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									Environmental Education


    Lesson Planning




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             Lesson Planning


To begin, ask yourself three basic questions:

1.Where are your students going?

2. How are they going to get there?

3. How will you know when they've arrived?



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           Lesson Plan Sections

1.   Goals/Rationale
2.   Objectives
3.   Prerequisites
4.   Background Information
5.   Materials
6.   Lesson Description
7.   Lesson Procedure
8.   Evaluation
9.   References



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                  Goals


• What is the broader rationale of the unit
  plan/curriculum?
• What do you expect students to know by
  the end of this unit?




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             Objectives

After completing this lesson, students
will be able to…




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              Prerequisites


• What must students already be able to do
  before this lesson?
• What concepts have to be mastered in
  advance to accomplish the lesson
  objectives?




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       Background Information

• Technical information someone will need
 to know to conduct the lesson.
• Especially important in EE
• Should cite references at the end for
 further study.



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               Materials


•What materials will be needed?

•What textbooks or story books are needed?
(include full bibliographic citations)

•What needs to be prepared in advance?



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           Lesson Description

•What is unique about this lesson?

•How did your students like it?

•What level of learning is covered by this lesson
plan? (Think of Bloom's Taxonomy: knowledge,
comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, or
evaluation.)


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        Lesson Procedure

•Anticipatory Set
•Introduction
•Main Activity
•Closure/conclusion
•Follow-up lessons/activities


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            Anticipatory Set

Describes how you will make the transition
 into the lesson

How is it related to past material, future
 materials, student knowledge, and
 experiences?



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              Introduction

• Describe how you will introduce the
  lesson to the students and how you will
  stimulate their interest and excitement for
  the topic and activities.
• A "spring board" activity, demonstration,
  song, etc. can often be effective in
  capturing the students interest.
• What will be expected of students?

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                Main Activity

• A step-by-step procedure
• Number each of the steps
• Avoid generalities – e.g." Discuss water
  pollution”
• How would you describe the flow of the lesson
  to another teacher who will replicate it?
• What does the teacher do to facilitate learning
  and manage the various activities?


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                 Conclusion

• Describe how you will conclude the lesson
  (review of content, bridges, informal assessment
  of learning, student feedback, etc.).
• Effective activities include those that get the
  students to summarize what they have learned
  (by, for example, presenting the results of a
  science project)
• Again, describe what both the teacher and the
  students will do.

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          Follow-up Lessons


• What activities might you suggest for
  enrichment and remediation?
• What lessons might follow as a result of
  this lesson?




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                      Evaluation
• Plan for how you will assess student learning.
• The focus is not on grading the students but on
  determining if the objectives have been achieved.
• Try to make it an "authentic" and integrated part of the
  lesson.
• The assessment may include questions within the body
  of the lesson plan…
• or specific formal and informal evaluation procedures
  such as observations, skill demonstrations, tests, reports
  of projects, portfolios, media displays, published works,
  etc.
• Your assessment strategies must match up with
  objectives.


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              References



• Cite all references used completely
• Will help others do background reading




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