Land Use Planning and Environmental Protection - DOC 14

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					                                                           Unit II Themes and Academic Standards
                                                                      Watershed Education Manual
                                                                                 September 2004
________________________________________________________________________

               Land Use Planning and Environmental Protection
              Unit II: Program Themes, Objectives, Evaluation Procedure,
                            Materials & Academic Standards




State Park/Center: Watershed Education Facilitators/Participating Teachers
Date: September 2004

EIT/EES: EESs & Teachers                       Program Length: 9-14* Class Periods

*Notes: Educator may want to extend certain lessons, end at lesson 9, or include more
than 5 classes to complete the final project.

I. Title: Land Use Planning and Environmental Protection

II. Program Themes: A primary theme in lessons 9-14 is that you don’t have to be a
professional planner to protect significant natural and cultural features in your
community. Mastering a few tools is all that is necessary to become involved in
community planning and protecting your favorite community features from the negative
impacts associated with sprawl.

III. Target Audience: Grades 10-12

IV. Type of Program: Environmental Education (geography, civics, physical and
biological science, law, reading, writing)

V. Behavioral Objectives: Students will be able to:

   1.      Define significant resources and identify significant features within and in
           proximity to the Delaware Canal State Park.
   2.      Utilize common environmental planning tools to locate significant features in
           their own neighborhoods, local communities, and region.
   3.      Define sprawl, identify the reasons we have sprawl, and identify specific
           negative social and environmental impacts associated with sprawl.
   4.      Identify ten rules for a quality community.
   5.      Define the term land use and identify pollutants associated with different land
           uses in our communities.
   6.      Define sustainability and compare the sustainable model of development with
           models currently applied to local, regional, and international development.
   7.      Identify when and why our nation began adopting environmental protection
           laws.

_____________________________________________________________________
                                  LP-60
Delaware Canal State Park/HDCIC/Heinz Foundation Funding
Forbes Environmental & Land Use Planning
                                                           Unit II Themes and Academic Standards
                                                                      Watershed Education Manual
                                                                                 September 2004
________________________________________________________________________
   8.    Recognize the reasons for protecting significant natural, cultural, historical
         and recreational resources.
   9.    Identify and define the three branches of government, major pieces of federal
         environmental legislation, and the three Constitutional Amendments
         protecting landowner’s rights.
   10.   Provide an overview of the Pennsylvania Municipalities Code and identify the
         three documents/ordinances most commonly used to plan for and implement
         land use development planning in our local municipalities.
   11.   Identify and apply non-regulatory planning and land development review
         tools to an existing land development project.
   12.   Identify potential environmental impacts associated with an existing land
         development proposal.
   13.   Identify proper local government contacts and provide recommendations to
         local government regarding existing land development proposal.

VI. Evaluation Procedure Used: Each lesson allows for discussion and feedback
during in-class lecture. There are short, in-class exercises and homework assignments
associated with unit lessons. The final project will be the primary means for Unit II
evaluation.

VII.       Equipment & Materials:

   1.      WE Manual, Unit II: Information Section (Chapters 1-4), lesson plans (10),
           overheads, homework assignments, work sheets (appendices), and local plan
           for land development and planning, study, and regulatory documents
           (obtained by educator and listed in Lesson 9).

   2.      Land and Water Loan Boxes (Contact the Delaware Canal State Park)
           containing all maps, agency and non-profit publications, books and videos
           listed in lesson plans (1-10).

VII.       Academic Standards for Environment and Ecology (Grades 10-12)*

   13.1    Watersheds & Wetlands                       13.6    Ecosystems and their
   13.2    Renewable & Nonrenewable                            Interactions
           Resources                                   13.7    Threatened, Endangered, &
   13.3    Environmental Health                                Extinct Species
   13.4    Agriculture & Society                       13.8    Humans and the Environment
   13.5    Integrated Pest Management                  13.9    Environmental Laws &
                                                               Regulations




_____________________________________________________________________
                                  LP-61
Delaware Canal State Park/HDCIC/Heinz Foundation Funding
Forbes Environmental & Land Use Planning
                                                            Unit II Themes and Academic Standards
                                                                       Watershed Education Manual
                                                                                  September 2004
________________________________________________________________________
 Standard &                      Standard Section & Description                          Unit II
 Grade Level

  4.1.10 & 12   10 A-E & 12 A-E:
                Please refer to Blue Pages of Watershed Education Manual
    4.2.10      10.A: Explain that renewable and nonrenewable resources supply
                energy and materials (fuels).
                10.B: Evaluate factors affecting availability of natural resources
                (technologies).
                10.C: Analyze how man-made systems have impacted the
                management and distribution of natural resources (extraction to
                disposal/different regions).
                10.D: Explain different management alternatives involved in
                recycling and waste management (manufacturing processes).
    4.2.12      12.A: Analyze the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources
                (effects on the environment).
                12. B: Analyze factors (comparative economics) of areas based on
                the availability and accessibility of the natural resources.
                12.C: Analyze factors that influence availability of natural resources
                (countries, cultures).
                12.D: Evaluate solid waste management practices (new
                technologies).

    4.3.10      10.A: Describe environmental health issues (identify the effects and
                cost: benefits).
                10.B: Explain how multiple variables determine the effects of
                pollution on environmental health, natural processes and human
                practices (human practices, evidence).
                10.C: Explain biological diversity as an indicator of a healthy
                environment.
    4.3.12      12.A: Analyze the complexity of environmental health (efforts to
                prevent or reduce pollution, disposal methods) issues.
                12.B: Analyze the local, regional impacts on environmental health
                (mitigation, industry initiatives)
                12.C: Analyze the need for a healthy environment (man made
                systems and the environment).
    4.4.10      10.A: Describe the importance of agriculture to society (influence
                of agriculture on culture, historic/economic issues).
                10.B: Assess the influence of agricultural science on farming
                practices.
                10.C: Explain the functions of the components of the food and fiber
                system.
                10.D: Analyze the efforts of increased efficiency in agriculture
                through technology (technological advancements).
    4.4.12      12.A: Analyze the management practices of agricultural businesses
                (effects of agricultural practices on economy).
                12.B: Describe how agricultural science influenced biotechnology.


_____________________________________________________________________
                                  LP-62
Delaware Canal State Park/HDCIC/Heinz Foundation Funding
Forbes Environmental & Land Use Planning
                                                           Unit II Themes and Academic Standards
                                                                      Watershed Education Manual
                                                                                 September 2004
________________________________________________________________________
 Standard &                      Standard Section & Description                        Unit II
 Grade Level

                12.C. Analyze and research the social, political, and economic
                factors affecting agricultural systems.
                12.D: Analyze research and development activities as they relate to
                agriculture.
    4.5 10      10.A: Identify similar classifications of pests that may or may not
                have similar effects on different regions.
                10.B: Analyze health benefits and risks associated with integrated
                pest management (IPM).
                10.C: Determine the effects of IPM practices on society over time.
    4.5.12      12.A: Research IPM pest management systems.
                12.B: Research and analyze IPM management systems globally.
                12.C: Analyze the historical significance of IPM.
    4.6.10      10.A: Explain the biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem
                and their interaction (organisms modify their environment to sustain
                their needs, causes of population fluctuations).
                10.B. Explain how cycles affect the balance in an ecosystem
                (interruption of natural cycles).
                10.C. Analyze how ecosystems change over time (consequences of
                interrupting natural cycles).

    4.6.12      12.A: Analyze the interdependence of the ecosystem (impacts of
                outside influences, land use and soils).
                12.B: Analyze the impact of cycles upon ecosystems.
                12.C: Analyze how human action and associated changes
                affect the balance of ecosystems (natural occurrences and
                impacts, human effects, and human effect on succession)
    4.7.10      10.A: Explain the significance of diversity in ecosystems.
                10. B: Explain how structure, function and behavior of plans
                and animals affect their ability to survive.
                10.C: Identify and explain why adaptations can lead to
                specialization.
    4.7.12      12.A: Analyze biological diversity and ecosystem stability.

                12.B. Examine the effects of extinction, natural and human
                caused to the environment.
                12.C: Analyze the effects of threatened, endangered, or extinct
                species and natural systems (social-cultural)
    4.8.10      10.A: Analyze how society’s needs relate to the sustainability
                of natural resources (societies, internationally, natural
                resources)
                10.B: Analyze the relationship between the use of natural
                resources and sustaining our societies (role of natural
                resources, resource availability: community and region).


_____________________________________________________________________
                                  LP-63
Delaware Canal State Park/HDCIC/Heinz Foundation Funding
Forbes Environmental & Land Use Planning
                                                               Unit II Themes and Academic Standards
                                                                          Watershed Education Manual
                                                                                     September 2004
________________________________________________________________________
 Standard &                         Standard Section & Description                           Unit II
 Grade Level
                  10.C: Analyze how human activities may cause changes in an
                  ecosystem (environmental impacts due to human activities,
                  different industrial strategies)
                  10.D: Explain how the concept of supply and demand affects
                  the environment (increase in demand through time, scarcity
                  due to demand, population density: resource use).
    4.8.12        12.A: Explain how technology has influenced the
                  sustainability of natural resources over time (business and
                  industry influences).
                  12. B: Analyze technology’s role up natural resource
                  sustainability (role of technology in reducing pollution).
                  12.C: Analyze how pollution has changed (quality, variety,
                  toxicity) as the US has developed its industrial base (historical
                  pollution, changes in levels).
                  12.D: Analyze the international implications of environmental
                  occurrences.
    4.9.10        10.A: Explain why environmental laws and regulations are
                  developed and enacted

    4.9.10        12.A: Analyze Environmental laws and regulations as they
                  related to environmental issues (problems resulting in
                  regulations).

* Notes: The lesson plans contained in the Watershed Education Manual (both blue and green
components) meet many other Academic Standards (e.g., 1.4 reading/writing/speaking and listening, 2.3
mathematics, 3.3 science and technology, and 9.1 geography). However, the following table provides in-
depth standard descriptions for the Academic Standards for Environment and Ecology and for grades 10-
12 only. Many of these lessons may also be scaled down slightly for Middle School level. Contact the
Delaware Canal State Park staff for additional information if needed.




_____________________________________________________________________
                                  LP-64
Delaware Canal State Park/HDCIC/Heinz Foundation Funding
Forbes Environmental & Land Use Planning

				
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