Virtual Town Hall January, 2010 by bjdpkx

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									The GED Program in the 21st Century:
     Working Together for a Brighter Future
       in Career and College Readiness

         National College Testing Association


         David Espinoza, University of Oregon
          Martin Kehe, GED Testing Service
The Need for Adult and Postsecondary
Education

  • 30 million (~10% of the population) people over the
    age of 16 in the United States can barely read and write
    in English.
  • An additional 60 million (~20% of the population) do
    not have adequate basic literacy skills for earning a
    living wage.
  • Combined current funding supports instruction in basic
    literacy, ESL, adult secondary education, computer
    training, and vocational education for just 3 million
    adults.
     Source: www.proliteracy.org




                                                               4
The Current Environment


• Economy uncertainty (lingering downturn)

• Globalization of the labor market

• Need for postsecondary training—correlating with
  employer demand for higher skill levels (READ:
  college & career readiness)

• Changing composition of the U.S. labor force



                                                 5
The GED Reality: The BIG Gap

• An estimated 39 million Americans lack a high
  school credential.

• Annually, 1.3 million U.S. students drop out of
  high school.

• 10.5 million of these Americans are age
  18-34.

• The GED Test serves only 778,000 test takers and
  only 493,000 receive credentials each year.
                                                    6
What We Need…Given The Realities

• A test that certifies preparedness

• An integrated approach in which testing is an
  important but transitional step

• Diagnostics and additional tools—to place candidates
  to produce the best outcomes

• Use of alternative delivery platforms to ease
  capacity/access issues

• Recognition that all of these things will take TIME to
  address effectively.
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Adult and Postsecondary Education’s
Needs


 • Effective solutions to access challenges
   (shrinking budgets, maxed facilities and
   capacity issues)

 • Better tools and systems to support the diverse
   needs of adult learners
 • Greater understanding, awareness and action
   by Federal & State policy makers


                                                     8
Our Vision for the Evolution of the GED
Program
                 From                                        To
• Content aligned to 1999 high school     • Rigorous content aligned to Common
  curriculum                                Core college/career-ready curriculum

• Passing standard empirically set        • Proficiency levels based on criterion-
  based on norm-referenced                  referenced performance standards for
  performance of graduating high school     both high school and college/career
  seniors                                   readiness

• Non-standardized paper-based test       • Standardized computer-based test
  delivery channel                          delivery channel

• Few instructional programs that         • Instructional programs with evidence-
  demonstrate significant promise in        based practices incorporating
  accelerating proficiency gains            accelerated learning

• Few organizations recognized as         • Champions and exemplary
  leading the field                         organizations leading the field


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The GED 21st Century Initiative:
Primary Objectives

 • To contribute significantly to the nation’s goal of significantly
   increasing postsecondary completion rates
 • To increase access to and attainment of postsecondary
   education (PSE) credentials for non-traditional adult learners
   by:
     1. Adopting a college/career-ready performance standard
        and creating an assessment and a credential that
        indicates readiness;
     2. Facilitating the development of a stronger system of
        educational supports for GED candidates; and
     3. Creating the PSE pathways that give meaning to a GED
        “college-/career-ready certification”
                                                                       10
The GED 21st Century Initiative:
Pathways


  Pathways to college/career-readiness and success

                                                               Demon-
Attract                Accelerate Learning                                   Connect     Attain
                                                                strate

                                                                              Pathway
                                                                  Show                    PSE &
   Entry    Learning     Customiz                   Ongoing                   s to and
                                      Differen-                 Proficienc                career
    into      Pre-          ed                     formative                  supports
                                        tiated                     y on                  attainme
 learning   assessm      curriculu                 assessm                       for
              ent           m        instruction      ent       Next-Gen                  nt and
  system                                                                       PSE &
                                                                GED Test                 beyond
                                                                               career




                                                                                             11
Drivers & Realities


                 • Basic literacy
                 • High school diploma or equivalency credential
      Skills     • College/career readiness




                 • Next generation testing platform
                 • Instructional design and delivery
  Technology     • Skills for employment




                 • Comparability
  Information    • Measurement of outcomes



                                                                   12
GED Target Adult Population

         Potential GED candidate population


                        15 Million
  100%
                                               US-born adults without a high
                                                school diploma or equivalent
    80                                          (~10M)
                        US-born
                        dropouts
    60




    40


                                               Foreign-born adults without a
    20                Foreign-born              high school diploma or
                        dropouts                equivalent (~5M)

    0                                          Homeschooled (~0.24M)
                                  Home-
                                 schooled
                                                                                13
The Truth About Proficiency Levels
          Percent of population
          by grade level proficiency
                          Equivalent   11-12th grade
                 100% EFL levels

                           EFL 6       9-10th grade
                           EFL 5
                     80


                            EFL 4
                     60                 6-8th grade



                     40     EFL 3
                            and below



                     20                5th grade or
                                           less


                      0
                           Adults without HS diploma or   14
                               equivalent credential
Tackling the Proficiency Gap




                     Projected proficiency                             Target proficiency




                                                Multiplier for
      Starting                Time                                          College- and
                                                 accelerating
 proficiency level         investment                                      Career-ready
                     +                     X                       =
                                                  proficiency
  (current grade         for preparation                                  proficiency level
                                                 (grade level
       level               (total prep                                     (target grade
                                               gain within total
    proficiency)              time)                                             level
                                                  prep time)                proficiency)




                                                                                              15
Accelerated Learning

 • Given the realities of the proficiency gap our learners
   face, approaches to accelerated learning need to be
   researched and tested
 • GEDTS plans to launch a series of pilots to employ and
   evaluate accelerated learning with adult test takers
    –   Of varying ages
    –   Of varying proficiency challenge levels
    –   In varying learning environments
    –   Encompassing varying learning technologies




                                                         16
The Near Term…

• The 2002 Series will remain in the market
  for the next three to five years

• During that time, however, we will be:
  1. Developing content frameworks for the new test
  2. Piloting Computer-based testing (CBT)
  3. Piloting accelerated learning tools in varied
     settings



                                                      17
Transforming Our Reality




                           18
Laying the Groundwork for the Future


                • Translating research into actionable changes to the existing
                  curriculum
    Skills      • Pilot instructional tools and processes
                • “Test bed” for accelerated learning




                • Proactive policy initiatives
 Technology     • Pilot CBT
                • Pilot technology-based instructional tools




                • Research

 Information    • Pilot/implement data initiatives under consideration
                • Tools to educate the lawmakers, policy makers and the general
                  public



                                                                                  19
The GEDTS Goal




    Ensuring Adult Learners
              are
   Career- and College-Ready


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