Poetry Notes Types of Poetry And More Poetic Devices • What is the speaker’s relationship like with his father? What feelings does he reveal by the end? • Do you relate to the poem/theme? Explain. METER: • A POEM’S RHYTHMICAL PATTERN. *This pattern is determined by the number and types of stresses in each line. Refrain • Whole lines or stanzas repeated at regular intervals RHYTHM • PATTERN OF BEATS OR STRESSES IN SPOKEN OR WRITTEN LANGUAGE • **Some poems have a very specific pattern or meter, whereas prose and free verse use the natural rhythms of everyday speech. RHYME: • THE REPETITION OF SOUNDS AT THE ENDS OF WORDS • EX: Blue Shoe Ballad • A song or song-like poem that tells a story • A folk Ballad, such as “Bonny Barbara Allen,” has been passed down orally from generation to generation, often tells tales of domestic violence that ends tragically. LYRIC POETRY: • A short poem that expresses strong feelings. • LYRIC POEMS HAVE A MUSICAL QUALITY ACHIEVED THROUGH RHYTHM AND SUCH OTHER DEVICES AS ALLITERATION AND RHYME. • ** “The Guitar” FREE VERSE: • POETRY THAT IS FREE OF RULES CONCERNING RHYTHMICAL PATTERN OR METER VILLANELLE • A LYRIC POEM WRITTEN IN THREE- LINE STANZAS, ENDING WITH A FOUR- LINE STANZA. IT HAS TWO REFRAIN LINES (repeated) THAT APPEAR INITIALLY IN THE FIRST AND THIRD LINES OF THE FIRST STANZA; THEN APPEAR ALTERNATELY AS THE THIRD LINE OF SUBSEQUENT STANZAS, AND FINALLY AS THE LAST TWO LINES OF THE POEM. (“Do not Go Gently”) • What lines repeat throughout the poem? • What is it that the speaker is pleading with his father to fight? (literally) • Can you relate to this poem in regards to an experience with a family member or friend? Explain. IAMBIC PENTAMETER: • FIVE METRICAL FEET OF UNSTRESSED FOLLOWED BY STRESSED SYLLABLES. • EX: Shăll í cŏmpáre thĕe tό ă súmmĕr’s dáy? Refrain- Line that repeats Quatrain- 4-line stanza Couplet- 2-line Stanza SONNET • A FOURTEEN-LINE LYRIC POEM, USUALLY WRITTEN IN RHYMED IAMBIC PENTAMETER. • THE ENGLISH OR SHAKESPERIAN SONNET CONSISTS OF THREE QUATRAINS (FOUR- LINE STANZAS) AND A COUPLET (TWO LINE STANZA), USUALLY RHYMING ABAB CDCD EFEF GG HAIKU • JAPANESE POETRY COMPRISED OF THREE LINES. The first and third lines have five syllables. The second line has seven syllables. • HAIKU SEEKS TO CONVEY A SINGLE VIVID EMOTION (like a snapshot) TANKA • CONSISTS OF FIVE UNRHYMED LINES WITH A PATTERN OF FIVE, SEVEN, FIVE, SEVEN, SEVEN SYLLABLES. Dramatic Poetry • Poetry that uses the techniques of drama. • A verse that presents the speech of one or more characters. It usually involves many narrative elements such as setting, conflict, and plot. Rd: “Is My Team Plowing” • What is happening in this poem? • Who is the speaker? • Is this an example of Dramatic Poetry? Explain Narrative Poetry • A poem that tells a story. • “The Mill” • “Stoppoing by Woods on a Snowy Evening” • Rd: “The Mill” • What is happening in this poem? • Who is the speaker? • Is this Dramatic or Narrative Poetry? Explain.
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