A versatile and able leader by Y2o5Uo


									R3 CHURCH HISTORY    4fb16c8b-58ec-47d1-adbf-fb589378a4e7.rtf


Growth in a Crumbling Empire:

Spreading the Faith, Bringing Order to Chaos

Major Concepts

   A. A Picture of Christian Life: In the early Dark Ages, uncertain fate and conditions gave
      people a strong sense of God as ruler. Eucharistic worship was central to Christian life,
      the Mass was fairly standardized, and the veneration of saints became increasingly
      important in worship and the liturgy. Requirements for the priesthood became stricter, but
      celibacy remained optional, and priests were often chosen by local people or rulers.

   B. The Political Scene, West and East: Late in the fifth century, the Western empire fell to
      barbarian invasion and split into two major kingdoms-the Franks in the north and the
      Goths in the south. When Clovis, leader of the Franks, converted to Christianity, his
      soldiers and subjects converted as well, hastening the rise of Christendom in the West. In
      the Eastern empire, Justinian strongly ruled both church and state. He was responsible for
      the persecution of Jews and other non-Christians but also left behind the Justinian Code
      and the magnificent Hagia Sophia Church.

   C. The Monasteries: While political and economic chaos prevailed in the wider world,
      monasteries rose as centers of learning, faith, and social organization. Throughout
      Ireland, Patrick established monasteries where monks introduced people to reading,
      writing, and Christianity; this missionary method later spread to Europe. Also in Ireland,
      Brigid founded many women's monastic communities and the double monastery, for men
      and women, at Kildare. At Monte Cassino in Italy, Benedict wrote a rule that became the
      guide for life and discipline in religious communities throughout the Western world.

   D. Gregory the Great: When disease and natural disaster hit Rome in 590, the people there
      elected Gregory, a monk and former prefect, as pope. A versatile and able leader,
      Gregory fed the poor, helped rebuild Rome, encouraged education for the clergy, had
      church music recorded into a written system, and dealt with barbarian tribes. Gregory's
      most distinctive missionary work involved sending monks to Britain to convert the
      Angles and Saxons.

   E. A New Threat: In the late 500s and early 600s, Muhammad founded the religion Islam
      and taught that Muslims honor the one God, Allah, by spreading Islam everywhere. By
      the mid-700s, Muslim conquerors ruled most of the Middle East, North Africa, and
      Spain. The Frankish leader Charles Martel stopped Islam from spreading over Europe,
      but the Mediterranean remained under Muslim control, and trade between the West and
      Constantinople was destroyed.

To top