AIM: To think carefully about the different kinds of aid that can be given to the victims of earthquakes
Look at the line below – it has short-term aid at one end and long-term aid at the other end. You are going to use it
to show the difference between different types of aid. It is called an opinion line, as you will need to think about
your opinion and that of others
Short Term Aid ____________________________________ Long term aid
Look at the list below – they are all types of aid that could be given to help the victims of an earthquake. Some of
the types of aid are SHORT-TERM (so given immediately after the earthquake) and some are LONG-TERM (given a
time later or designed to be in place for quite some time.
Give each one in the list a number and then position each type of aid along the opinion line depending on whether
you think they are short term aid, long term aid or somewhere in between.
Teams of doctors and nurses sent to the affected area
Emergency health kits (expire in 5 years)
Donations of tents and blankets
Counselling emotionally stressed children
Cancellation of debts
Loaning of Bulldozers to search amongst the rubble
Donations of Clothing
Engineers sent in to advise on rebuilding
Rescue teams with sniffer dogs sent in
Dried food parcels sent to the area
Body heat sensors loaned to help locate survivors in the rubble
Education and play kits for schools to help the children learn earthquake drills
Toilets and shower portacabins with septic tanks donated during rebuilding
Measles vaccinations given to children
Cash donated by people in other countries, mainly by phone or on the internet
Large loans offered to the area by wealthier countries
Bottles of water sent in to the affected area
Building materials donated to help with the rebuilding programme
Tinned food parcels donated
Fresh food parcels donated
We have now added a second line to make our opinion line an opinion cross like the one below:
form of aid
Short Long term
term aid aid
form of aid
We are now considering the same list of aid but this time we need to think about how appropriate the
aid is – in other words how useful or helpful it will actually be to the victims of the earthquake and
whether it would really help them.
So we now need to re-position the types of aid onto the second line.
1. What did you notice when you completed the first opinion line – were there more types of long-term or short-
term aid? Give reasons for this.
2. What are the most appropriate types of aid? Why do you think this is?
3. What are the least appropriate types of aid? Why do you think this is?
4. Do you think your opinions and answers would be different if we did this activity towice – to compare a LEDC and
a MEDC? Develop your answer.