The Big 30 Government Terms by mtPjMYC

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 11

									         The Big 40 Government Terms

1.   Absolutism- a political system in which a
     ruler holds power

2.   Anarchy- political disorder; lawlessness

3.   Aristocracy- a system of government in
     which a few people rule, usually the rich and
     higher class

4.   Autonomous- self governing

5.   Coalition- the joining together of two or
     more parties in order to create a majority
     necessary to win a vote

6.   Commonwealth- a republic
7.    Communist- a political and economic
      system in which the government owns most
      or all, makes all economic decisions, and
      provides social services for its citizens

8.    Conservatism- a political philosophy based
      on tradition and social stability, favoring
      obedience to political authority and
      organized religion

9.    Constitution- the system of fundamental
      laws and principles that establishes the
      nature, functions, and limits of a government

10.   Constitutional Monarchy- government in
      which the powers of the monarch are limited
      by a constitution

11.   Coup d’etat- a sudden overthrow of the
      government
12.   Democracy- “the rule of the many,
      government by the people, either directly or
      through their elected representatives

13.   Dictatorship- a form of government in
      which a person or small group has absolute
      power

14.   Direct Democracy- A system of
      government in which the people participate
      directly in government decision making
      through mass meetings

15.   Direct Rule- colonial government in which
      local elites are removed from power and
      replaced by a new set of officials brought
      from the mother country

16.   Dynasty- a family of rulers whose right to
      rule is passed on within the family.
17.   Empire- a large political unit, usually under
      a single leader, that controls many peoples
      or territories

18.   Executive- branch of government
      responsible for putting into effect the
      functions of a government

19.   Fascism- a political philosophy that
      glorifies the state above the individual by
      emphasizing the need for a strong central
      government

20.   Federal system- a form of government in
      which power is shared between the national
      government and state governments

21.   Imperialism- the extension of a nation’s
      power over other lands
22.   Judicial- branch of government responsible
      for interpreting laws made by the citizens or
      legislature

23.   Junta- a group of persons controlling a
      government after a revolutionary overthrow
24.   Legislature- a body of persons, elected by
      the citizens, who have the power to make
      laws, tax, and appropriate money (AKA:
      Reichstag, Diet, Congress, Parliament)

25.   Liberalism- a political philosophy stating
      that people should be as free as possible
      from government restraint and that civil
      liberties- the basic rights of all people-
      should be protected

26.   Mandate- A nation governed by another
      nation on behalf of the League of Nations
27.   Marxism- the ideas of Karl Marx who
      predicted violent revolution between the
      classes (workers vs. owners) the result of
      which would be a classless society

28.   Military Rule- a country ruled by a
      commander of the armed forces. Often this
      type of government comes into being
      through a coup d’etat

29.   Militarism- reliance on military strength

30.   Monarchy- a government or state headed by
      a monarch, the hereditary leader; king,
      queen, etc.

31.   Nationalism- the unique cultural identity of
      a people based on common language,
      religion, and national symbols
32.   Oligarchy- “the rule of the few,” a form of
      government in which a small group of
      people exercises controls

33.   Parliament- the same as a legislature;
      however, this group elects the prime
      minister

34.   Papal State- a state ruled by the Pope, who
      is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

35.   Republic- a form of government in which
      the leader is not a king and certain citizens
      have the right to vote

36.   Satellite State- a country that is
      economically and politically dependent on
      another country
37.   Separation of powers- a form of
      government in which the executive,
      legislative, and judicial branches limit and
      control each other through a system of
      checks and balances

38.   Socialism- a system in which society,
      usually in the form of the government, owns
      and controls the means of production

39.   Totalitarian State- a government that aims
      to control the political, economic, social,
      intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens

40.   Transitional- the process of moving from
      one type of government to another
                                 The Big 40 Government Terms

1. Absolutism- a political system in which a ruler holds power

2. Anarchy- political disorder; lawlessness

3. Aristocracy- a system of government in which a few people rule, usually the rich and higher class

4. Autonomous- self governing

5. Coalition- the joining together of two or more parties in order to create a majority necessary to win a
   vote

6. Commonwealth- a republic

7. Communist- a political and economic system in which the government owns most or all, makes all
   economic decisions, and provides social services for its citizens

8. Conservatism- a political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to
   political authority and organized religion

9. Constitution- the system of fundamental laws and principles that establishes the nature, functions,
   and limits of a government

10. Constitutional Monarchy- government in which the powers of the monarch are limited by a
    constitution

11. Coup d’etat- a sudden overthrow of the government

12. Democracy- “the rule of the many, government by the people, either directly or through their
    elected representatives

13. Dictatorship- a form of government in which a person or small group has absolute power

14. Direct Democracy- A system of government in which the people participate directly in government
    decision making through mass meetings

15. Direct Rule- colonial government in which local elites are removed from power and replaced by a
    new set of officials brought from the mother country

16. Dynasty- a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family.

17. Empire- a large political unit, usually under a single leader, that controls many peoples or territories

18. Executive- branch of government responsible for putting into effect the functions of a government

19. Fascism- a political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need
    for a strong central government

20. Federal system- a form of government in which power is shared between the national government
    and state governments
21. Imperialism- the extension of a nation’s power over other lands

22. Judicial- branch of government responsible for interpreting laws made by the citizens or legislature

23. Junta- a group of persons controlling a government after a revolutionary overthrow

24. Legislature- a body of persons, elected by the citizens, who have the power to make laws, tax, and
    appropriate money (AKA: Reichstag, Diet, Congress, Parliament)

25. Liberalism- a political philosophy stating that people should be as free as possible from government
    restraint and that civil liberties- the basic rights of all people- should be protected

26. Mandate- A nation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations

27. Marxism- the ideas of Karl Marx who predicted violent revolution between the classes (workers vs.
    owners) the result of which would be a classless society

28. Military Rule- a country ruled by a commander of the armed forces. Often this type of government
    comes into being through a coup d’etat

29. Militarism- reliance on military strength

30. Monarchy- a government or state headed by a monarch, the hereditary leader; king, queen, etc.

31. Nationalism- the unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and
    national symbols

32. Oligarchy- “the rule of the few,” a form of government in which a small group of people exercises
    controls

33. Parliament- the same as a legislature; however, this group elects the prime minister

34. Papal State- a state ruled by the Pope, who is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church

35. Republic- a form of government in which the leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right
    to vote

36. Satellite State- a country that is economically and politically dependent on another country

37. Separation of powers- a form of government in which the executive, legislative, and judicial
    branches limit and control each other through a system of checks and balances

38. Socialism- a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the
    means of production

39. Totalitarian State- a government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual,
    and cultural lives of its citizens

40. Transitional- the process of moving from one type of government to another

								
To top