Gutierrez Diaz by 08SJM9E

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									Education in EU innovation Policy
          EDEN Annual Conference
          13-16 June 2007, Naples



               Maruja Gutierrez-Diaz
Head of the Innovation and Transversal Policies Unit
             DG Education and Culture                  1
A qualitative change:
the revised Lisbon Agenda
The triangle of knowledge
• Education as a core policy for innovation
• Education as a driver of growth and competitiveness
Social cohesion
• Education as an essential instrument for social inclusion
• Education as the key to active citizenship
Sustainable development
• Environement, economy, society

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Education as a key factor for
competitiveness and growth

• EU budget 1A: COMPETITIVENESS FOR GROWTH   K €uros:
    AND EMPLOYMENT                           invisible
• 7th Research Framework Programme           54 582.1
• Trans-European Networks - TEN Transport     8 013.0
• Lifelong Learning                           6 970.0
• Erasmus Mundus (including 2nd phase)          731.9
• Competitiveness and Innovation Framework    3 621.3
  Programme
• EU budget 1B: COHESION FOR GROWTH AND
    EMPLOYMENT
• Structural Funds                           277 703.0
• Cohesion Fund                               69 707.0

                                                         3
Education contributes to
and is supported by
all major EU policies and instruments

  • 7th Framework Programme for Research
  • Structural Funds
     – European Regional Development Fund
     – European Social Fund
  • Information Society Policy / i2010
  • Competitiveness and Innovation Programme
  • Innovation Policy

                                               4
Education in the
7th Framework Programme for Research

• Science in Society Programme
   – Socioeconomic research
   – Science education & Gender balance
   – Science in Society
• Innovation and cooperation with enterprise
• Research cooperation agreements
   – CRELL: Indicators and monitoring
   – IPTS: Foresight & new learning spaces

                                               5
Education in the
Structural Funds

• European Fund for Regional Development
  – Educational infrastructures, including ICT
  – Regional development & lifelong learning
• European Social Fund
  – Human capital, social capital
  – Employment policy (skills, guidance, lifelong learning)
  – Social cohesion, support to less favoured groups
• Both Funds support innovation and reforms

                                                              6
Use of Structural Funds for the reform
of education and training systems

• Innovation in education is not an option for new ESF
  programmes – it is a regulatory obligation


• ESF Regulation ec 1083/2006, Art. 3, 1 d) (i) "the design
  and introduction of reforms in education and training
  systems in order to develop employability, the
  improvement of the labour market relevance of initial and
  vocational education and training and the continual
  updating of the skills of training personnel with a view to
  innovation and a knowledge-based economy;"

                                                                7
Education in
Information Society Policy

• ICT Programme within the 7th FP for Research
  – Interfaces, advanced computing
• I2010
  – European Information Space
  – Investing and innovation in research
  – Inclusion and better quality of life
• eContent plus
  – Digital libraries
  – Quality digital contents for education

                                                 8
Education in
Innovation Policy

• Innovation policy
  – Green paper on innovation and education
  – eSkills
  – Standards
• Competitiveness and innovation programme
• Education and enterprise
  – Education to entrepreneurship at school
  – Higher Education: entrepreneurship and partnerships
  – Corporate social responsibility

                                                          9
Education and innovation
a strong EU policy message

 Revised Lisbon Agenda, 2005
• “Knowledge and innovation are the beating heart
  of European growth”

Broad-based Innovation Strategy, 2006
• “Without education as a core policy, innovation
  will remain unsupported. It must promote talent
  and creativity from an early stage”

                                                    10
European Innovation Scoreboard

Innovation drivers
• Science and engineering graduates per 1000 population aged 20-29
• Population with tertiary education per 1000 population aged 25-64
• Participation in lifelong learning per 1000 population aged 25-64
• Youth education attainment level (% of population aged 20-24
  having completed at least upper secondary education
• Broadband penetration rate


Four out of five are related to education


                                                                      11
Correlation analysis of innovation drivers




                         Source: Ernesto Villalba, CRELL-JRC Forthcoming paper
                                                                                 12
Cluster analysis of innovation drivers




                       Source: Ernesto Villalba, CRELL-JRC Forthcoming paper
                                                                               13
The concept of innovation

• A classic definition: the Oslo Manual
  – innovation as “a new significant improved product
    (good or service), or process, a new marketing
    method, or a new organisational method, business
    practices, workplace organisation or external
    relations”
• Some recent developments
  –   Services innovation
  –   Open innovation
  –   Society-driven innovation
  –   The role of the user

                                                        14
The many facets of innovation

• Two complementary concepts of innovation
  – Innovation as radical change
  – Innovation as incremental improvement
• The need for a systemic approach
  – National innovation systems
  – Innovation at regional and local levels
• The need for a broad view
  – Innovation for growth and competitiveness
  – Innovation for better public services
  – Innovation and creativity

                                                15
Education for innovation at all levels

  Fostering knowledge, skills and attitudes for innovation
  – Understanding innovation skills
  – Fostering a spirit of entrepreneurship
  – Pedagogical approaches and modes of learning
  – The contribution of ICT
  The need to rethink innovation from an education angle
  – A culture of evaluation
  – The need for an early start
  – Teacher training
  – Improved research
  – Increased autonomy of educational institutions
                                                             16
Innovation in education

• Making education and training systems more innovative
  and development oriented

   –   Providing the required framework conditions
   –   Balancing top-down and bottom-up approaches
   –   Accepting risk taking and building on failure
   –   Focussing on key knowledge and competences
   –   Building in ability to initiate and manage change

• Developing an innovation-friendly vision of education



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Thank you for your attention!




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