ZLATOUST / RUSSIA
Presentation by Grade 8 students
School No 10 Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk region, Russia
Grade 8 students and Ioan Zlatoust
charming, caring, loving
a town we live in
People say the city was named after the
saint Ioan Zlatoust. You can see some of
these monuments in this presentation. There
are really lots of monuments worth seeing in
our city of Zlatoust.
We love our city and we want to learn more
about it’s history and the people who have
made it famous both in our country and
We do not only learn about our history, we
also want make friends with boys and girls in
other countries and get to know about their
country and home place. We are proud to
tell them that we live in Zlatoust, to tell about
our country, it’s history and traditions.
We hope you will like our contribution to
understand different cultures better.
Anna, Julia, Mark
ZLATOUST * RUSSIA
Zlatoust is a city in western Russia, in western
Chelyabinsk Oblast, about 115 km (about 70
mi) west of the oblast capital, Chelyabinsk.
Zlatoust is located in the southern part of the
Ural Mountains. The city’s economy is primarily
focused on metallurgical industries specializing
in high quality steel. Other industries produce
clocks, construction materials, clothing, and
meat and dairy products.
There are many educational institutions ranging
from kindergartens to universities. The local
history museum and a drama theater are
located in the city.
Zlatoust is known for its engraved metal
weaponry from the 19th century. Zlatoust was
founded as a factory town in 1754 with the
establishment of the Zlatoust Mechanical
Ironworks. It became the administrative center
for Zlatoust District in 1865.
The city is connected by rail and highway to the
cities of Ufa and Chelyabinsk and by highway to
Between 1989 and 1993 the population in
Zlatoust decreased after decades of growth,
most likely because of economic difficulties
facing heavy industry. Population185000.
Pavel Anossov - discoverer of the secret
of the damask
Everyone in Zlatoust is proud of
people who were important for our
history. One of the most
distinguished personalities was
Pavel Anossov. He was a scientist
who made a great contribution to
the science of high quality steel – he
spent 10 years of his life to discover
the secret of the damask. He is
known to be the first expert to use a
microscope for discovering the
secrets of the steel structure.
Pavel Anossov (1799-1851) lived
and worked for about 30 years in
Zlatoust; he was the chief officer
appointed by the Russian czar to be
in charge for developing of the steel
industry in the Urals in the XIX
Ivan Bushuyev – developer of the Zlatoust
Zlatoust steel engraving is a unique
technique of decorating of swords with
engraved patterns. This art was
introduced to Russia by craftsmen who
came to this place from Germany.
They practiced the art of decorating of
cold steel like swords and sabers.
One of their local apprentices named
Ivan Bushuyev was the first who
developed and applied unique
techniques of decorating of swords
with engraved patterns. His favorite
pattern was that of the winged horse
On May 13,1966 the image of a flying
winged horse has been approved as
the main part of the city’s emblem.
From our history
Zlatoust is known for its weaponry
from the 19th century. The town of
Zlatoust was one of the most
important industrial centers in the
Ural district and even in all Russia.
In May 1898 the 8 hour work shift
was introduced in some workshops
of Zlatoust. Working men struggled
for better living conditions and here
is the site of a massacre of striking
workers by the tsarist authorities in
In the Civil War of 1918-1919 many
workers took to the arms to fight for
better life and fell in battles a victim
World War II
In hard years of World War II more
that 30,000 men and women
volunteered to defend their
motherland and took part in the field
of action. Over 9,000 of these
heroes never came back to their
Nevertheless, steelworks and
machine building plans of Zlatoust
kept producing armory for the front.
Only elderly women and men and
minor teenagers were in the
workshops at that time who worked
overtimes to provide the Army in the
Field with ammunition and other
Places to go for a walk
Zlatoust is very attractive both for its residents and visitors. If you come there
you will be shown a lot of historical monuments, museums which you will admire
definitely. You may be also taken to the Exhibition hall or to the Drama theatre.
And what impresses the visitors most is the unique scenery.
It is frosty and snowy here in the winter but in the summer in the mild and sunny
afternoon you can enjoy a nice walk around the parks of the city.