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					POL 110 HWK 1

Multiple Choice Questions. Please circle correct answer.

1. The idea that a just government must derive its powers from the consent of the people it
   governs is
   A. popular consent.
   B. consent of freedom.
   C. liberty.
   D. equality.
   E. democracy

2. Believers in democracy do not accept
   A. statism.
   B. equality.
   C. individualism.
   D. liberty.
   E. self-determination

3. The United States operates under a system of
   A. constitutional democracy.
   B. legislative superiority.
   C. direct democracy.
   D. judicial restraint.
   E. totalitarianism.

4. The authors of The Federalist include all but which of the following:
   A. Hamilton
   B. Jefferson
   C. Madison
   D. John Jay
   E. All of the above authored The Federalist.

5. Only one of the following statements is true of the ratification process.
   A. The opponents tried to get a quick “no” vote.
   B. Most newspapers were Federalist opponents.
   C. Most of the opponents were in rural areas.
   D. Opposition was concentrated in the small states.
   E. The opponents were well-organized from the beginning.
6. The Federalists favored
   A. strong state governments, relative to the central government.
   B. an all-powerful central government.
   C. strong ties to Native American tribes.
   D. strong economic ties to Europe.
   E. a strong central government, relative to the state governments.

7. Law that is higher than human law is dubbed _____ law.
   A. statutory
   B. universal
   C. natural
   D. supreme
   E. constitutional

8. The legislative branch can
   A. pardon persons convicted of federal crimes.
   B. override presidential vetoes.
   C. pass ex post facto laws.
   D. nominate individuals to serve as federal justices.
   E. go public.

9. To date, how many individuals have been impeached by Congress?
   A. 89
   B. 45
   C. 17
   D. 2
   E. 0

10. The term separation of powers refers to the
    A. individual powers of a president are separated among his cabinet secretaries.
    B. separation of the Congress into the House and the Senate.
    C. allocation of power among the three branches of government.
    D. belief that the federal government should be subservient to the state governments.
    E. separation of powers between the federal government and the state governments.

11. The constitutional arrangement that limits the power of American officials is known as
    A. separation of powers.
    B. prohibitions on authority.
    C. sharing of powers.
    D. implied powers.
    E. enumerated powers.

12. The major tool of the courts in checking the power of other government branches has been
    A. impeachment.
    B. habeas corpus.
    C. judicial review.
   D. common law.
   E. writs of mandamus.


13. With one exception, ratification of constitutional amendments has been by action of
    A. the president.
    B. the Supreme Court.
    C. state conventions.
    D. national conventions.
    E. state legislatures.

14. Constitutionalism as a part of democratic government serves to
    A. ignore the abuse of power.
    B. expand the authority of officials.
    C. protect the rights of the majority.
    D. safeguard against revolution.
    E. define and limit the government’s power.

15. A candidate who receives 55 percent of the popular vote has obtained a
    A. majority.
    B. plurality.
    C. consensus.
    D. both a and b
    E. none of the above

16. The Three-fifths Compromise did not deal with
    A. counting slaves.
    B. taxation.
    C. representation.
    D. treaty ratification.
    E. the banning of importation of slaves.

17. The New Jersey Plan included all of the following except
    A. It was derived from states, based on equal votes for each state.
    B. It said the government could compel obedience to national laws.
    C. A bicameral legislature.
    D. Ratification would be done by the states.
    E. The federal government would have no power over the states.

18. The branch of government most likely to have dominated the framers’ opinion was the
    A. bureaucracy.
    B. executive.
    C. judicial.
    D. legislative.
    E. presidency.
19. Which of the following has served to concentrate more power in the executive branch?
    A. poverty
    B. global warming
    C. impeachment
    D. foreign and economic crises
    E. the Internet


20. The Constitution of the United States has been altered without formal amendment by all but
    one of the following methods:
    A. congressional elaboration.
    B. presidential practice.
    C. custom and usage.
    D. interposition by states.
    E. Supreme Court decisions.


Essay Questions. Pick ONE (circle which one), and answer in 200-300 words. These must be
typed. Attach to the assignment.

1. Define direct democracy and give two examples of forms of direct democracy.

2. Define separation of powers and explain how it works in the United States.

3. Explain the difference between majority rule and plurality rule.

4. Define writ of mandamus and explain its relation to the Marbury v. Madison case.

5. Define the Connecticut Compromise and identify the disagreement it resolved.

6. What was the subject of the Marbury v. Madison case and what was the case’s most
   significant effect?

7. Define The Federalist and explain its importance in the ratification of the Constitution.

8. Define statism and give an example.

9. Describe the process for amending the Constitution and evaluate its difficulty.

10. Evaluate the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan as alternative models for government
    discussed at the Constitutional Convention.

				
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