Changing Policy Context for Youth Transitions by HC12091312173

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									Changing Policy Context
for Youth Transitions

   John Bynner
   Longview
“most adolescents join the labour market at
16 years of age: it is the normal life
experience of the adolescent|”

Schaffer and Hargreaves (1978)
Concerns and contexts

   The skills gap - 19th century – Realising our Potential,
    2003, Leitch, 2006
   The selection debate - 1944 Education Act
   Participation post 16 - Crowther, 1959
   The non-academic route to adulthood –Newsom, 1963
   The purpose and functioning of higher education –
    Robbins, 1963
   The changing nature of employment and the
    occupational structure – New Training Initiative, 1981
Consequences for youth transitions

   Need for qualifications
   Rising staying on rate
   Protracted transition
   Postponement of long-term partershipship
    and parenthood
   Polarised transitions - NEET
Policy levers

   Crowther, (1959) Newsom (1963), Robbins (1963) –
    Educational reform
   Manpower Services Commission – New Training Initiative
    (1981)
   National Council for Vocational Qualifications –NVQs,(1986)
    Schools Curriculum and Assessment Authority (1986)
   Educational Reform Act, 1988 - National curriculum
   Employment in the 1990s, (1988)
   Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (1997)
Upper secondary qualification – 1990
– across countries %
      80
      70
      60
      50
      40
                                                %
      30
      20
      10
      0
           Germany   France   Japan   England
Transition outcomes

Qualifications – across countries
Post 18 educational plans
Qualifications – across cohorts
Labour market participation
Partnership
Parenthhood
Educational plans – post 18 %

     40
     35
     30
     25
     20                                       none
     15                                       nvq 4-5

     10
     5
     0
          46 cohort   58 cohort   70 cohort
Qualifications across cohorts %

     40
     35
     30
     25
     20                                       None
     15                                       NVQ 4-5

     10
      5
      0
          46 cohort   58 cohort   70 cohort
Labour market Participation: Women
%
     70
     60
     50
     40                                       OLF
     30                                       Home care
                                              FT work
     20
     10
      0
          46 cohort   58 cohort   70 cohort
Partnership status %

     80
     70
     60
     50
                                              single
     40
                                              married
     30                                       cohabiting
     20
     10
     0
          46 cohort   58 cohort   70 cohort
No children - %

     90
     80
     70
     60
     50
                                              women
     40
                                              men
     30
     20
     10
      0
          46 cohort   58 cohort   70 cohort

								
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