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Theodore Teddy Roosevelt

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									    Young Teddy
 Asthma
Frail child, very
     sickly
Many home
 remedies used:
 Coffee, Cigars,
 Exercise
Worked to
 overcome
 illnesses
          Teenager Teddy
 Works hard in his
  father’s home gym
 boxing
 Overcomes illnesses
  through the strength
  of his will
    TR: Harvard Years
Magna Cum
 Laude
Sculling and
 boxing
          Early Adult Years
 1881 – Climbing the
  Matterhorn
  (Switzerland-Italy)
         Life in the Badlands
 Learned life lessons in
  the Badlands (the
  Dakotas)
 Worked as ranch hand
 “Took the snob out of
  me”
 Love of the open land
 - Shaped his future
   policies
              Early Career
 Youngest member
  of NY State
  Legislature
 President of the
  NYC Board of
  Police
  Commissioners
 Assistant Secretary
  of the U.S. Navy
          Rough Riders

 Resigned Naval
  commission to
  form volunteer
  cavalry brigade
 Victory at San
  Juan Hill
 Medal of Honor
  Winner
After the war, a hero emerges
 Elected Governor of NY
 Party bosses unhappy
 Orchestrated putting
 him up for VP on
 McKinley’s ticket
   McKinley/Roosevelt Ticket
Roosevelt’s
 progressive
 campaign style
Powerful
 speeches
Very visible
   Roosevelt Becomes President
 Assassination of
  McKinley
 A “visible
  president”
 Youngest Pres.
 age 42

                    The Bully Pulpit
  How things “ought to be”
 1st used by TR, explaining his view
  of the presidency, in this quotation:
  "I suppose my critics will call that
  preaching, but I have got such a
  bully pulpit!“
 The word bully itself was an
  adjective in the vernacular of the
  time meaning "first- rate,"
  somewhat equivalent to the recent
  use of the word "awesome." The
  term "bully pulpit" is still used
  today to describe the president's
  power to influence the public.
 Uses speeches to influence media and
  shape legislation
           Philosophy
Internationally—he was a Social
 Darwinist
Domestically—believed that
 government should actively balance the
 needs of competing groups in American
 society
     Roosevelt as Conservationist
 National Parks, National          President Theodore Roosevelt at Yosemite in 1903.

  Forests, game and bird
  preserves, and other federal
  reservations
 230,000,000 acres protected for
  land and animals
 “To waste, to destroy, our
  natural resources, to skin and
  exhaust the land instead of
  using it so as to increase its
  usefulness, will result in
  undermining in the days of
  our children the very
  prosperity which we ought by
  right to hand down to them
  amplified and developed."
     Roosevelt and National Parks
"Leave it as it is. You can
  not improve on it. The
  ages have been at work
  on it, and man can
  only mar it."
Federal Lands
Panama Canal: Roosevelt’s Most Famous
       Foreign Policy Initiative




Here TR inspects the canal construction in Panama in 1906.
     Roosevelt’s Square Deal
 More Federal Power
 Take up for the common
  man
 Progressive reforms
 Provide a “square” fair
  deal for everyone
 "The object of the government is
  the welfare of the people. The
  material progress and prosperity
  of a nation are desirable chiefly
  so far as they lead to the moral
  and material welfare of all good
  citizens."
  Attack on Laissez Faire
Work to curb the power of trusts
 "within reasonable limits"
Roosevelt the
  “Trust Buster”
             TRUSTBUSTER!
 Interstate Commerce Act (1887)- RR owners cant fix
  prices in a given area
 Elkins Act (1903)- illegal to give and receive rebates
  for using a certain railroad
 Hepburn Act (1906)- limited free rail passes and let
  ICC set maximum rates
 1902: Federal Govt. sues Northern Securities
  Company (owned by JP Morgan)
 - TR says NSC violated Sherman Anti-Trust Act
 - Supreme Court agrees with T. Roosevelt
 - Roosevelt’s popularity soared
The Lion Tamer
         Food and Drugs
 Meat Inspection Act
  (1906)- set strict
  standards and est.
  federal inspection
  program
 Pure Food and Drug
  Act (1906)- stopped
  sale of contaminated
  food and drugs; ensure
  truth labeling
    Big Stick Diplomacy
A favorite proverb, "Speak softly and
 carry a big stick. . . . "
      Roosevelt and Civil Rights
 Did not fully support civil rights
 Appointed an African-American as the head of
  the Charleston, SC custom house
 Invited Booker T. Washington to the White
  House as a symbolic gesture
         Presidential Firsts
 First to invite an African American to a White
  House dinner (Booker T. Washington)
 First to have Secret Service protection
 First to win Nobel Peace Prize for his work
  towards ending the Russo-Japanese War
 First to take trip outside the United States
  (Great White Fleet)
    More Presidential Firsts
 First to give an open invitation to the
  press
 First to be submerged in a submarine, to
  own a car, to have a telephone in his
  home, and to be allowed to operate the
  light switches in the White House
An Older Theodore Roosevelt
 Agony over the death of
  Quentin in World War I
 "Grandfather" Roosevelt
  hugs baby granddaughter
  Edith Roosevelt Derby,
  1918.
           Roosevelt’s Death
 "The old lion is
  dead."
 Photo shows the
  burial of Theodore
  Roosevelt, January
  1919 in Young’s
  Memorial Cemetery,
  Oyster Bay, NY.
                Works Cited
- "Theodore Roosevelt Collection." 1998.
        Harvard College Library. 4 Dec 2006
        <http://hcl.harvard.edu/houghton/dep
        artment /roosevelt.html. >.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/26_t_roose
   velt/t_roosevelt_politics.html
- Melissa Johnson: Honors US History, Hickory
        Ridge High School. NC
- Chris Balga: Hickory Ridge HS. NC

								
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