SOCHUM Topic I by mtPjMYC

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									                                       CSMUN 2012
                     The Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian Committee Topic I:
            Violation of the rights of indigenous entities and their displacement


       Throughout recent decades, the rights and indigenous entities of people

have been stripped away almost entirely across parts of the world. A growing issue

of human displacement has become alarming in previous years. Due to the

industrialized global market that has continued to grow over the last century, many

indigenous people face cruel poverty from the lack of equality economically. Most

indigenous workers are forced to migrate due to the lack of work in their areas.

Prior to transferring, the people face discrimination in the new work places. Many

deal with racial slurs and lower pay because of their ethnicities. The opportunities

that the aboriginal people are faced with are very rare compared to the
opportunities of the majorities. Because of the strong stereotyping, employers are
less likely to hire an indigenous worker. This is a great problem for the indigenous
people and must be looked into. The indigenous people feel the economic effect not

only in the work place and at home but also in the school systems. Few indigenous

peoples have a formal education and spend most of their lives practicing one skill to

use in the work place such as farming. With poor schooling, the opportunities for

native children to receive a proper education is very slim. As SOCHUM, it is expected

that we find a solution to this problem.

       Beginning hundreds of years ago, the indigenous peoples have faced a tough
journey. Being ridiculed and forced from their land became a commonality. For
example, in 1838, the United States government forced thousands of Native
Americans off of their tribal lands to make room for the growing nation. During this
time, labeled the Trail of Tears, nearly 25 percent of all relocated died during the
journey. Times remained tough for the natives in America as well as other nations.
With indigenous people consisting of nearly 5 percent of the world’s population, a
majority live in poverty, with little food and poor living conditions. There are not
many options for native people after they are removed from their lands, losing their
typical jobs in the move.
       In the past, issues were corrected by forcefully moving the indigenous people
from their lands to create space for a first world nation. For example, nearly 60,000
acres of land was confiscated from the natives in Malaysia to build dams that
provided water to nations such as Singapore and Johor. Although the project was
seen as urgent, the rights of the indigenous people already residing there are equally

as important. Rather than forcing migration, we as the United Nations, need to

come up with new ways to protect the homes of the native peoples without

infringing on their rights. SOCHUM also needs to focus on eliminating the growing

number of refugees around the world. By tackling the issue of forced migration, a

solution to the increasing number of refugees should come forward.

       Throughout the past hundred years, the rights of aboriginal peoples have
been robbed from them, beginning
       The idea of bringing in military personnel has been debated as well to help
the human rights violations occurring around the world, especially in areas such as

Asia, South America, and Australia. With fear of aggression toward natives,

militaries would be able to protect indigenous villages from harm. If military
personnel were brought in, this would have to be done without infringing on the

desires of the natives themselves.

       The issue of forced migration and displacement is not one new to the United
Nations; in fact in 2007 the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous

People was adopted. This declaration has helped put a foot in the door towards

eliminating human rights violations. The declaration outlines the rights that natives
ought to have. Although this has brought attention to the issue, the problem still
stands. Human rights violations occur often and sometimes can end up being
violent. We need to understand the lives of these people without forcing them out.
With the help of SOCHUM, a solution toward the cruelties should be debated and
thought about.
       With the rights of the indigenous people being violated on a daily basis by
not only people but governments as well, it is in the best interest of SOCHUM to pull
together and find a way to end the problem. It is apparent, with the issue still at
hand, that governments are ignoring the urgency of this problem. Innocent families
and villages are forced from their land to make room for factories. What can this
committee do to help ensure the natives that they are safe on their land? How can
we fix the unfair pay and opportunities that the indigenous peoples face? What can
governments do and how can they contribute to a solution.




       Key Concepts:
       Indigenous entities- the existence and proof of rights of indigenous peoples
       Human displacement- the migration of people against their will
       Refugees- people living outside of their native land after being forced away
       from home
       Forced migration- the act of the government removing people from their
       lands for their usage
       Declaration of Human Rights- adopted by the United Nations in 1948 that
       states the global rights that all human beings are entitled to have




       Resources Used:



                     http://www.un.org/en/ga/third/index.shtml
                     http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49da0e466.html
   http://www.iom.int/jahia/webdav/site/myjahiasite/shared/shared/m
    ainsite/published_docs/books/Indigenous_route_final.pdf
   http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,COUNTRYPROF,COL,,
    4954ce5dc,0.html
   http://www.conservationandsociety.org/article.asp?issn=0972-
    4923;year=2009;volume=7;issue=1;spage=15;epage=20;aulast=Ch
    icchon
   http://www.wcl.american.edu/hrbrief/09/3genocide.cfm
   http://www.unpo.org/article/12228
   http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2012/hr5093.doc.htm

								
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