenya                       3       months                  100            Employer
Kiribati                    12      weeks                    25            Employer
Kuwait                      70      days                    100            Employer
                                                                           Social security (Employer covers the first
Kyrgyzstan                 126      calendar days           100     i1
                                                                           10 working days)
Lao People's Democratic
                            90      days                    100     j1     Social security or employer
Republic
Latvia                     112      calendar days           100            State Social Insurance Agency
Lebanon                     7       weeks                   100            Employer
Lesotho                     12      weeks                     …     k1     Employer
                                                                           Employer, Social security for self-employed
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya      14      weeks                50, 100    l1
                                                                           women
Liechtenstein               20      weeks                    80            Social insurance
Lithuania                  126      calendar days           100            State Social Insurance Fund
Luxembourg                  16      weeks                   100            Social security
Madagascar                  14      weeks                   100            50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Malawi                      8       weeks           m1      100            Employer
Malaysia                    60      days                    100            Employer
Mali                        14      weeks                   100            Social security
Malta                       14      weeks                   100     n1     Employer/Social security
Mauritania                  14      weeks                   100            National Social Security Fund
Mauritius                   12      weeks                   100            Employer
Mexico                      12      weeks                   100            Social security
Monaco                      16      weeks                    90     m      Social insurance
Mongolia                   120      days                     70            Social Insurance Fund
Morocco                     14      weeks                   100            Social security
Mozambique                  60      days                    100            Social security
Myanmar                     12      weeks                     66           Social security
Namibia                     12      weeks                   100            Employer and Social security
Nepal                       52      days                    100            Employer
Netherlands                 16      weeks                   100     m      Social insurance
                                                                           State funds (Universal and social assistance
New Zealand                 14      weeks                   100     m
                                                                           system)
Nicaragua                   12      weeks                   100     w      60% by Social security, 40% by employer

Niger                       14      weeks                   100            50% Social insurance, 50% Employer
Nigeria                     12      weeks                    50            Employer
Norway                      52      weeks                80, 100    o1     Social insurance
Pakistan                    12      weeks                   100            Employer
Panama                      14      weeks                   100     w      Social Insurance Fund
Papua New Guinea            6+      weeks           p1        …     q1     …
Paraguay                    12      weeks                    50     r1     Social security
Peru                        90      days                    100            Social security system
Philippines                 6       weeks           s1      100            Social security or employer
Poland                      16      weeks                   100            Social Insurance Fund
Portugal                  120-150   days                 100-80     t1     Social insurance
Qatar                       50      days                    100            Employer
Republic of Korea           90      days                    100     u1     Employment Insurance Fund
Republic of Moldova        126      calendar days           100            Social insurance
Romania                    126      calendar days            85            State Health Insurance Fund
Russian Federation         140      calendar days           100    m, b1   Social Insurance Fund
                                                                           Employer (if women not covered by social
Rwanda                      12      weeks                100, 20    v1
                                                                           security)
Saint Kitts and Nevis       13      weeks                    65     h      Social security
Saint Lucia                 3       months                   65     h      National Insurance Corporation
Saint Vincent and the
                            13      weeks                    65     h      Social insurance
Grenadines
San Marino                  5       months                  100            Social security
                                                                           Social security (Employer if women not
Sao Tome and Principe       60      days                    100
                                                                           covered by social security)
Saudi Arabia                10      weeks                50, 100    w1     Employer
Senegal                     14      weeks                   100            Social security
Serbia                     365      days                    100     x1     Social insurance
Seychelles                        14     weeks                     …     y1     Social Security Fund
Singapore                         16     weeks                   100     z1     Employer and Government
Slovakia                          28     weeks                    55            Social Insurance Fund
Slovenia                         105     calendar days           100            State
Solomon Islands                   12     weeks                    25            Employer
Somalia                           14     weeks                    50            Employer
South Africa                      4      months                   60     a2     Unemployment Insurance Fund
Spain                             16     weeks                   100            Social security
Sri Lanka                         12     weeks                86, 100    b2     Employer
Sudan                             8      weeks                   100            Employer
Swaziland                         12     weeks                     …     c2     …
Sweden                           480     days            d2       80    m, e2   Social insurance
Switzerland                       14     weeks           f2       80    m, g2   Social insurance
Syrian Arab Republic          120, 90, 75 days           h2      100            Employer
Tajikistan                       140     calendar days             …      x     Social security
TFYR of Macedonia                 9      months                    …      x     Health Insurance Fund
Thailand                          90     days                    100     i2     Employer and Social insurance system
Togo                              14     weeks                   100            50% Employer, 50% Social security

Trinidad and Tobago               13     weeks                100, 50    j2     Employer and National Insurance Board
                                                              67, 50,
Tunisia                          1, 2    month(s)        k2              l2     National Social Security Fund
                                                                 100
Turkey                            16     weeks                     67    m2     Social security
Turkmenistan                     112     days                    100     b1     Social security
Uganda                            60     working days            100            Employer
Ukraine                          126     days                    100            Social security
United Arab Emirates              45     days                 100, 50    n2     Employer

United Kingdom                    52     weeks           o2       90     p2     Employer (92% refunded by public funds)

United Republic of Tanzania       12     weeks                   100            Employer
United States of America          12     weeks                     …     q2     …
Uruguay                           12     weeks                   100     r2     Social security system
Uzbekistan                       126     calendar days           100            Social insurance
Vanuatu                           12     weeks                    66            Employer
Venezuela                         18     weeks                   100            Social security
Viet Nam                         4-6     months          s2      100            Social insurance fund
Yemen                             60     days                    100            Employer
Zambia                            12     weeks                   100            Employer
Zimbabwe                          98     days                    100            Employer
…    Not available.
a    80% for the period prior to birth and for 150 days after birth, and 50% for the rest of the leave period.
b    Social Insurance (60 per cent for 13 weeks) and Employer (40 per cent for the first 6 weeks).
c    In addition, a means-tested birth grant is paid in lump sum.
d    A lump sum payment is paid for each child.
e    82% for the first 30 days and 75% for the remaining period (up to a ceiling).
f    Domestic workers are entitled to 90 days.

g    The level of benefits received during maternity leave varies from 50% to 100% depending upon the various cantonal regulations.
h    In addition, a maternity grant is paid in lump sum.
i    The maternity leave benefits only cover 8 weeks.
j    The duration of maternity leave benefits is 8 weeks.

k    Duration of maternity leave depends on the province. In Quebec and Saskatchewan, maternity leave is 18 weeks, while in Alberta it is 15.
l    In addition, up to 37 weeks of parental leave may be shared between the two parents within the 52 weeks following birth.
m    up to ceiling
n    Benefits paid vary by province and jurisdiction. In most provices and the federal jurisdiction, 55% paid for 15 weeks of maternity leave and
     another 35 weeks of paternal leave which may be shared between both parents. Three provinces (Newfoundland, Prince Edward's Island and
     Saskatchewan) pay maternity benefits for the full 17 weeks leave (in the case of Saskatchewan 18 weeks). In Quebec, maternity benefits
     are paid at 70% for 18 weeks or at 75% for 15 weeks; paternity benefits are paid at 70% for 5 weeks or at 75% for 3 weeks; parental
     benefits (shared by both parents) are paid at 70% for 7 weeks plus 55% for 25 weeks or at 75% for 25 weeks.
o    If necessay, the emplyer adds up to 90% of salary.
p    Flat rate for the normal duration of maternity leave.
q    In addition, a lump sum maternity grant is paid.
r    The social insurance program applies to urban areas and the maternity insurance program covers all employees in urban enterprises,
     including all state-owned enterprises, regardless of their location.
s    The amount of maternity benefits is paid as follows; 50% of the salary from 3 to 6 months of contribution to the Social Security Fund, 75% from 6 to 9 months, and
     100% for 9 months or more.
t    45 days before delivery and 1 year after.
u    100% until the child reaches the age of six months, then at a flat rate determined by the Act on the Execution of the State Budget for the
     remaining period.
v    The rate is increased to 80% if claimant has one dependant, to 90% if she has two dependants and to 100% if she has three dependants.

w    If the worker is not entitled to social security benefits, the employer shall cover the full cost of benefit.
x    Paid amount not specified.
y    From the fourth birth, the woman will be entitled to only half the normal remuneration.
z    70 per cent, up to a ceiling, plus 40% of the additional amount up to a ceiling, plus 25% of additional amount.
a1   50% plus a dependent's supplement (10% for each dependent, up to a maximum of 40%).
b1   In addition, a birth grant is paid in lump sum.
c1   100% for 2 months and 60% for the last month.
d1   The 3-month leave period may be freely split between both parents.
e1   Subject to a minimum and maximum amount.
f1   Maternity allowance is paid for a period of up to 39 weeks at 90% of earnings, up to a ceiling.
g1   Domestic workers are paid the national minimum weekly wage for 8 weeks
     Upon return to work after child care leave, the mother will receive a further 10% of her pre-leave wage, for the duration of the leave taken,
h1   as a re-engagement benefit for workers returning from child care leave.

     100 per cent for the first 10 working days covered by employer. For the rest of the maternity leave, 10 times the benchmark amount is paid
i1   from social security fund. Benefits are adjusted periodically according to changes in the cost of living.
     Under the Social Security Decree, a woman is entitled to childbirth benefits equal to 70% of the insured earning for a maximum period of 3
j1   months.
     There is no legal obligation for employers to pay wages during maternity leave, although the contract of employment may provide for paid
k1   maternity leave.
l1   50% of wages for employees, and 100% of presumptive income for self-employed women for a period of three months.
m1   Every three years.
     An employee on maternity leave is entitled to full wages during the first thirteen weeks of leave, with the fourteenth week unpaid. Social
     security pays maternity benefit at a flat rate for a maximum of 13 weeks for those not covered under the Employment and Industrial
n1   Relations Act.

o1   The beneficiary may decide whether to receive 100 percent of benefits for a shorter period or 80 percent of benefits for a longer period.
     A female employee is entitled to take maternity leave for a period necessary for hospitalization before confinement and six weeks after
p1   confinement.

q1   Maternity leave is unpaid. However, annual leave or sick leave credits, paid by the employer, may be used for maternity leave.
r1   9 weeks coverage.
s1   60 days for government employees.
     100 per cent of the average daily wages (if the parents opted for a leave of 120 days) or 80 % (if the parents opted for a 150-day leave
t1   period)
u1   The employer pays the first 60 days of leave, for enterprises which do not meet certain criteria.
v1   100 per cent of salary during the first six weeks of maternity leave; during the last six weeks of maternity leave, 20 per cent of salary.
w1   50% if working for one to three years or 100% if working for three or more years
x1   100% of earnings are paid for the first 6 months; 60% from the 6th to the 9th month; and 30% for the last 3 months.
y1   A flat monthly rate is paid.
     The first 8 weeks paid by employer, the second 8 weeks funded by the Government up to a ceiling. For the third and subsequent births, the
z1   full 16 weeks will be funded by the Government up to a ceiling.
a2   Up to a maximum amount of 60% depending on the level of income.
     Six-seventh (86%) of wages for workers paid at a time-rate or piece-rate. Employees covered by the Shop and Offices Employees Act
b2   receive 100 per cent of the remuneration.
c2   No statutory benefits are provided.
     480 days shared between both parents. 60 of these days are reserved for each parent while the rest are freely transferable between both
d2   parents. In case of sole custody, all 480 days accrue to the custodial parent.
e2   480 calendar days paid parental leave: 80% for 390 days; flat rate for remaining 90 days.
     Some cantons provide longer leaves. In the Canton of Geneva paid leave is 16 weeks. Employees of the Swiss Confederation are entitled to
f2   98 at least four months if the woman has completed a year of service.
g2   Employees of the Confederation are entitled to 4 month paid maternity at 100%.
h2   120 days for the first childbirth, 90 days for the second childbirth and 75 days for the third childbirth.
i2   Under the Labor Protection Act, an employer is required to pay an employee for up to 45 days of maternity leave.
     The Maternity Protection Act entitles an employee to 100% pay for 1 month and 50% for 2 months by Employer; social insurance system
     pays a sum depending on earnings. When the sum of the amount paid under the Maternity Protection Act and social insurance is less than
j2   full pay, the employer shall pay the difference to the employee.
k2   Civil servants entitled to 2 months of maternity leave.
     For women covered by the Labour Code the amount is two-thirds (66.7%) of the average daily wage. For women working in agriculture, it
     amounts to 50 per cent of the flat-rate daily wage calculated on the basis of the guaranteed minimum wage in agriculture. For civil servants,
l2   the full salary is paid during maternity leave.
m2   12 weeks coverage.
n2   100 per cent after one continuous year of employment, 50 per cent for employment less than one year.
o2   Consisting of 26 weeks of ordinary maternity leave and 26 weeks of additional maternity leave.
     Statutory maternity leave is paid for a continuous period of up to 39 weeks. 90% for the first 6 weeks and a flat rate for the remaining
p2   weeks. From April 2010, paid maternity leave will increases to 52 weeks.
q2   There is no national program. Cash benefits may be provided at the state level.
r2   For private sector employees. Special system for civil servants.
s2   The duration of the maternity leave entitlement varies from 4 to 6 months, depending on the nature and conditions of the employee’s work.
Sources:

International Labour Office, Maternity protection database available from the ILO Conditions of Work and Employment
Programme’s website, http://www.ilo.org/dyn/travail/travmain.sectionChoice?p_structure=, supplemented by data
compiled by the United States Social Security Administration (SSA) and published in: Social Security Programs Throughout
the World: The Americas, 2009; Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Africa, 2009; Social Security Programs
Throughout the World: Asia and the Pacific, 2010; and Social Security Programs Throughout the World: Europe, 2010 ,
available from the SSA website, http://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/index.html.
 f Work and Employment
supplemented by data
  ty Programs Throughout
Social Security Programs
he World: Europe, 2010 ,
Technical notes:


Data on maternity leave benefits currently available to women in countries around the world were compiled by
the International Labour Office and the United States Social Security Administration from a variety of legislative
and non-legislative sources. The main legislative sources include national laws regarding maternity protection,
labour, social security, equality and opportunity of treatment, occupational safety and health and sometimes
conditions of work. These sources apply to the private sector. Separate legislations for the public sector have
not been included, nor have collective agreements. In systems where there may be no single national
standard, such as federal states, the more general provision applicable has been included. Non-legislative
sources include replies to the Social Security Programs Throughout the World survey conducted by the
International Social Security Association (ISSA) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Social Security
Administration (SSA); websites of Ministries of Employment, Labour, Health and Family of countries and of
Social security offices, funds or boards; as well as other ILO databases and publications.

The data presented in this table refers to laws and regulations in force at the time of the compilation of the
information.

				
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