Building telepreventive Medicine program for the Aga Khan

Document Sample
Building telepreventive Medicine program for the Aga Khan Powered By Docstoc
					Building aTelepreventive
Medicine Program For The
 Aga Khan Development
    Network (AKDN)
    President Shams Kassim Lakha,
          Dr Sunita Dodani &
      Professor Ronald E LaPorte
In collaboration with the Aga khan University,
   Pakistan & University of Pittsburgh, USA
        AKDN & Supercourse
            Presentation Outline

•   Concept of telepreventive medicine
•   Current supercourse network
•   AKDN spread globally
•   Current linkages of AKDN with supercourse
•   Objectives of telepreventive medicine
•   Preventive cardiology program as a model
“The ability to project programmes and
activities over great distances can bring
educational opportunities and resources into
settings where they are poorly developed at
present, because of financial constraints, or
sheer isolation. Where individuals have access
to computers in their homes or, as will be the
case in rural areas in developing countries for
some time to come, in community centers,
technology can provide the first real
opportunity for lifelong education on a broad
scale”
     His Highness the Aga Khan, Washington, 2001
       Concept Of
 Telepreventive Medicine
Definition of Prevention
“Actions aimed at eradicating, eliminating,
or minimizing the impact of disease and
disability. The concept of prevention is best
defined in the context of levels, traditionally
called primary, secondary, and tertiary
prevention”
   A Dictionary of Epidemiology, Fourth Edition
                            Edited by John M. Last
                 Rising Life Expectancy (WHO Report, 1997)
                 80
                 70
                 60                                    World
(Age in years)




                 50
                                                       Less
                 40
                                                       Developed
                 30                                    More
                 20                                    Developed
                 10
                  0
                      1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Global Burden Of Disease Project
            1996 report
                58




  33                      Chronic/Injury
                          Infectious/Other

       17
                     10



   1990          2020
Global Burden Of Disease Project
               1996 report
                             Developed
                             Countries
                               22%



  Developing
  Countries
    78%
    Focus On Prevention
WHO focuses on prevention, not
clinical care. Prevention has brought
global improvement of health this
century and will continue into the next.
The most powerful means to improve
health in your country and the world is
through prevention approaches.
                      WHO report 1997
      Concept of
Telepreventive Medicine
Telepreventive medicine
 Inexpensive Low to High bandwidth
 systems designed to reach large numbers
 of healthy people to prevent disease.
Telemedicine
 Expensive High bandwidth systems
 designed to reach small numbers of sick
 people to cure disease.
       Focus On Prevention
 Increased life expectancy in the past century
  was achieved through the improvement of
  sanitation and prevention
 Successful prevention in the past and in the
  future needs to be rooted in the networking
  of health professionals around the world to
  share their knowledge
 Much of the prevention is information
  transfer
 The internet is the prevention superhighway
Supercourse - Model Of Global
      Health Network
 The Global Health Network represents a
 group of leading public health and
 telecommunications officials who are
 bringing state of the art Internet technology
 into global health.
Mission
 To connect people involved in prevention
 worldwide
      Global Health Network
Global health network components
• Connecting health professionals of developed
  and developing countries together through
  internet
• Sharing best knowledge of prevention and
  health in a very cost effective manner
• Distributing prevention knowledge both in the
  rural and urban parts of the world with primary
  focus in developing countries
• Networking NGOs
     Global Health Network
• Currently more than 151 countries are
  connected through supercourse
• More than 1,500 lectures available on the
  website http://www.pitt.edu/~super1
• More than 40% members are from developing
  countries.
• In Pakistan, there are 510 members and 45 from
  AKU
• We share knowledge, all countries contribute
  the knowledge
• Islamic supercourse
   Supercourse in Pakistan
• Supercourse in Pakistan was
  established and developed from the
  grass roots in September 2002.
• Currently this network consist of
  over 510 leading scientists who
  share teleprevention information in
  all part of Pakistan, both in urban
  and rural parts
  http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/pakistan/
  pakistan.htm
 Aga Khan Development network
            AKDN
 A group of private, international,
  nondenominational agencies working to
  improve living conditions and opportunities for
  people regions of the developing world.
 The focuses on health, education, culture, rural
  development, institution-building and the
  promotion of economic development. It is
  dedicated to improving living conditions and
  opportunities for the poor, without regard to
  their faith, origin or gender
                 AKDN
 AKDN seek to reach people without
  access to services, complementing but
  not substituting the efforts of
  government and other providers.
 Network agencies function through the
  participation of local people at all levels
  – in defining services needed, providing
  them and evaluating their effectiveness.
      AKDN
Supporting 22
countries world wide
                 AKDN
Areas of development
•   Education (primarily medical and primary)
•   Health (primary, secondary & tertiary
•   Culture
•   Architecture
•   Economic development
•   NGO enhancement
•   Rural development
                 AKDN
Health
• Improve the health and well-being of remote
  rural communities.
• Special attention to women and children.
• Examples are seen in rural support programs
  in Pakistan, India, Kenya etc

Educational services
• Community based schools (e.g. in Pakistan
  rural northern areas)
• Center of excellence offering international
  curricula ( India, Bangladesh etc)
                   AKDN
             Aga Khan University

• Chartered as Pakistan’s first private
  international university in 1983,
• Promote human welfare by disseminating
  knowledge and providing instruction, training,
  research and services in health sciences,
  education and other disciplines.
“Where individuals have access to computers
in their homes or, as will be the case in rural
areas in developing countries for some time to
come, in community centers, technology can
provide the first real opportunity for lifelong
education on a broad scale. One lesson is clear.
The mastery of the use of the essential elements
of communication and information technologies
will have to be part of the experience of every
university student sooner rather than later. The
use of the technology should have a place in the
educational process itself, and its mastery should
be on the list of competencies that every graduate
should possess”.
                  His Highness, Washington, 2001
     Proposed Telepreventive
    Medicine program for AKDN
  Objectives
• Develop a network of researchers, scientists and health
  care professionals of AKDN and global health countries,
  who are experts in prevention and connect them through
  Supercourse to the global scientists.
• Establish WHO collaborating centers in AKDN countries
  with the collaboration of University of Pittsburgh
• Establish first Public health School in AKDN countries in
  collaboration with WHO collaborating center of
  University of Pittsburgh and global health network.
• Develop Telepreventive Cardiology nationwide program
  as an offshoot of global health network in AKDN
  countries
 Proposed Telepreventive Cardiology
    Program For AKDN Countries
Objectives
• Develop a network of cardiologists, scientists and
  specialist around the world to share their expertise on
  preventive cardiology themes with AKDN countries.
• Formulate guidelines and protocols on the major risk
  factors and behaviors of Cardiovascular diseases by
  linking developed and developing world through
  telepreventive medicine network
• Establish WHO collaborating centers in the Aga khan
  university of preventive cardiology with the
  collaboration with WHO collaborating center of
  University of Pittsburgh and global health network.
  Current AKDN Countries And Spread Of
           Supercourse Network
   AKDN Countries Supercourse AKDN Countries Supercourse
   Members In AKDN Countries Members In AKDN Countries
1      Bangladesh               3
2      Burkina Faso             0
3      Canada                   787
4      Congo                    1
5      Cote D’lvoire            0
6      India                    400
7      Kenya                    18 (also from AKHS, Kenya)
8      Madagascar               1
9      Mauritius                3
10     Niger                    2
11     Nepal                    3
                                                  (Cont’d)
     Current AKDN Countries And Spread Of
         Supercourse Network (Cont’d)
        AKDN Countries Supercourse AKDN Countries Supercourse
        Members In AKDN Countries Members In AKDN Countries
12        Nigeria                    17
13        Pakistan                   510 (45 in AKU)
14        Senegal                    5
15        Switzerland                24
16        Tajikistan                 2
17        Tanzania                   12
18        UK                         208
19        Uganda                     5
20        USA                        3689

Total                                7344
    Telepreventive Medicine
   program In AKDN countries
Networking
• Head quarters at the Aga khan university
• A group of scientists will be developed by linking
  with developed countries scientists through
  internet
• This network will than serve to provide and share
  prevention knowledge to al AKDN countries
• Members from AKDN countries will be identified
  who will further spread knowledge in health care
  professionals, health workers, communities and
  rural areas.
• Students trained will carry prevention knowledge
  to rural areas.
     AKDN Web of Prevention
                     AKU
                                   Central Asia
Global Health
   Network

                     Kenya                        FSU

Northern Areas of
    Pakistan
                    Harvard      Bangladesh

                       University of Pittsburgh
 Proposed Telepreventive
Medicine program for AKDN
Partners
• AKDN
 Aga Khan university, Aga Khan foundation, Aga
 khan health services, Aga Khan educational
 services, Aga khan foundation, Aga Khan
 planning and building services & University of
 Central Asia
• University of Pittsburgh
 WHO Collaborating Center
• Global Health Network
“Development is sustainable only if the
beneficiaries become, in a gradual manner,
the masters of the process.
This means that initiatives cannot be contemplated
exclusively in terms of economics, but rather as an
integrated programme that encompasses social and
cultural dimensions as well. Education and skills
training, health and public services, conservation of
cultural heritage, infrastructure development, urban
planning and rehabilitation, rural development, water
and energy management, environmental control, and
even policy and legislative development are among
the various aspects that must be taken
into account.”
            His Highness AMSTERDAM, 7 SEPTEMBER 2002

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:9/13/2012
language:English
pages:29