Most of the world's poor live in countries where tourism is a

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					ESOL IELTS MODEL ESSAY:
Tourism - Benefits and disadvantages to local cultures

       Most of the world's poor live in countries where tourism is a growing industry.

                   The issue is that tourism does not benefit the poorest.

        How can the income generated by tourism benefit the poor? And how can we

      ensure that tourism does not destroy traditional cultures and ways of life?




            Tourism is one of the fastest growing and most lucrative
       industries in the world. However, in some countries, especially
       in the Third World, the involvement of foreign investors and
       inappropriate tourist development and practices limit the local
       benefits and damage ecosystems and traditional cultures. How
       can tourism benefit the indigenous economy and contribute to
       environmental and socio-cultural conservation?       In other
       words, how can ecotourism be established?

            To begin with, in order to develop a strategy of
       sustainable tourism, local authorities have to take some
       measures to improve the local tourist benefits. One way to
       make tourist income profitable to local communities would be
       for local governments to restrict the development of resorts
       and other sorts of all-inclusive package holidays, which provide
       everything people need and, in so doing, limit opportunities for
       local people to profit from tourism. This would help local
       ESOL IELTS Model Essay:   Loubna Afkir    Curr Refs: Rw/L2.2a & 3a Rt/L1a & 4a
ESOL IELTS MODEL ESSAY:
Tourism - Benefits and disadvantages to local cultures

       economies to grow by increasing the use of local food, services
       and transport and it should reduce migration from rural areas
       by creating new jobs relating to tourism, such as local guides,
       cooks and hosts. Moreover, the promotion of local tourism
       requires the development of facilities including infrastructure,
       hospitals and public places, which should also profit the local
       inhabitants and bring higher living standards.

            Another solution to increase local earnings would be to
       raise fees and taxes on tourist sales or rentals. By doing so,
       governments would have more money to invest in schools,
       transport and environmental improvement, such as pollution
       prevention, minimisation of waste and management of natural
       resources. This money could also be invested in the creation
       of national parks and wildlife parks, which can be not only
       attractive tourist destinations, but also a way of conserving
       biological diversity. An interesting example is in Uganda,
       where gorilla reserves can generate over US$3million in
       revenue per year. This revenue ensures that these critical
       habitats are protected, and thus their ecological function
       including local climate regulation, water catchments and natural
       resources for indigenous communities.

           Another suggestion to counteract the economic problems
       of tourism and deal with environmental and socio-cultural
       unrest, would be to renovate historic sites and monuments as
       tourist attractions and support local festivals and cultural
       events. This 'heritage' tourism would boost the preservation
       and transmission of cultural and historical traditions, and in
       this manner it would contribute to the protection of local
       heritage and a renaissance of indigenous cultures.

          Individual travellers can also act in favour of local
       communities. If they spent money on indigenous businesses,
       ESOL IELTS Model Essay:   Loubna Afkir   Curr Refs: Rw/L2.2a & 3a Rt/L1a & 4a
ESOL IELTS MODEL ESSAY:
Tourism - Benefits and disadvantages to local cultures

       patronised those who advance energy and environmental
       conservation and used non-motorised transport, which do not
       need imported equipment or energy, they would not only
       increase local profits, but also improve the environment.
       Another recommendation for travellers would be to be
       ecologist and civilised. They must be culturally sensitive and
       non-offensive, which involves being aware of the values,
       customs and religious beliefs of native people. As a result,
       wildlife and indigenous lifestyles would not be disturbed.

            An interesting way to optimise the tourism in developing
       countries is to call for charity organisations, such as ABTA
       (the Association of British Travel Agents), which aims to
       ensure that travellers and the industry take steps to preserve
       the environments of the destinations they visit and support
       local communities through a variety of means.             Another
       example of an international environmental charity is
       Earthwatch, which enables volunteers to work alongside
       scientists on projects and play a role in collecting the research
       needed to conserve the planet for the future. It would be a
       good idea to take some holiday, and at the same time, help to
       protect ecosystems.

           All things considered, I feel that it would be quite easy
       and desirable to set up sustainable tourism in developing
       countries, and would optimise tourist benefits of local
       communities and ensures the preservation of traditional
       cultures and ecosystems. However, this would require the
       consent and motivation of local authorities, individual
       travellers and non-governmental organisations.

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       ESOL IELTS Model Essay:   Loubna Afkir   Curr Refs: Rw/L2.2a & 3a Rt/L1a & 4a
ESOL IELTS MODEL ESSAY:
Tourism - Benefits and disadvantages to local cultures


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       ESOL IELTS Model Essay:   Loubna Afkir    Curr Refs: Rw/L2.2a & 3a Rt/L1a & 4a

				
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