Sport Sociology

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					Sport Sociology
What is a SPORT?
You call that a sport?
     100 meter dash     ice hockey
     archery            javelin
     backgammon         karate
     baseball           long jump
     basketball         Construction
     beach volleyball   marathon
     billiards          mountain biking
     bowling            mr. / ms. universe
     car racing         Ping Pong
     cards              PS3/ Wii / X-Box
     Cheerleading       road hockey
     cricket            rock climbing
     cross country      rugby
     cutting wood       shot put
     darts              skiing - slalom
     equestrian         snowboarding – half pipe
                        soccer
     figure skating
                        softball
     football
                        survivor (the t.v. show)
     foosball
                        swimming
     gymnastics
                        UFC
     hackey sac
                        volleyball
     high jump
                        water polo
     horse racing       weight lifting
     assembly work
Does “Sport” refer to specific
types of activities?
• complex physical skills
• physical prowess and exertion (speed, strength, endurance)



• Not all activities involving complex physical skills or vigorous
  physical exertion would be classified as sport.
• E.g. assembly line work, construction work
  Where do we draw the line???

• between physical and nonphysical
• between complex and simple
• between vigorous and non-vigorous
The Dictionary Definition
• Sport:

  • An activity involving physical
    exertion and skill that is
    governed by a set of rules or
    customs and often undertaken
    competitively
  • American Heritage Dictionary
Does sport depend on the conditions
under which the activities take place?

• Pick up Soccer Vs World Cup
• Play Vs Sport
     Sport vs. Play
• Play:

  • Characterized by total freedom and
    spontaneity.
• Sport:

  • Organized and structured.
Sport is Institutionalized
• Institutionalized:
 • Patterned and standardized set of
   behaviours maintained over time
   from one situation to another.
Elements of Institutionalization
1) Standardized Rules & Regulations

  • Outlines how the activity is played
2) Rule enforcement

  • Official regulatory agencies
  • Ensures that standardized conditions
    exist and rules are enforced
Elements of Institutionalization
3) Organized & Technical

  • Games, Practices and skill
    development
4) Strategies & Training

  • Formal learning of strategies and
    skills
5) Seek Professional Councelling
Does “Sport” depend on the
subjective orientations of the
participants involved in the
activities (ie. Why they participate?
 • Why do people participate in sport?
   • Fun, Rewards ($, trophy, prized commodity)
Intrinsic Motivation
 • Factors within the individual/activity
 • Spirit of play, free and voluntary
 • “I play because I enjoy playing”
   • Interest
   • Health
   • Social
Extrinsic Motivation
 • factors outside of the individual/ activity
 • “I play because I want to win a gold medal”
    • Scholarships
    • Trophy’s
    • $ and sponsors
    • Prestige
 What is sport?
• Sport is an institutionalized,
  competitive activity that involves
  vigorous physical exertion or the use
  of relatively complex physical skills
  by individuals whose participation is
  motivated by a combination of
  intrinsic and extrinsic factors Coakley
Well, do you call that a sport?
                                100 meter dash     ice hockey
• Institutionalized             archery
                                backgammon
                                                   javelin
                                                   karate
• A competitive activity        baseball
                                basketball
                                                   long jump
                                                   Construction
• Vigorous physical exertion    beach volleyball
                                billiards
                                                   marathon
                                                   mountain biking
• Relatively complex physical   bowling
                                car racing
                                                   mr. / ms. universe
                                                   Ping Pong
  skills                        cards              PS3/ Wii / X-Box
                                Cheerleading       road hockey
• Motivated by a combination    cricket            rock climbing
                                                   rugby
                                cross country
  of intrinsic and extrinsic    cutting wood       shot put
                                                   skiing – slalom
  factors                       darts
                                equestrian         snowboarding – half pipe
                                figure skating     soccer
                                                   softball
                                football
                                                   survivor (the t.v. show)
                                foosball
                                                   swimming
                                gymnastics
                                                   UFC
                                hackey sac
                                                   volleyball
                                high jump
                                                   water polo
                                horse racing
                                                   weight lifting
                                assembly work
Sport Sociology
• Focuses on the relationship between sport and society
• Sport is a microcosm of society

Goal is to understand:
• The relationships between sport and other facets of social life
        (e.g., family, education, politics, economy, and religion)

• The social organization, group behaviour and social interaction
  patterns that exist within all different types of sport settings

• The cultural, structural and situational factors affecting sport and
  sport experiences

• The social processes that occur in conjunction with sport, processes
  such as socialization, competition, cooperation, conflict, social
  stratification, and social change
Sport Sociology Topics
• In groups of 3-4, you will use the textbook information as well as
  information, examples and videos from the internet to create a 1 page
  hand out OR PowerPoint slideshow to educate your classmates on
  your topic
• Prove how your topic supports the statement “sport is a microcosm
  (reflection) of society”
• You will have time to work on it Friday and Monday in Comp Lab 58
• You will present your topic next Tues & Wed

Topics:
• Aggression and Violence in Sport
• Cheating in Sport – Sport Ethic & Deviance in Sport
• Athlete Recruitment, Academic Cheating, Cheating in Games
• Performance Enhancing Drugs
• Gender & Sport
• Race & Ethnicity in Sport – The Black Athlete
• Other Victims of Discrimination

				
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posted:9/13/2012
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