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62nd Army _Soviet Union_

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					62nd Army (Soviet Union)
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The 62nd Order of Lenin Army (Russian: 62-я армия) was a field army established by the Soviet Union's Red Army during
the Second World War. Formed as the 7th Reserve Army as part of the Stavka Reserve in May 1942, the formation was
designated as the 62nd Rifle Army the following month. After an epic combat performance in the Battle of Stalingrad, the
62nd Army was granted Guards status and renamed the 8th Guards Army in April 1943.

             Contents
 1 History
 2 Second World War Commanders
 3 Notes
 4 References


History
The 7th Reserve Army was formed 28 May 1942 as part of the RVGK (Stavka Reserve). Within one month, this force had
been designated the 62nd Rifle Army. From mid August 1942 until late January 1943, the 62nd Army, under the command of
General Vasily Chuikov, fought in the Battle of Stalingrad. 62nd Army conducted an epic defense of the city that repeated and
desperate attacks by the German 6th Army were unable to overcome. The Army, along with the 64th Army, was operating
under the Soviet Stalingrad Front. After the German assault at Stalingrad had come to utter disaster, the 62nd Army was
uniquely awarded the Order of Lenin, and granted Guards status while also being renamed the 8th Guards Army.
On 13 September 1942 the Army composition was:
   33rd, 35th Guards, 87th, 98th, 112th, 131st, 196th, 229th, 244th, 315th, 399th Rifle Divisions
   10th, 38th, 42nd, 115th, 124th, 129th, 149th Rifle Brigades
   23rd Tank Corps
   20th Tank Destroyer Brigade
   115th Fortified Region
   twelve artillery and mortar regiments
(Note: 33rd Guards, 87th and 229th rifle divisions were in the process of being brought up to strength; 131st and 399th rifle
divisions were held in the second echelon of the Army.)
On 1 November 1942 during the height of the Battle of Stalingrad, the 62nd Army commanded the 13th, 37th, and 39th
Guards Rifle Divisions, the 45th, 95th, 112th, 138th, 193rd, 284th and 308th Rifle Divisions, the 42nd, 92nd, 115th, 124th,
149th, and 160th Rifle Brigades, the 84th Tank and 2nd Motor Rifle Brigades, the 115th Fortified Region, and 20 regiments of
howitzer, gun, antitank, mortar, rocket, and anti-aircraft artillery among other support units. [1] Many of these formations were
burnt-out shells by the end of the Battle of Stalingrad, with many formations reduced to hundreds of men.[2]

Second World War Commanders
   Jul 1942 to Aug 1942: Major General V. Ia. Kolpackchi
   Aug 1942 to Sep 1942: Lieutenant General A. I. Lopatin
   Sep 1942 to Apr 1943: Lieutenant General V. I. Chuikov

Notes
   1. ^ Combat Composition of the Soviet Army , 1 November 1942 (Russian)
   2. ^ John Erickson (historian), The Road to Stalingrad, Cassel Military Paperbacks, 2003 edition, p.385, 403

References
      Born, Keith E. (ed.) Slaughterhouse. Bedford: Aberjona Press, 2005. ISBN 0-9717650-9-X.
      Glantz, David M. Companion to Colossus Reborn. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2005. ISBN 0-7006-1359-5.
      Poirier, Robert G., and Conner, Albert Z. The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War. Novato: Presidio Press,
      1985. ISBN 0-89141-237-9.



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                63rd · 64th · 65th · 66th · 67th · 68th · 69th · 70th · Separate Coastal Army ·
  Guards        1st · 2nd · 3rd · 4th · 5th · 6th · 7th · 8th · 9th · 10th · 11th · 14th · 18th · 20th ·

        Tank    1st · 2nd · 3rd · 4th · 5th · 6th · 7th · 8th ·

      Shock     1st · 2nd · 3rd · 4th · 5th ·

  Cavalry       1·2·

      Sapper    1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 ·

  Reserve       1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 ·



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