Profile Moldova

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					Country Profile - Moldova




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                                                               How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                                                               data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                                                                   your team's           point (e.g., more    What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                                                               knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                                                               Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
# Question                               Definition                              Source                         Data                                                                                Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
Ge
   Size of the country (total km^2)      area (km^2)                             2007 CIA World Factbook        33,843                                                                                                                            High
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       This data point will reveal the ICT
1                                                                                                                                                                                             Highly Accurate                                                          coverage according to country size
2   Size of the country (land)           area (km^2)                             2007 CIA World Factbook        33,371                                                                                                                            High
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       This data point will reveal the ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                              Highly Accurate                                                          coverage according to country size
3   Size of the country (water)          area (km^2)                             2007 CIA World Factbook        472                                                                           Highly Accurate                                     Low
4   Physical features of the country     description                             2007 CIA World Factbook                                                                                                                                          High                 This data point will reveal if there
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       are any obstacles related to ICT
                                                                                                                Rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea lowest point: Dniester River                                                                          access caused by physical features of
                                                                                                                2 m. highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m                                      Highly Accurate                                                        Moldova.
5   Labels for primary                   (e.g. state or province, county,        2007 CIA World Factbook        32 raions (raioane; singular - raionul); 3 municipalities (municipiul); 1                             Giving the overall High
    political/geographic divisions       district)                                                              autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma); and 1 territorial                        objective of Regional
                                                                                                                unit (unitatea teritoriala)                                                                           Development Policy in
                                                                                                                raions: Anenii Noi; Basarabeasca; Briceni; Cahul; Cantemir; Calarasi;                                 Moldova addressing
                                                                                                                Causeni; Cimislia; Criuleni; Donduseni; Drochia; Dubasari; Edinet; Falesti;                           main social-economic
                                                                                                                Floresti; Glodeni; Hincesti; Ialoveni; Leova; Nisporeni; Ocnita; Orhei;                               problems and laying
                                                                                                                Rezina; Riscani; Singerei; Soldanesti; Soroca; Stefan-Voda; Straseni;                                 down fundaments for                              This data point will reveal the
                                                                                                                Taraclia; Telenesti; Ungheni                                                                          social cohesion and                              situation and inequalities that are
                                                                                                                municipalities: Balti; Bender; Chisinau                                                               sustainable                                      between administrative-territorial
                                                                                                                autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia                                                                 development,                                     units related to public ICT access.
                                                                                                                territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului                                                                    Parliament approved                              As well their problems, needs and
                                                                                                                                                                                                Highly Accurate       the Law of Regional                              possibilities
6   Top 5 largest cities by population   total population per city (2007 est.)                                  Chişinău, 0.6; Tiraspolʿ,0.2; Bălţi, 0.1; Tighina, 0.1; Rîbniţa, 0.05; Ungheni,                                             High
    (millions)                                                                                                  0.03; Cahul, 0.03; Soroca, 0.03; Orhei, 0.02; Edineţ 0.02



                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In this list can be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      added city Comrat,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      population 0.2. In
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      national         official
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      available sources there
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      is no data regarding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      the      number        of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      population in cities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      situated in Transnistria
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (Tiraspol,      Ribnita,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Thighina). There is no
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      official data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Transnistrian     cities,                        It would provide data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      this can be checked                              information and communication
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      only from different                              infrastructure of that cities,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Internet sites hosted by                         discrepancies between them,
                                                                                 World Gazetteer                                                                                              Somewhat Accurate       Transnistrian services.                          problems, needs and possibilities
7   National political map               map                                     University of Texas Archives   See worksheet "Figures_Charts"                                                Somewhat Accurate                                   High
8   National terrain map                 map                                     University of Texas Archives   See worksheet "Figures_Charts"                                                Highly Accurate                                     High

Political Environment




                                                                                                                                                    Moldova Form 2 Page 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                                                                How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                                                                data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                                                                    your team's           point (e.g., more     What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                                                                knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                                                                Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
#   Question                               Definition                            Source                        Data                                                                                  Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
1   Overview of country’s political system description                           Economist Intelligence Unit   Moldova is a former Soviet state, so like other members of the Eastern bloc,                                                    High
                                                                                                               it has had a turbulent political past. Currently, Moldova has a head of state
                                                                                                               in the president, but most of the power lies with the parliament.
                                                                                                               Constitutional amendments introduced in July 2000 diminished the role of the
                                                                                                               presidency and increased the powers of the government and parliament. The
                                                                                                               current government was approved by parliament in April 2005. Parliament, a
                                                                                                               unicameral assembly with 101 members, is directly elected by proportional
                                                                                                               representation. Moldova also adopted a new constitution on July 28th 1994.
                                                                                                               The Transdniestr region has declared independence, which the central                                                                                     This data point will reveal the state
                                                                                                               government has not recognised. The region inhabited by the Gagauz minority                                                                               policies and National Strategies in
                                                                                                               was granted special legal status in December 1994.                                                                                                       ICT development in economy,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        education, health, culture and other
                                                                                                                                                                                                Highly Accurate                                                         important fields.
2   Overview of country’s government       description                           Economist Intelligence Unit   In addition to the president, parliament, and legal system, Moldova has many                                                       High
    structures                                                                                                 political parties and organizations that are influential. They are as follows:
                                                                                                               The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) controls
                                                                                                               parliament, with 56 of the 101 parliamentary mandates. The only right-wing
                                                                                                               group in parliament is the Christian Democratic Popular Party (CDPP, with
                                                                                                               11 seats). In the centre are the three groups that contested the 2005 election
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        This data point will reveal the
                                                                                                               as the Democratic Moldova Bloc (DMB), but then split: the Our Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        existing legal and procedural
                                                                                                               Alliance (OMA, with 16 seats), the Democratic Party (DP, with eight seats)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        framework related to ICT
                                                                                                               and the Social Liberal Party (SLP, with three seats). The latter two parties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        development in Moldova; analysis if
                                                                                                               have recently merged their parliamentary groups
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        they are in consistence with social
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        requirements, scientific achievements
                                                                                                                                                                                                Highly Accurate                                                         and ICT development needs.
3   Total annual revenues for national     2006 revenues (billions of US$)       2007 CIA World Factbook       1.359                                                                                                                           High                     It would provide information about
    government (billions US $)                                                                                                                                                                                         Official sources                                 economic situation of the country
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (National Bureau of                              and available resources for the ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Statistics) provide the                          development at the national and local
                                                                                                                                                                                                Highly Accurate        same data                                        levels
4   Total annual expenditures for national 2006 expenditures (billions of US$)   2007 CIA World Factbook       1.368                                                                                                   Official sources        High                     It would provide information about
    government (billions US $)                                                                                                                                                                                         (National Bureau of                              state expenditure for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Statistics) provide the                          development at the national and local
                                                                                                                                                                                                Highly Accurate        same data                                        levels

Demographics
1 Total population                         number of people (millions) (2006)    WB                                                                                                       3.8                                                     High
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       According     to     the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Statistics of Republic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of    Moldova      total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       population of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       is    3,581     (2007),
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       census data (2004) –                             It would provide data about the
                                                                                                                                                                                                Somewhat Accurate      3,383.                                           necessary coverage of ICT
2   % population non-urban                 %                                     UNSTATS                                                                                                   54                                                     High

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       According     to    the                          This data point will reveal the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       National Bureau of                               situation regarding the access of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Statistics of Republic                           rural population to ICT, available
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of Moldova the non-                              information and communication
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       urban population is                              infrastructure, inequalities compared
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       58.7% (2007), census                             with urban area, problems, needs and
                                                                                                                                                                                                Somewhat Accurate      data (2004) – 61.4.                              possibilities
3   % population urban                     %                                     UNSTATS                                                                                                   46                                                     High
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       According     to   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       National Bureau of                               This data point will reveal the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Statistics of Republic                           situation regarding the access of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of Moldova the urban                             urban population to ICT, available
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       population is 41.3%                              information and communication
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (2007), census data                              infrastructure, discrepancies between
                                                                                                                                                                                                Somewhat Accurate      (2004) – 38.6%.                                  cities

                                                                                                                                                   Moldova Form 2 Page 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                   Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                         How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                         data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                             your team's           point (e.g., more     What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                         knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                         Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                            Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
#   Question                           Definition                     Source                    Data                                                          Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
4   Population breakdown by age        number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook   0-14 years: 16.5% (male 365,733/female 347,305)                                                         High
                                                                                                15-64 years: 72.6% (male 1,520,094/female 1,616,014)
                                                                                                65 years and over: 10.9% (male 175,113/female 296,231)
                                                                                                                                                                                According to the
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics of the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 0-14 years:
                                                                                                                                                                                18.2% (male
                                                                                                                                                                                332,791/female
                                                                                                                                                                                317,594); 15-64 years:
                                                                                                                                                                                71.6% (male
                                                                                                                                                                                1,249,240/female
                                                                                                                                                                                1,312,870); 65 years
                                                                                                                                                                                and over: 10.3% (male
                                                                                                                                                                                138,999/female                                   It would reveal info needs of each
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      229,616)                                         age group
5   % of Population 0-14 years old     % of population (2007 est.)    2007 CIA World Factbook   16.50%                                                                          According    to   the High
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics  of    the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 0-14 years –
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      18.2%
6   number of males 0-14 years old     number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook   365,733                                                                                               Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                According     to the
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics   of  the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 0-14 years,
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      male - 332,791                                   no comments
7   number of females 0-14 years old   number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook   347,305                                                                                                  Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                According     to the
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics   of  the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 0-14 years,
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      female - 317,594                                 no comments
8   % of Population 15-64 years old    % of population (2007 est.)    2007 CIA World Factbook   72.60%                                                                          According    to  the Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics  of   the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 15-64 years:
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      71.6%                                            no comments
9   number of males 15-64 years old    number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook   1,520,094                                                                                            Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                According     to the
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics   of  the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 15-64 years,
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      male - 1,249,240                                 no comments
10 number of females 15-64 years old   number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook   1,616,014                                                                                                Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                According     to   the
                                                                                                                                                                                National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                Statistics   of    the
                                                                                                                                                                                Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                (2007): 15-64 years,
                                                                                                                                                         Somewhat Accurate      female - 1,312,870                               no comments




                                                                                                                                 Moldova Form 2 Page 3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                                                      How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                                                      data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                                                          your team's           point (e.g., more    What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                                                      knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                                                      Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                                                         Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
# Question                                Definition                     Source                        Data                                                                                Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
11 % of Population 65 and older           % of population (2007 est.)    2007 CIA World Factbook       10.90%                                                                                                                        Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             According    to   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Statistics  of    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                             (2007): 65 years and
                                                                                                                                                                                     Somewhat Accurate       over: 10.3%                                      no comments
12 number of males 65 and older           number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook       175,113                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             According     to    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Statistics   of     the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                             (2007): 65 years and
                                                                                                                                                                                     Somewhat Accurate       over, male: 138,999                              no comments
13 number of females 0-14 years old       number of people (2007 est.)   2007 CIA World Factbook       296,231                                                                                                                         Medium
                                                                                                                                                                                                             According      to   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Statistics    of    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                             (2007): 65 years and
                                                                                                                                                                           Somewhat Accurate                 over, female: 229,616                            no comments
14 Population pyramid by age and sex      2007                           US Census Bureau              See worksheet "Figures_Charts"                                      Somewhat Accurate                                           Medium                 no comments
15 % total population of each ethnicity   for each group >1% of total    2007 CIA World Factbook       Moldovan/Romanian 78.2%; Ukrainian 8.4%; Russian 5.8%; Gagauz 4.4%;                                                             High
                                          population (2000 Census)                                     Bulgarian 1.9%; other 1.3%                                                                            The data are coorect.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Only - the last census
                                                                                                                                                                                                             in Republic of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Moldova was carried                              It would provide data regarding info
                                                                                                                                                                                                             out in 2004 and not in                           needs of ethnic groups existing in
                                                                                                                                                                                     Highly Accurate         2000                                             Moldova and their access to ICT
16 Languages spoken                       for each group >1% of total    2007 CIA World Factbook       Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language); Russian;                                                      High
                                          population (2000 Census)                                     Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)                                                                            Information is correct.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Only, the last census
                                                                                                                                                                                                             in Republic of
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Moldova was carried                              It would provide data regarding info
                                                                                                                                                                                                             out in 2004 and not in                           needs according to spoken languages
                                                                                                                                                                                     Highly Accurate         2000                                             on the territory of Moldova
17 Description of population speaking     Description                    Economist Intelligence Unit                                                                                                                                   High
   each language                                                                                                                                                                                             Still now there are
                                                                                                                                                                                                             debates about official
                                                                                                       Moldovan, a dialect of Romanian and the only Romance language in the                                  language in Moldova:
                                                                                                       former Soviet Union. Between 1941 and 1989 it was written in the Cyrillic                             Moldovan            or                           It would provide data regarding info
                                                                                                       alphabet, which is still used in the separatist region of Transdniestr. Russian                       Romanian. It became a                            needs according to spoken languages
                                                                                                       is also widely spoken                                                           Highly Accurate       political problem.                               on the territory of Moldova

Economy
1 Current GDP (Absolute)                  Billion US$                    Economist Intelligence Unit   2.7 (OER)                                                                                                                       High                   It would provide data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Official sources                                 is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                     Highly Accurate         provide the same data                            development
2   Real GDP growth in last year          %                              Economist Intelligence Unit   6                                                                                                                               High                   It would provide data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Official sources                                 is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                     Highly Accurate         provide the same data                            development
3   Consumer price inflation rate         %                              Economist Intelligence Unit   12.5                                                                                                                            High
                                                                                                                                                                                                             According to National
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Bureau of Statistics                             It would provide data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                             the Consumer price                               economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                             inflation rate in 2007                           is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                     Somewhat Accurate       constituted 13.1%                                development




                                                                                                                                           Moldova Form 2 Page 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                                                                   How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                                                                   data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                                                                       your team's           point (e.g., more     What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                                                                   knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
#   Question                               Definition                             Source                        Data                                                                                    Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
4   Economic highlights from EIU                                                  Economist Intelligence Unit   Moldova has experienced economic difficulties, like many other former                                                             High
    (paragraph from EIU)                                                                                        Soviet republics. Since its economy was highly dependent on the rest of the
                                                                                                                former Soviet Union for energy and raw materials, the breakdown in trade
                                                                                                                following the breakup of the Soviet Union had a serious effect, exacerbated
                                                                                                                at times by drought and civil conflict. Currently, the breakdown of the
                                                                                                                country's GDP is as follows: Service, 54.3%; agriculture and fishing, 21.3%;
                                                                                                                industry, 19.1%; construction, 4.8%. Food and vegetable products make up
                                                                                                                nearly 40% of the country's exports, with textiles the second primary export                                                                               It would provide data about
                                                                                                                at 21.7%. Moldova's primary trade partners are Russia, Ukraine, Romania,                                                                                   economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                and Italy.                                                                                                                                                 is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Somewhat Accurate                                                       development
5   Economic Policy (first paragraph form Description                             Economist Intelligence Unit   Although the national budget deficit widened in recent months to reach                                                               High
    EIU)                                                                                                        Lei216m (US$17m) for January-August, it remains well within the full-year
                                                                                                                target of Lei765m as a result of solid revenue inflows and restrained
                                                                                                                spending. Total revenue inflows during the first eight months of 2007 were
                                                                                                                4% above target and 24% higher than during the same period of 2006. The
                                                                                                                increase largely reflected the scale of inflows of value-added tax (VAT),
                                                                                                                which is by far the most important source of revenue. The VAT intake in
                                                                                                                January-August was almost 6% above plan and 26% more than in the same
                                                                                                                period of 2006, as a result of an ongoing consumption boom as well as higher
                                                                                                                than expected inflation. Income-tax receipts were some 6% above target and
                                                                                                                86% higher than in the same period of 2006, partly owing to wage rises and
                                                                                                                higher employment, and profit tax collection was on a par with that in the
                                                                                                                year-earlier period. The major shortfall came in grant revenue, where only
                                                                                                                two-thirds of the amount planned for the period materialised. However, the
                                                                                                                timing of this component of the budget is difficult to predict and further grant                                                                           It would provide data about
                                                                                                                inflows are expected over the remainder of the year.                                                                                                       economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Somewhat Accurate                                                       development
6   Current GNI per capita                 GNI per capita, Atlas method (current World Bank                                                                                                 1.1                                                      High
                                           US$ in thousands) (2006)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In official data sources                         It would provide data about
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          there is not used GNI                            economic situation Moldova, which
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          per capita, usually is                           is an important indicator for ICT
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Highly Accurate        used GDP per capita                              development
7   Current % of population living below   % living below national poverty line                                 n/a                                                                                                                                  High
    national pov. line
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          According      to   the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Economic Growth and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Poverty      Reduction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Strategy, elaborated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          by Government of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and UNDP Moldova,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          % of population living                           Describe the situation of the poor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          below national pov.                              related to information and
                                                                                  UNDP                                                                                                                                    line is 29.1% (2005).                            communication services
8   Current % of population living below   % living below $2 /day                                               n/a                                                                                                                                  High
    $2/day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          According    to    the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Economic Growth and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Poverty    Reduction
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Strategy, elaborated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          by Government of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and UNDP Moldova,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          % of population living                           Describe the situation of the poor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          below $2,15/day is                               related to information and
                                                                                  UNDP                                                                                                                                    14.4% (2005).                                    communication services
9   Current % of population below          Below national poverty line (2001)     Country Website               n/a                                                                                                                                  High                  Describe the situation of the poor
    national poverty line by region                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        related to information and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           communication services



                                                                                                                                                     Moldova Form 2 Page 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                      Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                            How accurate is this      comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                            data point, based on    accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                                your team's           point (e.g., more     What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                            knowledge? (Highly        accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                            Accurate, Somewhat     current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                               Accurate, Not       sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
# Question                                Definition                              Source                            Data                                         Accurate)            accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
10 Gini coefficient                       A value of 0 represents perfect                                                                            33.2                                                  High
                                          equality, and a value of 100 perfect                                                                                                                                                      It would provide data about the
                                          inequality (2006)                                                                                                                                                                         existing inequalities in the country,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    describe vulnerable social groups,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    equity of information and
                                                                                  UNDP                                                                      Highly Accurate                                                         communication services
11 Current % of unemployed population     of people ages 15-64                                                                                        8.1                                                     High
                                                                                                                                                                                   7.6% - unemployment
                                                                                                                                                                                   rate according to
                                                                                                                                                                                   official    data    of
                                                                                                                                                                                   National Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                   Statistics of Republic                           Describe info needs of
                                                                                  World Bank                                                                Somewhat Accurate      of Moldova                                       unemployment

Education
1 Total enrollment in primary education The ratio of enrolled children of the                                                                         86                                                                            It would provide data about
                                        official age for primary school to the                                                                                                                                                      Information and Communication
                                        total population of that age. (2004)                                                                                                                                                        Technologies in educational system
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of Moldova, problems, needs and
                                                                                  UNDP                                                                      Highly Accurate                                                         possibilities
2   National literacy rate                A person is literate who can, with                                                                         96.2                                                     Medium
                                          understanding, both read and write a
                                          short simple statement on his or her
                                          everyday life. % of population ages
                                          15+. (2000-2004)                        UNESCO                                                                    Highly Accurate                                                         no comments

ICT Infrastructure
1 National electrification rate           The number of people with               World Energy Outlook              n/a                                                                                       Medium
                                          electricity access as a percentage of
                                          total population (only includes                                                                                                          99.1% - according to
                                          regional averages). (2005)                                                                                                               Economic Growth and
                                                                                                                                                                                   Poverty    Reduction
                                                                                                                                                                                   Strategy, elaborated
                                                                                                                                                                                   by Government of the
                                                                                                                                                                                   Republic of Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                   and UNDP Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                   (2005)                                           no comments
2   Landline coverage                     Main telephone lines per 100            International Telecommunication                                                                                             High
                                          inhabitants. (2006)                     Union
                                                                                                                                                                                   29.7% - according to
                                                                                                                                                                                   National Regulatory                              This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                   Agency             for                           shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                   Telecommunications                               level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                    24.27 Somewhat Accurate        and Informatics (2006)                           problems, needs and possibilities
3   Cell phone subscriptions              Mobile telephone subscribers per 100 International Telecommunication                                                                                                High
                                          inhabitants. (2006)                  Union
                                                                                                                                                                                   39.6% - according to
                                                                                                                                                                                   National Regulatory                              This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                   Agency for                                       shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                   Telecommunications                               level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                    32.38 Somewhat Accurate        and Informatics (2006)                           problems, needs and possibilities
4   Cell phone cost                       Cost of a 3-minute local call during    International Telecommunication                                                                                             High
                                          peak hours (US$). (2005)                Union                                                                                                                                             This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                     1.59 Somewhat Accurate                                                         problems, needs and possibilities
5   Broadband Cost relative to income     Lowest sampled cost (US$) per 100       World Economic Forum              67.41                                                                                     High
                                          kbits/s as a percentage of monthly                                                                                                                                                        This is one of main indicator that
                                          income (GNI) (2006)                                                                                                                                                                       shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                   There is no such data                            level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                            Somewhat Accurate      in official data sources                         problems, needs and possibilities



                                                                                                                            Moldova Form 2 Page 6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Please comment on the importance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of this data point to the research
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         questions. How does this data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       point relate to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              What are the possible
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         interpretations of this fact with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          respect to public ICT access?
                                                                                                                                                                                       Optional: Please                                  What is the context around this
                                                                                                                                                           How accurate is this        comment on the                                       fact that leads to a deeper
                                                                                                                                                           data point, based on      accuracy of this data                              understanding of the local public
                                                                                                                                                               your team's             point (e.g., more     What is the importance ICT landscape? (Please comment
                                                                                                                                                           knowledge? (Highly          accurate or more     of this data point to our      only on data points that are
                                                                                                                                                           Accurate, Somewhat       current data points and      central research     relevant to public ICT access based Optional: Please provide
                                                                                                                                                              Accurate, Not         sources, explanation of     questions? (High,      on your knowledge. For all other     notes on data point
#   Question                                Definition                              Source                         Data                                         Accurate)              accuracy rating)           Medium, Low)         fields please type "no comment".) analysis (e.g., sources)
6   Internet hosts (per 10,000 inhabitants) The number of computers in an           World Economic Forum           31.21                                                                                    High
                                            economy that are directly linked to the
                                            worldwide Internet network. This
                                            statistic is based on the country code
                                            in the host address and thus may not                                                                                                                                                     This is one of main indicator that
                                            correspond with the actual physical                                                                                                                                                      shows the current ICT development
                                            location. (2004)                                                                                                                        There is no such data                            level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                          Somewhat Accurate         in official data sources                         problems, needs and possibilities
7   Total International Internet bandwidth Mbps (2006)                           International Telecommunication                                                                                               High
                                                                                 Union                                                                                                                                               This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                    There is no such data                            level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                   565.00 Somewhat Accurate         in official data sources                         problems, needs and possibilities
8   International Internet bandwidth per   bit/s (2006)                          International Telecommunication                                                                                               High
    inhabitant                                                                   Union                                                                                                                                               This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                    There is no such data                            level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                   134.68 Somewhat Accurate         in official data sources                         problems, needs and possibilities
9   Percent of homes with personal         % (2005)                              International Telecommunication                                                                                               High
    computers                                                                    Union                                                                                                                                               This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                    10.20 Somewhat Accurate                                                          problems, needs and possibilities
10 Personal computers per 100              Self-contained computers designed to International Telecommunication                                                                                                High
   inhabitants                             be used by a single individual. (2005) Union
                                                                                                                                                                                    15.3% - According to
                                                                                                                                                          15.3% - According to      Ministry           of
                                                                                                                                                          Ministry of Information   Information                                      This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                          Development based on      Development based on                             shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                          household survey data     household survey data                            level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                     8.28 (2006)                    (2006)                                           problems, needs and possibilities
11 Internet users per 100 inhabitants      People with access to the worldwide   International Telecommunication                                                                                               High
                                           network (2006 data)                   Union                                                                                              21.2% - According to
                                                                                                                                                          21.2% - According to      Ministry          of
                                                                                                                                                          Ministry of Information   Information                                      This is one of main indicator that
                                                                                                                                                          Development based on      Development based on                             shows the current ICT development
                                                                                                                                                          sociological    surveys   sociological surveys                             level in the country. It will reveal
                                                                                                                                                    17.35 data (2006)               data (2006)                                      problems, needs and possibilities




                                                                                                                           Moldova Form 2 Page 7
Political Map




Terrain Map
Population Pyramid
Highly Accurate
Somewhat Accurate
Not Accurate




High
Medium
Low

				
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