War and Global Insecurity by we9mj6AB

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									War and Global Insecurity


  Chapter 16
Terrorism, Global and Domestic
 Terrorism involves the unlawful use of force
  and violence against person, property to
  intimidate or coerce a government to achieve
  political or social objectives
 Narcoterrorism- use of violence in the
  trafficking of drugs
 State terrorism refers to the terrorism of
  the government against their own people
 Revolutionary terrorism- to bring about
  total political change
Measuring Terrorism in the
United States
 There have been more than 2,700
  terrorist acts between 1980 and 1998
  in the United States
 Domestic terrorist groups in the
  United States tend to fall into two
  ideological categories
         Left-wing
         Right-wing
Origins of Terrorist Groups
 Many terrorist groups have originated out
  of troubled areas of the world
           Middle East
           Northern Ireland
 Political radicalism is a source of terrorism
 Terrorism can have its origin in cults
 Terrorism can originate out of the State to
  maintain power
Origins of Terrorist Groups
 Characteristics of terrorist recruits
           Well educated
           Young
           Upper-middle class or middle-
            class background
 Terrorism emerges out of the despair bred
  by the economic deprivation in parts of the
  world
 Terrorists operate on a belief system based
  on salvation through violence
Terrorism and Religion
 Terrorists groups are often motivated
  by deep religious convictions
         Totalitarian belief systems
 Violence is often committed against
  known and unknown victims
         Random victims
         Select targets because of
          their prominence in society
Terrorism’s Impact on Society
 The primary impact of terrorism on society
  are:
          Increased fear and heightened
           security
          Erosion of civil liberties
          Economic consequences
          Health consequences
          Political consequences
War and Its Effects
 Between 1100 and 1925 about 35 million
  soldiers were killed in 862 wars
 During World War II 17 million soldiers and
  35 million civilians were killed
 In 2004, about 2 million veterans were
  receiving compensation from the U.S.
  government for war-related disabilities
 War takes a psychological toll on soldiers
          Posttraumatic stress disorder
Indirect Effects of War
 War is a major factor in mass migration of
  populations
          Between 1986 and 1999 there
           have been over 1.3 million
           refugees were granted asylum
           in the United States
 Government policy during war has also
  forced population migration
          WW II and German relocation
           policy
Indirect Effects of War
 War and economic devastation
 Impact of war on culture and the
  psychology of people
Effects of Nuclear War
 Technology has made warfare more lethal
           Human consequences
           Ecological consequences
 Rogue States and Weapons of Mass
  Destruction
             North Korea
             Iraq under Saddam Hussein
             Afghanistan under the Taliban
             Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe
Effects of Nuclear War
 The prospect of a global nuclear war
  has lessened
 Nuclear proliferation and threat of
  nuclear war in unstable parts of the
  world is still a problem
Controlling Warfare
 The increase in the destructiveness in
  warfare has lead to progress in controlling
  war
 The Bush administration has claimed that a
  war on terrorism means that rules of
  conventional warfare do not apply
 In 2004 the Supreme Court rejected the U.S.
  government’s attempt to detain an American
  citizen indefinitely without trial

								
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