Document Sample
Antipolo City, Region IV – A


I. General Information………………………………………………………………….

II. Physical Characteristics……………………………………………………………..
       A. Location…………………………………………………………………………..
       B. Climate…………………………………………………………………………….
       C. Topography and Geology………………………………………………….
       D. Flora and Fauna………………………………………………………………..
       E. Land Use…………………………………………………………………………..

III. Socio-cultural data…………………………………………………………………….
        A. Population……………………………………………………………………….
        B. Religion……………………………………………………………………………
        C. Ethnicity……………………………………………………………………………
        D. Language………………………………………………………………………….
        E. Health Services and Nutrition…………………………………………
        F. Education………………………………………………………………………….
        G. Protective services…………………………………………………………..
        H. Social Services………………………………………………………………….

IV: Economic Profile………………………………………………………………………
       A. Livelihood……………………………………………………………………….
       B. Tourism…………………………………………………………………………..
Antipolo City, Region IV – A


       Calawis was officially considered as a barangay in the 1960s through the
Presidential Proclamation by President Diosdado Macapagal. The area of Calawis is
located in the protected area of the Marikina Watershed and its original inhabitants are
the native Dumagat. The name Calawis originated from the words Calaw, a type of bird,
and Barawis which is a type of a tree which was common in the area. Dumagat Tiniente
del Bario Eliodoro Doroteo is considered as the founder of the barangay.

      From the most recent barangay election of 2007 here is the roster of the
barangay officials who were elected.

                       TABLE: 1 Roster of Barangay Officials
            Barangay Captain              Reynaldo O. Doroteo

                                          Nelson Hernandez
                                          Benedicto Sailog

                                          Letecia Rantugan

                                          Cheryl Cabes

                                          Edilberto Antillon

                                          Alan Abonio

                                          Alexander Ramos

                                          Vicente Villorente

            SK Chairman                   Marlon V. Esto
            Barangay Treasurer            Vicente I. Villorente
            Barangay Secretary            Analiza T. Tugado
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

                                 TABLE: 2 Sitio Leaders
SITIO NAME                                  SITIO LEADERS
Sitio Paglitao                              Benjamin Cruz
Apia                                        Ernesto Veric
Binayoyo                                    Jerry Marcelina
Maybalon                                    Rolando Cruz
Pangolorin                                  Ricardo Oronos
Sitio Kinapuen                              Arthur Esto
Sitio Patabobon                             Melecio Versoza



       Barangay Calawis has a distance of 20 kilometers from the Antipolo City Hall. It
takes a 2-hour jeepney ride to reach the Barangay Calawis proper. Barangay Calawis can
also be accessed via Cubao passing through the Marcos Highway and entering the
Kaysakat Barangay Road. (insert location map)

       Nestled in the foothills of Sierra Madre Mountain, Barangay Calawis, Antipolo
City is located within the bearing of fourteen degrees forty minutes, nineteen, and
seventy seconds (14 40’ 32.19.70”) latitude, and one hundred twenty one degrees,
fourteen minutes thirty two and ninety seconds (121 14’ 32.90”) longitude. It is
bounded on the North by the municipality of Rodriquez, Rizal, Quezon Province on the
East, on the South is Barangay San Jose Antipolo City and to the West, the town of San
Mateo, Rizal. Barangay Calawis has a total land area of 9. 1443. 30 hectares and
comprises 18. 11% of the total land area of Antipolo.

       The terrain is generally mountainous with elevations ranging from 100-1200
meters above sea level. As a result early settlers engaged in upland farming and forestry
practices to sustain a living. The barangay is also home to the Bunsuran Falls, a part of
the Payaguan River. The falls is a famous recreational area among the residents.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A


       The climate of Antipolo is classified by the PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric
Geophysical and Astronomical Service Administration) as a Type I climate. This is
characterized by two distinct seasons—the wet and dry. The wet season is from May to
December while the dry season is from January to April. The wet season allows a long
cropping period, and the four months of the dry season make some areas agriculturally

       The monsoon wind system is the main climatic control in the area. The Southwest
Monsoon or the Habagat brings rain to the area. The cool Northeast Monsoon or the
Amihan, moves as a dry wind and becomes drier after crossing the Sierra Madre
orographic barrier. The monsoons influence rainfall amount and distribution. The
Southwest Monsoon accounts for the heavy seasonal rainfall whereas during the four
dry months, the Northeast Monsoon is prevalent. The warmest month is May, and the
coolest month is March. Due to its high elevation, the temperature in the area is lower
compared to its neighboring areas.
Varieties of crops to be planted are determined by the climate that characterizes the
area. Climate is an important factor for seedlings to root, grow, and produce crops.
Different plant species also have different requirements like climate and soil for them to
flourish. This explains why farmers choose to perform crop rotation in the site,
depending on the season and the availability of the crops


       The CUFAI area has slopes from 18-50%. Elevations in the area range between
150m and 475m. Flat lands characterize the central part of the area while hilly and steep
areas surround the center. The area’s relatively flat central portion is where most of the
residential, commercial, domestic, agricultural, administrative, and cultural activities of
Barangay Calawis take place. Upland farming dominates the hilly regions of the area.

        As per Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) records, the geology of
the area includes a landscape of residual/volcanic hills with land forms of upper
rounded hills and ridges. These formations are usually covered with vegetation.
According to the Mines and Geo-Sciences Bureau, the stratigraphy of the area includes
stratified rocks of the Kinabuan formation, which is mainly altered spillitic basalt flows
with intercalated highly undulated sandstone, shale, and chert beds. These stratified
rocks are identified by their unique basalt lithology, dated from the Cretaceous period.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

       Shale is the parent material of the soils in the area. Soil types include Pinugay clay
that characterizes areas with 45-65% slopes. The Pinugay clay’s horizon is 10 to 25 cm
thick and its texture is brown to dark brown, dark reddish brown or reddish brown clay
loam or silty clay loam. The Lumbangan Clay can be found at 25-45% slope. This is
moderately deep to deep, well-drained soils that occur on very steep, highly dissected
volcanic hills. It has dark red, dark yellowish brown, dark graying brown clay horizon not
more than 20 cm. This thin horizon, together with its steep topography makes it
moderately affected by erosion and prone to slope failures. The Dystropept-Tropudalf-
Tropudult Association is an extensive soil association that occurs in 45-65% slopes. This
soil association is moderately deep to deep, well-drained and is derived from volcanic
tuff or adobe. It occurs on the rolling steep, moderately dissected volcanic mountains
marked by rounded crest. Another soil association present in the area is the Dystropept-
Troporthent Association. It is shallow to deep, well-drained, and occurs in very steep,
highly dissected mountain ridges with sharp crests.

       The topographic characteristic of Barangay Calawis is ideal for growing fruit trees.
Soil types in the area include well-drained loamy soils and clay soils, which can
successfully support growth of fruit-bearing trees. In addition, high relief assures soil
drainage that is suitable to cash crops and other commercially viable vegetation.

       The rivers and creeks that run through the CUFAI area include the Payaguan
River, a tributary of the Boso-Boso River; Bulitinao Creek; Anono Creek; Calawis Creek
and the Paikulan Creek. The creeks also serve as a marker for the boundaries of the
purok within the Barangay.


        The Marikina Watershed System, which includes CUFAI in its buffer zone, is
classified as a watershed reserve under Executive Order No. 33 dated July 26, 1904.
The area is home to a number of species of flora and fauna endemic to the watershed
area. With forests mainly composed of dipterocarp species, it is considered as a tropical
rainforest and mountain forest.

       The special features of the Marikina Watershed System include ecotourism and
recreational activities. It is the closest forested area to Metro Manila and is a haven of
biological diversity. Endemic species in the Marikina Watershed’s biodiversity are
summarized in Table 3:
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

                               TABLE: 3 Flora and Fauna
FLORA                                      FAUNA
Common Name          Scientific Name       Common Name           Scientific Name
Tanguile             Shorea polysperma     Philippine Eagle      Pithecophaga jefferyi
Mayapis              Shorea palosapis      Labuyo                Gallus gallus
Red Lauan            Shorea negrosensis    Quail                 Coturnix sp
White Lauan          Pentacme concorta     Philippine     Hawk   Spizaetusphilippensis

Bagtikan             Parashorea            Philippine Deer    Cervus marinnus
Akling Parang        Albizea procera       Wild pig           Sus barbalani
Molave               Vitex parviflora      Philippine Phython Phython reticulates
Dungon               Heritiera sp          Monitor lizard     Varianus salvator
Balayong/Tindalo                           Philippine Monkey  Macaca facicularis
Raintree             Samanea saman         Philippine Macaque Macaca Philippine
Mahogany             Swetenia              Hawkbill           Enethmochelys
                     macrophylla                              ambricata
Kupang               Parkia woxborgii      Reticulated python Python reticulates
Malapapaya           Polyscias nodusa      Crimeon back wood Chrysocolaptes
                                           pecher             lucidus
Banaba               Lagerstroemia         Black naped oriole Oriolis chinensis
Narra                Pterocarpus indicus   Stripped-headed
Tibig                Ficus nota            Yellow      accented Pycnonotus goiavier
Makaasim             Syzyguim nitidum      Brown shrike         Lanius cristatus
Alagau               Prema odorata         Striated canegrass Megalurus patustris
Tara tara            Ephicaris             Philippine crow
Malaruhat            Christocalyt          Schack shrike         Lanuis schach
Gmelina              Gmelina arborea       Philippine bulbul     Hypsipetes
Anabiong             Tremma orientalis     Mountain sunbird      Aethopyga
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

Ilang- ilang         Cananga odorata        Mountain white eye
Ipil                 Instia bijuga          Brown fruit dove   Phapitreron
Ipil- ipil           Leucaena               Pigmy swiftlet     Collacalia
                     leucocephala                              troglodytes
Bungbong             Schizostachyum         White    –breasted Artamus
                     diffusum               wood swallow       leucorhynchus
Antipolo             Artocarpus blancoi
Indian Bamboo        Bambusa
Kauayan              Dendrocalamus
Yemane               Gmelina arborea
Buho lumnapau        Schistotachyum
Salai-salai          Avendinella ciliate
Marakauayan          Brachiaria replans
Kogon                Imperata cylindrical
Talahib              Saccharum
Samon                Themada trianda
Tal-tal              Paspalum
Elephant grass       Penniselum
Carabao grass        Axonopus
Marahauayan          Brashiaria replano


      Land use refers to how land is utilized by people, thus indicating the different
forms of human activities taking place in a certain area. Land is much susceptible to
change given that people would decide to use land in a different manner in time. That
being said, land use classifications are based on the modes of activities performed by
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

users of the land while the allocation of the area per land classification varies
accordingly with the culture and management practices in the community.

        The CUFAI’s land extent comprises 542 hectares. Land use classes identified in
the area are as follows: House lots (residential), farm lots (agricultural, agro-forestry)
institutions, and infrastructures.


        The socio-economic profile describes the status of living of the residents in the
barangay. This includes the discussion on the area’s demography, education, health
services, and protective services. This will help explain how various resources are
utilized. The data used for this part covers the whole of the Barangay Calawis as deemed
applicable, except for the livelihood section which covers the sources of income of those
specifically residing in the CUFAI


      Barangay Calawis is originally inhabited by about 20 families of approximately
100 individuals belonging to the Dumagat indigenous group. At present, there are
around 200 families, roughly 1000 Dumagat in the area who are concentrated mainly in
the Dumagat Village in Sitio Paglitao. A number can also be found in Sitio Balon, Bantay
and Malasia.

       As of 2007, barangay data accounts for 5,882 individuals living in Calawis (refer to
Table 3), in contrast with 3,978 that is reflected in the 2007 National Statistics Office
(NSO) census. The population distribution per purok of the families in the barangay is
summarized in Table 2.2. On the other hand, the age-sex pyramid of the barangay
indicates a steady increase of its population (Figure 1). Population growth rate is given
at 7.6% which means that by 2010, the population of the barangay is expected to be
4,956. The population is relatively young, with a considerable proportion belonging to
the working age category. This labor force is primarily engaged in activities such as
upland farming, pagkakaingin, pag-uuling, and pangangalakal, which are labor intensive
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

                          (As of 2007-2008 Census)

                  AGE GROUP       MALE    FEMALE    TOTAL
                    Under 1        90       150      245
                      1–9         401       378      779
                     10 – 14      301       290      591
                     15 – 19      311       326      637
                     20 – 24      388       432      820
                     25 – 29      211       245      456
                     30 – 34      254       294      548
                     35 – 39      125       190      315
                     40 – 44      350       300      650
                     45 – 49      200        95      295
                     50 – 54      160       190      350
                     55 – 59       19        29       48
                     60 – 64       15        72       87
                     65 – 69       20        15       35
                     70 – 74       6         11       17
                     75 – 79       6         5        11
                  90 and above     2         1         3
                                  2,859    3,023    5,882
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

                               FIGURE 1: Age Sex Pyramid

                              (2006 Census)
                              TOTAL         NUMBER OF
                              POPULATION FAMILIES
                  Purok 1     650           200
                  Purok 2     669           128
                  Purok 3     853           321
                  Purok 4     652           130
                  Purok 5     660           118
                  Purok 6     998           331
                  Purok 7     1,200         300
                              200           50
                  TOTAL       5,882         1,578
Antipolo City, Region IV – A


        Catholicism is the dominant religion in the barangay with 60% of the population
being Roman Catholics. Residents ascribing to the Born Again religion are estimated at
20%, while the remaining 20% consists of Iglesia ni Cristo and Seventh Day Adventist. In
terms of language composition, 70% in the barangay speaks Bisaya while 30% are
Tagalog speakers. This is because most of the people in the barangay are Aklanon.
(insert picture of church)


      The Apia region also known as Purok 7 is the current place of residency of the
Dumagat ethnic group. In time, migrants from provinces such as Laguna, Aklan, and
Batangas, were granted portions of land by the Dumagat ethnic group. There are about
300 Dumagat families in Calawis, which comprises of 20% of the population.


       In terms of language composition, 70% in the barangay speaks Bisaya while 30%
are tagalog speakers. This is because most of the people in the barangay are Aklanon.


        The barangay has two health centers, one is located near the barangay hall and
an extension facility located in Sitio Apia. This is being managed by a midwife from Boso-
Boso, Ms. Felissa L. Masaquel, who visits the center daily. There are 19 Barangay Health
Workers in the center plus 3 more in the extension facility in Apia. Health workers are
headed by Mrs. Cleta Coper. Most of the health workers are housewives who were
required to undergo three months of health training organized by the city government
of Antipolo in collaboration with the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay (UERM). A
health worker has an allowance of Php 1,500.00 a month and works in alternate shifts in
handling the center. The health center provides general check-up to the residents of the
barangay every Wednesday. In addition, a resident doctor from the City Health Office
visits the center once a month.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

       The Health Center provides treatments for common ailments such as coughs,
colds, and fevers. Patients are mostly pregnant mothers who seek pre-natal care as well
as young children in need of vaccination. Malnutrition is common in the barangay.
Furthermore, isolated cases of Tuberculosis have been identified in the past through the
various medical missions conducted in the area. Some accounts attribute this illness to

       The health center is given a supply of generic medicine by the Department of
Health, which in turn is distributed among the barangay residents. When delivery of
supplies is delayed, herbal medicines are used as alternatives. The center hopes for
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

more donations in the form of medicine and nebulizers, especially for residents with
respiratory ailments, and other health facilities to provide the needs of the residents.
Another source of medical supplies is the Botika ng Barangay in Purok 4 that sells
generic and branded medicine. This was initially funded by the Department of Health
and the Local Government of Antipolo but is now financed by Ms. Cleta Coper, who is
also in charge of managing the Botika

       Medical missions take place twice a year in the barangay plaza. Various agencies
such as the Philippine Army, the Office of the Mayor, University of the Philippines –
Philippine General Hospital (UP-PGH), University of the East Ramon Magsaysay (UERM),
and NGOs like Christian Fellowship for Children and the Aging (CFCA) hold medical
missions in the area. During such, people are given free medical and dental check-up,
free haircut, and free medicine. There are also instances when birth certificates were
issued during medical missions; this service is made possible in coordination with the


         AGE                             NUMBER
         0 to 6 years old                53
         6 to 7 years old                18
         7 to 8 years old                14
         8 to 9 years old                10
         9 to 10 years old               19
         10 to 11 years old              5
            11 o 12 years old            4


       Barangay Calawis has three day care centers, one elementary school and one
high school. The main day care center is located near the barangay hall. It has two
extension facilities, one in Apia and another in Purok 2. Each day care center has one
teacher. As of the school year 2008-2009, there are a combined number of 96 enrollees
among the three day care centers. A commencement exercise is held annually at the
end of each school year.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A


       There are three elementary schools in the barangay: the Calawis Elementary
School located in Purok 3 and 4, the Apia Elementary School, and the Binayoyo Primary.
The main day care center is located behind the covered gym. There are 649 students
enrolled in the Calawis Elementary School (S.Y. 2008-2009). In addition, 195 students
are enrolled in the Apia Elementary School, and 69 students in Binayoyo, with 83
elementary school graduates from all three schools. There are 24 teachers in the
barangay, six of which are in Apia, two in Binayoyo and 16 in the Calawis Elementary

      Calawis Elementary School is located in Purok 2 and 4. The Apia Elementary
School serves as its extension facility due to the lack of administrative staff. As a result,
Ms. Gloria A. Benedicto supervises the operations for both the Calawis and Apia
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

Elementary Schools. Plans for the Apia Elementary School to become a separate
institution are being considered once the need for an administrative body is addressed.
On the other hand, Binayoyo Primary offers education from grades I to IV only.

       In the secondary level, there are a total of 238 students enrolled in the Calawis
National High School, with 60 students in the Calawis-Apia Extension. Both schools
produced 72 high school graduates for the school year 2008-2009. Despite a relatively
large number of enrollees, the barangay’s Committee on Education claims that only 10%
of the total high school graduates pursue college mainly because of financial constraints.
The Calawis National High School is located at the border of Puroks 5 and 6, while
Calawis-Apia Extension is situated in Apia. There are eight teachers employed in Calawis
National High School and three in Calawis-Apia Extension.

       The teacher to student ratio of 1:50 for elementary students and 1:63 for high
school is claimed adequate by teachers in both levels. However, the Department of
Education (DEPED) standards suggest that the ideal student-teacher ratio is 1:36 for
elementary and 1:39 for high school. Nevertheless, there are indicators that may
suggest improving conditions as regards the education of Calawis residents. According
to the barangay’s Committee on Education, 90% of the total population of school-aged
children is currently enrolled in schools. In recent times there has been an increase in
the number of residents with college degrees in the barangay. While most of these
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

graduates seek employment outside the barangay, a number of them stay due to the
difficulty of finding employment outside the area. In relation to this, the Committee on
Education strongly recommends that high school graduates take education units and
teach in the barangay as resident teachers in these schools.

       The barangay is currently constructing a gymnasium near the Calawis Elementary
School in Purok 2. On the other hand, additional facilities such as comfort rooms,
classrooms, and a covered court are being constructed for the Apia Elementary School.
In Binayoyo, the construction of another elementary school building is in progress.

       Teachers, classroom facilities and books are enough to provide the basic needs of
the students according to the barangay officials. On the other hand, teachers say there
is a shortage of computer units in these schools. The Calawis National High School has
only nine computer units shared by all levels. Teachers claim that this shortage of
computers should be addressed by the school administration.

       The barangay is determined to promote education among its youth in the hope
of becoming more competitive in terms of livelihood and income generation in the
future. In line with this, scholarships have been granted by Congressman Angelito C.
Gatlabayan and Mayor Danilo Leyble of Antipolo, as well as financial assistance given by
the Christian Foundation for Children and the Aging (CFCA).
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

        According to the Committee on Education the literacy rate in the entire barangay
is at 90% functional literacy. This pertains to the capability of the residents to read and
write. Most residents are more comfortable conversing in Tagalog, while a few others
incorporate English in their conversations. Furthermore, an estimated 40% of senior
residents, believed to be from the Dumagat indigenous group, do not have any formal
educational attainment.


       Peace and order in the barangay is maintained through the Barangay Tanod who
takes turns in roving the area. There is a total of 20 tanod, all of whom are volunteers.
Two tanod patrol the barangay daily from eight in the evening until the following
morning. In lieu of a monthly salary, the tanod receive gifts and money from the
barangay during the Christmas season. Topping the list of offenses in the barangay are
minor fights and loitering beyond the curfew hour, which is at ten in the evening. Most
offenders are brought to the Barangay Hall to be detained overnight. Cases unsettled in
the barangay level are then brought to the Antipolo Police Station.

       The Philippine Army together with the Civilian Active Auxiliary (CAA, formerly
CAFGU) helps maintain the peace and order in the barangay. The City of Antipolo is
under the area of responsibility of the 16th Infantry Battalion of the Philippine Army. The
Army’s temporary headquarters can be found beside the Barangay Hall. The squad is
headed by Sgt. Bernard Cantos. On the other hand, the CAA detachment, headed by
SSg. Eddie Pardo, is located in Purok 3.


        A senior citizen’s association caters to the elderly in the Barangay which evokes
participation from the elderly as significant members of the community. It was
established about ten to fifteen years ago. The Senior Citizen association has 100
members. Members are required to pay PhP 17.00 for the membership fee and PhP
10.00 for the monthly dues. They conduct monthly meetings as well as attend flag
ceremonies every first Monday of the month. Members are given free medicine when
available and a 20% discount on fare prices. If one of the members passes away, funeral
assistance is given to the family members of the deceased. An estimated PhP 33,000.00
is allocated for the Senior Citizen from the barangay budget. The group conducts a Clean
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

and Green program and participates in the barangay sports fest and hold Christmas

        The Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) is headed by Marlon V. Esto along with seven
councillors who were elected in November 2007. It provides for youth-oriented
activities as well as encourages active community participation from the sector. The
budget allotted for the Sangguniang Kabataan is PhP 300,000.00 which is 10% of the
barangay’s budget. They organize sports fest during the summer to veer the youth from
illegal drugs, as well as to promote camaraderie and sportsmanship. The efforts deem
successful in encouraging the youth to participate in sports as seen through the number
of participants in the various sports events conducted in the barangay covered court.
This makes it easier for officials to monitor the activities of the youth when they are
participating in these programs. Other projects of the SK include gift giving and tree
planting during the second quarter of the year. The SK also conducts a Clean and Green
activity within the vicinity of the barangay covered court. In December 2009, the SK
plans to have a house numbering activity for the whole barangay.



              Twenty percent of the residents are dependent on managing sari-sari
stores, charcoal making, jeepney and tricycle driving, and construction work. While
eighty percent of the Calawis residents are engaged in upland farming. Agricultural
products from upland farming consist of mango, pineapple, santol, avocado, banana,
chico, rambutan, suha, papaya, and other fruit products. Rice farming is also another
agricultural product in the barangay, as well as vegetable production. These are
harvested and transported from the farm lot to the main road by horses and carabaos
and from there the products are transported by means of jeepney to the market. . With
the absence of a public market in the barangay, residents transport their agricultural
products at night to be sold in Antipolo Gate 2, Antipolo, and Marikina Markets.
Agricultural practices in the barangay are dependent on traditional practices such as the
use of slash and burn. Farmers do not rely on irrigation methods, and rely mostly on
rainfall to water their crops. The use of fertilizer depends on each farmer’s means of
purchasing either chemical or organic fertilizer. However, due to financial constraints
and long term use, most farmers favor chemical-based fertilizers. Farmers sell their
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

harvests in markets located in Antipolo Proper, Cogeo and, Marikina. Goods are
transferred during night time to avoid traffic constraints. Some farmers sell their
products in the aforementioned markets to what is locally called as “bagsakan”

        The presence of sari-sari stores has been beneficial for both residential
consumers and retailers, as sari-sari stores provide practical solutions to the immediate
needs of the residents. Retailers in barangay Calawis offer meat and poultry products as
well as fresh produce from local farms. A number of sari-sari store owners have their
own farms or have arrangements with farmers to provide them with fresh produce.
Other necessities such as canned goods, frozen meat products, other food products not
locally grown in Calawis are bought in bulk from the Antipolo Market. Aside from food
products, sari-sari stores retail school supplies, home necessities such as plastic
containers, and tableware, as well as toiletries.

        The capital needed to start a sari-sari store is PhP 5,000.00. The capital is used to
purchase goods from outside markets which are then transported into the barangay.
The actual income of sari-sari stores is approximately 10% of the daily sales. The average
profit of a sari-sari store owner ranges from Php 50.00 to PhP200.00 daily.

      With the creation of paved roads, the demand for alternate modes of
transportation came to rise in the barangay. At present there are two tricycle
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

associations working in Barangay Calawis. Both tricycle terminals operate 24 hours, 7
days a week. The government-recognized tricycle association is named AVCS which
stands for Antipolo Veterans Calawis San Jose. The association was founded in the
1980’s and has 90 members in total. A majority of these members have their own
tricycles. Minimum fare is priced at P 25. Fare prices from Veterans to Calawis, are
priced at P 100 for regular tricycles. Each tricycle has a 4 passenger capacity.

        Jeepney driving is another source of livelihood in the barangay. The jeepneys are
used for both trading purposes, such as transporting goods from the barangay to
markets in Antipolo and Marikina, as well as public transportation. The daily income for
driving is Php 1,500. From that amount, Php 500 is spent on gasoline expenses. The
passenger route is from Calawis to Marikina and Calawis to Cogeo. The usual fare is
from Php 40.00 to Php 50.00. Middleman duties, wherein drivers transport goods from
the barangay to bagsakan areas, cost Php 3000 per day. The goods usually consist of
fruits, vegetables, and charcoal. A jeepney may load 100 sacks of products per trip. Red
bags of Dalandan cost 10 pesos per bag. Mangoes can be transported from Calawis to
the market for P 1,500. Jeepneys can also be rented for P 1,800 to Angono, Rizal and P1,
300- 1,500 to other areas such as UP Diliman.

        Pag-uuling is an activity that engages cutting and burning of wood and turning
them into to charcoal. Pag-uuling involves a tedious process of piling uniformly cut logs
in a boxed fashion, which is then placed in holes dug in the soil. Once buried, fire is lit
through smaller holes in the soil .Ulingeros constantly watch over the burning wood in a
span of three days. Each sack of charcoal sold in “bagsakan” areas costs P 120 while for
sari-sari stores prices per sack range from P 130-140. The most common tree used in
making charcoal is the Ipil-ipil, a type of tree that is easy to plant and grows abundantly
in the area. At a given time a charcoal maker may produce 5-100 sacks of charcoal per
day depending on how many trees he is willing to turn into charcoal as well as the limits
of his personal health.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

       On the other hand paghahayupan is not so prominent in the barangay. Some of
the people are engaged in this but mostly for personal consumption. Most of the
animals are domesticated in their backyard while some are sold in the market. Prices
vary depending on the animals. Goats are sold at 2,000 pesos per head while cows are
sold for 20,000 to 30,000 per head. Price for horses is 12,000 while price for caraboas
ranges from 20,000- 30,000 per piece. Sheeps are sold from 1,500 to 3,000 pesos
depending on the size. Prices of hogs depend on whether it is live or slaughtered: 60
pesos per kilo for a live hog and 120 per kilo if it is slaughtered. Most of these animals
are brought in markets in Antipolo, Cogeo and Marikina.

       A few residents have fish ponds containing dalag, hito, and tilapia in their own
farm lots. Fish spawned here are sold, but most are for personal consumption. Some
residents also catch fish in rivers and creeks
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

       In lieu of the diversifying venues of income generation in the barangay, certain
groups have taken interest in sponsoring livelihood activities such as the Christian
Foundation for Children and the Aging (CFCA). The organization is responsible for
providing selected children from the elementary level with a fixed financial support of P
1400 monthly from local and foreign benefactors. The donations are given in the form of
5-10 kg of rice per month and groceries for the beneficiaries. The children are also given
school supplies while a portion from the PhP 1,400.00 allowance is allotted for the
children’s school activities such as field trips. On the other hand, allowance for college
students is PhP 2,000.00 per semester. There are 207 children in the Calawis Proper and
more or less 70 children in Acacia, north of the Poblacion, who are sponsored by the
foundation. CFCA also has a program for the aging. Senior citizens aged 60 years old and
above who are members of CFCA receive food subsidies from PhP 700 to 1,000 monthly.
The elderly are also provided PhP 2,000 yearly for medical assistance.

       On the other hand, T3 is a money-lending institution that enlists members and
offers a minimum of P 5000 without interest to the residents of the barangay. T3
operations are found in Antipolo, Quezon, and Laguna. At present the fellowship has a
total of 1000 members from Barangay Calawis.
Antipolo City, Region IV – A

        Aside from the aforementioned groups, a women’s organization headed by
Councillor Letecia Rantugan is also present in the barangay.. Each member is given Php
2500 to be used for livelihood purposes. There are a total of 26 members in the group.
Instead of using the money for personal needs, the organization invested P 60,000 on
rice retail business. Profits are shared among members of the organization. Membership
however is by invitation only. The organization was funded by Governor Jun Ynares III.


       Calawis is home to the Bunsuran Falls and Paglitaw River. These areas have great
potential for tourist sites. However, they are currently inaccessible to the general public
since it is difficult to get to the area using any mode of transportation other than
walking. Another factor that hinders the development of these areas is the protected
area restrictions that are currently placed in the area due to the fact that is located
within the Marikina Watershed protected area.

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