Rao presentation november 06 by S3a3DA

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									                      GCP/BGD/034/MUL
National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP)

            Preliminary Findings of
        A Survey of Research Needs for
         Food Security in Bangladesh
                     J. Mohan RAO*
                     Adviser to FAO
              *University of Massachusetts and
      Institute of South Asian Studies-NUS, Singapore
                     29 November 2006
          Aims of the
  Research Needs Digest (RND)
To assess research needs and take stock of
 research appropriate to enhancing food
 security in Bangladesh:
  • For policy-makers, researchers and civil
    society, to inform decisions about setting
    research priorities
  • For NFPCSP, to inform decisions about
    setting a research agenda for technical
    assistance and awarding grants
    Methodology: Instruments
The assessment is based on two
  instruments:
• Interviews with individuals from
  – Government Departments
  – Research Institutes and Universities
  – Non-Governmental Organizations
  – International Organizations and Donors
• Bibliographic Search for the period 1999-
  2006
   Instruments (1): Interviews
Personal interviews were conducted
• with the aid of a simple questionnaire that
  defined and illustrated each dimension of FS
• by eliciting from respondents research topics of
  importance from a national standpoint
• in dialog form with interviewer asking
  supplementary questions or requesting
  clarifications
• to get abstracts of each topic where possible
  Instruments (2): Bibliographic
The bibliographic search was conducted
• with exclusive focus on research on
  Bangladesh done in Bangladesh &
  elsewhere
• confined to the period 1999-2006
• based on search of relevant electronic
  data bases plus specific-source searches
• using all relevant search words
   Methodology: Classification

The topics generated by the Interviews and
 titles from the Bibliographic search have
 been classified by the following criteria:

 FIRST, by principal dimensions of FS

 SECOND, by sub-dimensions or clusters
Classification: Principal Dimensions
             Considered
Main            1. Production and Availability
Dimensions      2. “Social” or Non-Market Access
                3. “Economic” or Market Access
                4. Utilization and Nutrition

Cross-cutting   5. Governance and Institutions
Dimensions      6. Infrastructure
                7. Environment
                8. Women+other Disadv. Groups
     Classification: “Clusters”
       or Sub-Dimensions
• Clusters are chosen to partition the
  dimensions

• Each Cluster groups issues closely
  related in both logic and experience

• Please refer to the SURVEY form for
  the “Clusters” considered
      Distribution of Clusters by
             Dimensions
The 32 Clusters are distributed as follows:

 Production and     6   Governance and   3
 Availability           Institutions
 “Social” or Non-   4   Infrastructure   3
 Market Access
 “Economic” or      6   Environment      2
 Market Access
 Utilization and    5   Women + Other    3
 Nutrition              Disadv. Groups
     Methodology: Rationale for
      Classification Scheme
 This method of classification
• aims to create some order in what
  otherwise would be a chaotic jumble of
  hundreds of items
• does not presume any priority or ranking
  among the clusters

NOTE: Alternative clusterings are possible
      Interviews VS Bibliography
         Interviews               Bibliography
yield important topics     is set of completed
to be researched           research issues
often express worries or   scientifically defined
concerns without           problems or puzzles with
scientific niceties        established methods
topics emerge from a       often emerge from
respondent-interviewer     imperatives internal to
dialogue                   the scientific process
respondent is prompted     research expresses the
to consider national       researcher’s or
interests                  originator’s interests
          The Progress So Far
• >75 persons from >50 agencies interviewed
• No. of respondent-identified TOPICS    251
• No. of bibliographic TITLES identified 582


                 FINDINGS
Findings from the Interviews and Bibliographic
  Search have been juxtaposed by cluster
          Please see the HANDOUTS
Frequency Distribution by Clusters
              (%)
           FS DIMENSION                Interviews    Bibliog.
 Production and Availability                    25          18
 “Social”/Non-Market Accesss                    10          10
 “Economic”/Market Access                       12          19
 Utilization and Nutrition                      29          18
 Governance and Institutions                     5          12
 Infrastructure                                  4            7
 Environment                                     8            3
 Women+Other Disadvantaged Groups                7          13
                          Total Number         221         578
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                                                                                                                            Interviews VS Bibliog.




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                                                                                                                Frequency Distribution (%) Across DIMENSIONS:
      Scope and Limitations
• The intent is to focus on socio-economic
  research and socio-economic implications
  of scientific-technological research
• There is wide but not necessarily
  statistically representative coverage of
  respondents
• The dialog nature of interviews implies
  interviewer inputs may influence findings
• The findings are still work in progress
          The Way Forward
A follow-up workshop in February will reflect
  feedback received here. It will also include
• findings from interviews of another dozen
  persons including eminent national experts
• cluster-wise analysis of topics and titles
  and further grouping into “sub-clusters”
• consolidation of the findings into a digest
  to inform NFPCSP and the research and
  policy-making communities
    Please Complete SURVEY
  Survey: Scoring Clusters on a 1-10 Scale
• Please score each cluster on a scale from 1-10.
  [A cluster is a group of related issues.]
• Your scores must reflect your sense of national
  research priorities over the coming 5-10 years
• A score of 10 means "Very High Priority" and a
  score of 1 means "Very Low Priority“
• Please score as many of the clusters as possible
• Feel free to seek clarifications from facilitators

								
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