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									Biodiversity and Waste disposal
Waste Disposal in Egypt

 Egypt’s waste production
 The problem of the black cloud




 The predicted waste amount of Egypt’s population
 Types of wastes

 - Main types of wastes which include “Solid” and “Liquid” wastes.




                     According to
                    Toxicity wastes
                        may be




Of no danger of       Not toxic or
                                         Inherently toxic
environmental        hazardous in
                                           or hazardous
    Pollution       unmodified form




 Some wastes are more harmful because they contain heavy metals
Wadi Digla Protected Area
  Wadi Digla was declared
  as a Protected Area in
  1999, with an area of 60
  km2. It is desert land
  located 10 km away from
  Cairo.
Biodiversity
  -At least 12 species of birds typical of the Eastern
  Desert have been found.
  -At least 20 species of reptiles are known from Wadi
  Degla.
  -Over 75 wild flowering plants have been recorded.
Wadi Digla and the problem of waste
disposal


The current situation in the wadi
Waste disposal and recycling impact on ecosystems
Caper (Capparis spinosa L.)

   Family: Capparidaceae.
   Common names:
    Arabic: ‫ليصوف، كبار، لصف، شوك الحمار‬
    English: caper, caperberry, caperbush
   Origin

   Ecology and Habit



 Importance of Caper Plant


    Environmental importance

    Culinary Uses


    Medicinal Uses
Caper and the problem of waste disposal


           Heavy metals cause toxicity,     Disposal of plastic wastes in the
            cancer and death to man                       wadi




          Plant eaten by animals or man,    Accumulation of plastic bags over
         or used by Bedouin for treatment      and around caper bushes
                   of rheumatoid




          Absorption of heavy metals                Decay of plastic and
           from soil by the plant root          precipitation of heavy metals
                     system                                 in soil
Effect of waste disposal on tourism




Conclusion, goals and suggested solutions
The Cairo Governorate should take positive steps to achieve three main goals:
  • The first goal is to eliminate all the accumulated wastes from the protectorate.

  • The second goal is to move the recycling activity based within or near the
  protectorate to another area.
  • The third goal is to encourage local people, NGOs and students to visit
  the wadi and help to remove the wastes.
What can we do

 Reduce use of plastic bags and bottles

 Separate plastic waste at home

 Recycle plastic bags and bottles
Thank you for listening…

								
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